अमृता प्रीतम  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

amrita pritam
Amrita-Pritam.jpg
poora nam amrita pritam
janm 31 agast, 1919
janm bhoomi gujaranvala, pnjab (ab pakistan)
mrityu 31 aktoobar, 2005
mrityu sthan dilli
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr sahity
mukhy rachanaen 'kagaz te kainavas' (gyanapith puraskar), 'rasidi tikat', 'pinjar' adi.
bhasha pnjabi, hindi
puraskar-upadhi 'padm vibhooshan' (2004), 'padmashri' (1969), 'sahity akadami puraskar' (1956), 'gyanapith puraskar' (1982)
prasiddhi kavayitri, upanyasakar, lekhika
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari amrita pritam pahali mahila thin, jinhen sahity akadami puraskar mila aur sath hi sath ve pahali pnjabi mahila thin, jinhen 1969 men padmashri samman se sammanit kiya gaya.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

amrita pritam (angrezi: Amrita Pritam, janm: 31 agast, 1919, pnjab (pakistan); mrityu: 31 aktoobar, 2005 dilli) prasiddh kavayitri, upanyasakar aur nibndhakar thin, jinhen 20vin sadi ki pnjabi bhasha ki sarvashreshth kavayitri mana jata hai. inaki lokapriyata sima par pakistan men bhi barabar hai. inhonne pnjabi jagath men chh: dashakon tak raj kiya. amrita pritam ne kul milakar lagabhag 100 pustaken likhi hain, jinamen unaki charchit atmakatha 'rasidi tikat' bhi shamil hai. amrita pritam un sahityakaron men thin, jinaki kritiyon ka anek bhashaon men anuvad hua. apane antim dinon men amrita pritam ko bharat ka doosara sabase bada samman 'padm vibhooshan' bhi prapt hua. unhen 'sahity akadami puraskar' se pahale hi alnkrit kiya ja chuka tha.

jivan parichay

amrita pritam ka janm 1919 men gujaranvala (pnjab- pakistan) men hua tha. bachapan lahaur men bita aur shiksha bhi vahin par huee. inhonne pnjabi lekhan se shuruat ki aur kishoravastha se hi kavita, kahani aur nibndh likhana shuroo kiya. amrita ji 11 sal ki thi tabhi inaki mataji ka nidhan ho gaya, isaliye ghar ki zimmedari bhi inake kndhon par a gayi. ye un virale sahityakaron men se hai jinaka pahala snkalan 16 sal ki ayu men prakashit hua. phir aya 1947 ka vibhajan ka daur, inhonne vibhajan ka dard saha tha, aur ise bahut qarib se mahasoos kiya tha, inaki kee kahaniyon men ap is dard ko svayn mahasoos kar sakate hain. vibhajan ke samay inaka parivar dilli men a basa. ab inhonne pnjabi ke sath-sath hindi men bhi likhana shuroo kiya. inaka vivah 16 sal ki umr men hi ek snpadak se hua, ye rishta bachapan men hi man-bap ne tay kar diya tha. yah vaivahik jivan bhi 1960 men, talak ke sath toot gaya.[1]

kritiyan

1960 men apane pati se talak ke bad, inaki rachanaon men mahila patron ki pida aur vaivahik jivan ke katu anubhavon ka ahasas ko mahasoos kiya ja sakata hai. vibhajan ki pida ko lekar inake upanyas 'pinjar' par ek film bhi bani thi, jo achchhi khasi charcha men rahi. inhonne lagabhag 100 pustaken likhin aur inaki kafi rachanaen videshi bhashaon men bhi anoodit huee hain.

amrita pritam ki rachanaen[1]
kahani sngrah
  • satrah kahaniyan
  • sat sau bis qadam
  • 10 pratinidhi kahaniyan
  • choohe aur adami men farq
  • do khidakiyan
  • ye kahaniyan jo kahaniyan nahin hain
upanyas
  • kaili kamini aur anita
  • yah kalam yah kagaz yah akshar
  • na radha na rukmani
  • jalate bujhate log
  • jalavatan
  • pinjar
snsmaran
  • kachcha angan
  • ek thi sara
kavita sngrah
atmakatha
  • aksharon ke saye
  • rasidi tikat

samman aur puraskar

amrita pritam

amrita ji ko kee rashtriy aur antarrashtriy puraskaron se bhi sammanit kiya gaya, jinamen pramukh hain 1956 men sahity akadami puraskar, 1958 men pnjab sarakar ke bhasha vibhag dvara puraskar, 1988 men balgariya vairov puraskar; (antarrashtriy) aur 1982 men bharat ke sarvochch sahityik puraskar gyanapith puraskar. ve pahali mahila thin jinhen sahity akadami puraskar mila aur sath hi sath ve pahali pnjabi mahila thin jinhen 1969 men padmashri samman se sammanit kiya gaya.[1]

nidhan

amrita pritam ne lambi bimari ke bad 31 aktoobar, 2005 ko apane pran tyage. ve 86 sal ki thin aur dakshini dilli ke hauz khas ilaqe men rahati thin. ab ve hamare bich nahin hain, lekin unaki kavitaen, kahaniyan, nazmen aur snsmaran sadaiv hi hamare bich rahenge. amrita pritam jaise sahityakar roz-roz paida nahin hote, unake jane se ek yug ka ant hua hai. ab ve hamare bich nahin hain lekin unaka sahity hamesha ham sabake bich men zinda rahega aur hamara margadarshan karata rahega.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 amrita pritam: ek yug ka ant (hindi) (pi.ech.pi) mera panna. abhigaman tithi: 25 march, 2011.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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