सत्यवती देवी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

satyavati devi
satyavati devi
poora nam satyavati devi
janm 26 janavari, 1906
janm bhoomi jalndhar, pnjab
mrityu aktoobar, 1945
mrityu sthan dilli
abhibhavak mata- ved kumari
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi samyavadi mahila evn svatntrata senani
vishesh yogadan satyavati devi svatntrata sngram men bhag lene ke lie dilli ki mahilaon ko unake gharon se bahar lane ke nek kam ke lie ladaee ladi.
any janakari samyavadi satyavati devi eeshvar ki satta men vishvas nahin karati thin. log unhen 'toophani bahan' ke nam se pukarate the.

satyavati devi (angrezi: Satyavati Devi, janm- 26 janavari, 1906, jalndhar, pnjab; mrityu- aktoobar, 1945) samyavadi mahila evn svatntrata senani thin. unhonne kisan majadooron ke hit men din-rat sngharsh kiya. unhone svatntrata sngram men bhag lene ke lie dilli ki mahilaon ko unake gharon se bahar lane ke nek kam ke lie ladaee ladi. satyadevi devi ne roodhivad aur roodhivad ke gadh ko hila diya aur mahilaon ko unake gharon se bahar nikal diya aur purushon ko dikhaya ki mahilaon ko ab keval saman nahin mana ja sakata hai.

parichay

ary samaj aur kangres ke prasiddh neta svami shraddhannd ki natin (potri) samyavadi satyavati devi ka janm 26 janavari, 1906 ko pnjab ke jalndhar jile men hua tha. unaki man ved kumari samajasevi aur gandhi ji ki anuyaee thin. parivar ke is vatavaran ka satyavati par prabhav pada. 1922 men unaka vivah ho gaya aur ve dilli a geen. samyavadi satyavati eeshvar ki satta men vishvas nahin karati thin. log unhen "toophani bahan" ke nam se pukarate the.[1]

marksavad ka prabhav

satyavati devi ka dilli men pramukh kangresi netaon se snpark hua aur sath hi ve marksavadi vicharon se prabhavit hueen. ab unhonne any samyavadi vicharon ki mahilaon yatha durga devi, kaushalya devi adi ke sath ghoom-ghoomakar logon ko sngathit karane ka kam hath men liya. ve kisan majadooron ke shasan ki kalpana men din rat mehanat karati thin.

agrani neta

satyavati devi apane samay ki dilli ki agrani mahila neta thin. sngathan ke lie unake jvalnt kathan aur ullekhaniy kshamata ne mahilaon ko satyagrah abhiyanon men shamil hone ke lie akarshit kiya. satyavati devi ne apane vakpatu bhashanon se vatavaran ko vidyutikrit kar diya. unhonne 'kangres mahila samaj' aur 'kangres desh seva dal' ki sthapana ki. jivan ke sabhi kshetron aur dilli ke sabhi konon se mahilaon ko usaki eemanadari aur bhavuk deshabhakti se akarshit kiya gaya tha. bad men satyavati devi 'kangres soshalist parti' ke snsthapak sadasyon men se ek ban gee. vah dilli ke kapada shramikon ko prabuddh karana aur unhen rajanitik roop se jagarook karana chahati thin. unake chunbakiy vyaktitv ne chhatron, vishesh roop se hindoo kaaulej aur indraprasth garls haee skool donon ko akarshit kiya. in chhatron ne grihiniyon ke samooh ka ayojan kiya, jinhonne sarvajanik pradarshanon aur is tarah se pahale kabhi bhag nahin liya tha. namak satyagrah ke dauran, satyavati devi aur unake sahayogiyon ne dilli men shahadara upanagar men ek daladali khali bhookhnd par ikattha hone ka phaisala kiya, jahan up-mitti ke pani ki matra adhik thi. unamen se pachason ne namak kanoon ki avahelana ki. aisa karib das dinon tak chala. namak ke paiket taiyar kie ge aur unhen svatntr roop se vitarit kiya gaya. dilli pulis ne un svaynsevakon ko khaded diya, jinhonne namak satyagrah ka ayojan kiya tha. yah dilli men savinay avgya andolan ki shuruat thi.[2]

jab mahilaen jo sirph grihiniyan thin, apane gharon se bahar nikal geen aur lathicharj aur mar-pit ka samana kiya, to log ashchary aur prashnsa se bhar ge. dilli ke purush vishesh roop se un mahilaon dvara dikhae ge sahas par ashcharyachakit the, jo apani vinamrata aur nishkriyata ke lie jane jate the. jaise-jaise svatntrata ka sngharsh age badha, bharatiy mahilaon ne poore desh men sngharsh kiya aur is tarah purushon ke sath svatntr aur saman hone ka adhikar arjit kiya.

jel yatra

satyavati ne kisan aur majadooron ke shasan ke liye sngharsh men jel yatra tak ki. satyavati desh men ghoom-ghoomakar samyavadi vicharon ke logon ko sngathit karane lagin, yah bat sarakar ki najaron men chubhane lagi aur unhen jel men dal diya. antim bar lahaur jel men unaka svasthy adhik bigad jane ke karan sarakar ne unhen riha kar diya.

mrityu

samyavadi satyavati devi ka aktoobar, 1945 men nidhan ho gaya. bar-bar jel jana aur kathin jivan ne unhen kshay rog ka shikar bana diya tha. satyavati devi apane bimar bistar se dilli men apane sathi-shramikon ka margadarshan karati rahi. 1945 men unaki vyast aur vyarth gatividhi ne unake jivan men ek asamayik ant la diya, jab vah keval 41 varsh ki thin.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. bharatiy charit kosh |lekhak: liladhar sharma 'parvatiy' |prakashak: shiksha bharati, madarasa rod, kashmiri get, dilli |prishth snkhya: 888 |
  2. satyavati devi, bharatiy svatntrata senani (hindi) hindi.gktoday.in. abhigaman tithi: 18 janavari, 2020.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah