सुन्दरदास खण्डेलवाल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

sundaradas khndelaval bhaktikal ke kavi the. unaka janm chaitr shukl 9, snvat 1653 men dausa namak sthan, jayapur men hua tha. inake pita ka nam 'paramannd' aur mata ka nam 'sati' tha. jab ye 6 varsh ke the, tab dadoodayal dausa men ge the. tabhi se yah dadoodayal ke shishy ho ge aur unake sath rahane lage. snvat 1660 men dadoodayal ka dehant hua. tab tak ye narana men rahe. phir jagajivan sadhu ke sath apane janmasthan dausa men a ge. vahan snvat 1663 tak rahakar phir jagajivan ke sath kashi chale ae.

shiksha

kashi men sundaradas ji ne 30 varsh ki avastha tak snskrit vyakaran, vedant aur puran adi ki shiksha prapt ki. snskrit ke atirikt ye farasi bhasha bhi janate the. kashi se lautane par ve rajapootana ke fatehapur aur shekhavati namak sthan par akar rahe. vahan ke navab alif khan inhen bahut manate the.

vyaktitv

inaka diladaul bahut achchha, rng gora aur roop bahut sundar tha. svabhav atynt komal aur mridul tha. ye bal brahmachari the aur stri ki charcha se sada door rahate the.

bhasha shaili

nirgun pnthiyon men ye hi aise vyakti hue hain, jinhen samuchit shiksha mili thi aur jo kavy kala ki riti adi se achchhi tarah parichit the. at: inaki rachana sahityik aur saras hai. bhasha bhi kavy ki mnji huee brajabhasha hai. bhakti aur gyanacharcha ke atirikt niti aur deshachar adi par bhi inhonne bade sundar pad kahe hain. doosare snton ne keval gane ke pad aur dohe kahe hain, par inhonne siddh hast kaviyon ke saman bahut se kavitt, savaiye rache hain. yon to chhote mote inake anek grnth hain par sundaravilas hi sabase adhik prasiddh hai, jisamen kavitt, savaiye hi adhik hain. in kavitt savaiyon men yamak, anupras aur arthalnkar adi ki yojana barabar milati hai. inaki rachana kavyapaddhati ke anusar hone ke karan aur snton ki rachana se bhinn prakar ki dikhaee padati hai. snt to ye the hi par kavi bhi the. isase samaj ki riti niti aur vyavahar adi par bhi inaki badi vinodapoorn uktiyan hain, jaise gujarat par abhad chhot atit son hot bilar aur kookar chatat handi, maravad par vrichchh n nir n uttam chir sudesan men gat des hai maroo, dakshin par randhat pyaj, bigarat naj, n avat laj, karai sab bhachchhan; poorab desh par brahman, kshatriy, vaisaru, soodar charoi barn ke machchh bagharat.

nidhan

inaka dehant kartik shukl 8, snvath 1746 ko sanganer men hua.

rachanaen

  • inaki rachana ke kuchh udaharan hain -

geh tajyo aru neh tajyo puni kheh lagai kai deh snvari.
meh sahe sir, sit sahe tan, dhoop samai jo pnchagini bari.
bhookh sahi rahi rookh tare, par sundaradas sabai du:kh bhari.
dasan chhandikai kasan oopar asan marayo, pai as n mari

  • vyarth ki tukabndi aur ootapatang bani inako ruchikar n thi. isaka pata inake is kavitt se lagata hai -

bolie tau tab jab bolibe ki buddhi hoy,
na tau mukh maun gahi chup hoy rahie.
jorie to tab jab joribai ki riti janai,
tuk chhnd arath anoop jame lahie
gaie tau tab jab gaibe ko knth hoy,
shravan ke sunat hi manai jay gahie.
tukabhng, chhndabhng, arath milai n kachhu,

sundar kahat aisi bani nahin kahie

  • sushiksha dvara vistrit drishti prapt hone se inhonne aur nirgunavadiyon ke saman lokadharm ki upeksha nahin ki hai. pativraty ka palan karane vali striyon, ranakshetr men kathin kartavy ka palan karane vale shooraviron adi ke prati inake vishal hriday men samman ke lie poori jagah thi. -

pati hi soon prem hoy, pati hi soon nem hoy,
pati hi soon chhem hoy, pati hi soon rat hai.
pati hi jgy jog, pati hi hai ras bhog,
pati hi soon mitai sog, pati hi ko jat hai
pati hi hai gyan dhyan, pati hi hai puny dan,
pati hi hai tirth nhan, pati hi ko matahai.
pati binu pati nahin, pati binu gati nahin,
sundar sakal bidhi ek pativrat hai

sunat nagare chot bigasai kamalamukh,
adhik uchhah phoolyo mat hai n tan men.
phairai jab sang tab kou nahin dhir dharai,
kayar knpayaman hot dekhi man men
koodi kai patng jaise parat pavak mahin,
aise tooti parai bahu savat ke gan men.
mari ghamasan kari sundar juharai shyam,
soee soorabir rupi rahai jay ran men

  • isi prakar inhonne jo srishti tatv adi vishay kahe hain ve bhi auron ke saman manamane aur ootapatang nahin hain, shastr ke anukool hain. is pad men brahm ke age aur sab kram sankhy ke anukool hai -

brahm ten purush aru prakriti pragat bhee,
prakriti ten mahattattav, puni ahnkar hai.
ahnkar hoo ten tin gun sat, raj, tam,
tamahoo ten mahabhoot bishay pasar hai
rajahoo ten indri das prithakh prithakh bhee,
sattahoo ten man, adi devata vicharahai.
aise anukram kari shishy soon kahat guru,
sundar sakal yah mithya bhramajar hai


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh


achary, ramachndr shukl “prakaran 2”, hindi sahity ka itihas (hindi). bharatadiskavari pustakalay: kamal prakashan, nee dilli, prishth sn. 70-72.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh


varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah