आरसी प्रसाद सिंह  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

arasi prasad sinh
Arsi-Prasad-Singh.jpg
poora nam arasi prasad sinh
janm 19 agast, 1911
janm bhoomi eraut ganv, bihar
mrityu 15 navnbar, 1996
karm bhoomi eraut
karm-kshetr kavi
mukhy rachanaen nandadas, rajanigndha
bhasha hindi, maithili
puraskar-upadhi 'sahity akadami puraskar'
prasiddhi hindi aur maithili bhashaon ke mahakavi, kathakar aur ekankikar.
nagarikata bharatiy
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

arasi prasad sinh (angrezi: Arsi Prasad Singh, janm- 19 agast, 1911 ee., bihar; mrityu- 15 navnbar, 1996) bharat ke prasiddh kavi, kathakar aur ekankikar the. chhayavad ke tritiy utthan ke kaviyon men mahattvapoorn sthan rakhane vale aur 'sahity akadami puraskar' se sammanit arasi prasad sinh ko jivan aur yauvan ka kavi kaha jata hai. bihar ke shreshth kaviyon men inhen gina jata hai. arasi prasad sinh hindi aur maithili bhasha ke aise pramukh hastakshar the, jinaki rachanaon ko padhana hamesha hi dilachasp raha hai. is mahakavi ne hindi sahity men balakavy, kathakavy, mahakavy, gitakavy, rediyo roopak evn kahaniyon samet kee rachanaen hindi evn maithili sahity ko samarpit ki thin. arasi baboo sahity se jude rahane ke atirikt rajanitik roop se bhi jagarook evn nirbhik rahe. unhonne apani lekhani se netaon par kataksh karane men koee kor-kasar nahin chhodi thi.

janm tatha shiksha

arasi prasad sinh ka janm 19 agast, 1911 ko bihar ke samastipur zila men rosada relave steshan se ath kilomitar ki doori par sthit bagamati nadi ke kinare ek ganv 'eraut' (poorv nam airavat) men hua tha. yah ganv mahakavi arasi prasad sinh ki janmabhoomi aur karmabhoomi hai, isilie is ganv ko arasi nagar eraut bhi kaha jata hai. apani shiksha poorn karane ke bad arasi prasad sinh ki sahity lekhan ki or ruchi badhi. unaki sahityik ruchi evn lekhan shaili se prabhavit hokar ramavriksh benipuri ne unhen "yuvak" samachar patr men avasar pradan kiya. benipuri ji un dinon 'yuvak' ke snpadak the. 'yuvak' men prakashit rachanaon men unhonne aise krantikari shabdon ka prayog kiya tha ki tatkalin angrez hukoomat ne unake khila़ph giraphtari ka varnt jari kar diya tha.[1]

kritiyan

arasi prasad sinh ne hindi v maithili bhasha men apani kritiyan likhi jo is prakar hai:-

hindi ki prakashit kritiyan

kavita
  • ajakal
  • kalapi
  • snchayita
  • arasi
  • jivan aur yauvan
  • nee disha
  • panchajany
  • dvnd samas
  • sone ka jharana
  • katha mala
prabandh kavy
  • nand das
  • snjivani
  • aranyak
  • uday
git
  • prem git
kahani
  • pnchapallav
  • khota sikka
  • kalaratri
  • ek pyala chay
  • andhi ke patte
  • thandhi chhaya
bal sahity
  • chndamama
  • chitron men loriyan
  • onamasi
  • ramakatha
  • jadoo ka vnshi
  • kagaz ki nav
  • bal-gopal
  • hira-moti
  • jagamag
  • qalam aur bndook
samiksha
  • kavivar sumati : yug aur sahity

maithili ki prakashit kritiyan

kavita
  • matik dip
  • poojak phool
  • meghadoot
  • sooryamukhi (sahity akadami puraskar)

aprakashit kritiyan

kavita
  • kachanar
  • jal kallol
  • vanamarmar
  • madhumallika
  • ag aur dhuan
  • jay bharati
  • valaka
  • snkalita
  • amavasya
  • avara badal
  • akash kusum
  • chaturng
  • jo dhara se uthe
  • mahakati kalpana meri
  • shikhar chetana meri
prabndh kavy
  • poornoday
  • asooryampashya
  • sapt parn
  • kunar sinh
git
  • navagitika
  • nivedita
  • mnjula
  • gan-mnjari
  • gitamalika
  • dilarooba[2]

netaon par kataksh

arasi prasad sinh sahity se jude rahane ke alava rajanitik roop se bhi jagarook evn nirbhik vyakti the. unhonne apani lekhani se netaon par kataksh karane men kabhi koee kasar nahin chhodi. netaon par kataksh karate hue unhonne likha hai ki- "barasati mendhak se phoole, pile-pile gadarae, ganv-ganv se lakhon neta khaddaraposh nikal ae." paryavaran evn hariyali ke prati sada sajag rahane vale mahakavi arasi baboo ped-paudhon ki ho rahi avaidh kataee se marmahat hokar ek sthap par likhate hain ki- "aj arany svayn roodan karata hai aur usaka roodan koee nahin sunata. arany ka roodan koee sunata to us par bhala kulhadi hi kyon chalata?" arasi prasad sinh se jude snsmaran ke bare men patrakar snjiv kumar sinh kahate hain ki- "1956 se 1958 ke bich unhonne akashavani lakhanoo evn akashavani ilahabad men hindi karyakram adhikari ke roop men apani sevaen din. is dauran akashavani ke ek adhikari un par hamesha havi rahate the. ek din unhonne amar chetana ka kalakar, shilpi paradhin hona nahin chahata, bhuvan mohini srishti ka vidhata kabhi din hona nahin chahata, likhakar apana tyagapatr use saunp diya. akashavani ki naukari chhodane ke bad unhonne apana sara jivan sahity ke nam kar diya aur marate dam tak vah kavy sadhana men lin rahe.[1]

rajashray thukarana

arasi prasad sinh ke bare men 'padmabhooshan' prapt amritalal nagar ne kaha tha ki- "unhen jab kabhi dekh leta hoon, dil khush ho jata hai. arasi men mujhe prachin sahityik nishtha ke sahaj darshan milate hain." agar arasi prasad ke vyaktitv ki bat ki jaye to unhonne kabhi bhi paravashata svikar nahin ki. umr bhar niyntran ke khilaph akrosh zahir karate rahe. chalis ke dashak men jayapur naresh mahakavi arasi ko apane yahan rajakavi ke roop men bhi sammanit karana chahate the. is uddeshy ki poorti hetu unhonne kafi agrah, anunay-vinay kiya, parntu arasi baboo ne charanavritti tatha rajashray ko thukara diya. aisi thi mahakavi arasi ki shakhsiyat. achary ramachandr shukl, pandey bechan sharma 'ugr', ram kumar varma, daau. dhirendr varma, vishnu prabhakar, shiv mngal sinh 'suman', buddhinath mishr aur agyey samet kee rachanakaron ne hindi aur maithili sahity ke is vibhooti ko samman diya.

sahityakaron ke kathan

  • achary janakivallabh shastri likhate hain ki- "bihar ke char taron men viyogi ke sath prabhat aur dinakar ke sath arasi ko yad kiya jata hai. kintu arasi ka kavy marm-mool se pralamb daliyon aur pallav-patr-pushpon tak jaisa pran-ras sncharit karata raha hai, vah anyatr durlabh hai. kisi ek vishay, svar ya kalpana ke kavi vah nahin hain. unaki snvedana jitani vishayon se judi huee hai, unaki anubhooti jitani vastuon ki chhuan se romanchit hai, unaka svar jitane arohon, avarohon men apana alok nikharata hai, kam hi kavi utane svaron se apani pratibha ke prasar ke davedar ho sakate hain."[1]
  • daau. namavar sinh ne mahakavi arasi ki ek kriti 'nandadas' ke bare men likha hai ki- "romantik kaviyon men kuchh kavi age chalakar adhyatmavad ki or mud gaye aur arasi bhi unamen se ek hain. nirala ne tulasidas ki jivan katha ke madhyam se deshakal ke shar se vindhakar 'jage hue ashesh chhavidhar' chhayavadi kavi ki chhavi dikhalakar parampara ka vikas kiya to kavi arasi ne 'nandadas' ke madhyam se parampara ka punaralekhan kiya hai."
  • arasi prasad sinh ki kahaniyon ka zikr karate hue harish jayasaval ne likha hai- "arasi baboo ki kahaniyon men jahan prem apani oonchaee par dikh padata hai, vahan balidan bhi apani charam sima par sthit maloom hota hai. saste romans ki kami unaki kahaniyon ko aur adhik nikharane men bahut had tak kamayab huee hai. prem ke nam par adhunik nichata se kahani achhooti maloom hoti hai, jo shubh hai."
  • daau. ramacharan mahendr ne kaha tha- "shri arasi prasad sinh hindi men kavi, kahanikar aur ekankikar ke roop men kary kar rahe hain. hindi snsar ne kavi ke roop men unaki kritiyon ki mahatta aur maulikata ka loha mana hai. yah saty hai ki kavi ke roop men shri arasi prasad sinh ne marmasparshi kavy ki srishti ki hai, kintu apani ekankiyon men bhi ap chintan-pradhan gambhir sahity ki srishti kar sake hain. inamen samaj, dharm, rajaniti, samayik ghatanaon, bhotikavad, samajavad tatha samyavad ka vivechan hua hai."[1]
  • gramin aur najadiki sitaram sinh 'saroj' ke anusar- "mahakavi arasi ek hi sath upama aur upamey donon hain. chir yauvana mukt vani ke amar prastota ne chetana ko roopayit karane ka jo stuty kary kiya hai, usaka vivechan mahanh chintak, vishisht sadhak aur yugaradhy kavi jaise shirshakon ke antargat samichin hi mana jayega."


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 mahakavi arasi prasad sinh: apani hi bhoomi par gumanam (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 19 agast, 2013.
  2. arasi prasad sinh / parichay (hindi) kavita kosh. abhigaman tithi: 29 joon, 2011.

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