वासुदेव बलवन्त फड़के  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vasudev balavant phadake
vasudev balavant phadake
poora nam vasudev balavant phadake
janm 4 navambar, 1845 ee.
janm bhoomi shiradhone ganv, rayagad zila, maharashtr
mrityu 17 faravari, 1883 ee.
karm bhoomi bharat
prasiddhi svatntrata senani
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari desh ke lie apani sevaen dete hue 1879 ee. men phadake angrezon dvara pakad liye ge aur ajanm karavas ki saza dekar inhen adan bhej diya gaya. yahan par phadake ko kadi sharirik yatanaen di geen. isi ke phalasvaroop 1883 ee. ko inaki mrityu ho gee.
adyatan‎

vasudev balavant phadake (angrezi:Vasudev Balwant Phadke, janm- 4 navambar, 1845 ee. 'maharashtr' tatha mrityu- 17 faravari, 1883 ee. 'adan') british sarakar ke viruddh sashastr vidroh ka sngathan karane vale bharat ke pratham krantikari the. vasudev balavant phadake ka janm maharashtr ke rayagad zile ke 'shiradhone' namak ganv men hua tha. phadake ne 1857 ee. ki pratham sngathit mahakranti ki viphalata ke bad azadi ke mahasamar ki pahali chinnnagari jalayi thi. desh ke lie apani sevaen dete hue 1879 ee. men phadake angrezon dvara pakad liye ge aur ajanm karavas ki saza dekar inhen adan bhej diya gaya. yahan par phadake ko kadi sharirik yatanaen di geen. isi ke phalasvaroop 1883 ee. ko inaki mrityu ho gee.

parichay

vasudev balavant phadake bade tejasvi aur svasth sharir ke balak the. unhen vanon aur parvaton men ghoomane ka bada shauq tha. kalyan aur poona men unaki shiksha huee. phadake ke pita chahate the ki vah ek vyapari ki dukan par das rupe masik vetan ki naukari kar len aur padhaee chhod den. lekin phadake ne yah bat nahin mani aur mumbee a ge. vahan par ji.ar.pi. men bis rupe masik ki naukari karate hue apani padhaee jari rakhi. 28 varsh ki ayu men phadake ki pahali patni ka nidhan ho jane ke karan inaka doosara vivah kiya gaya.

vyavasayik jivan

vidyarthi jivan men hi vasudev balavant phadake 1857 ee. ki viphal kranti ke samacharon se parichit ho chuke the. shiksha poori karake phadake ne 'gret indiyan peninsula relave' aur 'militri fainens dipartament', poona men naukari ki. unhonne jngal men ek vyayamashala banaee, jahan jyotiba phule bhi unake sathi the. yahan logon ko shastr chalane ka bhi abhyas karaya jata tha. lokamany tilak ne bhi vahan shastr chalana sikha tha.

govind ranade ka prabhav

1857 ki kranti ke daman ke bad desh men dhire-dhire nee jagriti aee aur vibhinn kshetron men sngathan banane lage. inhin men ek snstha poona ki 'sarvajanik sabha' thi. is sabha ke tatvavadhan men huee ek miting men 1870 ee. men mahadev govind ranade ne ek bhashan diya. unhonne is bat par bal diya ki angrez kis prakar bharat ki arthik loot kar rahe hain. isaka phadake par bada prabhav pada. ve naukari karate hue bhi chhutti ke dinon men ganv-ganv ghoomakar logon men is loot ke virodh men prachar karate rahe.

