महाशय राजपाल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

mahashay rajapal
mahashay rajapal
poora nam mahashay rajapal
janm 1885
janm bhoomi amritasar
mrityu 6 aprail, 1929
abhibhavak lala ramadas
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr lekhak tatha prakashak
bhasha hindi
nagarikata bharatiy
prakashit pustaken 1920 aur 1930 ke dashak men mahashay rajapal ne char bhashaon men ek sath stariy pustaken prakashit kin. hindi aur urdoo men unake dvara prakashit pustakon ki snkhya 200 se oopar thi.
any janakari mahashay rajapal ji svayn achchhe lekhak evn kushal sampadak the. unhonne anek pustaken svayn likhin tatha any suyogy lekhakon ke lekhon tatha bhashanon ko lipibaddh karake aur sampadit karake prakashit kiya.

mahashay rajapal (angrezi: Mahashay Rajpal ; janm- 1885, amritasar; mrityu- 6 aprail, 1929) hindi ki mahanh seva karane vale lahaur ke nivasi the. unaka lahaur men prakashan snsthan tha. vah khud bhi vidvanh the. rajapal pakke ary samaji the aur vibhinn maton ka apani pustakon men tarkik dhng se khndan karate the. isi se kshubdh hokar ilmadin nam ke ek vyakti ne us samay chhura marakar mahashay rajapal ki hatya kar di, jab vah apani dukan par baithe hue the. hatyare ko kuchh yuvakon dvara daudakar pakad liya gaya tha. use 'lahaur uchch nyayalay' se fansi ki saza huee thi. desh ke bntavare ke bad rajapal ka parivar dilli chala aya tha.

jivan parichay

mahashay rajapal ka janm bharat ki suprasiddh sanskritik v aitihasik nagari amritasar men pnchami ashadh snvat (san 1885) ko hua tha. yah kal bharatiy itihas men bada mahattv rakhata hai. is kal men rajapal ji ne lala ramadas ji ke ghar janm lekar apane kul ko dhany kar diya. lala ramadas ji ek nirdhan khatri the. rajapal prarambh se hi bahut snskari the. ve buddhiman, parishrami v dhiradhari the. padhaee men bahut yogy the. tab svajanon ne yah kalpana nahin ki thi ki nirdhan kul men janma aur ek samany arjinavis ka yah putr itihas ke prishthon par apani amit chhap chhodega.[1]

prarambhik kathinaiyan

jab rajapal ji chhote hi the, tab kisi karan se unake pita ghar chhodakar kahin nikal ge. unaka phir koee ata-pata hi n chala. is samay balak rajapal skool men padhate the. unaki mata, vah svayn v chhota bhaee santaram ab asahay ho ge the. donon bhaiyon men rajapal bade the. pitaji ke hote hue bhi parivar nirdhanata ki chakki men pisata rahata tha aur unake grih tyag se parivar par aur adhik vipada a padi. rajapal ne isi din-hin avastha men jaise-taise midil ki pariksha uttirn kar li. ve padhaee men kushagrabuddhi aur parishrami vidyarthi the. vipattiyon se ghirakar bhi unhonne himmat n hari. kathin paristhitiyon ne apake jivan ko aur bhi nikhar diya.

vyavasayik shuruat

us yug men shiksha ka prachalan bahut kam tha. midil uttirn ka bhi bada adar hota tha, asani se naukari mil jati thi. rajapal ji hath-panv marakar, kisi ki sahayata se age bhi badh sakate the, parantu pyari man v bhaee ke nirvah ka bhar unake oopar tha. yah kartavy unako kuchh karane v kamane ke lie prerit kar raha tha. soch-samajhakar unhonne ‘kitabat’ ka dhndha apanaya. tab pnjab men urdoo ka prabhutv tha. urdoo ki pustak chhapane se pahale kampoz nahin ki jati thi. sulekh likhane vale unhen ek vishesh kagaz par likhate the, isi kala ko ‘kitabat’ kahate hain. phir unaki chhapaee hoti thi. sambhavat: rajapal ji ki arambh se hi lekhan-kala men ruchi thi. isilie unhonne katib ke roop men kary arambh kar diya. din-rat parivar ke bharan-poshan ke lie ji-jan se kary karate the.[1] poojy svami svatntrannd ji maharaj ne likha hai ki “sarvapratham unhonne jis pustak ko likha[2] vah maharshi dayannd krit ‘snskar-vidhi’ ka urdoo anuvad tha. svami ji maharaj ne yah nahin likha ki yah anuvad kisane v kahan se chhapa tha. khoj v janakari ke anusar ‘snskar-vidhi’ ka pratham urdoo anuvad mahashay poornachnd ji ne kiya tha. ve kairon, zila amritasar ke nivasi the. yah anuvad usi kal men prakashit hua tha, jab rajapal ne midil pariksha uttirn ki thi. yah bisavin shatabdi ke arambh ki ghatana hai. isase yah bhi pata chalata hai ki ve tab tak nishchit roop se vaidik dharmi ban chuke the.

karyakshetr

amritasar men ek bade prasiddh aryasamaji hakim fatahachand ji rahate the. unako ek karmachari ki avashyakata thi. rajapal ji ko kam ki khoj thi. barah rupaye masik par apane hakim ji ke pas naukari kar li. apani kartavyanishtha, parishramashilata, satyanishtha adi gunon se rajapal ne hakim ji ke hriday men ek vishesh sthan bana liya. aryasamaji hone ke karan bhi hakim ji unase bahut pyar karate the. unake sadgunon v sushilata ke karan hakim fatahachand inhen apane putr ke saman hi manate v janate the. hakim ji ne svayn svami svatntrannd ji maharaj ko yah bataya tha ki rajapal ek aisa satyanishth yuvak tha, jisake sampark men ane vala pratyek vyakti usake acharan se prabhavit hue bina nahin rahata tha. vah dharmatma aur sadachar ki moorti tha.[1]

'bal sudhar sabha' sngathan ki sthapana

hakim fatahachand ji, rajapal ji ke un dinon ki ek ghatana sunaya karate the. holiyon ke din the. amritasar men holiyon par atynt ashlil git gate hue toliyan nikala karati thin. yuvakon ki ek toli bade bhadde gane gate hue bazar se nikal rahi thi. rajapal ji us samay hakim ji ke pas baithe hue the. ve is mandali ke gane ko sunakar chupake se uthakar unake pas ge. badi shanti v vinamrata se unhen samajhate hue kaha ki jin shabdon ko ap log bazar men bol rahe ho, kya inhen ap apane gharon men bhi bol sakate ho. rajapal ji ke is prashn ko sunakar ve ladake bade lajjit hue. apane un ladakon ko bhali prakar se jan aur pahachan liya. bat vahin aee-gee ho gee. holiyon ke din bit ge. rajapal ji ne un ladakon se sampark kiya, unako ikattha kiya aur ek 'bal sudhar sabha' nam ka sngathan khada kar diya. is sabha ke dvar sabake lie khule the. hindoo, sikkh, balak to isamen bhag lete hi the, musalaman balak bhi isamen sakriy ruchi lete rahe. is sabha dvara balakon ke charitr nirman ka bada thos kary kiya gaya. pratidin ratri 8 baje is sabha ka adhiveshan arambh hua karata tha. rajapal ji sab balakon ko jivan nirman ke lie dharmopadesh diya karate the. is sabha men mans-bhakshan, tambakoo v madira pan adi vishayon par vad-vivad hua karate the. is sabha ke prachar se anek yuvakon ne durvyasanon ka parityag kiya. kitane hi yuvak kusngati se bache aur kalyan-marg ke pathik banakar yashasvi hue.

