नागरीदास  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

nagaridas
nagaridas
poora nam maharaj savntasinh
any nam nagaridas
janm paush krishn paksh 12, snvath 1756
abhibhavak maharaj rajasinh
sntan saradarasinh
mukhy rachanaen singarasar, gopipremaprakash, brajasar, biharachndrika, jugalaras madhuri, padamuktavali adi
bhasha brajabhasha
prasiddhi bhakti kavi
nagarikata bharatiy
kavitakal snvath 1780 se 1819 tak
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

nagaridas nam se kee bhakt kavi braj men ho ge, par unamen sabase prasiddh 'krishnagadh naresh maharaj savntasinh' ji hain jinaka janm paush krishn 12 snvath 1756 men hua tha. ye balyavastha se hi bade shooravir the. 13 varsh ki avastha men inhonne 'boondi' ke hada jait sinh ko mara tha. snvath 1804 men ye dilli ke shahi darabar men the. isi bich men inake pita 'maharaj rajasinh' ka dehant hua. badashah ahamadashah ne inhen dilli men hi krishnagadh rajy ka uttaradhikar diya, par jab ye krishnagadh pahunche tab rajy par apane bhaee bahadurasinh ka adhikar paya jo jodhapur ki sahayata se sinhasan par adhikar kar baithe the. ye braj ki or laut ae aur marahathon se sahayata lekar inhonne apane rajy par adhikar kiya. is par grihakalah se inhen kuchh aisi virakti ho gee ki ye sab chhod chhadakar vrindavan chale ge aur vahan virakt bhakt ke roop men rahane lage. apani us samay ki chittavritti ka ullekh inhonne is prakar kiya hai -

jahan kalah tahn sukh nahin, kalah sukhan ko sool.
sabai kalah ik raj men, raj kalah ko mool
kaha bhayo nrip hoo bhe, dhovat jag begar.
let n sukh hari bhakti ko, sakal sukhan ko sar
main apane man moodh ten, darat rahat haun hay.
vrindavan ki or ten, mati kabahoon phir jay

karyakshetr

vrindavan pahunchane par vahan ke bhakton ne inaka bada adar kiya. ye likhate hain ki pahale to 'krishnagadh ke raja' yah vyavaharik nam sunakar ve kuchh udasin se rahe par jab unhonne mere 'nagaridas' [1] nam ko suna tab to unhonne uthakar donon bhujaon se mera alingan kiya.

suni vyavaharik nam ko thadhe doori udas
dauri mile bhari nain suni nam nagaridas.
ik milat bhujan bhari daur daur
ik teri bulavat aur thaur.

  • vrindavan men ukt samay ballabhachary ji ki gaddi ki panchavin pidhi thi. vrindavan se inhen itana prem tha ki ek bar ye vrindavan ke us par ja pahunche. rat ko jab yamuna ke kinare lautakar ae tab vahan koee nav beda n tha. vrindavan ka viyog inhen itana asahy ho gaya ki ye yamuna men kood pade aur tairakar vrindavan ae. is ghatana ka ullekh inhonne is prakar kiya hai -

dekhyo shrivrinda bipin par.
nahin nav, nahin kachhu aur dav.
rahe bar lagan ki lagai laj.
yah chitt mahin karikai vichar.

vrindavan men inake sath inaki upapatni 'banithaniji' bhi rahati thin, jo kavita bhi karati thin. ye bhakt kaviyon men bahut hi prachur kriti chhod ge hain. inaka kavitakal snvath 1780 se 1819 tak mana ja sakata hai. inaka pahala grnth 'manorathamnjari' snvath 1780 men poora hua. inhonne snvath 1814 men ashvin shukl 10 ko rajy par apane putr saradarasinh ji ko pratishthit karake gharabar chhoda. isase spasht hai ki virakt hone ke bahut pahale hi ye krishnabhakti aur brajalila snbndhini bahut si pustaken likh chuke the.

rachanaen

krishnagadh men inaki likhi chhoti badi sab milakar 73 pustaken sngrahit hain jinake nam ye hain-

  • singarasar
  • gopipremaprakash (snvath 1800)
  • padaprasngamala
  • brajabaikunth tula
  • brajasar (snvath 1799)
  • bhoralila
  • pratarasamnjari
  • biharachndrika (snvath 1788)
  • bhojananndashtak
  • jugalaras madhuri
  • phoolavilas
  • godhan-agaman dohan
  • anndalagnashtak
  • phagavilas
  • grishmabihar
  • pavasapachisi
  • gopibainavilas
  • padamuktavali
  • shitasagar
  • ishkachaman
  • rasarasalata
  • nainarooparas
  • majalis mndan
  • arillashtak
  • sada ki manjh
  • varsha ritu ki manjh
  • hori ki manjh
  • krishnajanmotsav kavitt
  • priyajanmotsav kavitt
  • sanjhi ke kavitt
  • ras ke kavitt
  • chandani ke kavitt
  • divari ke kavitt
  • govardhanadharan ke kavitt
  • hori ke kavitt
  • phagagokulashtak
  • hindora ke kavitt
  • varsha ke kavitt
  • bhaktimagadipika (1802)
  • phagabihar (1808)
  • tirthannd (1810)
  • balavinod
  • vanavinod (1809)
  • sujanannd (1810)
  • bhaktisar (1799)
  • dehadasha
  • vairagyavalli
  • rasikaratnavali (1782)
  • kalivairagyavallari (1795)
  • arillapachisi
  • chhootak vidhi
  • parayan vidhi prakash (1799)
  • shikhanakh
  • nakhashikh chhootak kavitt
  • chachariyan
  • rekhata
  • manorathamnjari (1780)
  • ramacharitramala
  • padaprabodhamala
  • jugal bhaktivinod (1808)
  • rasanukram ke dohe
  • sharad ki manjh
  • sanjhi phool binan snvad
  • vasntavarnan
  • rasanukram ke kavitt
  • phag khelan sametanukram ke kavitt
  • nikunjavilas (1794)
  • govind parichayi
  • vanajan prashnsa
  • chhootak doha
  • utsavamala

inake atirikt 'vainavilas' aur 'guptarasaprakash' nam ki do aprapy pustaken bhi hain. is lnbi soochi ko dekhakar ashchary karane ke pahale pathak ko yah jan lena chahie ki ye nam bhinn bhinn prasngon va vishayon ke kuchh padyon men varnanamatr hain, jinhen yadi ekatr karen to 5 ya 7 achchhe akar ki pustakon men a jaenge. at: oopar likhe namon ko pustakon ke nam n samajhakar varnan ke shirshak matr samajhana chahie. inamen se bahuton ko panch panch, das das, pachis pachis, pady matr samajhie.

bhasha shaili

krishnabhakt kaviyon ki adhikansh rachanaen isi dhng ki hain. bhaktikal ke itane adhik kaviyon ki krishnalila snbndhini phutakal uktiyon se oobe hue aur keval sahityik drishti rakhane vale pathakon ko nagaridasaji ki ye rachanaen adhikansh men pishtapeshan si pratit hongi. par ye bhakt the aur sahity rachana ki navinata adi se koee prayojan nahin rakhate the. phir bhi inaki shaili aur bhavon men bahut kuchh navinata aur vishishtata hai. kahin kahin bade sundar bhavon ki vynjana inhonne ki hai. kalagati ke anusar pharasi kavy ka ashiki aur soophiyana rng dhng bhi kahin kahin inhonne dikhaya hai. inhonne gane ke padon ke atirikt kavitt, savaiya, arill, rola adi kee chhndon ka vyavahar kiya hai. bhasha bhi saras aur chalati hai visheshat: padon ki. kavitton ki bhasha men vah chalatapan nahin hai. kavita ke namoone niche dekhie.

kahe ko re nana mat sunai too puratan ke,
tai hi kaha? teri moodh goodh mati png ki.
ved ke vivadani ko pavaigo n par kahoon,
chhandi dehu as sab dan nhan gng ki
aur siddhi sodho ab, nagar, n siddh kachhoo,
mani lehu meri kahi vattaraa sudhng ki.
jai braj bhore! kore man ko rngai le re,
vrindavan renu rachi gaur syam rng ki [2]

jau mere tan hote doy.
main kahoo ten kachhu nahin kahato, moten kachhu kahato nahin koy
ek jo tan harivimukhan ke sng rahato des vides.
vividha bhanti ke jag du:kh sukh jahn, nahin bhakti lavales
ek jau tan satasng rng rngi rahato ati sukhapoor.
janam saphal kari leto braj basi jahn braj jivan moor
dvai tan bin dvai kaj n hvai hain, ayu tau chhin chhin chhijai.
nagaridas ek tan ten ab kahau kah kari lijai[3]

sab mazahab sab ilm aru sabai aish ke svad.
are ishk ke asar binu ye sabahi barabad
aya ishk lapet men, lagi chashm chapet.
soee aya khalak men, aur bharain sab pet [4]

bhadon ki kari andhayari nisa jhuki badar mnd phuhi barasavai.
syama joo apani oonchi ata pai chhaki rasariti malarahi gavai
ta samai mohan ke drig doori ten atur roop ki bhikh yon pavai.
paun maya kari ghoonghat tarai, daya kari damini dip dikhavai [5]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. nagari shabd shriradha ke lie ata hai
  2. vairagyasagar se
  3. pad
  4. ishk chaman se
  5. varsha ke kavitt se

achary, ramachndr shukl “prakaran 3”, hindi sahity ka itihas (hindi). bharatadiskavari pustakalay: kamal prakashan, nee dilli, prishth sn. 239-42.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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