ए. के. गोपालन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

e. ke. gopalan
e. ke. gopalan
poora nam e. ke. gopalan
janm 1 aktoobar, 1904
janm bhoomi kannoor, keral
mrityu 22 march 1977
mrityu sthan tiruvanntapuram, keral
pati/patni sushila gopalan
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi kamyunist neta
parti bharat ki kamyunist parti (marksavadi)
jel yatra 1932 men dakshin ke prasiddh mandir guruvayoor men sabake pravesh ke lie jo satyagrah chala, usamen bhi gopalan giraphtar hue.
any janakari e. ke. gopalan 1952, 1957, 1962 aur 1971 ke chunavon men ve lokasabha ke lie nirvachit hue the.

e. ke. gopalan (angrezi: Ayillyath Kuttiari Gopalan; janm- 1 aktoobar, 1904, kannoor, keral; mrityu- 22 march, 1977, tiruvanntapuram, keral) bharat ke svatntrata senaniyon men se ek aur keral ke prasiddh kamyunist neta the. inhonne sat varsh tak adhyapan kary bhi kiya tha. nirdhan chhatron ke lie ve alag se kakshaen lagate the. jab mahatma gandhi ne 'satyagrah andolan' shuroo kiya, tab e. ke. gopalan ne adhyapak ka pad tyag diya. varsh 1934 men kangres samajavadi parti banane par ve usake sadasy ban ge the. bad men unhonne kamyunist parti ki sadasyata grahan kar li. 1964 men jab kamyunist parti ka vibhajan hua to gopalan ne kamyunist parti (marksavadi) men rahana pasand kiya. apani atmakatha sahit unhonne kee pustaken bhi likhi hain.

snkshipt parichay

e. ke. gopalan keral ke mahanh neta the. unaka janm 1 aktoobar, 1902 ee. men keral ke kannoor men hua tha. unhonne apane jivan ka arambh ek skooli shikshak ke roop men kiya. ve samaj sudharak bhi the tatha nimn vargon ki sthiti men sudhar karana chahate the. 1932 ee. men 'guruvayoor satyagrah' men unaki mahattvapoorn bhoomika rahi tatha mandir pravesh ke mudde par unaki pitaee bhi huee. isake pashchatt gopalan ne poore keral men janajagaran yatraen kin. bad men unaka jhukav kamyunizm ki taraph hone laga tatha ve keral ke sabase lokapriy kamyunist neta bane. keral men kangres soshalist parti ki sthapana men unaki mahattvapoorn bhoomika rahi thi. unhonne travanakor ke divan si. pi. ramasvami ayyar ki nirnkushata ke viruddh jan andolanon ka snchalan kiya. svatntrata ke bad bhi ve keral ki rajaniti men sakriy rahe.[1]

krantikari gatividhi

shiksha poori karane ke bad e. ke. gopalan ne sat varsh tak ek adhyapak ke roop men bhi ka kam kiya. deshabhakti ki bhavana unake andar arambh se hi thi. pichhade varg ke chhatron ke lie ve alag se kakshaen lagate aur khadi ka prachar karate the. 1930 men jab gandhiji ne 'namak satyagrah' arambh kiya, to gopalan ne adhyapak ka pad tyag diya aur satyagrah men bhag lene ke karan giraphtar kar lie ge. 1932 men dakshin ke prasiddh mandir guruvayoor men sabake pravesh ke lie jo satyagrah chala, usamen bhi gopalan giraphtar hue.

vivah

isi samay unake niji jivan men ek ghatana ghati. pita ne pahale hi unaka vivah kar diya tha, jisase ve sthir rahakar koee kam kar saken. parantu e. ke. gopalan ki rajaniti aur samaj sudhar ki gatividhiyan dekhakar patni ke chacha 1932 men apani bhatiji ko balapoorvak sada ke lie gopalan ke ghar se le ge. e. ke. gopalan ne 1952 men doosara vivah kar liya. unaki patni sushila gopalan bhi 1967 se 1971 tak lokasabha ki sadasya rahin.

bharat ki kamyunist parti (marksavadi)

samman men jari dak tikat

e. ke. gopalan ne 1932-1933 ke 'asahayog andolan' men bhag liya aur 1934 men kangres samajavadi parti banane par ve usake sadasy ban ge. bad men is parti ke keral ke sab sadasyon ne kamyunist parti ki sadasyata grahan kar li. gopalan ne kisanon aur mazadooron ko sngathit karane men apani shakti lagaee. isamen inhonne keral ke kannoor se madras tak 750 mil lambe morche ka netritv kiya tha. kamyunist parti men sammilit hone ke bad gopalan bhoomigat ho ge the. march, 1941 men giraphtar karake jab inhen jel men band kar diya gaya to, sitambar men ve jel todakar bahar nikal ae. phir 5 varsh tak bhoomigat rahakar kam karate rahe. svatntrata ke bad bhi unhen 1947 men nazarabandi qanoon men giraphtar kiya gaya. kintu haeekort ke nirnay par ve riha ho ge.[2]

lokasabha ki sadasyata

isake bad e. ke. gopalan ki lokasabha ki sadasyata ka lamba daur chala. 1952, 1957, 1962 aur 1971 ke chunavon men ve lokasabha ke lie nirvachit hue. 1964 men jab kamyunist parti ka vibhajan hua to gopalan ne kamyunist parti (marksavadi) men rahana pasand kiya.

nidhan

e. ke. gopalan ka nidhan 22 march, 1977, 'tiruvanntapuram medikal kaaulej' men hua. unhonne roos sahit anek deshon ki yatra ki thi. apani atmakatha sahit unhonne kee pustaken bhi likhi hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. nagori, daau. es.el. “khand 3”, svatntrata senani kosh (gandhiyugin), 2011 (hindi), bharatadiskavari pustakalay: gitanjali prakashan, jayapur, prishth sn 83.
  2. sharma 'parvatiy', liladhar bharatiy charit kosh, 2011 (hindi), bharatadiskavari pustakalay: shiksha bharati, dilli, prishth sn 112.

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