हंस कुमार तिवारी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

hns kumar tivari
hns kumar tivari
poora nam hns kumar tivari
janm 15 agast, 1918 ee.
janm bhoomi manabhoom[1], bngal
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr lekhan
mukhy rachanaen ‘kala’, ‘sahityika’, ‘bngala bhasha aur sahity’, ‘adhirat ka savera’, ‘punaravritti’, ‘akash patal’ tatha ‘samanantar’ adi.
bhasha hindi, bngala
prasiddhi sahityakar, patrakar
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari hns kumar tivari ne vishesh roop se bngala sahity ko apane anuvad ka vishay banaya. unhonne 1936 ee. men ‘bharater itihas chitreo galpe’ namak pustak-mala ka saphal anuvad kiya tha.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

hns kumar tivari (angrezi: Hans Kumar Tiwari, janm- 15 agast, 1918) prasiddh sahityakar the. inaki sahityik sadhana ki pratham upalabdhi ‘kala’ namak pustak ka prakashan san 1938 ee. men hua tha. alochana ke kshetr men yah inaka pratham prayas tha. tivari ji svatntr lekhak ke sath-sath ek saphal patrakar tatha sampadak bhi rahe. san 1951 men ve bihar sarakar ke rajabhasha padadhikari niyukt hue. isi pad par kary karate hue unhonne avakash grahan kiya.

janm tatha shiksha

hns kumar tivari ka janm 15 agast, san 1918 ee. men manabhoom men hua tha, jo pahale bihar men tha, ab bngal men hai. inaki prathamik shiksha bngal men hi bngala bhasha men, phir nanihal men huee. kishoravastha men kndhon par parivar ka bojh a jane se san 1934 men inaki adhyayan ka kram bich men hi toot gaya.[2]

lekhan ki shuruat

roji-roti ke lie satat sngharsh karate hue hns kumar tivari ne apane karmajivan ka prarambh svatntr lekhan tatha patrakarita se kiya. apaki sahityik sadhana ki pratham upalabdhi ‘kala’ namak pustak ka prakashan san 1938 ee. men hua. alochana ke kshetr men yah inaka pratham prayas tha. is kriti men lekhak ne kala ke vividh pakshon ka alochanatmak vaigyanik vivechan prastut kiya hai. vishay pratipadan tatha upayogita ki drishti se is pustak ka apana ek vishisht sthan hai.

patrakar tatha sampadak

tivari ji svatntr lekhak ke sath-sath saphal patrakar tatha sampadak bhi rahe. san 1938-1939 men unhonne patana se prakashit ‘bijali’ saptahik ka sampadan kiya tatha san 1940-1941 men bhagalapur se ek masik patr nikala. isi bich patana ke masik ‘kishor’ ka sampadan bhi unhonne kiya. san 1943 se 1947 tak gaya men ‘oosha’ ke sampadak rahe. san 1951 men bihar sarakar ke rajabhasha padadhikari niyukt hue aur usi pad par kary karate hue avakash grahan kiya.[2]

kritiyan

alochana ke kshetr men hns kumar tivari ki pratham pustak ‘kala’ san 1938 ee. men prakashit huee. isake bad tin sahityik nibndh sngrah- ‘sahityika’ (1946 ee.), 'sahityayan' (1948 ee.) tatha ‘snchayan’ (1950 ee.) men prakashit hue. in sngrahon men vibhinn sahityik vishayon ki saral tatha subodh shaili men sundar vivechana ki gee hai. bhasha badi pranjal tatha prasad gun se yukt hai. ‘bngala bhasha aur sahity’ (1962 ee.), ‘bngal’ (desh parichay, 1970 ee.) lekhak ki any pramukh kritiyan hain.

kavitaen - pratham kavita sngrah ‘rim-jhim’ 1939 men prakashit hua. isake bad kramash: ‘anagat’ (1943), ‘navina’ (1948) tatha ‘makadi mar gee’ (1948) kavyakritiyan prakashit hueen.
natak - ‘adhirat ka savera’ (1965), ‘punaravritti’ (1966) tatha ‘akash patal’ (1967)
kahani - hns kumar tivari ji ke do kahani sngrah prakashit hain- ‘badala’ (1941), ‘samanantar’ (1943)

anuvad kary

hns kumar tivari ne vishesh roop se bngala sahity ko apane anuvad ka vishay banaya. unhonne 1936 ee. men ‘bharater itihas chitreo galpe’ namak pustak-mala ka saphal anuvad kiya. usake bad anuvadon ki lambi shrinkhala men bngala ke pramukh sahityakaron ki mukhy-mukhy kritiyon ka anuvad prastut kiya, jinamen nimnankit sahityakaron ki kritiyon ka anuvad vishesh ullekhaniy hai[2]-

  1. vishvakavi ravindranath taigor - ‘gitanjali’ (padyanuvad), ‘ankh ki kirakiri’, ‘sahity ke path par’
  2. sharatachndr chattopadhyay - ‘shrikant’ (charon bhag), ‘grih-dah’, ‘datta’, ‘gramin samaj’, ‘devadas’, ‘badi didi’
  3. tarashnkar bainarji - ‘ramakamal’, ‘dharatimata’, ‘arogy’, ‘arati’, ‘duniya ek bazar’, ‘kalindi’, ‘rati-vilas’, ‘do purush’
  4. vimal mitr - ‘sahab, bibi, gulam’
  5. shnkar - ‘yog-viyog’
  6. humayoo kabir - ‘nadi aur nari’, ‘bngala kavy ki bhoomika’
  7. manoj basu - ‘rat ka mehaman’, ‘setubndhu’, ‘kaise bhooloon’
  8. vibhootibhooshan bainarji - akhyak

bhasha-shaili

tivari ji ke anuvadon ki bhasha badi saph-suthari, saral, subodh tatha chatapati aur vakratapoorn hai. vah mool rachana ke bhavon ko thik-thak vyakt karane men poorn saksham siddh huee hai. usamen kritrim shabdadambar aur samas bahul padavali ki ve bihad jhadiyan nahin hain, jinamen pathak ulajh kar rah jata hai. mool rachana ke bhavon tak pathak pahunch hi nahin pata. lekhak ne badi hi rochak aur lochadar shaili men mool rachana ke bhavon ko hridayngam karane ka saphal prayas kiya hai. is prayas men use poori saphalata mili hai.[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. yah pahale bihar ke antargat tha.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 hindi sahity kosh, bhag 2 |prakashak: gyanamandal limited, varanasi |snkalan: bharatakosh pustakalay |snpadan: daau. dhirendr varma |prishth snkhya: 663 |

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah