विवेकी राय  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

viveki ray
viveki ray
poora nam viveki ray
any nam kaviji
janm 19 navambar, 1924
janm bhoomi zila gajipur, uttar pradesh
mrityu 22 navambar, 2016
mrityu sthan varanasi
abhibhavak pita - shivapal ray, mata - javita devi
mukhy rachanaen 'shvet patr' (1979), 'sonamati' (1983), 'kisanon ka desh' (1956), 'babool' (1964), 'sarkas' (2005), 'uth jag musafir' (2012) adi.
vidyalay shri sarvoday intar kaaulej kharadihan gazipur
shiksha bi.e. (1961), em.e. (1964) evn pi. ech. di. (1970)
puraskar-upadhi 'yash bharati puraskar', 'premachand puraskar', 'achary shivapoojan sahay puraskar' adi.
prasiddhi lekhak, adhyapak
nagarikata bharatiy
dharm hindoo
bhojapuri rachanaen 'gnga, yamuna, sarasvati'; 'janata ke pokhara' adi.
any janakari vishvavidyalayon ke em.phil. evn pi. ech. di. ke chhatron dvara daau. viveki ray par 70 se adhik shodh kary kiye gaye hain.
adyatan‎ 04:31, 16 disambar-2016 (IST)
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

viveki ray (angrezi: Viveki Rai, janm- 19 navambar, 1924, zila gajipur, uttar pradesh; mrityu- 22 navambar, 2016, varanasi ) hindi aur bhojapuri bhasha ke prasiddh sahityakar the. ve gramin bharat ke pratinidhi rachanakar the. viveki ray ne 50 se adhik pustakon ki rachana ki thi. ve lalit nibndh, katha sahity aur kavita karm men samabhyast the. aj bhi viveki ray ko ‘kaviji’ upanam se jana jata hai.[1]

janm evn parichay

daau.viveki ray hindi ke varishth sahityakar the. ye moolatah muhammadabada tahasil ke sonavani ganv ke rahane vale the. unaka janm apane nanihal bharauli (baliya) zila gajipur, uttar pradesh men 19 navnbar 1924 ko hua tha. viveki ray ke janm se dedh mah pahale pita shivapal ray ka pleg ki mahamari men nidhan ho gaya tha. man javita devi thin. pita ke abhav men unaka bachapan nanihal men mama basaoo ray ki dekh-rekh men bita tha. ye dehati dharati ki ooshma se bane ek sidhe sachche karmath insan the. unhonne apani kadi mehanat se apane ko kahan se kahan tak uthaya tha. viveki ray ganv ki kheti-bari bhi dekhate the aur gajipur men adhyapan tatha sahity seva men bhi lin rahate the. ganv ke uttaradayitv ka poora nirvah karate hue bhi unhonne bahut lagan se vipul sahity padhe aur likhe the. viveki ray apane mitron aur parichaton men tatha pathakon men bhi bahut pyar se jane jate the. ve svabhavatah gambhir evn khush-mizaz rachanakar the. bahumukhi pratibha ke dhani, sidhe, sachche, udar evn karmath vyakti the. lalat par ek bada sa til, sadagi, saumanasy, gnga ki tarah pavitrata, thahaka marakar hnsana, nirmal achar-vichar inaki visheshataen thin. sada khadi ke ghaval vastron men dikhane vale, atithiyon ka thathakar atithy satkar karane vale sahity srijan hetu navayuvakon ko prerit karane vale ap bharatiy snskriti ki sakshat pratimoorti the. daau. viveki ray ka jivan sadagi poorn tha. gambhirata unaka abhooshan tha. doosaron ke prati apar sneh evn samman ka bhav sada ve rakhate the. sabase khulakar gambhir vishay ki nishpatti evn charcha karana unaka svabhav tha. apane inhin gunon ke karan viveki ray bahuton ke lie ve param poojy evn adaraniy bane ge the. kul milakar ve snt prakriti ke sajjan the. viveki ray 1964 men gajipur ke piji kaaulej ke hindi vibhag men niyukt hue the. salon vibhagadhyaksh rahe the. 1988 men vahan se sevanivritt hue the. usake poorv viveki ray ne 13 sal tak apane nikatavarti ganv kharadiha ke sarvoday intar kaaulej men adhyapan kiya tha.

shiksha

daau.viveki ray ki prarnbhik shiksha paitrik ganv sonavani ke loar praimari skool (gajipur) se shuroo huee thi. midil ki padhaee 1940 men nikatavarti ganv mahend men huee. urdoo midil bhi 1941 men unhonne mahend se hi padhe. age ki padhaee unhonne vyaktigat chhatr ke roop men poori ki. hindi vishesh yogyata 1943 men, visharad 1944 men, sahityaratn 1946 men, sahityalnkar 1951 men, haeeskool 1953 men narahin (baliya) se kiya tha, intar 1958 men, bie 1961 men aur em.e. ki digri shri sarvoday intar kaaulej kharadihan (gazipur) 1964 men li thi. usi kram men vah 1948 men narmal skool, gorakhapur se hindustani tichars sartipheket bhi prapt kiya. san 1970 ee. men svatntryottar hindi katha sahity aur gram jivan vishay par kashi vidyapith, varanasi se pi. ech. di. ki upadhi mili thi. snatakottar pariksha banaras hindoo vishvavidyalay varanasi se pratham shreni men uttirn ki thi. yah apane ap men shaikshik moolyon ki prapti aur pradey ka anootha udaharan hai. jab viveki ray 7vin kaksha men adhyan kar rahe the usi samay se daau.viveki ray ji ne likhana shuroo kiya. gajipur ke ek kaaulez men pravakta hone ke sath-sath apane ganv ke kisan bane rahe the. daau. viveki ray ganv ki banati-bigadati jindagi ke bich jite hue aur use pahachanate hue chalate rahe the. isalie ganv ke jivan se sambndhit unake anubhavon ka khajana chuka nahin, nit bharata hi gaya.

lekhan kary

san 1945 ee. men daau. viveki ray ki pratham kahani ‘pakistani’ dainik ‘aj’ men prakashit huee thi. isake bad inaki lekhani har vidha par chalane lagi jo kabhi thamanen ka nam hi nahin le saki. inaka rachana kary kavita, kahani, upanyas, nibandh, rekhachitr, snsmaran, riportaj, dayari, samiksha, sampadan evn patrakarita adi vividh vidhaon se jude rahe the. ab tak in sabhi vidhaon se sambandhit lagabhag 60 kritiyan apaki prakashit ho chuki hain aur lagabhag 10 prakashanadhin hain.

sahityik sapharanama

daau. viveki ray sahityik saphar midil skool ki padhaee ke vakt hi shuroo ho gaya tha lekin lekhan ka pramanik shuruat 1945 se mana jata hai. 1947 se 1970 tak usi samachar patr men unhonne niyamit stnbh manabodh mastar ki dayari likhi thi. us men lalit nibndh, rekhachitr aur riportaj samahit rahate the. phir to viveki ray lekhan men pratishthapit ho ge. tab ki hindi ki choti ki patrikaen dharmayug, kalpana, gyanoday, kahani, saptahik hindustan, sarika, navanit aur kadnbini adi patrikaon men unaki rachanaen niyamit prakashit hoti rahin thi. samiksha aur prakar men viveki ray ki rachanaon ki samikshaen atin thi. ravivar men unaka stnbh ganv kafi lokapriy hua. jyotsana, shikharavarta tatha janasatta men bhi daau. ray ke stnbh ate the. lalit nibndh men hajari prasad dvivedi aur daau. vidya nivas mishr jaise mahanh rachanakar ke samakaksh unhen man mila tha. varsh 2004 tak unake lekhan par desh ke jane-mane vishvavidyalayon men kul 61 shodh kary ho chuke the. daau.ray akashavani, dooradarshan se bhi jude the. daau. viveki ray ne 5 bhojapuri granthon ka sampadan bhi kiya tha. sarvapratham inhonne apana lekhan kary kavita se shuroo kiya tha. viveki ray vishuddh bhojapuri anchal ke mahanh sahityakar the. satpath par dridh nishchay ke sath badhate rahane ka satat prerana dene vale daau. viveki ray moolatah gnvee sarokar ke rachanakar the. badalate samay ke sath ganvon men hone vale parivartanon evn anchalik chetana viveki ray ke katha sahity ki ev visheshata thi. inhonne apane upanyason evn kahaniyon men kisanon, mazadooron, striyon tatha upekshiton ki pida ko abhivyakti pradan ki thi. apani rachanadharmita ke karan daau. viveki ray ko ham premachand aur phanishvar nath renu ke bich ka sthan de sakate hain. svatntryottar bharatiy gramin jivan men parilakshit parivartanon ko daau. viveki ray ne apane upanyason evn kahaniyon men sashakt dhng se prastut kiya tha. viveki ray ke katha sahity men ganv ki khoobiyan evn antarvirodh hamen svasht roop se dikhaee deti thi. unaki srijan yatra ardhashati se age nikali thi. jivan ke sakaratmak pahaluon ki or, lok mngal ki or inhonne ab tak vishesh dhyan diya tha.

