हनुमान प्रसाद पोद्दार  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

hanuman prasad poddar
hanuman prasad poddar
poora nam hanuman prasad poddar
janm 1892
janm bhoomi rajasthan
mrityu 22 march 1971
abhibhavak lala bhimaraj agraval' aur rikhibaee
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr svatntrata senani
prasiddhi gita pres gorakhapur ke snsthapak
vishesh yogadan 1906 men unhonne kapadon men gay ki charbi ke prayog kie jane ke khilaf andolan chalaya aur videshi vastuon aur videshi kapadon ke bahishkar ke lie sngharsh chhed diya.
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari apane jivan-kal men poddar ji ne 25 hazar se zyada prishthon ka sahity-srijan kiya.

hanuman prasad poddar (angrezi: Hanuman Prasad Poddar, janm:1892 - mrityu- 22 march 1971) ka nam gita pres sthapit karane ke liye bharat v vishv men prasiddh hai. bharatiy adhyatmik jagat par hanuman pasad poddar nam ka ek aisa sooraj uday hua, jisaki vajah se desh ke ghar-ghar men gita, ramayan, ved aur puran jaise grnth pahunche sake. aj 'gita pres gorakhapur' ka nam kisi bhi bharatiy ke lie anajana nahin hai. sanatan hindoo snskriti men astha rakhane vala duniya men shayad hi koee aisa parivar hoga, jo gita pres gorakhapur ke nam se parichit nahin hoga. is desh men aur duniya ke har kone men ramayan, gita, ved, puran aur upanishad se lekar prachin bharat ke rishiyon -muniyon ki kathaon ko pahunchane ka ek matr shrey gita pres gorakhapur ke snsthapak hanuman prasad poddar ko hai. prachar-prasar se door rahakar ek akinchan sevak aur nishkam karmayogi ki tarah poddar ji ne hindoo snskriti ki manyataon ko ghar-ghar tak pahunchane men jo yogadan diya hai, itihas men usaki misal milana hi mushkil hai.

jivan parichay

bharatiy pnchang ke anusar vikram snvat ke varsh 1949 men ashvin krishn ki pradosh ke din unaka janm hua. rajasthan ke ratanagadh men 'lala bhimaraj agraval' aur unaki patni 'rikhibaee' hanuman ke bhakt the, to unhonne apane putr ka nam 'hanuman prasad' rakh diya. do varsh ki ayu men hi inaki mata ka svargavas ho jane par inaka palan-poshan inaki dadi ne kiya. dadi ke dharmik snskaron ke bich balak hanuman ko bachapan se hi gita, ramayan ved, upanishad aur puranon ki kahaniyan padhane - sunane ko mili. in snskaron ka balak par gahara asar pada. bachapan men hi inhen hanuman kavach ka path sikhaya gaya. ninbark snpraday ke 'snt brajadas' ji ne balak ko diksha di.

svatntrata andolan ka prabhav

us samay desh gulami ki jnziron me jakada hua tha. inake pita apane karobar ka vajah se kalakatta men the aur ye apane dada ji ke sath asam men. kalakatta men ye svatntrata andolan ke krantikariyon aravind ghosh, deshabndhu chitarnjan das, pn, jhabaramal sharma ke snpark men ae aur azadi andolan men kood pade. isake bad lokamany tilak aur gopalakrishn gokhale jab kalakatta ae to poddar ji unake snpark men ae isake bad unaki mulakat gandhi ji se huee. vir savarakar dvara likhe ge '1857 ka svatntry samar grnth' se poddar ji bahut prabhavit hue aur 1938 men ve vir savarakar se milane ke lie munbee chale ae. 1906 men unhonne kapadon men gay ki charbi ke prayog kie jane ke khilaf andolan chalaya aur videshi vastuon aur videshi kapadon ke bahishkar ke lie sngharsh chhed diya. yuvavastha men hi unhonne khadi aur svadeshi vastuon ka prayog karana shuroo kar diya. vikram snvat 1971 men jab mahamana pn. madan mohan malaviy banaras hindoo vishvavidyalay ki sthapana ke lie dhan sngrah karane ke uddeshy se kalakatta ae to poddar ji ne kee logon se milakar is kary ke lie dan-rashi dilavaee.

andolan aur jel

kalakatta men azadi andolan aur krantikariyon ke sath kam karane ke ek mamale men tatkalin british sarakar ne hanuman prasad poddar sahit kee pramukh vyapariyon ko rajadroh ke arop men giraphtar kar jel bhej diya. in logon ne british sarakar ke hathiyaron ke ek jakhire ko lootakar use chhipane men madad ki thi. jel men poddar ji ne hanuman ji ki aradhana karana shuroo kar di. bad men unhen alipur jel men nazarabnd kar diya gaya. nazarabndi ke dauran poddar ji ne samay ka bharapoor sadupayog kiya. vahan ve apani dinacharya subah tin baje shuroo karate the aur poora samay paramatma ka dhyan karane men hi bitate the. bad men unhen najarabnd rakhate hue pnjab ki shimalapal jel men bhej diya gaya. vahan kaidi marizon ke svasthy ki janch ke lie ek homyopaithik chikitsak jel men ate the, poddar ji ne is chikitsak se homyopaithi ki barikiyan sikh li aur homyopaithi ki kitabon ka adhyayan karane ke bad khud hi marizon ka ilaj karane lage. bad men ve jamanalal bajaj ki prerana se munbee chale ae. yahan ve vir savarakar, netaji subhash chndr bos, mahadev desaee aur krishnadas jajoo jaisi vibhootiyon ke nikat snpark men ae.

khadi prachar mndal

munbee men unhonne agraval navayuvakon ko sngathit kar maravadi khadi prachar mndal ki sthapana ki. isake bad ve prasiddh sngitachary vishnu dignbar ke satsng men ae aur unake hriday men sngit ka jharana bah nikala. phir unhonne bhakti git likhe jo 'patr-pushp' ke nam se prakashit hue. munbee men ve apane mausere bhaee jayadayal goyanka ji ke gita path se bahut prabhavit the. unake gita ke prati prem aur logon ki gita ko lekar jigyasa ko dekhate hue bhaee ji ne is bat ka pran kiya ki ve shrimadh bhagavadgita ko kam se kam mooly par logon ko upalabdh karaenge.

gita pres ki sthapana

unhonne gita par ek tika likhi aur use kalakatta ke 'vanik pres' men chhapavaee. pahale hi snskaran ki panch hazar pratiyan bik gee. lekin poddar ji ko is bat ka du:kh tha ki is pustak men dheron galatiyan thi. isake bad unhonne isaka snshodhit snskaran nikala magar isamen bhi galatiyan dohara gee thi. is bat se bhaee ji ke man ko gahari thes lagi aur unhonne tay kiya ki jab tak apana khud ka pres nahin hoga, yah kary age nahin badhega. bas yahi ek chhota sa snkalp gita pres gorakhapur ki sthapana ka adhar bana. unake bhaee goyanaka ji ka vyapar tab bankuda, bngal men tha aur ve gita par pravachan ke silasile men pray: bahar hi raha karate the. tab samasya yah thi ki pres kahan lagaee jae. unake mitr ghanashyam das jalan gorakhapur men hi vyapar karate the. unhonne pres gorakhapur men hi lagae jane aur is kary men bharapoor sahayog dene ka ashvasan diya. isake bad mee 1922 men gita pres ka sthapana ki gee.

