स्वामी श्रद्धानन्द  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

svami shraddhanand
svami shraddhanand
poora nam svami shraddhanand
any nam brihaspati, munshiram
janm 22 faravari, 1856
janm bhoomi jalndhar, pnjab
mrityu 23 disambar, 1926
mrityu sthan chandani chaauk, dilli
abhibhavak pita- lala nanakachnd
pati/patni shiva devi
sntan do putr tatha do putriyan
guru svami dayanand sarasvati
karm bhoomi bharat
prasiddhi samaj sevak tatha svatntrata senani
vishesh yogadan 1901 men svami shraddhanand ne angrezon dvara jari shiksha paddhati ke sthan par vaidik dharm tatha bharatiyata ki shiksha dene vale snsthan "gurukul" ki sthapana haridvar men ki. is samay yah manad vishvavidyalay hai, jisaka nam 'gurukul kangadi vishvavidyalay' hai.
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari svami shraddhanand ne daliton ki bhalaee ke kary ko nidar hokar age badhaya, sath hi kangres ke svadhinata andolan ka badh-chadhakar netritv bhi kiya. kangres men unhonne 1919 se lekar 1922 tak sakriy roop se mahatth‍‌vapoorn bhagidari ki thi.

svami shraddhanand (angrezi: Swami Shraddhanand; janm- 22 faravari, 1856, jalndhar, pnjab; mrityu- 23 disambar, 1926, dilli) ko bharat ke prasiddh mahapurushon men gina jata hai. ve aise mahanh rashtrabhakt snnyasiyon men agrani the, jinhonne apana sara jivan vaidik dharm ke prachar-prasar ke lie samarpit kar diya tha. svami shraddhannd ne svarajy hasil karane, desh ko angrezon ki dasata se chhutakara dilane, daliton ko unaka adhikar dilane aur pashchimi shiksha ki jagah vaidik shiksha pranali ka prabndh karane jaise anek kary kie the. sabase badi bat yah thi ki ve 18vin shati men hinduon aur muslimon ke sarvamany neta the.

janm

svami shraddhanand ka janm 22 faravari, 1856 ee. ko pnjab prant ke jalndhar zile men talavan namak gram men hua tha. unake pita ka nam lala nanakachand tha, jo eest indiya kampani dvara shasit 'yoonaited provins' (vartaman uttar pradesh) men pulis adhikari ke pad par niyukt the. shraddhanand ji ke bachapan ka nam 'brihaspati' rakha gaya tha, phir bad men ve 'munshiram' nam se bhi pukare ge. munshiram saral hone ke karan adhik prachalit hua.

shiksha

munshiram ji ke pita ka tabadala alag-alag sthanon par hota rahata tha, jis karan munshiram ki arambhik shiksha achchhi prakar se nahin ho saki. lahaur aur jalndhar unake mukhy karyasthal rahe. ek bar ary samaj ke snsthapak svami dayanand sarasvati vaidik dharm ke prachararth bareli pahunche. pulis adhikari nanakachand apane putr munshiram ko sath lekar svami dayanand ka pravachan sunane pahunche. yuvavastha tak munshiram eeshvar ke astitv men vishvas nahin karate the. lekin svami dayanand ji ke tarkon aur ashirvad ne munshiram ko dridh eeshvar vishvasi tatha vaidik dharm ka anany bhakt bana diya.

vyavasay tatha vivah

apani shiksha poorn karane ke bad munshiram ek saphal vakil bane. apani vakalat se unhonne kafi nam aur prasiddhi prapt ki. ary samaj men ve bahut hi sakriy rahate the. unaka vivah shiva devi ke sath hua tha. munshiram ka dampaty jivan sukhapoorvak vyatit ho raha tha, lekin jab munshiram 35 varsh ke the, tabhi shiva devi svarg sidhar geen. us samay unake do putr aur do putriyan thin. sanh 1917 men unhonne snnyas dharan kar liya aur 'svami shraddhanand' ke nam se vikhyat hue.

samaj seva

svami shraddhanand ab dayanand sarasvati ke raste par chal pade evn unake kamon ko poora karane ka pran liya. apani jivan gatha men unhonne likha tha- "rishivar! kaun kah sakata hai ki tumhare upadeshon se nikali huee agni ne snsar men prachalit kitane papon ko dagdh kar diya hai. parntu apane vishay men main kah sakata hoon ki tumhare satsng ne mujhe kaisi giri huee avastha se uthakar sachcha labh karane yogy banaya." svami shraddhanand apana adarsh maharshi dayannd ko hi manate the. maharshi dayannd ke mahaprayan ke bad unhonne svadesh, sv-snskriti, sv-samaj, sv-bhasha, sv-shiksha, nari kalyan, dalitotthan, svadeshi prachar, vedotthan, pakhnd khndan, andhavishvas unmoolan aur dharmotthan ke karyon ko age badhane ke kary kie.

