सैय्यद मुबारक़ अली बिलग्रामी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

saiyad mubarak ali bilagrami ka janm snvat 1640 men hua tha, at: inaka kavita kal snvat 1670 ke bad ka manana chahie. ye snskrit, pharasi aur arabi ke achchhe pndit aur hindi ke sahriday kavi the.

  • brajabhasha par saiyad mubarak ali bilagrami ka poora adhikar tha. ye keval shrringar ki hi kavita karate the.
  • inake saikadon kavitt aur dohe purane kavyasngrahon men milate hain, kintu abhi tak inaka 'alakashatak aur tilashatak' grnth hi upalabdh ho saka hai, jisamen sau dohe nayika ki alakon par aur sau dohe nayika ke mukhamndal ke til par likhe ge hain. inaka jaisa adhikar dohon ki rachana par dekhane ko milata hai vaisa hi kavitt aur savaiyon ki rachana par bhi dikhaee padata hai. kavita men inhonne apana nam 'mubarak' hi rakha hai. janashruti ke anusar inhonne nayika ke das pramukh angon men se pratyek par sau dohon ki rachana ki thi, kintu abhi tak alak aur til in do hi angon par sau sau dohe mil sake hain. 'shivasinh saroj' men inaki panch kavitaen snkalit hain, jinamen char kavitt aur ek savaiya hai.
  • in dohon ke atirikt inake bahut se kavitt savaiye sngrah grnthon men pae jate aur logon ke munh se sune jate hain.
  • inaki utpreksha bahut badhi chadhi hoti thi aur varnan ke utkarsh ke lie kabhi kabhi ye bahut door tak badh jate the. kuchh udaharan hain -

pari mubarak tiy badan alak op ati hoy.
mano chnd ki god men rahi nisa si soy
chibuk koop men man parayo chhabijal trisha vichari.
kadhati mubarak tahi tiy alak dori si dari
chibuk koop rasari alak til su charas drig bail.
bari vais singar ko sinchat manamath chhail [1]

kanak baran bal, nagan lasat bhal,
motin ke mal ur sohain bhalibhanti hai.
chndan chadhay charu chndamukhi mohani si,
prat hi anhay pag dhare musakati hai.
choonari vichitr syam saji kai mubarakajoo,
dhanki nakhasikh ten nipat sakuchati hai.
chndramain lameti kai sameti kai nakhat mano,
din ko pranam kie rati chali jati hai [2]

  • achary ramachndr shukl ke anusar inaka anumanit kavita kal snvat 1670 thaharata hai. yadyapi mote taur par ritikal ka arnbh snvat 1700 se mana jata hai tathapi keshavadas ke samay se kavita ki jo shrriganr dhara pravahit ho chali thi use dekhakar yahi kaha ja sakata hai ki ritikal ka arnbh kavivar keshavadas se hi manana samichin hai, kyonki laukik shrriganr kavy ka pradhany hi ritikal ki pramukh visheshata rahi hai, jisamen hriday paksh ko achhoota n chhodakar bhi chamatkar ka pradhany surakshit tha.
  • inhonne mubaraq nam se kavitaen likhi hain. mubaraq bhi shrriganr ke hi kavi hain aur ye keshavadas ke jivanakal men hi kavita karane lage the. inake kavy men bhi chamatkaron ki pradhanata hai. alnkaron men upama, roopak, apahnuti, sndeh, yamak, anupras aur sarvadhik roop men utpreksha alnkar inhen priy tha. inaki utprekshaen bahut door ki daud lagane vali hone par bhi hridayavarjak hain.
  • prasadikata inaki kavita men sarvatr milati hai. inaki bhasha saf suthari hai, jisamen pathak ko kahin ulajhan nahin hoti. tatkalin lokapriy kaviyon men inaka apana vishisht sthan hai. inake kitane hi kavitt aj bhi logon ki jihva par lokokti ki bhanti virajate hain.
  • 'anguri teri kategi katachhan', 'ju aurai kalapaihai so kaise kal paihai', aur 'din ko pranam kie rati chali jati hai' jaisi inaki uktiyan atynt lokapriy hain. nissndeh mubarak oonche darje ke kavi hain.
  • achary ramachndr shukl ji ne apane ‘hindi sahity ke itihas’ namak grnth men haradoee se snbaddh rasalin, samman, kadir bakhsh, saiyyad mubaraq ali bilagrami adi ka ullekh kiya hai.[3]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. alakashatak aur tilashatak se
  2. phutakal se
  3. anjuri bhar dhoop (hindi) bharatiy sahity sngrah. abhigaman tithi: 5 mee, 2011.

bahari kadiyan

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