bharatakosh ke snsthapak/snpadak ke fesabuk laiv ke lie yahan klik karen.

सुकुमार सेन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

sukumar sen
sukumar sen
poora nam sukumar sen
janm 2 janavari, 1899
janm bhoomi bngal
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr 'sukumar sen' bharatiy ganarajy ke pratham mukhy nirvachan ayukt / mukhy chunav ayukt rahe hain.
puraskar-upadhi padm bhooshan
prasiddhi mukhy nirvachan ayukt
nagarikata bharatiy
karyakal 21 march, 1950 se 19 disnbar, 1958 tak
any janakari sukumar sen bharat ke pahale mukhy chunav ayukt the, jinhonne 25 aktoobar, 1951 se lekar faravari, 1952 ke bich pahala am chunav snpann karavaya tha.
sukumar sen (angrezi: Sukumar Sen, janm- 2 janavari, 1899, pashchim bngal) bharatiy ganarajy ke pratham mukhy nirvachan ayukt / mukhy chunav ayukt the. vah 21 march, 1950 se 19 disnbar, 1958 tak mukhy chunav ayukt ke pad par rahe. sukumar sen ko prashasakiy seva kshetr men 'padm bhooshan' se 1954 men sammanit kiya gaya. vah pashchim bngal rajy se the.

parichay

sukumar sen ka janm 2 janavari, san 1898 ko bngal men hua tha. vah ganit men gold medalist the. sukumar sen ne lndan yoonivarsiti men padhaee ke lie jane se pahale kalakatta (vartaman kolakata) ke presidensi kaaulej men padhaee ki. mahaj 22 sal ki umr men vah sivil seva sarvis men tainat ho ge. yah 1921 ki bat hai. tab bharat gulami ki bediyon se jakada hua tha. apani seva ke dauran sukumar sen ne bharat ke kee rajyon aur jilon men kam kiya. apani tej-tarrari aur gajab ki medha ki vajah se 1947 men sukumar sen ko pashchim bngal ka pramukh shasan sachiv banaya gaya, jo ki british bharat men aeesies adhikari ki sabase varishth renk thi.

15 agast, 1947 ko ajadi milane ke bad bharat sarakar ke samane sabase badi chunauti thi ki chunav pranali ka dhancha kaisa ho? is chunauti ka hal nikalane vale the bharatiy sivil seva ke sukumar sen. unaki badaulat hi bharat ka pahala am chunav snpann hua tha. sukumar sen bharat ke pahale mukhy chunav ayukt the, jinhonne 25 aktoobar, 1951 se lekar faravari, 1952 ke bich pahala am chunav snpann karavaya tha. unhin ki badaulat 67 sal pahale bharat ke nagarik pahali bar apane matadhikar ka istemal kar pae. unaki is khyati se prabhavit hokar soodan ne bhi unhen apane yahan chunav karavane ke lie bulaya tha. kaha jata hai ki sukumar sen ki hi badaulat bharat ke doosare am chunav men sadhe char karod ki bachat ho saki.

lokasabha chunav (1952)

1952 men bharat ke pahale am chunavon ke dauran sudoor pahadi ganvon tak chunav prakriya ko pahunchane ke lie nadiyon ke oopar vishesh roop se pul banavae jane pade. hind mahasagar ke chhote-chhote tapuon tak matadan samagri pahunchane ke lie nausena ke jalayanon ka sahara lena pada. lekin ek doosari any samasya bhi thi jo bhaugolik kam aur samajik jyada thi. uttar bharat ki jyadatar mahilaon ne snkochakavash matadata soochi men apana khud ka nam n likhakar, amuk ki patni ya phalan ki man ityadi likha diya tha. mukhy chunav ayukt sukumar sen is bat se khase naraj the. unake vichar men yah pratha ‘atit ka ek ajibogarib aur moorkhatapoorn avashesh’ tha. unhonne chunav adhikariyon ko nirdesh die ki ve matadata soochi men sudhar karen aur aise ‘matadataon ke mahaz kautunbik vyakhya’ ke sthan par unaka svayn ka nam ankit karen. isake bavajood qarib 28 lakh se jyada mahila matadataon ka nam soochi se bahar karana pada. unake namon ko hatane se jo hngama khada hua usake bare men sen ki ray thi ki yah achchha hi hua. is vivad se logon men jagarookata aegi aur agale chunavon tak unaka yah poorvagrah door ho jaega. us samay tak mahilaen apane khud ke namon ke sath matadata soochi men ankit ho chuki hongi.[1]

lokasabha chunav (1957)

bharat men lokatntr saphalata se apane pair pasar chuka hai. vaise ek hakikat ye bhi hai ki desh men hue doosare chunavon ke ek bade hiro the mukhy nirvachan kamishnar sukumar sen. jinhonne pahale chunav ko saphalata poorvak karaya to doosare chunav men desh ke karodon rupaye bacha lie. vahin doosare am chunav men pahali bar kangres ke varchasv ko jhataka laga. keral men kamyunist parti aauph indiya ne rajy ki satta par kabja kiya. isi chunav men tamilanadu men diemake ka janm hua yani pahali bar desh ke bhitar alag tamil rashtr ki bhavana ka janm. halanki diemake ne chunav men bahut achchha parinam nahin kar paya, lekin kendr ke lie ye ek khatare ki ghnti thi. is chunav ki bhi sari jimmedari mukhy nirvachan ayukt sukumar sen ke kndhon par thi. sen ne pahale chunav ke bad qarib paintis lakh bailet baauks ko achchhi tarah se bnd karake rakhava diya tha. ek bar phir un bailet baaukses ko nikala gaya aur doosare chunav men bhi istemal kiya gaya. jisase doosare chunav men sadhe char karod rupaye kam kharch hue. darasal 1957 ke am chunav men 419 lokasabha siton ke lie matadan hua. isamen kangres ko 371 siton par saphalata hasil huee. abatak ke donon chunav parti ke lie bahut hi achchhe rahe, lekin agala chunav kangres aur neharoo ke lie ek badi musibat khadi karane vala tha. kyonki ek to svatntrata andolan ki khumari utar chuki thi aur doosara kangres ke bhitar hi virodh ke svar uthane lage the.[2]

panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. svanamini (hindi) demokresi katha. abhigaman tithi: 7 julaee, 2013.
  2. doosare chunav men saphalata ka shrey chunav ayog ko (hindi) aeebien khabar. abhigaman tithi: 7 julaee, 2013.

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