मणिदेव  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

manidev bndijan bharatapur rajy ke 'jahanapur' namak ganv ke rahanevale the aur apani vimata ke durvyavahar se rusht hokar kashi chale ae the. kashi men ve gokulanath ji ke yahan hi rahate the. aur sthanon par bhi unaka bahut man hua tha. jivan ke antim dinon men ve kabhi kabhi vikshipt bhi ho jaya karate the. unaka paralokavas snvath 1920 men hua.

gokulanath, gopinath aur manidev, in tinon mahanubhavon ne milakar hindi sahity men bada bhari kam kiya hai. inhonne samagr mahabharat aur harivnsh [1] ka anuvad atynt manohar vividh chhndon men poorn kavitt ke sath kiya hai. katha prabndh ka itana bada kavy hindi sahity men doosara nahin bana. yah lagabhag do hazar prishthon men samapt hua hai. itana bada grnth hone par bhi n to isamen kahin shithilata aee hai aur n hi rochakata aur kavyagun men kami huee hai. chhndon ka vidhan inhonne thik usi riti se kiya hai jis riti se itane bade grnth men hona chahie. jo chhnd uthaya hai usaka kuchh door tak nirvah kiya hai. keshavadas ki tarah chhndon ka tamasha nahin dikhaya hai. chhndon ka chunav bhi bahut uttam hua hai. roopamala, ghanakshari, savaiya adi madhur chhnd adhik rakhe ge hain, bich bich men dohe aur chaupaiyan bhi hain. bhasha pranjal aur suvyavasthit hai. anupras ka adhik agrah n hone par bhi avashyak vidhan hai. rachana sab prakar se sahityik aur manohar hai aur lekhakon ki kavyakushalata ka parichay deti hai. is grnth ke banane men bhi pachas varsh se oopar lage hain. anumanat: isaka arnbh snvath 1830 men ho chuka tha aur snvath 1884 men jakar samapt hua hai. isaki rachana kashi naresh maharaj uditanarayan sinh ki agya se huee jinhonne isake lie lakhon rupaye vyay kie. is bade bhari sahityik ygy ke anushthan ke lie hindi premi ukt maharaj ke sada kritgy rahenge.

bachan yah suni kahat bho chakrang hns udar.
udauge mam sng kimi tum kahahu so upachar
khay jootho pusht, garvit kag suni ye bain.
kahyau janat udan ki shat riti ham bal ain


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. jo mahabharat ka hi parishisht mana jata hai

achary, ramachndr shukl “prakaran 3”, hindi sahity ka itihas (hindi). bharatadiskavari pustakalay: kamal prakashan, nee dilli, prishth sn. 254-55.

snbndhit lekh

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