बाल विवाह  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bal vivah
bal vivah
vivaran bal vivah ka sambandh amataur par bharat ke kuchh samajon men prachalit samajik prakriyaon se joda jata hai, jisamen ek yuva bachche ka vivah ek vayask purush se kiya jata hai.
nirodhak qanoon bal vivah pratha rokane ke prayas men rajasthan, gujarat, maharashtr, karnatak evn himachal pradesh rajyon ne qanoon parit kie hain jo pratyek vivah ko vaidh manane ke lie usaka pnjikaran avashyak banate hain.
adhiniyam 2006 bal vivah pratishedh adhiniyam 2006 ke antargat bal vivah karane vale var aur vadhoo men mata-pita, sage-snbndhi, barati yahan tak ki vivah karane vale purohit par bhi qanooni karyavahi ki ja sakati hai. isake alava yadi var ya kanya bal vivah ke bad vivah ko svikar nahin karati hai to balig hone ke bad vivah ko shoony ghoshit karane ke lie avedan kar sakati hai.
any janakari qanoon ke anusar, bharat men vivah yogy ayu purushon ke lie 21 varsh evn mahilaon ke lie 18 varsh hai.

bal vivah (angrezi:Child Marriage) ka sambandh amataur par bharat ke kuchh samajon men prachalit samajik prakriyaon se joda jata hai, jisamen ek yuva bachche (amataur par 15 varsh se kam ayu ki ladaki) ka vivah ek vayask purush se kiya jata hai. bal vivah ki doosare prakar ki pratha men do bachchon (ladaka evn ladaki) ke mata-pita bhavishy men hone vala vivah tay karate hain. is pratha men donon vyakti (ladaka evn ladaki) unaki vivah yogy ayu hone tak nahin milate, jabaki unaka vivah sampann karaya jata hai. qanoon ke anusar, vivah yogy ayu purushon ke lie 21 varsh evn mahilaon ke lie 18 varsh hai.[1]

bal vivah ke karan

  1. garibi.
  2. ladakiyon ki shiksha ka nichala star.
  3. ladakiyon ko kam rutaba diya jana evn unhen arthik bojh samajhana.
  4. samajik prathaen evn paramparaen.[1]

bal vivah ke kuprabhav

jo ladakiyan kam umr men vivahit ho jati hain unhen aksar kam umr men seks ki shuruat evn garbhadharan se judi svasthy samasyaen hone ki prabal sambhavana hoti hai, jinamen ech.aee.vi (eds) evn aaubstetrik phischula shamil hain.

  1. kam umr ki ladakiyan, jinake pas rutaba, shakti evn paripakvata nahin hote, aksar ghareloo hinsa, seks sambandhi zyadatiyon evn samajik bahishkar ka shikar hoti hain.
  2. kam umr men vivah lagabhag hamesha ladakiyon ko shiksha ya arthapoorn karyon se vnchit karata hai jo unaki nirntar garibi ka karan banata hai.
  3. bal vivah lingabhed, bimari evn garibi ke bhnvarajal men phnsa deta hai.
  4. jab ve sharirik roop se paripakv n hon, us sthiti men kam umr men ladakiyon ka vivah karane se matritv sambandhi evn shishu mrityu ki daren adhikatam hoti hain.[1]

yoonisef ki ek riport

yoonisef dvara jari riport-2007 men bataya gaya hai ki halanki pichhale 20 varshon men desh men vivah ki ausat umr dhire-dhire badh rahi hai, lekin bal vivah ki kupratha ab bhi bade paimane par prachalit hai.
bal vivah
riport ke mutabik bharat men ausatan 46 fisadi mahilaon ka vivah 18 varsh hone se pahale hi kar diya jata hai, jabaki gramin ilakon men yah ausat 55 fisadi hai. gauratalab hai ki varsh 2001 ki janaganana ke mutabik desh men 18 varsh se kam umr ke 64 lakh ladake-ladakiyan vivahit hain kul milakar vivah yogy qanooni umr se kam se ek karod 18 lakh (49 lakh ladakiyan aur 69 ladake) log vivahit hain. inamen se 18 varsh se kam umr ki ek lakh 30 hazar ladakiyan vidhava ho chuki hain aur 24 hazar ladakiyan talaqashuda ya patiyon dvara chhodi gee hain. yahi nahin 21 varsh se kam umr ke qarib 90 hazar ladake vidhur ho chuke hain aur 75 hazar talaqashuda hain. varsh 2001 ki janaganana ke mutabiq rajasthan desh ke un sabhi rajyon men sarvopari hai, jinamen bal vivah ki kupratha sadiyon se chali a rahi hai. rajy ki 5.6 fisadi nabalig abad vivahit hai. isake bad madhy pradesh, bihar, uttar pradesh, jharakhnd, udisa, gova, himachal pradesh aur keral ate hain.[2]
bharat ke vibhinn rajyon men mahilaon ke vivah ki ausat umr[2]
rajy ausat ayu
andaman v nikobar 19.6 varsh
andhr pradesh 17.2 varsh
chndigadh 20 varsh
chhattisagadh 17.6 varsh
dadar v nagar haveli 18.8 varsh
daman v dviv 19.4 varsh
dilli 19.2 varsh
gova 22.2 varsh
gujarat 19.2 varsh
hariyana 18 varsh
himachal pradesh 19.1 varsh
jammoo-kashmir 20.1 varsh
jharakhnd 17.6 varsh
karnatak 18.9 varsh
keral 20.8 varsh
lakshadvip 19.1 varsh
madhy pradesh 17 varsh
maharashtr 18.8 varsh
manipur 21.5 varsh
meghalay 20.5 varsh
mizoram 21.8 varsh
nagalaind 21.6 varsh
udisa 18.9 varsh
pandicheri 20 varsh
pnjab 20.5 varsh
rajasthan 16.6 varsh
sikkim 20.2 varsh
tamilanadu 19.9 varsh
tripura 19.3 varsh
uttar pradesh 17.5 varsh
uttaranchal 18.5 varsh
pashchim bngal 18.4 varsh

