जे.सी. कुमारप्पा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

je.si. kumarappa
je.si. kumarappa
poora nam je.si. kumarappa
any nam joseph chelladuree kaaurnelias
janm 4 janavari, 1892
janm bhoomi madras ke thanajivar
mrityu 30 janavari, 1960
mrityu sthan maduree
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr svatntrata senani
mukhy rachanaen ikonomi aauf pramanens, gandhiyan ikonomik thot
shiksha snatak
vidyalay sayarakruz vishvavidyalay
nagarikata bharatiy
snbndhit lekh mahatma gandhi
any janakari gandhiji ki anupasthiti men kumarappa ne yng indiya ke sampadan ki zimmedari uthayi aur inake akramak lekhan ke karan british sarakar ne inhen giraphtar karake dhaee sal ke lie zel bhej diya. jel se riha hone ke bad inhonne bihar men vinashakari bhookamp ke rahat-kary ke paise ke len-den ka kam dekhane lage.

je. si. kumarappa (angrezi: J. C. Kumarappa, janm: 4 janavari, 1892, madras; mrityu: 30 janavari, 1960, maduree) bharat ke ek arthashastri the. inaka mool nam 'joseph chelladuree kaaurnelias' tha. ye mahatma gandhi ke nikat sahayogi rahe the. je. si. kumarappa ko bharat men gandhivadi arthashastr ka pratham guru mana jata hai.

parichay

je.si. kumarappa madras men thanajivar namak sthan par 4 janavari, 1892 men paida hue the. ye maduree ke madhyamavargiy paramparagat iqasaee parivar se the. inake bachapan ka nam josaf chelladurai kaaurneliyas tha. inhonne madras se apani skooli shiksha poori ki tatha usake bad lndan jakar lekha-vidhi (ekauntensi) men prashikshan prapt kiya aur phir vahin lndan men ekauntent ke roop men kuchh varshon tak kam bhi kiya. pratham vishvayuddh ki samapti par aur apani mata ke bulane par ye bharat laut aye aur bambee men kuchh samay tak ek british kampani men kam kiya. usake bad 1924 men inhonne apana vyavasay shuroo kiya.[1]

shiksha

je.si. kumarappa 1927 men phir uchch adhyayan ke lie amerika gaye aur sayarakruz vishvavidyalay se vanijy evn vyapar prabndhan men snatak ki upadhi prapt ki. isake bad inhonne kolambiya vishvavidyalay men sarvajanik vitt ka adhyayan karake apane samay ke prakhyat arthashastri edavin seligman ke margadarshan men 'sarvajanikavitt evn bharat ki nirdhanata' par shodh patr likha jisamen bharat ki arthik durdasha men british aupaniveshik shasan ki nitiyon se hue nukasan ka adhyayan kiya gaya tha. is adhyayan ke dauran hi kumarappa ne paya ki bharat ki dayaniy arthik sthiti ka mukhy karan british aupaniveshik shasan ki anaitik aur shoshak nitiyan hain. isi bich unhonne apane mool parivarik nam kumarappa ko apane nam ke sath jodane ka faisala kiya.

svatntrata men yogadan

je.si. kumarappa 1929 men bharat vapis laut ae. unhonne svayn mahatma gandhiji ke sath milakar gujarat men gramin sarvekshan snchalit kiya tatha kendriy pranton men audyogik sarvekshan kiya. inhonne 1929-1931 ke dauran gujarat vidyapith men padhaya aur gandhiji ki gair-mojoodagi men yng indiya ka sampadan kiya. yng indiya men kumarappa ke lekh ‘sarvajanik vitt aur hamari nirdhanata’ ka silasilevar prakashan bhi shuroo ho gaya. sath hi matar talluka ke arthik sarvekshan ka prakashan bhi ho raha tha. in prakashanon ke bich gandhi ne namak satyagrah ke lie dandi yatra bhi shuroo kar di. namak satyagrah men bhag lene ke karan jab british prashasan ne gandhi ko giraphtar kar liya to yng indiya ke snchalan ki zimmedari kumarappa par a gayi. is patr men lekhan ke karan kumarappa ko bhi giraphtar karake dedh sal ke lie jel bhej diya gaya.

1931 men gandhi-iravin samajhaute ke bad kumarappa riha hue aur inhen lahaur kangres adhiveshan men british sarakar aur bharat ke bich ke vittiy len den ki samuchit padatal karane ke lie gathit samiti ka adhyaksh banaya gaya. is kangres adhiveshan ke bad gandhi golamez sammelan men bhag lene ke lie inglaind chale gaye. gandhi ki anupasthiti men kumarappa ne yng indiya ke sampadan ki zimmedari phir se uthayi aur unake akramak lekhan ke karan british sarakar ne unhen punah giraphtar karake dhaee sal ke lie zel bhej diya. jel se riha hone ke bad kumarappa ne bihar men vinashakari bhookamp ke rahat-kary ke paise ke len-den ka kam dekhane lage. sanh 1934 men ye aaul indiya vilej indastrij esoshieshan ke sachiv banaye gaye aur gandhiji ke dehant ke bad ye isake adhyapak banaye gaye kumarappa ne mahatma gandhi ke arthik vicharon ko ek vaigyanik atma ke sath vyakhyayit kiya. adharabhoot shiksha ke pratipadan men bhi inhonne mukhy bhoomika nibhayi.

rachanaen

je.si. kumarappa ek bahusarjak rachanakar the aur unhonne gandhivadi arthashastr men anek pustaken likhi. unamen do pustaken inaki atynt lokapriy huee jo nimn prakar hai-

  1. ikonomi aauph pramanens (Economy of Permanence)
  2. gandhiyan ikonomik thot (Gandhian Economic)

mrityu

je.si. kumarappa ka nidhan 30 janavari, 1960 hua. inaki smriti men kumarappa instityoot aauf gram svaraj ki sthapana ki gayin.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. je.si. kumarappa (hindi) ignca.nic.in. abhigaman tithi: 18 faravari, 2017.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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