mans bhakshan par shastrarth

mahashay rajapal ko unhin dinon ukt sabha men mans-bhakshan vishay par ek shastrarth karana pada. mahashay ji paribhashik shabdon men to shastrarth-maharathi nahin the, phir bhi us yug ke sabhi aryasamaji karyakarta avashyakata padane par likhit v maukhik shastrarth karane se pichhe nahin hatate the. sab aryapurush svadhyayashil hua karate the. hakim fatahachand ji bataya karate the ki rajapal ka ek musalaman yuvak se uparokt vishay par shastrarth ho gaya. un dinon amritasar men dharmik vishayon par bade-chhote shastrarth hote hi rahate the. ary samaj ke prasiddh shastrarth maharathi mastar atmaram ji tatha islam ke nami shastrarth-maharathi maulana sanaulla donon hi amritasar ke the.
us din shastrarth men shrotaon ko rajapal ji ke gahan v vistrit adhyayan ka pata chala. apani chhoti-si ayu men apane dharm-grnthon ka bahut lagn se anushilan kiya tha, isilie ap is shastrarth men vijayi rahe. us muslim yuvak ko mahashay rajapal ki yuktiyon ke samane niruttar hokar maun hona pada. jis shraddha, utsah v yogyata ka apane us din parichay diya, usase amritasar ke aryapurush apase aur adhik prem karane lage. jab mahashay rajapal ji ne hosh sambhala bhi n tha ki parivar ke bharan-poshan ka bhar unake sir par a pada tha. aisi sthiti men jab unhen din-rat athak parishram karana padata tha, unhonne itana vistrit adhyayan kaise kar liya? is prashn ka ek hi uttar hai. yah tha unaki shraddha ka chamatkar. dhun ke dhani rajapal ji ke acharan ka yah pahaloo bahut shikshaprad hai.[1]

karmachariyon se vyavahar

svami aur sevak ke sahayog tatha paraspar vishvas se hi vyapar v snsthaen phalati-phoolati hain. varg-sngharsh ki bhavana se katuta, kalah v asntosh paida hota hai. isase n karmachari ka hit hota hai, n vyapari ka aur n hi samaj ka. mahashay rajapal ji ne paryapt samay tak sevak ke roop men kary kiya tha, phir svami banakar sevakon se kary karavane ka saubhagy bhi unhen prapt hua. aise virale manushy hi milenge, jinhonne sevak ke roop men bhi yash loota aur phir svami banakar bhi yashasvi hue.[1]

ary pustakalay

mahashay rajapal ji ka 'ary pustakalay' purane pnjab ke aryon ka sngam-sthal tha. us yug ka, vishv ka sabase bada aryasamaji prakashan-snsthan ‘ary pustakalay-sarasvati ashram’ tha. yah thik hai ki yah snsthan kisi bhavy bhavan men to nahin tha, parntu bhavy bhavanaon se janit, palit v poshit yah pustakalay shraddha ka kendr tha.

vyaktittv

rajapal ji yuvavastha men hi sadachari v paropakari the. unake sampark men ane vale sab log unake saujany ki prashnsa kiya karate the. hakim ji ne svami svatntrannd ji ko bataya tha ki vaidik dharm ke lie rajapal ke man men tabhi asim shraddha thi. vah man, vachan v karm se sachche v pakke ary the. unaka dharmabhav doosaron ke lie ek udaharan tha. apane kartavyon ke palan men ve kabhi pramad nahin karate the. svami shraddhannd ne ek lekh men likha hai ki "un dinon patiyala men ek parichit pradhyapak unhen dekhakar kanni kat ge, mano ki janate hue bhi pahachanate nahin." lala lajapat ray ne svayn likha hai ki "tab unake kaaulej paksh ke sabhi mitr, ek lala chndoolal ke sivay, unako chhod ge." tab aryon ki chhaya se, vishesh roop se mahatma munshiram ji se, log bachakar chalate the. aisi vikat vela men ek sadharan, sadhanahin yuvak rajapal ne jis nirbhikata v dharm-bhav ka parichay diya, usaka varnan karane men kisi ki bhi lekhani aksham hai.

vinamr svabhav

pandit gyanachndr ji ne kaha hai ki "shri mahashay rajapal ji ki saphalata v lokapriyata ke kee karan the. ve parishrami v satyanishth to the hi, sath hi unamen vinamrata v mithas ke do gun aise the, jinake karan ve beganon ko bhi apana banana janate the. ve doosaron ko pray: ‘ji’ kahakar sambodhit kiya karate the. unake svabhav ke madhury par sab rijh jate the."