mata ki mrityu

1871 ee. men ek din saynkal vasudev balavant phadake kuchh gnbhir vichar men baithe the. tabhi unaki mataji ki tivr asvasthata ka tar unako mila. isamen likha tha ki 'vasu' (vasudev balavant phadake) tum shighr hi ghar a jao, nahin to man ke darshan bhi shayad n ho sakenge. is vedanapoorn tar ko padhakar atit ki smritiyan fadake ke manas patal par a gayin aur tar lekar ve angrez adhikari ke pas avakash ka prarthana-patr dene ke lie ge. kintu angrez to bharatiyon ko apamanit karane ke lie satat prayasarat rahate the. us angrez adhikari ne avakash nahin diya, lekin vasudev balavant phadake doosare din apane ganv chale ae. ganv ane par vasudev par vajraghat hua. jab unhonne dekha ki unaka munh dekhe bina hi tadapate hue unaki mamatamayi man chal basi hain. unhonne panv chhookar rote hue mata se kshama mangi, kintu angrezi shasan ke duvyarvahar se unaka hriday dravit ho utha.

sena ka sngathan

is ghatana ke vasudev fadake ne naukari chhod di aur videshiyon ke viruddh kranti ki taiyari karane lage. unhen deshi nareshon se koee sahayata nahin mili to phadake ne shivaji ka marg apanakar adivasiyon ki sena sngathit karane ki koshish prarambh kar di. unhonne faravari 1879 men angrezon ke viruddh vidroh ki ghoshana kar di. dhan-sngrah ke lie dhanikon ke yahan dake bhi dale. unhonne poore maharashtr men ghoom-ghoomakar navayuvakon se vichar-vimarsh kiya, aur unhen sngathit karane ka prayas kiya. kintu unhen navayuvakon ke vyavahar se asha ki koee kiran nahin dikhayi padi. kuchh dinon bad 'govind rav davare' tatha kuchh any yuvak unake sath khade ho ge. phir bhi koee shaktishali sngathan khada hota nahin dikhayi diya. tab unhonne vanavasi jatiyon ki or najar uthayi aur socha akhir bhagavan shriram ne bhi to vanaron aur vanavasi samoohon ko sngathit karake lnka par vijay payi thi. maharana pratap ne bhi inhin vanavasiyon ko hi sngathit karake akabar ko nakon chane chabava die the. shivaji ne bhi inhin vanavasiyon ko svabhiman ki prerana dekar aurngazeb ko hila diya tha.

eenam ki ghoshana

maharashtr ke sat zilon men vasudev phadake ki sena ka zabardast prabhav phail chuka tha. angrez afasar dar ge the. is karan ek din mntrana karane ke lie vishram bag men ikattha the. vahan par ek sarakari bhavan men baithak chal rahi thi. 13 mee, 1879 ko rat 12 baje vasudev balavant phadake apane sathiyon sahit vahan a ge. angrez afasaron ko mara tatha bhavan ko ag laga di. usake bad angrez sarakar ne unhen zinda ya murda pakadane par pachas hazar rupe ka inam ghoshit kiya. kintu doosare hi din mumbee nagar men vasudev ke hastakshar se ishtahar laga die ge ki jo angrez afasar 'richard' ka sir katakar laega, use 75 hazar rupe ka inam diya jaega. angrez afasar isase aur bhi baukhala ge.

giraftari

1857 ee. men angrezon ki sahayata karake jagir pane vale badauda ke gayakavad ke divan ke putr ke ghar par ho rahe vivah ke utsav par phadake ke sathi daulataram naik ne pachas hazar rupayon ka saman loot liya. is par angrez sarakar phadake ke pichhe pad gee. ve bimari ki halat men ek mandir men vishram kar rahe the, tabhi 20 julaee, 1879 ko giraftar kar liye ge. rajadroh ka mukadama chala aur ajanm kalapani ki saza dekar phadake ko 'adan' bhej diya gaya.

nidhan

adan pahunchane par phadake bhag nikale, kintu vahan ke margon se parichit n hone ke karan pakad liye ge. jel men unako anek prakar ki yatanaen di geen. vahan unhen kshay rog bhi ho gaya aur is mahanh deshabhakt ne 17 faravari, 1883 ee. ko adan ki jel ke andar hi pran tyag die.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah