सती प्रथा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

sati pratha
sati pratha
vivaran sati pratha men jivit vidhava patni ko mrit pati ki chita par zinda hi jala diya jata tha.
pahala sakshy sati pratha ka pahala abhilekhiy sakshy 510 ee. eran abhilekh men milata hai.
pratha ka ant 1829 ee. ke 17ven niyam ke anusar vidhavaon ko jivit zinda jalana aparadh ghoshit kar diya. pahale yah niyam bngal presidensi men lagoo hua, parantu bad men 1830 ee. ke lagabhag ise bambee aur madras men bhi lagoo kar diya gaya.
snbndhit lekh agni pariksha, dahej pratha, nata pratha, parda pratha
any janakari raja ramamohan ray ne sati pratha ko mitane ke lie bhi prayatn kiya. unhonne is amanaviy pratha ke viruddh nirantar andolan chalaya. yah andolan samachar patron tatha mnch donon madhyamon se chala.

sati pratha (angrezi: Sati or Suttee) bharat men prachin hindoo samaj ki ek ghinauni evn galat pratha hai. is pratha men jivit vidhava patni ko mrit pati ki chita par zinda hi jala diya jata tha. 'sati' (sati, saty shabd ka striling roop hai) hinduon ke kuchh samudayon ki ek pratha thi, jisamen hal men hi vidhava huee mahila apane pati ke antim snskar ke samay svny bhi usaki jalati chita men koodakar atmadah kar leti thi. is shabd ko devi sati (jise dakshayani ke nam se bhi jana jata hai) se liya gaya hai. devi sati ne apane pita raja daksh dvara unake pati shiv ka apaman n sah sakane karane ke karan ygy ki agni men jalakar apani jan de di thi. yah shabd sati ab kabhi-kabhi ek pavitr aurat ki vyakhya karane men prayukt hota hai. yah prachin hindoo samaj ki ek ghinauni evn galat pratha hai.

prachin kal men sati pratha

bharatiy (mukhyatah hindoo) samaj men sati pratha ka udbhav yadyapi prachin kal se mana jata hai, parantu isaka bhishan roop adhunik kal men bhi dekhane ko milata hai. sati pratha ka pahala abhilekhiy sakshy 510 ee. eran abhilekh men milata hai.

sati pratha hatane ko andolan

raja ramamohan ray ne sati pratha ko mitane ke lie bhi prayatn kiya. unhonne is amanaviy pratha ke viruddh nirantar andolan chalaya. yah andolan samachar patron tatha mnch donon madhyamon se chala. isaka virodh itana adhik tha ki ek avasar par to unaka jivan hi khatare men tha. ve apane shatruon ke hamale se kabhi nahin ghabaraye. unake poorn aur nirantar samarthan ka hi prabhav tha, jisake karan lard viliyam baintik 1829 men sati pratha ko band karane men samarth ho sake. jab kattar logon ne inglaind men 'privi kaauunsil' men prarthana patr prastut kiya, tab unhonne bhi apane pragatishil mitron aur sathi karyakartaon ki or se british snsad ke sammukh apana virodhi prarthana patr prastut kiya. unhen prasannata huee jab privi kaauunsil ne sati pratha ke samarthakon ke prarthana patr ko asvikrit kar diya. sati pratha ke mitane se raja ramamohan ray snsar ke manavatavadi sudharakon ki sarvapratham pnkti men a gaye.

sati pratha ka ant

15vin shatabdi men kashmir ke shasak sikandar ne is pratha ko band karava diya tha. bad men purtagali garvanar albukark ne is pratha ko band karava diya. bharat men akabar (mugal samrat) v peshavaon ke alava kampani ke kuchh garvanar janaralon jaise lard karnavalis evn lard haistings ne is disha men kuchh prayatn kiye, parantu is kroor pratha ko qanooni roop se band karane ka shrey lard viliyam baintik ko jata hai. raja ramamohan ray ne baintik ke is kary men sahayog kiya. raja ramamohan ray ne apane patr ‘snvad kaumudi’ ke madhyam se is pratha ka vyapak virodh kiya. radhakant dev tatha maharaja balakrishn bahadur ne raja ramamohan ray ki nitiyon ka virodh kiya. 1829 ee. ke 17ven niyam ke anusar vidhavaon ko jivit zinda jalana aparadh ghoshit kar diya. pahale yah niyam bngal presidensi men lagoo hua, parantu bad men 1830 ee. ke lagabhag ise bambee aur madras men bhi lagoo kar diya gaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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