gurukul ki sthapana

varsh 1901 men svami shraddhanand ne angrezon dvara jari shiksha paddhati ke sthan par vaidik dharm tatha bharatiyata ki shiksha dene vale snsthan "gurukul" ki sthapana ki. haridvar ke kangadi ganv men 'gurukul vidyalay' khola gaya. is samay yah manad vishvavidyalay hai, jisaka nam 'gurukul kangadi vishvavidyalay' hai. rashtrapita mahatma gandhi un dinon afrika men sngharsharat the. svami shraddhanand ji ne gurukul ke chhatron se 1500 rupe ekatrit kar gandhiji ke pas bheje. gandhiji jab afrika se bharat laute to ve gurukul pahunche tatha mahatma shraddhanand tatha rashtrabhakt chhatron ke samaksh natamastak ho uthe. gandhiji ne shraddhanand ko mahatma shraddhanand kahakar pukara.

svadhinata andolan men sakriy

svami shraddhanand par jari dak tikat

svami shraddhanand ne daliton ki bhalaee ke kary ko nidar hokar age badhaya, sath hi kangres ke svadhinata andolan ka badh-chadhakar netritv bhi kiya. kangres men unhonne 1919 se lekar 1922 tak sakriy roop se mahatth‍‌vapoorn bhagidari ki. 1922 men angrez sarakar ne unhen giraphtar kiya, lekin unaki giraphtari kangres ke neta hone ki vajah se nahin huee thi, balki ve sikkhon ke dharmik adhikaron ki raksha ke lie satyagrah karate hue bndi banaye ge the. svami shraddhanand kangres se alag hone ke bad bhi svatntrata ke lie kary lagatar karate rahe. hindoo-muslim ekata ke lie svami ji ne jitane kary kie, us vakt shayad hi kisi ne apani jan jokhim men dalakar kie hon. ve aise mahanh yugacheta mahapurush the, jinhonne samaj ke har varg men janachetana jagane ka kary kiya.

hatya

shraddhanand ji saty ke palan par bahut jor dete the. unhonne likha hai- "pyare bhaiyo! ao, donon samay nity prati sndhya karate hue eeshvar se prarthana karen aur usaki satta se is yogy banane ka yath‍‌n karen ki hamare man, vani aur karm sab saty hi hon. sarvada saty ka chintan karen. vani dvara saty hi prakashit karen aur kamare men bhi saty ka hi palan karen. lekin saty aur karm ke marg par chalane vale is mahatma ki ek vyakti ne 23 disambar, 1926 ko chandani chauk, dilli men goli marakar hatya kar di. is tarah dharm, desh, snskriti, shiksha aur daliton ka utthan karane vala yah yugadharmi mahapurush sada ke lie amar ho gaya.

mahattvapoorn tathy

  • kashi vishvanath mndir ke kapat sirph riva ki rani ke lie kholane aur sadharan janata ke lie bnd kie jane v ek padari ke vyabhichar ka drishy dekhakar munshiram ji ka dharm se vishvas uth gaya tha aur ve buri sngat men pad ge the. kintu svami dayannd sarasvati ke sath bareli men hue satsng ne unhen jivan ka anamol annd diya, jise unhonne sare snsar ko vitarit kiya.
  • munshiram se svami shraddhanand tak ka safar poore vishv ke lie preranadayi hai. svami dayannd sarasvati se huee ek bhent aur patni ke pativrat dharm tatha nishchhal nishkapat prem v seva bhav ne unake jivan ko kya se kya bana diya. samaj sudharak ke roop men unake jivan ka avalokan karen to pate hain ki unhonne prabal virodh ke bavajood stri shiksha ke lie agrani bhoomika nibhaee. svayn ki beti amrit kala ko jab unhonne 'ees-eesa bol, tera kya lagega mol' gate suna to ghar-ghar jakar chnda ikattha kar 'gurukul kangadi vishvavidyalay' ki sthapana haridvar men kar apane bete harishchndr aur indr ko sabase pahale bharti karavaya. svami ji ka vichar tha ki jis samaj aur desh men shikshak svayn charitravanh nahin hote usaki dasha achchhi ho hi nahin sakati. unaka kahana tha ki hamare yahan shikshak hain, profesar hain, pradhanachary hain, ustad hain, maulavi hain, par achary nahin hain. achary arthath acharavanh vyakti ki mahati avashyakata hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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