hindi prakashan ka shubharambh

svatntrata ke pahale pnjab men hindi ka prachalan bahut kam tha, hindi ke prakashak to nagany the. adhikatar pustaken urdoo ya pnjabi men prakashit hoti thin. us zamane men mahashay rajapal ne ‘ary pustakalay’ tatha ‘sarasvati ashram’ namon ke antargat hindi prakashan ka n keval shriganesh kiya, balki ve hindi ke prachar-prasar ke sashakt madhyam bane. pahale, jab pustak prakashan bilkul avyavasthit tha. prakashan kala sikhane ke lie aj ki tarah n koee suvidhaen thin, n hi is vishay par koee pramanik pustak upalabdh thi, rajapal ji ne stariy prakashan ke aise ayam sthapit kie ki aj un par vishvas karana bhi kathin lagata hai. lahaur men rahate hue unhonne anek pustaken ilahabad ke suprasiddh 'indiyan pres' se chhapavaee thin. poore snskaran ki pratiyan lakadi ki badi petiyon men bnd hokar ilahabad se dilli ati thin. unhonne ribd entik pepar ka prayog kiya, pustaken ke bahurngi avaran kalakatta (vartaman kolakata) ke suprasiddh chitrakar ti.en. mitra se banavae aur anek pustakon par raja ravi varma jaise shreshth kalakaron ki utkrisht petiyon ka prayog kiya. aise sabhi chitr bahurngi haphaton men hote the.[3] rajapal ji ne jab ‘ary pustakalay’ nam se ary sahity prakashan ka kary arambh kiya tha to ‘sarasvati ashram grnthamala’ ke roop men ek se ek uttam pustak-shrrinkhala janata ko bhent ki. is grnthamala ki doosari pustak thi ‘satyopadesh mala’. yah svami satyannd ji ke pravachanon v lekhon ka sngrah tha, jo rajapal ji ne svayn shraddhey svami ji ke pravachanon ko sunakar lipibaddh kiya tha. rajapal ji ne us zamane men angrezi bhasha ki charchit pustakon ke pramanik hindi anuvad prakashit kie the, jaise- 'meri stops' ki lokapriy pustak ‘merid lav’ ka pn. sntaram bi. e. dvara hindi anuvad 'vivahit prem' nam se. doosari or aise vishayon ki pustakon ko hindi men prakashit karane ka sahas bhi kiya, jo varjit the. bharat men parivar-niyojan par sabase pahali hindi pustak ‘santan snkhya ka sima bndhan’ unhonne prakashit ki thi. yah 300 prishthon ki sachitr pramanik pustak thi. ‘barth kntrol’ ke lie tab hindi ka koee shabd prachalit nahin hua tha, kyonki janasadharan men janm nirodh ki n samajh thi aur n hi usaki upayogita ka gyan tha. pustak prakashit hone par bavaila macha tha, ki pustak ka vishay hi anaitik hai, adi.

'rngila rasool'

unhin dinon muslimon ki or se do pustaken prakashit ki gee- ‘krishn teri gita jalani padegi’ aur ‘unnisavin sadi ka maharshi’. un donon pustakon men yogeshvar shrikrishn aur maharshi dayannd par bahut hi bhadde aur ashlil shabdon men kichad uchhala gaya tha. jaisa ki us samay ka chalan tha, in donon pustakon ke pratyuttar men mahashay rajapal ji ne ‘rngila rasool’ nam ki pustak san 1923 men prakashit ki. is pustak ke lekhak ke nam ke sthan par ‘doodh ka doodh aur pani ka pani’ likha tha. vastav men isake lekhak ary samaj ke prasiddh vidvanh pn. chamoopati the, jo sambhavit pratikriya ke karan apana nam nahin dena chahate the. unhonne mahashay rajapal ji se yah vachan le liya tha ki chahe kitani bhi vikat paristhitiyan kyon n banen, ve kisi ko bhi ukt pustak ke lekhak ke roop men unaka nam nahin bataenge.[3]