puraskaron evn manad upadhiyon se sammanit

daau. viveki ray ko anekon puraskaron evn manad upadhiyon se sammanit kiye gaye the. daau. ray ne hindi ke sath hi bhojapuri sahity jagat men rashtriy star par apani pahachan bana li thi. unhonne anchalik upanyasakar ke roop men khyati arjit ki.

uttar pradesh sarakar - yash bharati puraskar, mahatma gandhi samman

hindi snsthan (u.pr.) dvara - ‘sonamati’ upanyas - premachand puraskar , sahityabhooshan(1994), akhil bharatiy bhojapuri parishad, bhojapuri bhaskar(1994)

hindi snsthan lakhanoo (u.pr. ) dvara -sahity bhooshan pusskar,

bihar sarakar dvara - achary shivapoojan sahay samman(1994); ‘achary shivapoojan sahay’ puraskar,

madhy pradesh sarakar dvara - ‘sharad chand joshi (1997),

rajasthan - hindi sevi samman(1999),

shrimath, kashi - jagadaguru ramanndachary puraskar,

bhojapuri sahity sammelan - akhil bharatiy ka abhay annd puraskar,

dilli - svami sahajannd sarasvati seva puraskar,

2000 - rvanchal vishvavidyalay ka poorvanchal ratn ,

2001 - mahapndit rahul sankrityayan puraskar ,

2002 - kendriy hindi snsthan, agara - mahapndit rahul sankrityayan,

2004 - vishv bhojapuri devariya ka setu,

2004 - uttar pradeshiy hindi sahity sammelan - mahavir prasad dvivedi samman, prayag ka sahity vachaspati,

2005 - dainik samachar patr dainik jagaran - narendr mohan anchalik lekhak samman,

2006 - uttar pradesh - yash bharati samman

puraskaron evn manad upadhiyon se sammanit daau. viveki ray ko samman kendriy hindi snsthan evn manav snsadhan vikas mntralay, ke snyukt tatvavadhan men diya gaya tha, ‘pndit rahul sankrityayan’ samman, kediya sanskritik snsthan, devariya ka annd samman, vikramashila vidyapith, gandhinagar ishipur bhagalapur ka vidyasagar samman, hindi sammelan ka vidyavachasapati, sahity mahopadhyay ki manad upadhi tatha hindi sahity sammelan prayag ki or se pradatt ‘sahity vachaspati’ upadhi jaise anekon samman is sandarbh men ullekhaniy hain..

vishvavidyalay par shodh

daau. viveki ray ke upanyason, kahaniyon, lalit nibandhon; unake vyaktitv evn krititv, unaki sampoorn sahity sadhana par pnjab vi.vi, gorakhapur vishvavidyalay, ruhel khand vishvadyalay, patana vishvavidyalay, vikramashila vishvavidyalay, kashi vidyapith, magadh vishvavidyalay, dilli vishvavidyalay, mumbee vishvavidyalay, usmaniya vishvavidyalay, dakshin bharat hindi prachar saba madras, shri venkateshvar vishvavidyalay, kurukshetr vishvavidyalay, devi ahilya vishvavidyalay, daau. bhimarav amabedakar vishvavidyalay, pndit din dayal vishvavidyalay, shivaji vishvavidyalay, maharashtr vishvavidyalay, rajasthan vishvavidyalay, vir bahadur sinh parvanchal vishvavidyalay,bengalor vishvavidyalay, jeyoti baee vishvavidyalay, jammoo vishvavidyalay, maharshi dayanand vishvavidyalay adi vishvavidyalayon men em, phil, pi. ech. di. ke 70 shodh prabandh likhe ja chuke the aur kee vishvavidyalayon men chhatron dvara in par shodh kary kiya gaya.

viveki ray ki rachanaen

lalit nibndh
  1. kisanon ka desh (1956)
  2. ganvon ki duniyan (1957)
  3. tridhara (1958)
  4. phir baitalava dal par (1962)
  5. gnvee gndh gulab (1980)
  6. naya ganvanam (1984)
  7. yah am rasta nahin hai (1988)
  8. astha aur chintan (1991)
  9. jagath tapovan so kiyo (1995)
  10. van tulasi ki gndh (2002)
  11. jivan agyat ka ganit hai (2004)
  12. uth jag musafir (2012)
  13. manabodh mastar ki dayari
  14. juloos ruka hai uth jag musafi
upanyas
  1. mngal bhavan (1944)
  2. babool (1964, dayari-shaili men)
  3. purush puran (1975)
  4. lokrin (1977)
  5. shvet patr (1979)
  6. sonamati (1983)
  7. samar shesh hai (1988)
  8. mngal bhavan (1994)
  9. namami gramamh (1997)
  10. dehari ke par (2003)
kahani sngrah
  1. jivan-paridhi (1952)
  2. nayi koyal (1975)
  3. goonga jahaj (1977)
  4. bete ki bikri (1981)
  5. kalatit (1982)
  6. chitrakoot ke ghat par (1988)
  7. shvet patr (1996)
  8. sarkas (2005)
  9. meri terah kahaniyan
  10. angan ke bndhanavar
  11. atithi
  12. lautakar dekhana
  13. lokarin
  14. mngal bhavan
  15. namami gramam
  16. dehari ke par
  17. sonamati
  18. purush puran
  19. samar shesh hai
  20. am rasta nahin hai
  21. astha aur chintan
  22. atithi
  23. jivan agyan ka ganit hai
  24. lautakar dekhana
  25. lokarin
  26. mere shuddh shraddhey
  27. meri terah kahaniyan
snsmaran
  1. mere shuddh shraddhey
riportaj
  1. juloos ruka hai (1977)
dayari
  1. manabodh mastar ki dayari (2006)
kavy
  1. diksha
sahity samalochana
  1. kalpana aur hindi sahity (1999)
  2. narendr kohali apratim katha yatri
any
  1. meri shreshth vyngy rachanaen (1984)
  2. savalon ke samane
  3. ye jo hai gayatri
  4. muhammad iliyas husain[2]

bhojapuri

nibndh evn kavita

bhojapuri nibndh nikunj: bhojapuri ke taintalis go chunal nimbndh, akhil bharatiy bhojapuri sahity sammelan, 1977

gnga, yamuna, sarasvati: bhojapuri kahani, nibndh, snsmaran, bhojapuri snsthan, 1992

janata ke pokhara: tini go bhojapuri kavita, bhojapuri sahity snsthan, 1984

upanyas

amngalahari, bhojapuri snsthan, 1998

ke kahala chunari rnga la, bhojapuri snsad, 1968

guru-grih gayau padhan raghuray, 1992

viveki ray ki kitabon aur nibndh men inake jivan ka sar dikhaee padata hai jo ki gramin vyavastha ke prati prem aur dooradarshita ka jita jagata udaharan the.[3]

nidhan

hindi aur bhojapuri ke prakhyat sahityakar daau.ray kafi dinon se bimar chal rahe the. 1 navnbar ko achanak tabiyat gnbhir hone ke bad unhen varanasi ke niji aspatal men dakhil karaya gaya tha. daau. viveki ray ka 22 navambar, 2016 varanasi men nidhan ho gaya. inaka varanasi ke manikarnika ghat par antim snskar hua tha. kendriy snchar auऱ rel rajyamntri manoj sinha ne divngat viveki ray ko unake ghar pahunchakar pushpanjali di thi. is dauran unhonne kaha tha ki "sahity jagat ko daau. viveki ray ke nidhan se apooraniy kshati huee hai." daau. ray ko bhavabhini shraddhanjali arpit karate hue kaha tha ki "50 se adhik pustakon ke lekhak ke jane se anchalik sahity ke ek bade yug ka ant ho gaya."

panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. gazipur ke gaurav aur yash bharati se sammanit vikhyat sahityakar daau. viveki ray ka nidhan (hindi) gorakhpurtimes.com. abhigaman tithi: 14 disambar, 2016.
  2. gazipur ke sahityakar (hindi) hindisahityavimarsh.blogspot.in. abhigaman tithi: 14 disambar, 2016.
  3. gazipur ke sahityakar (hindi) patnanow.com. abhigaman tithi: 14 disambar, 2016.

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