बलवंतराय मेहता  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

balavntaray mehata
balavntaray mehata
poora nam balavntaray gopalaji mehata
janm 19 faravari 1900
janm bhoomi bhavanagar, gujarat
mrityu 19 sitambar 1965
mrityu sthan suthari, kachchh
pati/patni sarojaben
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi svatntrata senani, rajanitigy
parti bharatiy rashtriy kangres
pad doosare mukhyamntri, gujarat
kary kal 19 sitambar 196320 sitambar 1965 tak
any janakari 1 aprail 1958 ko snsad ne 'balavnt ray mehata samiti' ki sipharishon ko parit kar unhen lagoo kiya. 2 aktoobar 1959 ko pndit neharoo ne rajasthan ke nagaur jile se bharat men pnchayati raj ki vidhivat shuruat ki.
balavntaray gopalaji mehata (angrezi: Balwantrai Gopalji Mehta, janm- 19 faravari 1900; mrityu- 19 sitambar 1965) bharatiy rajanitigy aur gujarat ke doosare mukhyamntri the. inhonne bharatiy svatntrata andolan men bhi bhag liya tha. lokatantrik vikendrikaran ki disha men unake yogadan ke lie unhen pnchayati raj ka vastukar mana jata hai.

janm v shiksha

balavntaray mehata ka janm 19 faravari, 1900 ko bhavanagar men ek madhyam vargiy parivar men hua tha. unhonen bi.e. tak padhaee ki thi. 1920 men unaki grejueshan poori huee thi. jab natije ae to vah har vishay men uttirn the. unhonne angrez sarakar ki di huee digri lene se mana kar diya tha. is samay unaki umr mahaj 20 sal thi. kaaulej se nikalane ke bad lala lajapataray ke sngathan ‘sarvent aauf pipal’ ki sadasyata le li. 'sarvent aauf indiya' gair-rajanitik sngathan tha. lala ji ne kangres se itar samajik seva ke lie is sngathan ko banaya tha. balavntaray mehata lnbe samay tak isake sadasy rahe aur do bar isake adhyaksh bhi chune ge.

rajanitik shuruat

1921 vo sal tha jab balavntaray mehata ka siyasi safar shuroo hua. 1921 men unhonne 'bhavanagar prajamndal' ki sthapana ki. us samay bhavanagar ek prinsali stet ya rajavada hua karata tha. yahan angrejon ka sidha kabza nahin tha. guhil raja krishnakumar sinh ka raj hua karata tha. mahaz 21 ki umr men balavntaray samnti shasan ke khilaph morcha lena shuroo kar chuke the. 1928 men soorat ke baradoli men gandhiji aur saradar patel ke netritv men satyagrah shuroo hua. balavntaray is satyagrah ke mahatvapoorn sadasy banake ubhare. 1930 se 1932 tak chale asahayog andolan ke dauran vah jel men rahe. 1942 ke bharat chhodo andolan ke dauran unhen phir se jel men dal diya gaya. vah azadi se pahale karib sat sal tak jel men rahe.[1]

azadi ke bad gandhiji ke kahane par balavntaray mehata ne kangres karyakarini ki sadasyata li. 1952 men desh men pahali bar chunav hue. bhavanagar ko us samay gohil rajaon ki vajah se gohilavad ke nam se jana jata tha. balavntaray yahan se kangres ke tikat par chunav men utar ge. unake mukabil the, nirdaliy ummidavar krishnalal. balavntaray mehata 80256 vot hasil karake mananiy sansad bane. 1957 men doosari lokasabha ke chunav the. balavntaray gohilavad (bhavanagar) se chunav lad ge. samane the praja soshalist parti ke jashavnt bhaee mehata. balavntaray 82582 vot hasil kar asani se chunav jit ge. vahin jashavnt bhaee mehata mahaz 62958 vot hi hasil kar pae.

pnchayati raj ke pitamah

gandhiji ne ‘svaraj’ ka khaka khincha tha, usamen har ganv ko ek svntatr ikaee ki tarah kam karana tha. vah chahate the ki har ganv itana atmanirbhar ho ki apani sarakar khud chala sake. isalie har ganv aur ganv ki pnchayat ka majaboot hona jaroori tha. 1957 men doosare lokasabha chunav ke bad pndit javaharalal neharoo ne is disha men pahalakadami ki. darasal 1957 ki janavari men samudayik vikas ke karyakramon ki janch ke lie ek kamiti banaee gee thi. is kamiti ki adhyakshata kar rahe the balavntaray mehata. navnbar 1957 men is kamiti ne apani sipharishen saunpi. tin star vale pnchayati raj ka poora khaka samane rakha gaya.

1 aprail 1958 ko snsad ne 'balavnt ray mehata samiti' ki sapharishon ko parit kar unhen lagoo kiya. 2 aktoobar 1959 ko pndit neharoo ne rajasthan ke nagaur jile se bharat men pnchayati raj ki vidhivat shuruat ki. lekin in sipharishon ko poori tarah lagoo karane vala pahala rajy bana andhr pradesh. bharat men pnchayati raj snsthaon ko snvaidhanik darja hasil karane ke lie kafi intajar karana pada. 1993 men 73van snshodhan kar pnchayati raj ko snvaidhanik darja diya gaya. inake niyamit chunav sunishchit kie, lekin balavntaray mehata kamiti dvara sujhae ge tin stariy pnchayati raj ke dhanche men koee badalav nahin kiya gaya. ye tin star hain- ganv ke star par gram pnchayat, blaauk ke star par pnchayat samiti aur jila star par jila pnchayat. is tarah aj bhi balavntaray mehata ka diya hua dhancha yathavat jari hai.[1]

mukhyamntri ka pad

24 agast 1963 ko ae kamaraj plan ne kangres ke kee kaddavar netaon ki bali li. uttar pradesh ke mukhyamntri chandrabhanu gupta neharoo ke virodhi kheme se ate the. kamaraj plan ke tahat pndit neharoo ne agast 1963 men chndrabhanu gupta se istifa le liya. moraraji desaee is istiphe ke bahut khilaph the. unhonne pahale neharoo ji ko samajhane ki koshish ki. jab neharoo nahin mane to vo isi plan ke tahat jivaraj mehata ke istiphe par ad ge. gujarat moraraji ka griharajy tha. jivaraj mehata, moraraji ki marji ke khilaf neharoo ji ki sipharish ke chalate soobe ke pahale mukhyamntri bane the. moraraji ke dabav ki vajah se jivaraj mehata ko apane pad se istifa dena pada. moraraji pahale bhi balavntaray mehata ka nam sujha chuke the, lekin neharoo ke samane unaki jyada chal nahin paee thi. is mauke par unhonne apani pasnd ke adami ko gujarat ke mukhyamntri ki kursi tak pahuncha hi diya. sitnbar 1963 ko balavntaray mehata rajy ke doosare mukhyamntri bane.

mrityu

19 sitambar, 1965 ko bharat-pak yuddh ke dauran balavntaray mehata mithapur se kachchh tak ja rahe the. raste men pakistani vayu sena ne unake viman par hamala kar diya, jisamen mehata ji ke sath unaki patni, tin karyakarta, ek patrakar aur do viman chalak ki maut ho gee.

panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 gujarat ka vo mukhyamntri jo bharat-pak yuddh men shahid ho gaya (hindi) helallantop.com. abhigaman tithi: 26 pharavari, 2020.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

bharatiy rajyon men padasth mukhyamntri
kramank rajy mukhyamntri tasvir parti padabhar grahan
1. arunachal pradesh pema khandoo
Pema-Khandu.jpg
bhajapa 17 julaee, 2016
2. asam sarbanand sonoval
Sarbanada Sonowal.jpg
bhajapa 24 mee, 2016
3. andhr pradesh vaee es jaganamohan reddi
Y-S-Jaganmohan-Reddy.jpg
vaeeesar kangres parti 30 mee, 2019
4. uttar pradesh yogi adityanath
Yogi-Adityanath-1.jpg
bhajapa 19 march, 2017
5. uttarakhand trivendr sinh ravat
Trivendra-Singh-Rawat.jpg
bhajapa 18 march, 2017
6. odisha navin patanayak
Naveen-Patnaik.jpg
bijoo janata dal 5 march, 2000
7. karnatak bi. es. yedayurappa
B-S-Yediyurappa.jpg
bhajapa 26 julaee, 2019
8. keral pinaraee vijayan
Pinarayi Vijayan.jpg
marksavadi kamyunist parti 25 mee, 2016
9. gujarat vijay roopani
Vijay-Rupani.jpg
bhajapa 7 agast, 2016
10. gova pramod savnt
Pramod-Sawant.jpg
bhajapa 19 march, 2019
11. chhattisagadh bhoopesh baghel
Bhupesh-Baghel.jpg
bharatiy rashtriy kangres 17 disambar, 2018
12. jammoo-kashmir rikt (rajyapal shasan) lagoo nahin 20 joon, 2018
13. jharakhand hemant soren
Hemant-Soren.JPG
jharakhnd mukti morcha 29 disambar, 2019
14. tamil nadu ke. palanisvami
K-Palaniswami.jpg
anna dramuk 16 faravari, 2017
15. tripura biplab kumar deb
Biplab-Kumar-Deb.jpg
bhajapa 9 march, 2018
16. telngana ke. chandrashekhar rav
K-Chandrasekhar-Rao.jpg
teras 2 joon, 2014
17. dilli aravind kejarival
KEJRIWAL.jpg
ap 14 faravari, 2015
18. nagalaind nephiyoo riyo
Neiphiu-Rio.jpg
enadipipi 8 march, 2018
19. pnjab amarindar sinh
Armindar-Singh.jpg
kangres 16 march, 2017
20. pashchim bngal mamata banarji
Mamata Banerjee.jpg
trinamool kangres 20 mee, 2011
21. puducheri vi. narayanasami
vi. narayanasami.jpg
kangres 6 joon, 2016
22. bihar nitish kumar
Nitish-Kumar-1.jpg
jadayoo 27 julaee, 2017
23. manipur en. biren sinh
N.Biren-Singh-1.jpg
bhajapa 15 march, 2017
24. madhy pradesh shivaraj sinh chauhan
Shivraj-Singh-Chouhan-1.jpg
kangres 23 march, 2020
25. maharashtr uddhav thakare
Uddhav-Thackeray.jpg
shiv sena 28 navambar, 2019
26. mizoram zoramathnga
Zoramthanga.jpg
mizo neshanal phrnt 8 disambar, 2018
27. meghalay kaaunarad sngama
Conrad-Sangma-1.jpg
enapipi 6 march, 2018
28. rajasthan ashok gahalot
Ashok-gehlot.jpg
bharatiy rashtriy kangres 17 disambar, 2018
29. sikkim prem sinh tamang
Prem-Singh-Tamang.jpg
sikkim krantikari morcha 27 mee, 2019
30. hariyana manohar lal khattar
Manohar-Lal-Khattar.jpg
bhajapa 26 aktoobar, 2014
31. himachal pradesh jayaram thakur
Jairam-Thakur.jpg
bhajapa 27 disnbar, 2017

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