दुष्यंत कुमार  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

dushynt kumar
dushynt kumar
poora nam dushynt kumar tyagi
janm 1 sitambar, 1933
janm bhoomi bijanaur, uttar pradesh
mrityu 30 disambar, 1975
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr kavi, gazalakar
mukhy rachanaen soory ka svagat, avazon ke ghere, ek kanth vishapayi adi.
vishay samajik
bhasha hindi, urdoo
vidyalay ilahabad vishvavidyalay
shiksha em.e. (hindi)
nagarikata bharatiy
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi
dushynt kumar ki rachanaen

dushynt kumar (angrezi: Dushyant Kumar, janm: 1 sitambar, 1933; mrityu: 30 disambar, 1975) ek hindi kavi aur gazalakar the. samakalin hindi kavita visheshakar hindi gazal ke kshetr men jo lokapriyata dushynt kumar ko mili, vo dashakon bad virale kisi kavi ko nasib hoti hai. dushynt ek kalajayi kavi hain aur aise kavi samay kal men parivartan ho jane ke bad bhi prasngik rahate hain. dushynt ka lekhan ka svar sadak se snsad tak goonjata hai. is kavi ne kavita, git, gazal, kavy, natak, katha adi sabhi vidhaon men lekhan kiya lekin gazalon ki apar lokapriyata ne any vidhaon ko nepathy men dal diya.

jivan parichay

dushynt kumar ka janm bijanaur janapad (uttar pradesh) ke gram rajapur navada men 1 sitambar, 1933 ko hua tha. ilahabad vishvavidyalay se shiksha prapt karane ke uparant kuchh din akashavani, bhopal men asistent prodyoosar rahe. ilahabad men kamaleshvar, markandey aur dushynt ki dosti bahut lokapriy thi. vastavik jivan men dushynt bahut, sahaj aur manamauji vyakti the. kathakar kamaleshvar bad men dushynt ke samadhi bhi hue. dushynt ka poora nam dushynt kumar tyagi tha. prarambh men dushynt kumar paradeshi ke nam se lekhan karate the.
dushynt kumar apane parivar ke sath

kritiyan

inhonne 'ek knth vishapayi', 'soory ka svagat', 'avazon ke ghere', 'jalate hue van ka basnt', 'chhote-chhote saval' aur doosari gady tatha kavita ki kitabon ka srijan kiya. jis samay dushynt kumar ne sahity ki duniya men apane kadam rakhe us samay bhopal ke do pragatishil shayaron taj bhopali tatha qaif bhopali ka gazalon ki duniya par raj tha. hindi men bhi us samay agyey tatha gajanan madhav muktibodh ki kathin kavitaon ka bolabala tha. us samay am adami ke lie nagarjun tatha dhoomil jaise kuchh kavi hi bach ge the. is samay sirf 42 varsh ke jivan men dushynt kumar ne apar khyati arjit ki.

amitabh bachchan ke prashnsak

dushynt kumar ne baaulivud mahanayak amitabh bachchan ko unaki philm ‘divar’ ke bad patr likhakar unake abhinay ki tariph ki aur kaha ki- "vah unake ‘phain’ ho ge hain." dushynt kumar ka varsh 1975 men nidhan ho gaya tha aur usi sal unhonne yah patr amitabh ko likha tha. yah durlabh patr hal hi men unaki patni rajeshvari tyagi ne unhin ke nam se sthapit sngrahalay ko hal hi men saunpa hai. dushynt kumar aur amitabh ke pita daau. harivnsharay bachchan men gahara prem tha. ‘divar’ philm men unhonne amitabh ki tulana tab ke supar stars shashi kapoor aur shatrughn sinha se bhi ki thi. hindi ke is mahanh sahityakar ki dharoharen ‘dushynt kumar smarak pandulipi sngrahalay’ men saheji ja rahi hain. inhen dekhakar aisa lagata hai ki sahity ka ek yug yahan par jivit hai.


dushynt kumar ne amitabh ko likhe is patr men kaha, ‘kisi philm artist ko pahali bar khat likh raha hoon. vah bhi ‘divar’ jaisi philm dekhakar, jo manaviy karuna aur manushy ki sahaj bhavukata ka andhadhundh shoshan karati hai.’ kavi aur shayar ne amitabh ko yad dilaya, ‘tumhen yad nahin hoga. is nam (dushynt kumar) ka ek naujavan ilahabad men aksar bachchan sahab ke pas aya karata tha, tab tum bahut chhote the. usake bad dilli ke vilingatan kresent vale makan men ana-jana laga raha. lekin tum logon se snpark nahin raha. darasal, kabhi zaroorat bhi mahasoos nahin huee. main to bachchanaji ki rachanaon ko hi unaki sntan mane hue tha.’ dushynt kumar ne likha, ‘mujhe kya pata tha ki unaki ek sntan ka kad itana bada ho jaega ki main use khat likhoonga aur usaka prashnsak ho jaunga.’[1]

vartaman kaviyon ki nazar men dushynt kumar

nida fazali unake bare men likhate hain-
"dushynt ki nazar unake yug ki nee pidhi ke gusse aur narazagi se saji bani hai. yah gussa aur narazagi us anyay aur rajaniti ke kukarmo ke khilaf ne tevaron ki avaz thi, jo samaj men madhyavargiy jhoothepan ki jagah pichhade varg ki mehanat aur daya ki numanndagi karati hai."
dinesh grovar, prakashak lokabharati ilahabad 
dushyant apane jivanakal men hi ek kinvadnti ban ge the. unaki lokapriyata ka anuman keval itani bat se lagaya ja sakata hai ki pichhale chunavon men amane -samane do virodhi partiyan ek hi takhti lagaye chal rahi thi; sirf hngama khada karana mera makasad nahin / meri koshish hai ki ye soorat badalani chahie ham phakhr se kah sakate hain ki hindi ne mir, galib bhale n paida kiye hon magar dushyant kumar ko paida kiya hai aur yahi hamari hindi ki jatiy asmita ki ek bahut badi vijay hai.
lokapriy kavi yash malaviy 
dushyant ki kavita zindagi ka bayan hai. zindagi ke sukh- duahkh men unaki kavita anayas yad a jati hai. vidambanayen unaki kavita men is tarah vyakt hoti hain ki am adami ko ve apani avaz lagane lagati hain. samay ko samajhane aur usase ladane ki takat deti ye kavitayen hamare samaj men har sngharsh men sarvadhik uddharaniy kavitaen hain. sirf hngama khada karana mera makasad nahin / meri koshish hai ki ye soorat badalani chahie yah matr ek sher nahin zindagi ka ek darshan hai phalasapha hai. choonki dushyant ki kavitaen janata ke juban par chadhi huee hain isalie midiya ke log bhi vishesh maukon par apani bat jan tak pahunchane ke lie, unake dilon men utar dene ke lie dushyant ki shayari ka istemal karate hain. dushyant ki gazalen kathin samay ko samajhane ke lie shastr aur unase joojhane ke lie shastr ki tarah hain.[2]

prakashit rachanaen

kavyasngrah
upanyas
  • chhote-chhote saval
  • angan men ek vriksh
  • duhari zindagi.
ekanki
  • man ke kon
natak
  • aur masiha mar gaya
gazal-sngrah
  • saye men dhoop
kavy natak
  • ek kanth vishapayi
  • inake atirikt kuchh alochanatmak pustaken tatha kuchh mahattvapoorn pustakon ka anuvad bhi kiya.

nidhan

dushynt kumar ke samman men jari dak tikat

dushynt kumar ka nidhan 30 disambar san 1975 men sirf 42 varsh ki avastha men ho gaya. dushynt ne keval desh ke am adami se hi hath nahin milaya us adami ki bhasha ko bhi apanaya aur usi ke dvara apane daur ka dukh-dard gaya.

dushynt kumar ki kuchh pnktiyan

1.
ho gee hai pir parvat-si pighalani chahie,
is himalay se koee gnga nikalani chahie.
        aj yah divar, paradon ki tarah hilane lagi,
        shart lekin thi ki ye buniyad hilani chahie.
har sadak par, har gali men, har nagar, har ganv men,
hath laharate hue har lash chalani chahie.
        sirf hngama khada karana mera makasad nahin,
        meri koshish hai ki ye soorat badalani chahie.
mere sine men nahin to tere sine men sahi,
ho kahin bhi ag, lekin ag jalani chahie. -dushynt kumar

2.
main jise odhata -bichhata hoon ,
vo gazal apako sunata hoon.
ek jngal hai teri ankhon men 
main jahan rah bhool jata hoon.
too kisi rel si gujarati hai,
main kisi pul -sa tharatharata hoon.
har taraf etaraz hota hai,
main agar roshani men ata hoon.
ek bajoo ukhad gaya jab se,
aur zyada vazan uthata hoon.
main tujhe bhoolane ki koshish men,
aj kitane qarib pata hoon.
kaun ye phasala nibhaega,
main farishta hoon sach batata hoon. -dushynt kumar


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. ‘divar’ dekhakar amitabh ke phain ho ge the dushynt kumar (hindi) aj tak. abhigaman tithi: 26 agast, 2013.
  2. ‘lokapriy kavi dushyant kumar ki gazalen (hindi) sunahari kalam se. abhigaman tithi: 26 agast, 2013.

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