क्षेमेन्द्र  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kshemendr kashmiri mahakavi the. ve snskrit ke vidvanh tatha pratibha snpann kavi the. unaka janm brahman kul men hua tha. kshemendr ne prasiddh alochak tatha tntrashastr ke marmgy vidvanh abhinavagupt se sahityashastr ka adhyayan kiya tha. inake putr somendr ne pita ki rachana 'bodhisattvavadanakalpalata' ko ek naya pallav jodakar poora kiya tha. kshemendr snskrit men parihas katha ke dhani the. snskrit men unaki jod ka doosara siddhahast parihas katha lekhak sambhavat: aur koee nahin hai.

rachana kal

kshemendr ne apane grnthon ke rachana kal ka ullekh kiya hai, jisase inake avirbhav ke samay ka parichay milata hai. kashmir ke naresh annt (1028-1063 ee.) tatha unake putr aur uttaradhikari raja kalash (1063-1089 ee.) ke rajy kal men kshemendr ka jivan vyatit hua. kshemendr ke grnth 'samayamatrika' ka rachana kal 1050 ee. tatha inake antim grnth dashavataracharit ka nirman kal inake hi lekhanusar 1066 ee. hai. isake phalasvaroop ekadash shati ka madhy kal[1] kshemendr ke avirbhav ka samay mana ja sakata hai.

kritiyan

kshemendr ke poorvapurush rajy ke amaty pad par pratishthit the. phalat: inhonne apane desh ki rajaniti ko bade nikat se dekha tatha parakha tha. apane yug ke ashant vatavaran se ye itane asntusht aur marmahat the ki use sudharane men, use pavitr banane men tatha svarth ke sthan par pararth ki bhavana dridh karane men inhonne apana jivan laga diya tatha apani drutagamini lekhani ko isaki poorti ke nimitt kavy ke nana angon ki rachana men lagaya. inake adarsh the maharshi vedavyas aur unake hi saman kshemendr ne saras, subodh tatha udatt rachanaon se snskrit bharati ke prasad ko alnkrit kiya.

prathamat: unhonne prachin mahatvapoorn mahakavyon ke kathanakon ka snkshipt vivaran prastut kiya. 'ramayanamnjari', 'bharatamnjari' tatha 'brihatkathamnjari', ye tinon hi kramash: ramayan, mahabharat tatha brihatkatha ke atynt rochak tatha saras snkshep hain. 'dashavataracharit' inaka udatt mahakavy hai, jisamen bhagavan vishnu ke dason avataron ka bada hi ramaniy tatha pranjal, saras evn munjul kavyatmak varnan kiya gaya hai. auchity-vichar-charcha men kshemendr ne auchity ko kavy ka moolabhoot tatv mana hai tatha usaki prakrisht vyapakata kavy pratyek ang men dikhalaee hai.

bhasha-shaili

kshemendr snskrit men parihas katha ke dhani the. snskrit men unaki jod ka doosara siddh hast parihas katha lekhak koee aur nahin hai. unaki siddh lekhani pathakon par chot karana janati thi, parntu usaki chot mithi hoti thi. parihas katha vishayak unaki do anupam kritiyan hain-

  1. 'narmamala'
  2. 'deshopadesh'

in kritiyon men us yug ka vatavaran apane poorn vaibhav ke sath hamare sammukh prastut hota hai. kshemendr vidagdhi kavi hone ke atirikt janasadharan ke bhi kavi the, jinaki rachana ka uddeshy vishuddh manornjan ke sath-sath janata ka charitr nirman karana bhi tha. 'kalavilas', 'chaturvargasngrah', 'charucharya', 'samayamatrika' adi laghu kavy is disha men inake saphal udyog ke samarth praman hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. lagabhag 1025-1066 ee.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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