भीषनजी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bhishanaji
bhishanaji
poora nam bhishanaji
janm bhoomi kakori gram, lakhanoo, uttar pradesh
karm bhoomi bharat
bhasha bhishanaji ki kavy-bhasha hindi thi. muhavaredar bhasha likhane men ve kushal the.
prasiddhi kavi
nagarikata bharatiy
samay kal bhishanaji ki rachanaen sikkhon ke adi grnth 'guru grnth sahib' men sngrahit hain, at: yah nishchit hai ki unaka samay athava utkarsh kal solahavin shatabdi eesvi manana chahie.
any janakari itihasakar badayoonni ke matanusar bhishanaji grihasthashram men rahakar sadhana men tatpar rahate the. sadhana ki is tatparata ne hi unhen vidvanon ki shreni men la khada kiya tha.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

snt bhishanaji lakhanoo ke pas kakori namak gram ke nivasi the. ye raidas aur kabir ki bhanti grihasth ashram men rahakar bhakti karate the. ye bade hi dayalu aur paropakari the. dadoo, nanak aur malookadas ki parnpara men bhishanaji bhi nirgun ram ke bhakt the. ye vidvanh tatha dharmashastron ke gyata the. inaki bhasha muhavaredar hai, pad niti aur gyan vishayak hain.[1]

pramanik ullekhon ka abhav

snt kavi bhishanaji ki jivani ke sambandh men bahut kam pramanik ullekh prapt hai. bharatiy dharm sadhana ke itihas men do bhishan ka ullekh milata hai. inamen se pratham ve hain, jinaki rachanae grnth sahib men snkalit hain aur dvitiy soofi snt aur vicharak hain. logon ne in donon ke charitr, charit aur vyaktitv ko ek-doosare se aisa mila diya hai ki unhen prithakh karana asambhav ho gaya hai.[2]

janm sthan

snt bhishanaji ka janm evn nivas sthan lakhanoo, uttar pradesh ke nikatasth kakori gram tha. prasiddh itihasakar badayoonni ne bhi unhen lakhanoo sarakar ke kakori nagar ka nivasi mana hai.[3] pn. parashuram chaturvedi ka vichar hai ki inhen vartaman uttar pradesh ke hi kisi bhag ka nivasi manana uchit jan padata hai.[4] bhishanaji ke kavy ke vishay aur bhav-bhoomi ka raidas, kamal aur dhanna ke kavy-vishay se samy dekhakar parashuram chaturvedi ukt nishkarsh par pahunche hain. parikshan karane se yah spasht ho jata hai ki bhishan uttar pradesh ke hi nivasi the aur isilie itihasakar mekaliph evn badayoonni ke kathan saty pratit hote hain ki ye kakori ke nivasi the. snt bhishan ka samay nishchit roop men gyat nahin hai.

samay kal

bhishanaji ki rachanaen sikkhon ke adi grnth 'guru grnth sahib' men sngrahit hain, at: yah nishchit hai ki unaka samay athava utkarsh kal solahavin shatabdi eesvi manana chahie.[2]

mahan pandit

bhishanaji svat: bade vidvanh tatha dharm-shastr ke mahanh pandit the. ve bade dayalu aur lokasevak the. bhishan sahab ki n to balyavastha ka koee vivaran milata hai, n hi unaki shiksha-diksha ka. badayoonni ke matanusar ve grihasthashram men rahakar sadhana men tatpar rahate the. sadhana ki is tatparata ne hi unhen vidvanon ki shreni men la khada kiya tha. unaki kee sntanen thin, jo gyan, vidya aur vivek se sampann thin.

'ram' nam ki mahima ka gan

bhishan sahab ke do pad guru arjun sinh dvara sampadit 'guru grnth sahib' men sngrahit hain.[5] in padon men ram aur ram nam ki mahima ka gan kiya gaya hai. pratham pad men kavi ne kaha hai ki, "vriddhavastha men jab sharir shithil ho jata hai, netron se jal bahane lagata hai aur bal dugdhavat shvet ho jate hain, kanth avaruddh ho jata hai aur shabdon ka uchcharan karana bhi kathin ho jata hai, us samay 'he ram yadi tumhin vaidy ban kar pahuncho to bhakton ke kasht door ho sakate hain.' jab mastak men pida utpann ho jati hai aur sharir daihik, daivik tatha bhautik tapon se dagdh evn sntapt ho uthata hai aur jab kaleje men vyatha utpann ho jati hain to harinam ke atirikt in kashton se mukti pane ke lie koee aushadhi nahin hai. yah harinamaroopi amrit jal sataguru ke prasad se hi prapt hota hai." dvitiy pad men kavi ne ram nam ki mahatta aur shaktimatta ka varnan kiya hai.[2]

in donon padon ke varny-vishay se spasht hai ki kabir, dadoo, nanak, malookadas adi ki bhanti unake hriday men bhi ram aur ram nam ke prati agadh prem tha. in padon ke rachayita bhishanaji soofi nahin the. yah varny-vishay se svayn prakat hai. mekaliph ke mat se samy rakhate hue pn. parashuram chaturvedi ne likha hai ki mekaliph ka kahana hai ki jis kisi ne bhi adi grnth men sngrahit padon ko likha hoga, vah ek dharmik purush avashy raha hoga aur shekh farid sani ki hi bhanti us samay ki sudhar sambandhi baton se prabhavit bhi raha hoga. aisa anuman kar lena sambhav hai ki vah bhishan kabir ka hi anuyayi raha hoga."

kavy-bhasha

bhishanaji ke donon padon ka adhyayan karane se spasht ho jata hai ki ve kavy ki pratibha se sampann samarth kavi the. unake varnan bhavapoorn aur abhivynjana shaili prabhavashali hai. unaki kavy-bhasha hindi thi. muhavaredar bhasha likhane men ve kushal the.

nidhan

itihasakar badayoonni ka mat hai ki snt bhishanaji ka svargavas hijari san 921 (san 1573 ee.) men hua.[2][6]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. bhishanaji parichay (hindi) kavita kosh. abhigaman tithi: 10 mee, 2015.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 hindi sahity kosh, bhag 2 |prakashak: gyanamandal limited, varanasi |snkalan: bharatakosh pustakalay |snpadan: daau. dhirendr varma |prishth snkhya: 412 |
  3. 'di sikkh rilijan', bhag: mekalis.
  4. 'utari bharat ki snt parampara'
  5. shri guru grnth sahib, prishth 658
  6. sahayak grnth- uttari bharat ki snt parampara parashuram chaturvedi.

snbndhit lekh

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