विष्णु सखाराम खांडेकर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vishnu sakharam khandekar
vishnu sakharam khandekar
poora nam vishnu sakharam khandekar
janm 19 janavari, 1898
janm bhoomi sangali, maharashtr
mrityu 2 sitnbar, 1976
pati/patni manu manerikar
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr marathi sahity
mukhy rachanaen devayani, yayati, sharmishtha, kachadev.
bhasha marathi
vidyalay 'bnbee vishvavidyalay', 'fargyusan kaaulej', pune
puraskar-upadhi 'sahity akadami puraskar', 'padmabhooshan' aur 'gyanapith puraskar'
prasiddhi sahityakar, kahanikar, nibandhakar, upanyasakar.
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari vishnu sakharam khandekar ke lekhon aur kavitaon ka prakashan 1919 se shuroo hua. khandekar ji kala aur jivan ke bich ghanishth snbndh manate the.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

vishnu sakharam khandekar (angrezi: Vishnu Sakharam Khandekar, janm- 19 janavari, 1898, sangali, maharashtr; mrityu- 2 sitnbar, 1976) marathi bhasha ke suprasiddh sahityakaron men se ek the. unake lalit nibandh unaki bhasha-shaili adi ke karan bahut pasand kiye jate hain. unhonne upanyason aur kahaniyon ke atirikt natak, nibandh tatha alochanatmak nibandh adi likhe the. vishnu sakharam khandekar ko 'sahity akadami puraskar', 'padmabhooshan' aur 'gyanapith puraskar' (1974) se bhi sammanit kiya gaya tha.

jivan parichay

vishnu sakharam khandekar ka janm 19 janavari, 1898 ko maharashtr ke sangali zile men hua tha. ve marathi bhasha ke suprasiddh sahityakar v medhavi chhatr the. 1913 men bnbee vishvavidyalay se maitrik men achchhe ankon se ve uttirn hue the. bad men pune jakar unhonne 'fargyusan kaaulej' men pravesh liya, lekin is bich unake pita divagnt ho ge aur unake chacha ne unhen god le liya. chacha ko unake shikshan par kharch karana bekar laga, isalie kaaulej chhodakar vishnu sakharam khandekar ko ghar par vapas lautana pada. tin varsh vah gnbhir rogon se pidit rahe aur svasth hone par 1920 men ghar se lagabhag 24 ki.mi. door 'shirod' namak ganv ke ek skool men adhyapak ho ge.

vivahit jivan

nau varsh bad vishnu sakharam khandekar ka 'manu manerikar' se vivah hua. manu shikshit nahin thin, sahity ke prati kisi prakar ki ruchi bhi unamen n thi; par vah kushal grihini thin. 1933 men ek vishaile sanp dvara dase jane par khandekar ko bahut kasht sahana pada aur isaka prabhav unake chehare par bad tak bana raha.

patakatha lekhan

shirod se vishnu sakharam khandekar 1938 men kolhapur a ge aur usake bad se vahin rahakar prasiddh film nirmata-nirdeshak, abhineta mastar vinayak ke lie filmi patakatha likhane men lag ge. kuchh varsh bad mastar vinayak ki asamay mrityu ho jane par patakatha lekhan se unaki ruchi hat gee aur phir vah apane lekhan-kary men snlagn ho ge. 1941 men vishnu sakharam khandekar ko 'marathi sahity sammelan' ka adhyaksh chuna gaya. unaki rachanaon par marathi men 'chhaya', 'jvala', 'devata', 'amrit', 'dharmapatni' aur 'paradeshi' adi filmen bhi banin. in sab filmon men se 'jvala', 'amrit' aur 'dharmapatni' nam se hindi bhasha men bhi filmen banaee geen. unhonne marathi film 'lagn pahave karoon' ki patakatha aur snvad lekhan ka kary bhi kiya tha.

lekhan

khandekar ko pratikool svasthy ke karan jivan bhar kasht bhogane pade . unaki drishti tak chali gee, magar 78 varsh ki ayu men bhi vah pramukh marathi patr-patrikaon ko niyamit rachana-sahayog diya karate aur sahity jagat ki pratyek nee gatividhi se snpark banae rakhate.

puraskar

apane sudirgh aur yashasvi jivan men unhonne anek puraskar v samman prapt kiye.

rachanaen

pramukh kritiyan:-

upanyas-
  1. devayani
  2. yayati
  3. sharmishtha
  4. kachadev

prakashan

vishnu sakharam khandekar ke lekhon aur kavitaon ka prakashan 1919 se shuroo hua. apani unhin dinon ki ek vyngy rachana ke karan unhen manahani ke abhiyog men phnsana pada, par usase sare konkan pradesh men vah achanak prasiddh ho ge. pune men unhen pramukh kavi natakakar ramaganesh gadakari ke nikat snpark men ane ka avasar mila. gadakari aur kolhatakar ke atirikt, jin any marathi lekhakon ka vishesh prabhav khandekar par pada, ve the- gopal ganesh agarakar, keshavasut aur hari narayan apte.

gandhiji ki vicharadhara ka prabhav

shirod men bitae ge 18 varsh khandekar ke lie nirnayak siddh hue. logon ki bhayanak daridrata aur agyan ka bodh unhen vahin hua. vahin gandhi ji ki vicharadhara ki un par amit chhap padi, jab ek ke bad ek unake kee mitr aur sahayogi 'satyagrah andolan' men pakade ge. khandekar kala aur jivan ke bich ghanishth snbndh manate the. unaki drishti men kala ek sashakt madhyam hai, jisake dvara lekhak poore manav-samaj ki seva kar sakata hai.

svatntr sahityik vidha

vishnu sakharam khandekar ne sahity ki vibhinn vidhaon ka kushal prayog kiya. unaki lagan ka hi phal tha ki adhunik marathi laghukatha ek svatntr sahityik vidha ke roop men pratishthit huee aur vaiyaktik nibndh ko protsahan mila. 'roopak-katha' namak ek ne kahani roop ko bhi unhonne vikasit kiya, jo matr pratik katha ya drishtant katha n hokar aur bhi bahut kuchh hoti hai. aksar vah gadyatmak kavita jaisi jan padati hai. 1959 men, arthat khandekar ke 61ven varsh men prakashit 'yayati marathi upanyas sahity men ek nee pravritti' ka pratik bana. spasht tha ki jivan ke tisare pahar men bhi unamen navasrijan ki adbhut kshamata thi.

nidhan

marathi bhasha ke is charchit sahityakar vishnu sakharam khandekar ka nidhan 2 sitnbar, 1976 ko hua.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah