पद्माकर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

  • padmakar bhatt riti kal ke kaviyon men inhen bahut shreshth sthan prapt hai. sarvapriy kavi is kal ke bhitar bihari ko chhod doosara nahin hua hai. inaki rachana ki ramaniyata hi is sarvapriyata ka ekamatr karan hai. ritikal ki kavita inaki vani dvara apane poorn utkarsh ko pahunchakar phir vikasonmukh huee. at: jis prakar ye apani parnpara ke paramotkrisht kavi hain usi prakar prasiddhi men antim bhi. desh men jitana inaka nam prasiddh hua vaisa phir age chalakar kisi aur kavi ka nahin hua.
  • padmakar 'tailng' brahman the. inake pita 'mohanalal bhatt' ka janm banda men hua tha. ye poorn pndit aur achchhe kavi bhi the, jisake karan inaka kee rajadhaniyon men achchha samman hua tha. ye kuchh samay tak nagapur ke 'maharaj raghunath rav (appa sahab)' ke yahan rahe, phir panna ke 'maharaj hindoopati' ke guru hue aur kee ganv prapt kie. vahan se ve phir jayapur naresh 'maharaja pratapasinh' ke yahan ja kar rahe jahan inhen kaviraj shiromani ki padavi aur achchhi jagir mili. unhin ke putr suprasiddh padmakar hue.
  • padmakar ka janm snvat 1810 men banda men hua. inhonne 80 varsh ki ayu bhogakar ant men kanapur gnga tat par snvat 1890 men sharir chhoda. ye kee sthanon par rahe. sugara ke arjunasinh ne inhen apana mntr guru banaya. snvat 1849 men ye 'gosaeen anoopagiri upanam himmatabahadur' ke yahan ge jo bade achchhe yodhda the aur pahale banda ke navab ke yahan the, phir avadh badashah ke yahan sena ke bade adhikari hue the.
  • inake nam par padmakar ne 'himmatabahadur virudavali' nam ki ek vir ras ki pustak likhi.
  • snvat 1856 men ye satara ke 'maharaj raghunath rav (prasiddh raghova)' ke yahan ge aur ek hathi, ek lakh rupaya aur das ganv pae. isake bad padmakar jayapur ke maharaj pratapasinh ke yahan pahunche aur vahan bahut dinon tak rahe. maharaj pratapasinh ke putr maharaj jagatasinh ke samay men bhi ye bahut kal tak jayapur rahe aur unhin ke nam par apana prasiddh grnth 'jagadvinod' banaya.
  • jayapur men hi inhonne apana alnkar grnth 'padmabharan' banaya jo dohon men hai. ye ek bar udayapur ke 'maharaja bhimasinh' ke darabar men bhi ge the jahan inaka bahut achchha samman hua tha. maharana sahab ki agya se inhonne 'ganagaur' ke mele ka varnan kiya tha.
  • maharaj jagatasinh ka paralokavas snvat 1860 men hua. at: usake anntar ye gvaliyar ke 'maharaj daulat rav sindhiya' ke darabar men ge aur yah kavitt padha -

minagadh bnbee sumnd mndaraj bng,
bndar ko bnd kari bndar basavaigo.
kahai padamakar kasaki kasamir hoo ko,
pinjar son gheri ke kalinjar chhudavaigo.
banka nrip daulat alija maharaj kabaun,
saji dal pakari phirngin dabavaigo.
dilli dahapatti, patana hoo ko jhapatt kari,
kabahoonk latta kalakatta ko udavaigo.

  • sindhiya ke darabar men bhi inaka achchha man hua. kahate hain ki vahan saradar ooda ji ke anurodh se inhonne 'hitopadesh' ka bhashanuvad kiya tha. gvaliyar se ye boondi ge aur vahan se phir apane ghar banda men a rahe. antim dinon men padmakar rogagrast raha karate the. usi samay inhonne 'prabodhapachasa' namak virag aur bhaktiras se poorn grnth banaya. antim samay nikat jan padmakaraji gnga tat ke vichar se kanapur chale ae aur vahin apane jivan ke shesh sat varsh poore kie. apani prasiddh 'gngalahari' inhonne isi samay ke bich banaee thi.
  • 'ramarasayan' namak valmiki ramayan ka adhar lekar likha hua ek charitakavy bhi inaka dohe chaupaiyon men hai par usamen inhen saphalata prapt nahin huee. snbhav hai vah grnth inaka n ho.
  • matiram ji ke 'rasaraj' ke saman padmakar ka 'jagadvinod' bhi kavyarasikon aur abhyasiyon donon ka knthahar raha hai. vastav men yah shrringar ras ka saragrnth pratit hota hai. inaki madhur kalpana aisi svabhavik aur hav bhav poorn moortividhan karati hai ki pathak pratyaksh anubhooti men magn ho jata hai. aisi sajiv moorti vidhan karane vali kalpana bihari ko chhodakar aur kisi kavi men nahin paee jati. kalpana aur vani ke sath jis bhavukata ka snyog hota hai vahi utkrisht kavy ke roop men vikasit ho sakati hai.
  • bhasha ki sab prakar ki shaktiyon par is kavi ka adhikar dikhaee padata hai. kahin to inaki bhasha snigdh, madhur padavali dvara ek sajiv bhav bhari premamoorti khadi karati hai, kahin bhav ya ras ki dhara bahati hai, kahin anupras ki jhnkar utpann karati hai, kahin prashant sarovar ke saman sthir aur gnbhir hokar manushy jivan ko vishranti ki chhaya dikhati hai. inaki bhasha men vah anekaroopata hai jo ek bade kavi men honi chahie. bhasha ki aisi anekaroopata gosvami tulasidas ji men dikhaee padati hai.
  • anupras ki pravritti to hindi ke pray: sab kaviyon men avashyakata se adhik rahi hai. padmakar bhi unake prabhav se nahin bache hain. anupras ki dirgh shrinkhala adhikatar inake varnanatmak padyon men paee jati hai, jahan madhur kalpana ke bich sundar komal bhavon ka spndan hai vahan ki bhasha bahut hi svabhavik aur saf suthari hai. lakshanikata bhi inaki ek bahut badi visheshata hai -


