जोधाराज  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

jodharaj gaud brahman 'balakrishn' ke putr the. inhonne nivngadh, vartaman nimarana, alavar ke raja 'chndrabhan chauhan' ke anurodh se 'hammir raso' namak ek bada prabndh kavy snvath 1875 men likha jisamen ranathnbhaur ke prasiddh vir maharaj hammiradev ka charitr viragatha kal ki chhappay paddhati par varnan kiya gaya hai. hammiradev samrat prithviraj ke vnshaj the. unhonne dilli ke sultan alauddin ko kee bar parast kiya tha aur ant men alauddin ki chadhaee men hi ve mare ge the. is drishti se is kavy ke nayak desh ke prasiddh viron men hain. jodharaj ne chnd adi prachin kaviyon ki purani bhasha ka bhi yatr tatr anukaran kiya hai; jaise jagah jagah 'hi' vibhakti ke prachin roop 'h' ka prayog. 'hammiraraso' ki kavita badi ojasvini hai. ghatanaon ka varnan thik thik aur vistar ke sath hua hai. kavy ka svaroop dene ke lie kavi ne kuchh ghatanaon ki kalpana bhi ki hai jaise mahima mngol ka apani preyasi veshya ke sath dilli se bhagakar hammiradev ki sharan men ana aur alauddin ka donon ko mangana. yah kalpana rajanitik uddeshy hatakar prem prasng ko yuddh ka karan batane ke lie, prachin kaviyon ki pratha ke anusar ki gee hai. pichhe snvath 1902 men 'chndrashekhar vajapeyi' ne jo 'hammir hath' likha usamen bhi yah ghatana jyon ki tyon le li gee hai. gval kavi ke 'hammirahath' men bhi bahut snbhav hai ki, yah ghatana li gee hogi.

bhasha

prachin virakal ke antim rajapoot vir ka charit jis roop men aur jis prakar ki bhasha men ankit hona chahie tha usi roop men usi prakar ki bhasha men jodharaj ankit karane men saphal hue hain, isamen koee sndeh nahin. inhen hindi kavy ki aitihasik parnpara ki achchhi janakari thi, yah bat spasht lakshit hoti hai. niche inaki rachana ke kuchh namoone udhdrit kie jate hain ,

kab hath karai alavadi ranathnbhavar gadh ahi.
kabai sekh saranai rahai bahurayo mahima sahi
soor soch man men karau, padavi lahau n pheri.
jo hath chhndo rav tum, ut n lajai ajameri
saran rakhi sekh n tajau, tajau sis gadh des.
rani rav hamir ko yah dinhaun upades

kahn pavar jagadev sis apan kar kattayo.
kahan bhoj vikram surav jin paradukh mittayo
sava bhar nit karan kanak vipran ko dino.
rahyo n rahie koy dev nar nag su chino
yah bat rav hammir soon rani imi asa kahi.
jo bhee chakkavai mndali sunau rav dikhai nahin

jivan maran snjog jag kaun mitavai tahi.
jo janamai snsar men amar rahai nahin ahi
kahan jait kahn soor, kahan somesvar rana.
kahan ge prathiraj sah dal jiti n ana
hotab mitai n jagath men kijai chinta kohi.
asa kahai hamir saun ab chookau mati sohi

pundarik sut suta tasu pad kamal manaoon.
bisad baran bar basan bishad bhooshan hiy dhayaoon
bishad jntra sur suddh tntr sundar jet sohai.
vishad tal ik bhuja, dutiy pustak man mohai
mati rajahns hnsan chadhi rati suran kirati bimal.
jay matu sada baradayini, dehu sada baradan bal



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh


achary, ramachndr shukl “prakaran 3”, hindi sahity ka itihas (hindi). bharatadiskavari pustakalay: kamal prakashan, nee dilli, prishth sn. 242.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah