अकिलन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

akilan
akilan
poora nam perungळoor vaidy vingam akhilndam ( pi. vi. akhilndam)
janm 27 joon, 1922
janm bhoomi tamilanadu
mrityu 31 janavari, 1988
karm bhoomi tamilanadu, bharat
karm-kshetr tamil sahity
mukhy rachanaen 'nenjin alaigal', 'pavai vilakku', 'chittirappavai', 'vengaiyin maindan', 'kayal vishi', 'vetri tirunagar' adi.
puraskar-upadhi gyanapith puraskar (1975), sahity akadami puraskar (1963), tamil vikas parishad ka puraskar (1968), raja annamalai chettiyar puraskar (1976)
prasiddhi tamil sahityakar
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari 1940 men akilan ne mitron ke sahayog se ek 'shakti yuva sngh' banaya aur ji-jan se svadhinata andolan men kood pade.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

akilan (angrezi: Akilan, janm- 27 joon, 1922, tamilanadu; mrityu- 31 janavari, 1988[1]) tamil bhasha ke suvikhyat sahityakar, upanyasakar, laghu kahani lekhak, patrakar, vyngyakar, yatra lekhak, natakakar tatha patakatha lekhak the. akilan ka poora nam 'perungळoor vaidy vingam akhilndam' (pi. vi. akhilndam) tha. unhonne apana adhikansh lekhan kary akilan nam se kiya aur isi nam se prasiddhi prapt ki. ek svatntrata senani ke roop men bhi ve jane jate the.

janm

akilan ka janm 27 joon, 1922 ko perungaloor, tamilanadu men hua tha. unake pita faaurest renjar the. pita ki ichchha thi ki unaka beta aee.si.es. bane, lekin varsh 1938 men achanak unaki mrityu ho gee. pita ki mrityu ke bad akilan arthik pareshaniyon v nirashaon se ghir ge.

krantikari gatividhiyan

sngharsh bhare inhin dinon ki anubhootiyan akilan ki prerana banin aur 1939 men unaki sabase pahali kahani arthakasht se mrityu prakash men aee. kuchh samay bad kavi subrahmanyam bharatiy evn bnkimachndr chatarji ki rachanaon ne unake manas men rashtriyata ki chingari jala di. at: 1940 men maitrik karate hi apane mitron ke sahayog se unhonne ek 'shakti yuva sngh' banaya aur ji-jan se svadhinata andolan men kood pade. jab desh men 'bharat chhodo andolan' ki lalakar goonji to akilan ne mukt bhav se sarakar virodhi kahaniyan likhani shuroo kar din.

karyakshetr

varsh 1945 men akilan relave mel sarvis men saaurtar ke kam par niyukt hue aur 23 varsh ki ayu men unhonne apana pahala upanyas 'pen' likha. pratishthit tamil masik 'kalaimagal' ne ise pratiyogita men pratham sthan dekar puraskrit kiya. dvitiy mahayuddh ke dauran bharat ki svadhinata ke lie sashastr sngharsh netaji subhashachndr bos ne british senaon ke viruddh kiya, usake prati akilan ke man men vishesh lagav aur adar bhav tha.

sahity se lagav

aee. en. e. ke anek sainikon aur senanayakon se akilan ke behad ghanishth snbndh the. unaki bhavanaon ne abhivyakti paee upanyas 'nenjin alaigal' men. unaka yah upanyas varsh 1951 men prakashit hua aur 1955 men tamil akadami dvara puraskrit hua. 1958 men 'pavai vilakku' likhane ke dauran unhonne achanak naukari se tyagapatr de diya aur trichi se madras (vartaman chennee) chale ge. sahityamarmiyon ke mat se 'pavai vilakku' aur 'chittirappavai' unaki sarvashreshth rachanaen hain. 'chittirappavai' ke karan akilan ka nam tamilanadu ke hi nahin, shrilnka, maleshiya aur singapur men base lakhon tamil bhashiyon tak pahunch gaya. yah upanyas gady ki kavyamayata ka sundar udaharan hai aur adhunik tamil upanyas sahity ki praudhata ka pratik mana jata hai.

aitihasik upanyas

akilan ne kuchh aitihasik upanyas bhi likhe. varsh 1961 men prakashit 'vengaiyin maindan' unaka pahala aitihasik upanyas tha, jise 1963 men 'sahity akadami' ne puraskrit kiya. phir 1965 men 'kayal vishi' nikala. is par unhen 1968 men 'tamil vikas parishad' ka puraskar mila. akilan ka tisara aitihasik upanyas hai 'vetri tirunagar', jo 1966 men prakashit hua tha. 1973 men prakashit unaki rachana 'enge pogirom' ek samajik upanyas hai, jisamen samaj aur jivan ke pratyek kshetr men vyapt bhrashtachar ka chitran kiya gaya hai. akilan ko isi kriti par 1976 men 'raja annamalai chettiyar puraskar' bhi mila tha.

pramukh kritiyan

akhilndam ki pramukh kritiyan
upanyas
  • mngiy nilavu (1944)
  • pen (1947)
  • tunaivi (1951)
  • sndippu (1952)
  • avalukku (1953)
  • vengayin maindan (1961)
  • pudu vellamh (1964)
  • kayal vishi (1965)
  • vetri tirunagar (1966)
  • chittirappavai (1968)
  • kollaikaran (1969)
  • enge pogirom (1973)
kahani
  • saktivel (1946)
  • santi (1952)
  • nelloor arisi (1967)
  • erimalai (1970)
  • pasiyum roosiyum (1974)
nibndh
  • manamakkalukku (1953)
  • kadaikalai (1972)
natak
  • vashavil inabam (1955)

nidhan

tamil bhasha ke mahanh sahityakar akilan ka nidhan 31 janavari, 1988 ko hua.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. AKILAN- The ever green tamil writer...
  • bharat gyanakosh khand-1

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