कृपाराम  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kriparam pndrahavin shati ke uttarardh ke ek prakhyat ganitgy the. ye hindi kavyashastr ke pratham lekhak the, jo solahavin shati ke poorvarddh men hue the. inhonne bijaganit, makarnd, yntrachintamani, sarvarth chintamani, pnchapakshi, muhartatatv namak tika grnth prastut kie the.

  • vaise kriparam ke vishay men adhik janakari ka abhav hai. 'vastuchndrika' namak ek maulik grnth bhi inhin ka likha hua kaha jata hai.
  • kriparam ki ekamatr gyat rachana 'hitatarngini' hai. inhonne snvat 1598 men 'rasariti' par 'hitatarngini' dohon men racha tha.
  • 'hitatarngini' riti ya lakshan grnthon men bahut purana hai. kavi ne kaha hai ki aur kaviyon ne bade chhndon ke vistar men shrringar ras ka varnan kiya hai, par mainne 'sugharata' ke vichar se dohon men varnan kiya hai. isase jan padata hai ki inake pahale aur logon ne bhi riti grnth likhe the, jo ab nahin milate hain.
  • 'hitatarngini' ke kee dohe bihari ke dohon se milate julate hain, par isase yah nahin siddh hota ki yah grnth bihari ke bad ka hai; kyonki grnth men nirman kal bahut spasht roop se diya hua hai.

sidhi nidhi siv mukh chndr lakhi magh suddi tritiyasu.
hitatarngini haun rachi kavi hit param prakasu

  • ya to bihari ne un dohon ko jan boojhakar liya hai athava ve dohe bad se mil ge.
  • 'hitatarngini' ke dohe bahut hi saras, bhavapoorn tatha parimarjit bhasha men hain -

lochan chapal katachchh sar aniyare vish poori.
man mrig bedhaun munin ke jagajan sahat bisoori
aju sabare haun gee nndalal hit tal.
kumud kumuduni ke bhatoo nirakhe aurai hal
pati ayo parades ten ritu basnt ko mani.
jhamaki jhamaki nij mahal men tahalain karai surani


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

sambndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah