Makhanchor.jpg bharatakosh ki or se ap sabhi ko krishn janmashtami ki hardik shubhakamanaen Makhanchor.jpg

ज्योतिबा फुले  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

jyotiba phule
jyotiba phule (kalpanik chitr)
poora nam jyotirav govindarav phule
any nam mahatma phule
janm 11 apral, 1827 ee.
janm bhoomi pune, maharashtr
mrityu 28 navambar, 1890 ee.
mrityu sthan pune, maharashtr
abhibhavak pita- govindarav phule
pati/patni savitribaee phule
karm bhoomi maharashtr
karm-kshetr samajaseva, darshanik
bhasha marathi
puraskar-upadhi mahatma
vishesh yogadan 'satyashodhak samaj' ki sthapana
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari jyotiba phule ne brahman-purohit ke bina hi vivah-snskar arnbh karaya aur ise munbee haeekort se bhi manyata mili.
bahari kadiyan mahatma phule vebasait

jyotirav govindarav phule (angrezi: Jyotirao Govindrao Phule prasiddh nam: 'jyotiba phule', janm: 11 apral, 1827 ee. - mrityu: 28 navambar, 1890 ee.) maharashtr men sarvapratham achhootoddhar aur mahila shiksha ka kam arnbh karane vale mahanh bharatiy vicharak, samaj sevi, lekhak, darshanik tatha krantikari karyakarta the.

jivan parichay

jyotiba phule ka janm 11 apral, 1827 ee. men pune men hua tha. unaka parivar kee pidhi pahale satara se pune phoolon ke gajare adi banane ka kam karane laga tha. isalie mali ke kam men lage ye log 'phule' ke nam se jane jate the. jyotiba ne kuchh samay pahale tak marathi men adhyayan kiya. parntu logon ke yah kahane par ki padhane se tumhara putr kisi kam ka nahin rah jaega, pita govind ram ne unhen skool se chhuda diya. jab logon ne unhen samajhaya to tivr buddhi ke balak ko phir skool jane ka avasar mila aur 21 varsh ki umr men unhonne angrezi ki satavin kaksha ki padhaee poori ki.

vivah

jyotiba phule ka vivah 1840 men savitri baee se hua tha.
jyotiba phule

vidyalay ki sthapana

jyotiba ki snt-mahatmaon ki jivaniyan padhane men badi ruchi thi. unhen gyan hua ki jab bhagavan ke samane sab nar-nari saman hain to unamen oonch-nich ka bhed kyon hona chahie. striyon ki dasha sudharane aur unaki shiksha ke lie jyotiba ne 1854 men ek skool khola. yah is kam ke lie desh men pahala vidyalay tha. ladakiyon ko padhane ke lie adhyapika nahin mili to unhonne kuchh din svayn yah kam karake apani patni savitri ko is yogy bana diya. uchch varg ke logon ne arnbh se hi unake kam men badha dalane ki cheshta ki, kintu jab phule age badhate hi ge to unake pita par dabab dalakar pati-patni ko ghar se nikalava diya isase kuchh samay ke lie unaka kam ruka avashy, par shighr hi unhonne ek ke bad ek balikaon ke tin skool khol die.

jati se bahishkrit

achhootoddhar ke lie jyotiba ne unake achhoot bachchon ko apane ghar par pala aur apane ghar ki pani ki tnki unake lie khol di. parinamasvaroop unhen jati se bahishkrit kar diya gaya. kuchh samay tak ek mishan skool men adhyapak ka kam milane se jyotiba ka parichay pashchim ke vicharon se bhi hua, par eesaee dharm ne unhen kabhi akrisht nahin kiya. 1853 men pati-patni ne apane makan men praudhon ke lie ratri pathashala kholi. in sab kamon se unaki badhati khyati dekhakar pratikriyavadiyon ne ek bar do hatyaron ko unhen marane ke lie taiyar kiya tha, par ve jyotiba ki samajaseva dekhakar unake shishy ban ge.

mahatma ki upadhi

daliton aur nirbal varg ko nyay dilane ke lie jyotiba ne 'satyashodhak samaj' sthapit kiya. unaki samajaseva dekhakar 1888 ee. men munbee ki ek vishal sabha men unhen 'mahatma' ki upadhi di. jyotiba ne brahman-purohit ke bina hi vivah-snskar arnbh karaya aur ise munbee haeekort se bhi manyata mili. ve bal-vivah virodhi aur vidhava-vivah ke samarthak the. ve lokamany ke prashnsakon men the.

pustak 'gulamagiri'

san 1873 men mahatma phule ne 'satyashodhak samaj' ki sthapana ki thi aur isi sal unaki pustak "gulamagiri" ka prakashan bhi hua. donon hi ghatanaon ne pashchimi aur dakshin bharat ke bhavi itihas aur chintan ko bahut prabhavit kiya. mahatma phule ki kitab 'gulamagiri' bahut kam prishthon ki ek kitab hai, lekin isamen bataye gaye vicharon ke adhar par pashchimi aur dakshini bharat men bahut sare andolan chale. uttar pradesh men chal rahi dalit asmita ki ladaee ke bahut sare sootr 'gulamagiri' men dhoondhe ja sakate hain. adhunik bharat mahatma phule jaisi krantikari vicharak ka abhari hai.[1]

nidhan

1890 ee. mahanh samaj sevi jyotiba phule ka dehant ho gaya tha.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. gulamagiri, dalit asmita par sabase pahale bat karane vali kitab (hindi) mohallalive.com. abhigaman tithi: 07 aprail, 2017.

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