kalyan patrika

1926 men maravadi agraval mahasabha ka adhiveshan dilli men tha seth jamanalal bajaj adhiveshan ke sabhapati the. is avasar par seth ghanashyamadas bidala bhi maujood the. bidala ji ne bhaee ji dvara gita ke prachar-prasar ke lie kie ja rahe karyon ki sarahana karate hue unase agrah kiya ki sanatan dharm ke prachar aur sad vicharon ko logon tak pahunchane ke lie ek snpoorn patrika ka prakashan hona chahie. bidala ji ke inhin vakyon ne bhaee ji ko 'kalyan' nam ki patrika ke prakashan ke lie prerit kiya. agast 1955 men kalyan ka pahala praveshank nikala. isake bad 'kalyan' bharatiy parivaron ke bich ek lokapriy snpoorn patrika ke rup men sthapit ho gee aur aj bhi dharmik jagaran men kalyan ek mahattvapoorn bhoomika nibha rahi hai. 'kalyan' terah mah tak munbee se prakashit hoti rahi. isake bad agast 1926 se gita pres gorakhapur se prakashit hone laga.

samman men jari dak tikat

poddar ji ne kalyan ko ek adarsh aur ruchikar patrika ka rup dene ke lie desh bhar ke mahatmaon, lekhakon aur snton adi ko patr likhakar isake lie vividh vishayon par lekh amntrit kie. sath hi unhonne shreshthatam kalakaron se devi-devataon ke akarshak chitr banavae aur unako kalyan men prakashit kiya. kalyan ki samagri ke snpadan se lekar usake rng-rup ko antim roop dene ka kary bhi poddar ji hi dekhate the. vah pratidin atharah ghnte kary karate the. kalyan ko unhonne matr hindoo dharm ki hi patrika ke rup men pahachan dene ki bajay usame sabhi dharmon ke acharyon, jain muniyon, ramanuj, ninbark, madhv adi snpradayon ke vidvanon ke lekhon ka prakashan kiya.

gorakhapur ki badh

1936 men gorakhapur men bhaynkar badh a gee thi. badh pidit kshetr ke nirikshan ke lie pn. javaharalal neharoo jab gorakhapur ae to tatkalin angrez sarakar ke dabav men unhen vahan kisi bhi vyakti ne kar upalabdh nahin karaee, kyonki angrez kalektar ne sabhi logon ko dhauns de rakhi thi ki jo bhi neharoo ji ko kar dega usaka nam vidrohiyon ki soochi men likh diya jaega. lekin bhaee ji ne apani kar neharoo ji ko de di.

rajasthan ka akal

1938 men jab rajasthan men bhaynkar akal pada to poddar ji akal pidit kshetr men pahunche aur unhonne akal piditon ke sath hi maveshiyon ke lie bhi chare ki vyavastha karavaee. badrinath, jagannathapuri, rameshvaram, dvaraka, kaladi shrirngam adi sthanon par ved - bhavan tatha vidyalayon ki sthapana men poddar ji ne mahattvapoorn bhoomika nibhaee. apane jivan-kal men poddar ji ne 25 hazar se zyada prishthon ka sahity-srijan kiya.

samman aur upadhi

angrezon ke samay men gorakhapur men unaki dharm v sahity seva tatha unaki lokapriyata ko dekhate hue tatkalin angrez kalektar pedale ne unhen 'ray sahab' ki upadhi se alnkrit karane ka prastav rakha tha, lekin poddar ji ne vinamratapoorvak is prastav ko asvikar kar diya. isake bad angrez kamishnar hobart ne 'ray bahadur' ki upadhi dene ka prastav rakha lekin poddar ji ne is prastav ko bhi svikar nahin kiya. desh ki svadhinata ke bad daau. snpoornannd, kanhaiyalal munshi aur any logon ke paramarsh se tatkalin kendriy grih mntri govind vallabh pnt ne poddar ji ko 'bharat ratn' ki upadhi se alnkrit karane ka prastav rakha lekin unhonne isamen bhi koee ruchi nahin dikhaee.

nidhan

22 march 1971 ko poddar ji ne is nashvar sharir ka tyag kar diya aur apane pichhe ve `gita pres gorakhapur' ke nam se ek aisa kendr chhod ge, jo bharatiy snskriti ko poore vishv men phailane men ek agrani bhoomika nibha raha hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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