rajapal end sans ki sthapana

rajapal end sans ki sthapana shati par pratik chihn

rajapal end sans hindi pustakon ke ek pramukh prakashak hain. isaki sthapana 1912 men lahaur men mahashay rajapal dvara ki gayi thi. arambh men is prakashan ne hindi, urdoo, angrezi tatha pnjabi bhashaon men adhyatmik, samajik tatha rajanitik vishayon par pustaken prakashit kin. bharat ke vibhajan ke uparant 1947 men yah prakashan dilli a gaya aur bharat ke pramukh hindi prakashak ke roop men jane jane laga. mahashay rajapal ki vilakshan soojh ko vahi log janate hain, jinhonne unake dvara prakashit v sampadit pustakon ki unake dvara likhit bhoomikaen padhi hain. unake dvara sthapit ary pustakalay v sarasvati ashram ka ek gauravapoorn itihas hai. ary samajik sahity ki kee aisi pustaken hain, jo apane-apane vishay ki bejod pustaken mani jati hain. aisi bisiyon pustakon ko likhane ka vichar un pustakon ke lekhakon ko mahashay rajapal ji ne hi sujhaya. mahashay ji ne ‘bhakti darpan’ nam ka ek gutaka svayn sampadit kiya tha. san 1997 men ‘rajapal end sns’ ne isaka 60van snskaran nikala tha. prakashak samay-samay par isaka snshodhan karate karavate rahe hain.

lekhan evn snpadan kshetr

san 1920 aur 1930 ke dashak men mahashay rajapal ne char bhashaon men ek sath stariy pustaken prakashit kin. hindi aur urdoo men unake dvara prakashit pustakon ki snkhya 200 se oopar thi. gurumukhi bhasha men keval kuchhek pustaken hi prakashit kin. angrezi men suniyojit dhng se anek pustaken prakashit kin, jo us samay ke vikhyat vidvanon dvara likhi gee thin, jinaka angrezi par poora adhikar tha. pn. gurudatt, em.e., jo gavarnament kaaulej, lahaur men prophesar the aur di.e.vi. kaaulej ke snsthapakon men the, unaki 400 prishth ki pustak 'vijradam aauf rishij' thi. apane vishay par yah pustak aj bhi pramanik dastavej ke saman mani jati hai, halanki is bat ko 80 varsh se adhik ho ge hain. isi prakar pro. ti. ail. vasavani ki pustak ‘di tarch-beyarar’ prakashit ki. vasavani ji us samay ke charchit vidvanh lekhak v sindhi samaj ke prabuddh vicharak the. ek aur pustak thi, jo ary samaj ke das niyamon ka angrezi men parichay deti hai, aur jisake lekhak the- pn. chamoopati, jo bad men gurukul kangadi ke achary bane. pustak ka nam tha ‘di tain kamandaments.’ is pustak ke aj tak anek snskaran prakashit ho chuke hain. isake atirikt bhi any kee pustak angrezi men prakashit ki geen.[3] vichar svatantry aur prakashan ki svatntrata sadiyon se kathin pariksha se gujarati rahi hai. itihas sakshi hai ki samraton ne aur dharmaguruon ne, jab bhi koee pustak athava vicharadhara unake mat ke pratikool huee, to use daba diya gaya ya phir pustak ki pratiyan jabt kar li geen. aise vicharakon aur lekhakon ko kathin se kathin saza aur mrityu dand dene tak men jara bhi hichak nahin ki jati thi. anek lekhakon ko karavas ke dand bhugatane pade, unhen katl kar diya gaya, un par maut ke phatave lagae ge aur unake sir par inam bhi rakhe ge. mahashay rajapal ji ne prakashan ki svatntrata ke lie apane pranon ki bali di. pichhali sadi ke pahale tin dashak arthath san 1930 tak vibhinn dharmon men ek doosare ki tikhi alochana, vad-vivad, shastrarth, bahas-mubahason ka chalan tha. ek dharmavalambi any dharmon ke mntavyon par do took bhasha men likha karata tha aur apane dharm ki shreshthata siddh karata tha.

kushal snvadadata

mahashay rajapal ne svayn ek pustak ki bhoomika men yah likha hai ki "ve bahut tivragati se likhate the." us yug men bharatiy bhashaon men tnkan mashinen v shighralipi[4] ka prachalan abhi nahin hua tha. at: sulekh v shighr likhane vale lekhakon ko karyalay men prathamikata di jati thi. purane ary-patron ko ulatane-palatane se ashcharyajanak tathy hamare samane ata hai. ary samaj bachchhovali lahaur ka 29van varshikotsav tha. mahashay ji ‘saddharm pracharak’ ke snvadadata ke roop men isamen sammilit hue. inhonne is utsav ke samay vyakhyanon-pravachanon ki adi vistrit riport taiyar ki. apani sampadakiy tippaniyon sahit yah vrittant ‘saddharm pracharak’ ko prakashanarth diya tha. rajapal ji ka karyakshetr pnjab raha. unaki vyaktigat sthiti aisi thi ki vah door-door nahin ja sakate the, parntu unaka kary aisa tha ki unaka nam deshavyapi ho gaya tha. desh ki simaon ko bhi langhakar videshon men jahan-jahan bhi aryasamaji hain, vahan-vahan ary sahity ke karan mahashay rajapal ji ka vyaktitv vyapak ho gaya.