padmakaraji ki kavita ke kuchh namoone niche die jate hain ,
phagu ki bhir, abhirin men gahi gonvadai lai gee bhitar gori.
bhaee kari man ki padmakar, oopar naee abir ki jhori
chhini pitnbar kammar ten su bida dee midi kapolan rori.
nain nachay kahi musukay, 'lala phir aiyo khelan hori'

aee sng alin ke nanad pathaee nithi,
sohat sohaee sis eedari supat ki.
kahain padmakar gnbhir jamuna ke tir,
lagi ghat bharan naveli neh ataki.
tahi samai mohan jo bansuri bajaee, tamen,
madhur malar gaee or bnsivat ki.
tan lage lataki, rahi n sudhi ghoonghat ki,
ghar ki, n ghat ki, n bat ki, n ghat ki

gokul ke, kul ke, gali ke gop ganvanake
jau lagi kachhoo ko kachhoo bhakhat bhanainahin.
kahain padmakar paros pichhavaran ke
dvaran ke daure gun-augun ganai nahin
tau laun chali chatur saheli! yahi kod kahoon
nike kai niharai tahi, bharat manai nahin.
haun tau syam rng men chorai chit chorachori
borat tau borayo, pai nichorat banai nahin

aras so arat, snbharat n sis pat,
gajab gujarati gariban ki dhar par.
kahain padmakar sura son sarasar taise,
bithuri birajai bar hiran ke har par
chhajat chhabile chhiti chhahari chhara ke chhor,
bhor uthi aee kelimndir ke dvar par.
ek pag bhitar au ek dehari pai dhare,
ek kar knj, ek kar hai kivar par

mohi lakhi sovat bithorigo subenibani,
torigo hie ko har, chhorigo sugaiya ko.
kahain padmakar tyon ghorigo ghanero dukh,
borigo bisasi aj laj hi ki naiyako
ahit anaiso aiso kaun upahas?yaten,
sochan khari main pari jovati junhaiya ko.
boojhihain chavaiya tab kaihaun kaha, daiya!
it parigo ko maiya! meri sej pai kanhaiyako?

eho nndalal! aisi vyakul pari hai bal,
hal hi chalau tau chalau, jore juri jayagi.
kahain padmakar nahin tau ye jhakore lagai,
ore laun achaka bin ghore ghuri jayagi
sire upacharan ghanere ghanasaran son,
dekhat hi dekhau damini laun duri jayagi.
tauhi lagi chain jaulaun chetihai n chndamukhi,
chetaigi kahoon tau chandani men churi jayagi

chalo suni chndamukhi chit men suchain kari,
tit ban bagan ghanere ali ghoomi rahe.
kahain padmakar mayoor mnju nachat hain,
chay son chakorani chakor choomi choomi rahe
qadam, anar, am, agar, asok thok,
latani samet lone lone lagi bhoomi rahe.
phooli rahe, phali rahe, phabi rahe, phaili rahe,
jhapi rahe, jhali rahe, jhuki rahe, jhoomi rahe

tikhe tegavahi je silahi chadhai ghodan pai,
syahi chadhai amit arindan ki ail pai.
kahain padmakar nisan chadhai hathin pai,
dhoori dhar chadhai pakasasan ke sail pai
saji chaturng chamoo jng jitibe ke hetu,
himmat bahadur chadhat phar phail pai.
lali chadhai mukh pai, bahali chadhai bahan pai,
kali chadhai sinh pai, kapali chadhai bail pai

ai brajachnd govind gopal! sunyo kyon n ete kalam kie main.
tyon padmakar annd ke nad hau nndanndan! jani lie main
makhan chori kai khorin hvai chale bhaji kachhoo bhay mani jie main.
doori n dauri durayo jau chahau tau durau kin mere andhere hie main


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

sambndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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