unmoolan hetu sarakar v gair sarakari snsthaon ki pahal

  1. bal vivah ke viruddh qanoonon ka nirman.
  2. ladakiyon ki shiksha ko sugam banana.
  3. hanikarak samajik niyamon ko badalana.
  4. samudayik karyakramon ko sahayata.
  5. videshi sahayata adhikatam karana.
  6. yuva mahilaon ko arthik avasar pradan karana.
  7. bal vadhuon ki virale zarooraton ko poora karana.
  8. karyakramon ka akalan kar dekhana ki kya bat asaradar hogi.[1]

bal vivah nirodhak qanoon

bal vivah pratha rokane ke prayas men rajasthan, gujarat, maharashtr, karnatak evn himachal pradesh rajyon ne qanoon parit kie hain jo pratyek vivah ko vaidh manane ke lie usaka pnjikaran avashyak banate hain. “bachchon ke lie rashtriy kary yojana 2005” ke anusar (bharat ke mahila evn bal vikas vibhag dvara prakashit) 2010 tak bal vivah ko poorn roop se samapt karane ka lakshy nirdharit kiya gaya hai.

bal vivah ek qanoonan aparadh

bal vivah ek samajik buraee hone ke sath hi qanoonan aparadh bhi hai. jisaki rokatham aur unmoolan ke lie rajy sarakar nirntar prayasarat hai. isi kadi men mahila evn bal vikas vibhag dvara rajy ke sabhi zilon ke kalektaron, varishth pulis adhikshakon athava pulis adhikshakon, zila pnchayaton ke mukhy kary palan adhikariyon, zila karyakram adhikariyon (mahila evn bal vikas vibhag), janapad pnchayaton ke mukhy karyapalan adhikariyon aur bal vikas pariyojana adhikariyon ko pradesh men bal vivah ke poornat: rokatham ke lie sthaee nirdeshon ke anusar karyayojana taiyar kar karravaee karane ke vishay men paripatr jari kiye gaye hain.[3]

adhiniyam 2006

paripatr men kaha gaya hai ki bal vivah pratishedh adhiniyam 2006 ke antargat bal vivah karane vale var aur vadhoo men mata-pita, sage-snbndhi, barati yahan tak ki vivah karane vale purohit par bhi qanooni karyavahi ki ja sakati hai. isake alava yadi var ya kanya bal vivah ke bad vivah ko svikar nahin karati hai to balig hone ke bad vivah ko shoony ghoshit karane ke lie avedan kar sakati hai. bal vivah ke karan bachchon men kuposhan, shishu mrityu dar aur matri mrityu dar ke sath ghareloo hinsa men bhi vriddhi hoti hai. paripatr ke anusar samaj men vyapt is buraee ke poornat: unmoolan ke lie jan pratinidhiyon, nagariy nikayon, pnchayati raj snsthaon ke pratinidhiyon, svayn sevak sngathanon aur am janon se sahayog prapt kar bal vivah pratha ke unmoolan ke lie snbndhiton ko karagar karravaee karane hetu nirdeshit kiya gaya hai.[3]

bal vivah ki rokatham

paripatr men bal vivah ki rokatham ke lie kary yojana banane hetu sujhav bhi diye gaye hain. paripatr men kaha gaya hai ki pradesh men kuchh vishisht jatiyon men bal vivah ke prakaran poorv varshon men prapt hote rahe hain. atev sarvapratham zilon men aise kshetron aur jatiyon ko chihnit kiya jae. paripatr men pratyek ganv aur gram pnchayaton men vivah pnjikrit karane aur un kshetron men hone vale sabhi vivahon ko vivah poorv pnjibaddh karane hetu nirdeshit kiya gaya hai. taki bal vivah ki janakari samay se pahale prapt ho sake. pratyek gram pnchayat men ganv ke kotavaron dvara bal vivah ke qanoonan aparadh hone ke snbndh men munadi karaee jae. taki graminajanon ko pata chale ki bal vivah karana aparadh hai. zile ke sabhi sarapnchon se bal vivah ke rokatham hetu apil ki jae. zile men ayojit hone vali sabhi gram sabhaon men bal vivah ki rokatham ke upay, bal vivah ke karan mahilaon ke svasthy par padane vale dushprabhav, shishuon men kuposhan, matri mrityu dar aur shishu mrityu dar men vridhdi ke snbndh men paricharcha karaee jae aur sabhi janakari di jae.[3]



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 bal vivah (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) INDG bharat. abhigaman tithi: 13 aktoobar, 2011.
  2. 2.0 2.1 bal vivah ki kupratha (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) Core Center. abhigaman tithi: 13 aktoobar, 2011.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 bal vivah samajik buraee aur qanoonan aparadh hai (hindi) chhattisagadh janasnpark vibhag. abhigaman tithi: 13 aktoobar, 2011.

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