achchhe lekhak evn kushal sampadak

mahashay rajapal ji svayn achchhe lekhak evn kushal sampadak the. unhonne anek pustaken svayn likhin tatha any suyogy lekhakon ke lekhon tatha bhashanon ko lipibaddh karake aur sampadit karake prakashit kiya. amar balidani svami shraddhannd ji ke patr ‘saddharm-pracharak’ men ve svami ke sahayak sampadak the. kalantar men ve lahaur se nikalane vale saptahik 'prakash' ke varshon sah-sampadak rahe. isi prishthabhoomi ke sath unhonne pustak prakashan ke kshetr men tab padarpan kiya, jab is vyavasay men sngharsh aur jokhim adhik tha, paisa kam. parantu us zamane men vahi lok prakashan men ate the, jo adarshavadi the aur apani dhun ke pakke, aur jo pustakon ke madhyam se samajik evn rashtriy chetana jagana chahate the. mahashay rajapal ji ki ayu unake balidan ke samay keval 44 varsh thi. apane chhote se lagabhag pandrah varshon ke prakashakiy jivan kal men unhonne n keval hindi pustakon ke prakashan men ne kirtiman sthapit kie, apitu sudoor deshon men base bharatiy mool ke logon tak unhen pahunchane ka bhi yojanabaddh dhng se saphal prayatn kiya. unake jivan kal men unake prakashan maaurishas, phiji, poorvi aphrika, british tatha dach gayana adi sthanon par badi snkhya men jate the. pustakon ke madhyam se bharatiy vicharadhara aur snskriti ke sndeshavahak sahity ke niryat men bhi unaki aitihasik bhoomika rahi thi. shreshth sahity ke prakashan ke itihas men mahashay rajapal ka nam sada svarn aksharon men likha jaega. unhonne n keval vaidik dharm ke bare men, uttam sahity ke prakashan men naye-naye kirtiman sthapit kie varanh samaj sudhar v rashtriy svadhinata sngram ke andolanon ko bal pradan karate hue saikadon mahattvapoorn pustakon ka prakashan bhi kiya.

mrityu

'rngila rasool' ke prakashan ke bad se mahashay rajapal ji par tin janaleva hamale hue, jisamen 6 aprail, 1929 ka akraman rajapal ji ke lie pranaleva bana. mahashay rajapal ne apane vachan ki raksha apane pranon ki bali dekar ki, par pndit chamoopati sarikhe vidvanh par anch tak n ane di. 1924 men chhapi 'rngila rasool' bikati rahi, par kisi ne usake viruddh shor n machaya. phir mahatma gandhi ne apani muslim parast niti men is pustak ke viruddh ek lekh likha. is par kattaravadi musalamanon ne mahashay rajapal ke viruddh andolan chhed diya. british sarakar ne unake viruddh 153 e dhara ke adhin abhiyog chala diya. abhiyog char varsh tak chala. rajapal ji ko chhote nyayalay ne dedh varsh ka karavas tatha 1000 rupaye ka dnd sunaya. is nirnay ke viruddh apil karane par dnd ek varsh tak kam kar diya gaya. isake pashchath mamala haee kort men gaya.
dilip sinh ki adalat ne mahashay rajapal ko doshamukt karar de diya. muslim samuday is nirnay se bhadak utha. khudabakhsh namak ek pahalavan musalaman ne mahashay ji par hamala kar diya, jab ve apani dukan par baithe the. par snyog se ary snnyasi svatntrannd ji maharaj evn svami vedanand ji maharaj vahan upasthit the. unhonne ghatak ko aisa kasakar dabocha ki vah chhoot na saka. use pakad kar pulis ke havale kar diya gaya. use sat varsh ka dnd mila. ravivar 8 aktoobar, 1927 ko svami satyanand ji maharaj ko mahashay rajapal samajh kar abdul aziz namak ek matandh musalaman ne ek hath men chakoo, ek hath men ustara lekar akraman kar diya. svami ji ko ghayal kar vah bhagana hi chah raha tha ki pados ke dukanadar mahashay nanakachnd ji kapoor ne use pakadane ka prayas kiya. is prayas men ve bhi ghayal ho ge, to unake chhote bhaee lala choonilal ji usaki or lapake. unhen bhi ghayal karate hue hatyara bhag nikala, par use chauk anarakali par pakad liya gaya. use 14 varsh ka dnd mila or tadantar tin varsh ke lie shanti ki garnti ka dnd sunaya gaya. svami satyanand ji ke ghav thik hone men lagabhag dedh mahina laga. 6 aprail, 1929 ko mahashay rajapal apani dukan par vishram kar rahe the, tabhi ilmadin namak ek matandh musalaman ne mahashay ji ki chhati men chhura ghonp diya, jisase mahashay ji ka tatkal pranant ho gaya. hatyara apane pran bachane ke lie bhaga aur mahashay sitaram ji ke lakadi ke tal men chhup gaya. mahashay ji ke sapoot vidyaratan ji ne use kas kar pakad liya. pulis hatyare ko pakad kar le gayi.[5] san 1924 men un par muqadama shuroo hua tha aur san 1929 men rajapal ji ka balidan hua. in panch varshon men unhen anek bar yah kaha gaya ki ap asali lekhak ka nam bata den, to hamen apase koee shikayat nahin rahegi. yah bat us zamane ke pramukh muslim dainik patr ‘zamindar’ men bhi prakashit huee thi, parantu mahashay rajapal ji ne ek hi bat doharaee thi ki is pustak ke lekhan-prakashan ki poori jimmedari meri hi hai, any kisi ki nahin. unhonne jo vachan diya, use ant tak nibhaya. inhin panch varshon ke dauran unhen yah bhi kaha gaya tha ki ap is pustak ka prakashan band kar den aur mafi mang len. rajapal ji ne ek hi uttar diya ki "main vichar-svatntry aur prakashan ki svatntrata men vishvas rakhata hoon aur apani is manyata ke lie bade se bada dand bhugatane ke lie taiyar hoon."

british sarakar dvara muqadame

mahashay rajapal ji dvara prakashit anek pustakon par tatkalin british sarakar ne mukadama chalaya tha. jurmane kie aur aisi pustakon ke snskaran bhi jabt kar lie. itihas ke prasiddh vidvanh bhaee paramanand ne, jinhen british sarakar ne kale pani ki saja di thi, itihas ki anek pustaken rashtriy drishtikon se likhi thin. ye sabhi pustaken rajapal ji ne prakashit ki thin. inamen se ‘tarikh-e-hind’ (bharat ka itihas) pustak chhapate hi jabt ki gee aur muqadama bhi chala. isi tarah ek any pustak 'desh ki bat', jo hindi men prakashit huee thi, us par banaras ki kort men muqadama chala, jisake silasile men unhen anek bar lahaur se banaras ki yatraen karani padin. any bhi aisi anek pustaken thin, jinake prakashan ke karan ve british sarakar ke kopabhajan bane, jaise- daau. satyapal dvara likhit ‘pnjab-biti athava jaliyavala bag ka hatyakand’, ‘kalepani ke karavas ki kahani’ (bhaee paramanand) ityadi.[3]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
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madhyamik
poornata
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tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 dharm ki balivedi par |lekhak: pro. rajendr jigyasu |prakashak: rajapal end sanz, kashmiri get, dilli |snkalan: bharatakosh pustakalay |
  2. jisaki kitabat ki
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 avibhajit pnjab men hindi prakashan ke agradoot-mahashay rajapal (hindi) ranchi eksapres. abhigaman tithi: 04 aprail, 2015.
  4. Shorthand
  5. hutatma mahashay rajapal ki balidan-gatha evn rngilarasool (hindi) akhil bharat hindoo mahasabha. abhigaman tithi: 04 aprail, 2015.

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