सेनापति  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

senapati anoopashahar ke rahane vale kanyakubj brahman the. inake pita ka nam 'gngadhar', pitamah ka 'parashuram' aur guru ji ka nam 'hiramani dikshit' tha. senapati ka janmakal snvat 1646 ke asapas mana jata hai. any prachin kaviyon ki bhanti senapati ka jivanavrit sndigdh hai.

  • senapati bhakti kal evn riti kal ke sandhi yug ke kavi hain. inaki rachanaon men hindi sahity ki donon dharaon ka prabhav pada hai jisamen bhakti aur shrringar donon ka mishran hai.
  • inake ritu varnan men prakriti varnan hai jo sahity men advitiy hai. senapati bahut sahriday kavi the. inake saman 'ritu varnan' kisi shrringari kavi ne nahin kiya hai. inake 'ritu varnan' men prakriti ka sookshm nirikshan paya jata hai.
  • senapati ka pad vinyas bhi lalit hai. kahin kahin viramon par anupras ka nirvah aur yamak ka chamatkar bhi achchha hai.
  • ye apane samay ke bahut hi bhavuk aur nipun kavi the. ritikalin kaviyon men senapati ka ritu varnan atyant prasiddh hai. senapati nam se bodh hota hai ki yah vastavik nam n hokar upanam hi raha hoga. senapati ka vastavik nam ab tak gyat nahin ho paya hai.[1] apana parichay inhonne svayn is prakar diya hai -

dikshit parashuram dada hain vidit nam,
jin kinhen jgy, jaki vipul badaee hai.
gngadhar pita gngadhar ke saman jake,
gngatir basati 'anoop' jin paee hai
maha janamani, vidyadan hoo men chintamani,
hiramani dikshit ten paee pnditaee hai.
senapati soee, sitapati ke prasad jaki,
sab kavi kan dai sunat kavitaee hai

  • inaki garvoktiyan khatakati nahin, uchit jan padati hain. apane jivan ke antim samay men ye snsar se kuchh virakt ho chale the. muslim darabaron men bhi inaka achchha man raha, kyonki apani virakti ki jhonk men inhonne kaha hai -

keto karau koi, paie karam likhoi, taten,
doosari n hoi, ur soi thaharaie.
adhi ten saras biti gee hai baras, ab
durjan daras bich ras n badhaie
chinta anuchit, dharu dhiraj uchit,
senapati hvai suchit raghupati gun gaie.
chari bar dani taji payn kamalechchhan ke,
payak malechchhan ke kahe ko kahaie

  • 'shivasinh saroj' men likha hai ki bad men inhonne sannyas le liya tha. inake bhaktibhav se poorn anek kavitt 'kavitt ratnakar' men milate hain -

maha mohakndani men jagat jakndani men,
din dukhadundani men jat hai bihay kai.
sukh ko n les hai, kales sab bhantin ko;
senapati yahin te kahat akulay kai
avai man aisi gharabar parivar tajaun,
daraun lokalaj ke samaj visaray kai.
harijan punjani men vrindavan kunjani men,
rahaun baithi kahoon taravar tar jay kai

  • is kavitt men vrindavan ka nam aya hai, par inake upasy ram hi jan padate hain kyonki sthan sthan par inhonne 'siyapati', 'sitapati', 'ram' adi namon ka hi smaran kiya hai. 'kavitt ratnakar' inaka sabase bad ka grnth jan padata hai kyonki usaki rachana snvat 1706 men huee hai. unhonne svayn hi likha hai -

snvath satrah sai chh men, sei siyapati pay.
senapati kavita saji sajjan sajau sahay

  • inaka ek grnth 'kavyakalpadrum' bhi prasiddh hai.
  • inaki kavita bahut hi marmasparshi, praudh aur pranjal hai. jahan ek or inamen poori bhavukata thi vahin doosari or chamatkar lane ki poori nipunata bhi thi. shlesh ka aisa udaharan shayad hi aur kahin mile -

nahin nahin karai, thoro mange sab dain kahai,
mngan ko dekhi pat det bar bar hai
jinake milat bhali prapati ki ghati hoti,
sada subh janaman bhavai niradhar hai
bhogi hvai rahat bilasat avani ke madhy,
kan kan jorai, danapath paravar hai
senapati vachan ki rachana nihari dekhau,
data aur soom dou kinhen ikasar hai

senapati ka ritu varnan advitiy hai -
vasnt ritu

baran baran taru phoole upavan van,
soee chaturng sng dal lahiyatu hai.
bndi jimi bolat virad vir kokil hai,
gunjat madhup gan gun gahiyatu hai॥
ave as-pas puhupan ki suvas soee
sone ke sugndh majh sane rahiyatu hai.
sobha ko samaj senapati sukh saj aju,
avat basnt rituraj kahiyatu hai॥

grishm ritu ka varnan

vrish ko tarani tej sahasaun kiran kari
jvalan ke jal bikaral barakhat hain.
tachati dharani, jag jarat jharani, siri
chhanh ko pakari pnthi pnchhi biramat hain॥
senapati naiku dupahari ke dharat, hot
dhamaka visham, jo napat kharakat hain.
mere jan paunon siri thaur kau pakari konon
ghari ek baithi kahoon ghamain bitavat hain॥

varsha ritu ka varnan

damini damak, surachap ki chamak, syam
ghata ki ghamak ati ghor ghanaghor tai.
kokila, kalapi kal koojat hain jit-tit
sital hai hital, samir jhakajhor tai॥
senapati avan kahyon hain manabhavan, su
lagyo tarasavan virah-jur zor tai.
ayo sakhi savan, madan sarasavan
lagyo hai barasavan salil chahun or tai॥

sharad ritu ka varnan

katik ki rati thori-thori siyarati,
senapati hai suhati sukhi jivan ke gan hain.
phoole hain kumud, phooli malati saghan van,
phooli rahe tare mano moti anagan hain॥
udit vimal chnd, chandani chhitaki rahi,
ram kaiso jas adh-ooradh gagan hai.
timir haran bhayo, set hai baran sabu,
manahu jagat chhir-sagar magan hai॥

shishir ritu ka varnan

sisir men sasi ko saroop vale savitaoo,
gham hoo men chandani ki duti damakati hai.
senapati hot sitalata hai sahaj guni,
rajani ki jhaneen vasar men jhalakati hai॥
chahat chakor soor or drig chhor kari,
chakava ki chhati taji dhir dhasakati hai.
chnd ke bharam hot mod hai kumudini ko,
sasi snk pnkajani phooli n sakati hai॥[2]

  • bhasha par aisa achchha adhikar kam kaviyon ka dekha jata hai. inaki bhasha men bahut kuchh madhury brajabhasha ka hi hai, snskrit padavali par avalnbit nahin. anupras aur yamak ki prachurata hote hue bhi kahin bhaddi kritrimata nahin ane paee hai. inake 'rituvarnan' ke anek kavitt bahut se logon ko knthasth hain. ramacharitr snbndhi kavitt bhi bahut hi ojapoorn hain. -

bani saun sahit subaran munh rahain jahan,
dharat bahut bhanti arath samaj ko.
snkhya kari lijai alnkar hain adhik yamain,
rakhau mati oopar saras aise saj ko
sunau mahajan! chori hoti char charan ki,
taten senapati kahai taji ur laj ko.
lijiyo bachay jyon churavai nahin kou, saunpi
vitta ki si thati men kavittan ke byaj ko

vrish ko tarani, tej sahasau karani tapai,
jvalani ke jal bikaral barasat hai.
tachati dharani jag jhurat jhurani, siri
chhanh ko pakari pnthi pnchhi biramat hai
senapati nek dupahari dharakat hot
dhamaka visham jo n pat kharakat hai.
mere jan paun sire thaur ko pakari kahoo
ghari ek baithi kahoon ghamai bitavat hai

senapati une ne jalad savan ke
charihoo disan ghumarat bhare toy kai.
sobha sarasane n bakhane jat kaihoon bhanti
ane hain pahar mano kajar ke dhoy kai
ghan son gagan chhapyo, timir saghan bhayo,
dekhi n parat mano ravi gayo khoy kai.
chari mas bhari syam nisa ko bharam mani,
mere jan yahi ten rahat hari soy kai

doori jaduraee senapati sukhadaee dekhau,
aee ritu pavas n paee premapatiyan.
dhir jaladhar ki sunat dhuni dharaki au,
daraki suhagin ki chhohabhari chhatiyan
aee sudhi bar ki, hie men ani kharaki,
sumiri pranapyari vah pritam ki batiyan.
biti audhi avan ki lal manabhavan ki,
dag bhee bavan ki savan ki ratiyan

bali ko sapoot kapikul purahoot,
raghuvir joo ko doot dhari roop vikaral ko.
yuddh mad gadho panv ropi bhayo thadho,
senapati bal badho ramachndr bhuvapal ko

kachchhap kahali rahyo, kundali tahali rahyo,
diggaj dahali tras paro chakachal ko.
panv ke dharat ati bhar ke parat bhayo,
ek hi parat mili sapat patal ko

ravan ko bir, senapati raghubir joo ki
ayo hai saran, chhandi tahi madandha ko.
milat hi tako ram kop kai kari hai op,
nam joy durjanadalan dinabndha ko.
dekhau danavirata nidan ek dan hi men,
dinhen dooo dan, ko bakhanai satyasndh ko.
lnka dasakndhar ki dini hai vibhishan ko,
snka vibhishan ki so dini dasakndha ko

senapati ji ke bhakti prerit udgar bhi bahut anoothe aur chamatkarapoorn hain. apane karam kari haun hi nibahaunge tau tau haun hi karatar, karatar tum kahe ke? vala prasiddh kavitt inhin ka hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. ritikal ke kavi senapati (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 5 mee, 2011.
  2. senapati ka ritu varnan (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 5 mee, 2011.

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