कृत्तिवास  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

krittivas athava 'krittivas ojha' bngal ke atynt lokapriy kavi the, jinhonne bngala bhasha men valmiki ramayan ka sarvapratham padyanuvad kiya tha. unaka yah anuvad avikal anuvad nahin hai. unhonne apani kalpana shakti evn kavy shakti dvara charitron evn ghatanaon ka chitran kahin-kahin par bhinn roop men kiya hai. inake kavy men patron ke bhitar kuchh adhik komalata dikhaee gee hai. karun ras ki bhi adhik gahari anubhooti hai.

jivan parichay

krittivas ki nishchit janm tithi unake atmacharit se bhi gyat nahin hoti. yogeshachndr ray 1433, dineshachndr 1385 se 1400 ee. ke bich tatha sukumar sen 15vin shati ke uttarardh men inaka janm manate hain. 20vin shatabdi ke kuchh vidvanon ne, jinamen nagendranath vasu evn nideshachndr sen pramukh hain, ek hast likhit pothi prapt ki, jo krittivas ka atmacharit bataya jata hai. is pothi ko dineshachndr sen ne 1901 ee. men apane grnth 'bngabhasha aur sahity' ke dvitiy snskaran men prakashit kiya. isake bad nalinikant bhattashali ne bhi ek hastalikhit pothi prapt ki. in pothiyon ke anusar krittivas phuliya ke rahane vale the. inake poorv purush yavan-upadrav-kal men apana sthan chhodakar chale ae the. inake pitamah ka nam murari ojha, pita ka nam vanamali ev mata ka nam maniki tha. krittivas panch bhaee the. ye padma nadi ke par varendr bhoomi men padhane ge the.[1]

vidvanh matabhed

krittivas apane adhyapak achary choodamani ke atynt priy shishy the. adhyayan samapt karane ke bad ve gaudeshvar ke darabar men ge. yah kaun-se gaudadhipati the, isaka ullekh nahin hai. kuchh vidvanon ne inhen hindoo shasak raja ganesh (kns) mana hai tatha kuchh ne tahirapur ke raja knsanarayan. any ek tisare raja danujamardan ka bhi nam lete hain. janashruti ke anusar krittivas ne gaudeshvar ko panch shlok likhakar bheje the. unhen padhakar raja ativ prasann hue aur inhen turnt apane samaksh bulaya. vahan jakar inhonne kuchh aur shlok sunae. raja ne inaka atynt satkar kiya aur 'ramayan' likhane ka anurodh kiya.

kavy lekhan

valmiki ke ram kshatriy vir hain; jo viratv, shaury evn bal men advitiy hain, parntu krittivas ne ram ki kusum-komal moorti hi dekhi hai. unake ram ka tan navani jiniya ati sukomal hai aur ve hath men phul dhanu lekar van jate hain. parntu jahan tak valmiki ramayan ke uchch adarshon ka prashn hain, krittivas ne un sabako apani rachana men akshun rakha hai. pitribhakti, satyanishtha, tyag, prajanurnjan, pattivrat ityadi sab adarshon ka saphalatapoorvak pratipadan kiya gaya hai. kavi ne isamen kahin ne akhyan dekar, kahin bngal ki riti niti, kahin amod-pramod, kahin achar anushthan aur kahin nari roop dikhakar is rachana ko apane pradesh ke nivasayoin ki vastu bana diya hai. inhonne valmiki ramayan ke goodh darshanik anshon, vicharon ke vishleshanatmak bhagon evn alnkarikata ko apani rachana men sthan nahin diya hai. rachana saushthav aur kavy gun se yukt yah rachana bngal ki nijasv ban gee hai.[1]

krittivas ki ramayan

bngal men krittivas ki 'ramayan' atynt lokapriy hai. dhani, daridr sabake bich isaka adar aur prachar hai. log atynt prem aur bhakti se isaka path karate hain. pray: isaka path gakar hi kiya jata hai. krittivas ke vishay men adhik dinon tak adhik gyat nahin tha. ramayan ke prarnbh athava pratyek kand ke ant men ek-do pnktiyan milati thin, jinase gyat hota tha ki ramayan ke rachayita ka nam krittivas hai aur ve vichakshan kavi hain; unhonne puran sunakar kautuk men hi git rach dale.


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  1. 1.0 1.1 krittivas (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 09 aprail, 2014.

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