जमनालाल बजाज  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

jamanalal bajaj
jamanalal bajaj
poora nam jamanalal bajaj
janm 4 navambar, 1889
janm bhoomi kashi ka vas, sikar, rajasthan
mrityu 11 faravari, 1942
mrityu sthan vardha, maharashtr
abhibhavak pita- kaniram, mata- biradibaee
pati/patni janaki devi bajaj
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi svatntrata sngram senani, udyogapati
vishesh yogadan jamanalal bajaj desh ke pratham neta the, jinhonne vardha men apane poorvajon ke 'lakshminarayan mndir' ke dvar 1928 men hi achhooton ke lie khol diye the.
any janakari jamanalal ji ne desh ke pashudhan ki raksha ka kam apane lie chuna tha aur gay ko usaka pratik mana tha. is kam men ve itani ekagrata aur lagan ke sath jut gaye the ki jisaki korhi misal nahin thi. unaka sabase bada kam go-seva tha.

jamanalal bajaj (angrezi: Jamnalal Bajaj, janm- 4 navambar, 1889, rajasthan; mrityu- 11 faravari, 1942, vardha) svatntrata sngram senani, udyogapati aur manavashastri the. ve mahatma gandhi ke bahut karibi aur unake sachche anuyayi the. gandhiji unhen apane putr saman manate the. jamanalal bajaj 1920 men kangres ke koshadhyaksh bane the tatha is pad par ve jivan bhar rahe. unhonne vardha men ‘satyagrah ashram’ ki sthapana ki thi. isake alava gau seva sngh, gandhi seva sngh, sasta sahity mandal adi snsthaan ki sthapana bhi unake dvara ki gee. jamanalal bajaj jati bhed ke virodhi the tatha unhonne harijan utthan ke lie bhi prayatn kiya. unaki smriti men samajik kshetron men sarahaniy kary karane ke liye 'jamanalal bajaj puraskar' ki sthapana ki gayi hai.

parichay

jayapur, rajasthan ke ek chhote se ganv kashi ka vas men garib kaniram kisan ke yahan jamanalal bajaj ka janm 4 navambar, 1889 ko hua tha. ve vardha ke ek bade seth bachchharaj ke yahan panch varsh ki ayu men god liye gaye the. seth vachchharaj sikar ke rahane vale the. unake poorvaj sava sau sal pahale nagapur men akar bas gaye the. vilasita aur aishvary ka vatavaran is balak ko dooshit nahin kar paya, kh‍yonki unaka jhukav to bachapan se adhyatm ki or tha. jamanalal ki sagarhi das varsh ki avastha men ho gayi thi. tin varsh bad jab jamanalal 13 varsh ke hue tatha janaki 9 varsh ki hurhin, to unaka vivah dhoomadham se vardha men hua.

jamanalal bajaj ne khadi aur svadeshi apanaya aur apane veshakimati vastron ki holi jalarhi. jamanalal ji ne apane bachchon ko kisi phaishanebal pablik skool men nahin bheja, balki unhen svechchhapoorvak vardha men arambh kiye gaye vinoba ke satyagrah ashram men bheja. san 1922 men apani patni ko likhe ek patr men unhonne kaha ki- "main hamesha se yahi sochata aya hoon ki tum aur hamare bachche mere hi karan kisi prakar ki pratishtha athava pad prapt n karen. yadi korhi pratishtha athava pad prapt ho, to vah apani-apani yogyata ke bal par ho. yah mere, tumhare, unake sabake hit men hai."[1]

mahattvapoorn kary

akhil bharatiy koshadhyaksh ki haisiyat se khadi ke utpadan aur usaki bikri badhane ke vichar se jamanalal bajaj ne desh ke door-daraj bhagon ka daura kiya, taki ardhaberojagaron ko phayada pahunch sake. 1935 men gandhiji ne 'akhil bharatiy gramodyog sngh' ki sthapana ki. is naye sngh ke lie jamanalal bajaj ne badi khushi se apana vishal bagicha saunp diya, jisaka nam gandhiji ne svargiy maganalal gandhi ke nam par 'maganadi' rakha. 1936 men 'akhil bharatiy hindi sahity sammelan', nagapur ke bad turnt hi jamanalal ji ne vardha men desh ke pashchim aur poorv ke pranton men hindi prachar ke lie, 'rashtrabhasha prachar samiti' ki sthapana ki tatha usake lie rashi ikattha ki. isake kuchh hi samay bad vah 'hindi sahity sammelan', madras ke adhyaksh chune gaye. apane is pad ka upayog unhonne rashtrabhasha andolan ko vyavasthit roop dene ki disha men kiya. jamanalal ji isake atirikh‍t man, pran se hindoo-muslim ekata aur achhootoddhar ke kam men jut gaye. vastav men ve desh ke pratham neta the, jinhonne vardha men apane poorvajon ke 'lakshminarayan mndir' ke dvar 1928 men hi achhooton ke lie khol diye the. jamanalal bajaj aur unaki patni janaki devi atithiyon ki pasnd ka bahut khayal rakhate the.

tyag ki drishti se jamanalal bajaj ka antim kary sarvashreshth raha. desh ke pashudhan ki raksha ka kam unhonne apane lie chuna tha aur gay ko usaka pratik mana tha. is kam men ve itani ekagrata aur lagan ke sath jut gaye the ki jisaki korhi misal nahin thi. unaka sabase bada kam go-seva ka tha. vaise to yah kam pahale bhi chalata tha, lekin dhimi chal se. isase unhen sntosh n tha. unhonne ise tivr gati se chalana chaha aur itani tivrata se chalaya ki khud hi chal base. agar hamen gay ko jinda rakhana hai to hamen bhi usaki seva men apane pran khone honge. jamanalal ji karyakartaon ko keval arthik sahayata hi nahin dete the, vah unake bachchon ki shiksha ka bhi prabndh karate the. bimar pad jane par unaki chikitsa bhi karavate the. vah aise logon ke bachchon ki soochi bhi rakhate the aur unaki shadi bahut kam kharch men karava dete the. isi karan gandhiji unhen sneh se "shadi kaka" bhi kahate the.

'ray bahadur' ki padavi

sanh 1918 men sarakar ne jamanalal bajaj ko 'ray bahadur' ki padavi se alnkrit kiya. isake lie jab jamanalal bajaj ne gandhiji se salah mangi to unhonne kaha- "naye samman ka sadupayog karo. samman aur padavi ityadi khataranak chije hain. unaka sadupayog ki jagah durupayog adhik hua hai. main chahoonga ki tum usaka sadupayog karo. yah tumhari deshabhakti ya adhyatmik unnati ke ade nahin ayega." 1920 men kalakatta adhiveshan men asahayog ka prastav parit hua, to jamanalal ji ne apani padavi lauta di.

jayapur satyagrah

1931 men jamanalal ji ke prayatnon ke karan 'jayapur rajy praja mndal' ki sthapana hurhi. 1936 men yah mndal sakriy roop se kam karane laga. 30 march, 1938 ko jayapur rajy ne achanak ek adesh nikal diya ki sarakar ki agya ke bina jayapur rajy men kisi bhi sarvajanik snstha ki sthapana nahin ki ja sakegi. is adesh ka mukhy nishana praja mndal ki gatividhiyon ko vyarth karana tha. mndal ka varshik adhiveshan 8 mee v 9 mee ko jamanalal ji ki adhyakshata men ghoshit kiya ja chuka tha. un dinon jayapur ke ek angrez divan bikaimp sentajan ko jamanalal ki lokapriyata pasnd nahin thi. 4 julaee, 1938 ko bat bahut badh gayi aur jayapur pulis ne ek relagadi par goliyan chala di. jisamen anek rajapoot mare aur ghayal hue. sikar ke rajapoot aur jat bhadak uthe aur laga ki khoon ki nadiyan bahane lagengi. jab jamanalal bajaj ne is sharmanak paristhiti ka samachar suna to unhonne chaha ki donon men sulah ho jaye. sikar jamanalal ji ka janm sthan tha. unhonne hinsa ke bajay logon ko ahinsak bane rahane ki salah di. 30 disambar, 1938 ko jayapur rajy men phaile hue akal ka lekha-jokha karane tatha rahat kary karane ke lie jamanalalaji savarhi madhopur steshan par doosari gadi ka intajar kar rahe the. itane men inspekh‍tar janaral aauph pulis eph. es. yng ne unako ek adesh diya, jisamen yah likha hua tha ki riyasat men unake pravesh aur gatividhiyon ke karan shanti bhng hone ka khatara hai. isalie ve riyasat ki sima men pravesh nahin kar sakate. kintu is nieshedhagya ne praja mndal ki ankhen khol din. isake karan jamanalal ji ke netritv men satyagrah kiya gaya. ant men jayapur riyasat ko apani galati svikar karani padi. isamen korhi sndeh nahin ki jamanalal bajaj riyasaton men rahane vali praja ke adhikaron ke sachche snrakshak the aur vah apane jivan ke ant tak deshi rajyon men nagarik svatntrata ke lie anathak sngharsh karate rahe.

mrityu

1941 ke vyaktigat satyagrah men jel se riharhi ke bad jamanalal ji mahatma gandhi ki sahamati se anndamayi man se milane aur apani adhyatmik mahattvakanksha ko sntusht karane ka upay janane ki drishti se deharadoon gaye. rajapur ashram men man se milane ke bad jamanalal ji ne gandhiji ko ek patr likha-

"mera sharirik aur manasik svasthy bahut achchha hai. mujhe svabhavik jivan jine ka yahan avasar prapt hua hai. mujhe man ka sneh bhi is sima tak prapt ho raha hai ki mujhe isase sntushti prapt hoti hai. man ahinsa aur prem ki jiti-jagati moorti hi hain. vatavaran bhi maun aur kirtan ka hai. man nirakshar hain, kintu kathin se kathin vishayon ko badi spashtata ke sath samajhati hai aur sada anndamayi bani rahati hain."

kaha jata hai ki yadyapi man vivahit hain, kintu jivanabhar brahmacharini rahin. saty ke prati unaka bada agrah hai. yahan jivan bahut sidha-sadha hai. anndamayi man ke ashram ka vatavaran pavitr aur premapoorn hai. mera man yahan kuchh aur din thaharane ka hota hai. pita ki tarah mujhe bapoo aur man anndamayi ke roop men mujhe mata mil gayin. vardha lautane ke bad mastishk ki nas phat jane ke karan 11 faravari, 1942 men jamanalal ji ka ekaek dehavasan ho gaya.

jamanalal ji ke niyam

  1. kisi bhi kagaz par bina padhe hastakshar mat karo.
  2. is ummid men kahin bhi dhan nahin lagana chahie ki keval phayada hoga.
  3. nahin kahane men aga-pichha nahin karana chahie. harek vyakti jo saphal hona chahata hai, usamen doosaron ko apane vakh‍tavy par raji karane ki takat honi chahie.
  4. aparichiton se savadhan raho. isaka arth yah nahin ki unase sndeh ka vyavahar karo.
  5. vyapar ka hisab-kitab saph-suthara aur sachcha hona chahie. har chij hisab se honi chahie.
  6. kisi vyakti ki jamanat lene se pahale usake bare men sab kuchh jan lo.
  7. parhi-parhi ka hisab rakho.
  8. samay ke bilakul pabnd raho aur yadi kisi ko kisi kam ke lie nishchit samay diya hai to us par dridhata se palan karo.
  9. tum sachamuch jitana kar sakate ho, usase adhik karane ki kisi ko asha mat badhaon.
  10. rhimanadari ke sath chalo, kintu isalie nahin ki tadanusar chalane se labh hota hai.
  11. jo karana chahate ho aj hi kar dalo.
  12. keval saphalata ka hi vichar karo, saphalata ki hi bat karo aur tum dekhoge ki tum saphal ho gaye ho.
  13. apane sharir aur atma ki shakti par vishvas karo.
  14. kathin shram karane men sharm ki korhi bat nahin hai.
  15. saph bat kahane men kabhi nahin hichakichana chahie.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

nagori, daau. es.el. “khand 3”, svatntrata senani kosh (gandhiyugin), 2011 (hindi), bharatadiskavari pustakalay: gitanjali prakashan, jayapur, prishth sn 154.

  1. jamanalal bajaj, mahatma gandhi tatha any (hindi) gandhiinaction.ning. abhigaman tithi: 14 julaee, 2018.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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