खुदीराम बोस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

khudiram bos
Khudiram-Bose.gif
poora nam khudiram bos
janm 3 disnbar, 1889
janm bhoomi ganv- habibapur, midanapur zila, bngal
mrityu 11 agast, 1908
mrityu karan phansi
abhibhavak pita- trailoky nath bos, mata- lakshmipriya devi
nagarikata bharatiy
andolan bharatiy sh‍vatntrata andolan
any janakari khudiram bos ki shahadat se samooche desh men deshabhakti ki lahar umad padi thi. unake sahasik yogadan ko amar karane ke lie git rache ge aur inaka balidan lokagiton ke roop men mukharit hua. unake samman men bhavapoorn giton ki rachana huee, jinhen bngal ke lok gayak aj bhi gate hain.

khudiram bos (angrezi: Khudiram Bose, janm: 3 disnbar, 1889; mrityu : 11 agast, 1908) matr 19 sal ki umr men hindustan ki azadi ke liye phansi par chadhane vale krantikari the. bharatiy svadhinata sngram ka itihas krantikariyon ke saikadon sahasik karanamon se bhara pada hai. aise hi krantikariyon ki soochi men ek nam khudiram bos ka hai.

jivan parichay

khudiram bos ka janm 3 disnbar, 1889 ee. ko bngal men midanapur zile ke habibapur ganv men trailoky nath bos ke yahan hua tha. khudiram bos jab bahut chhote the, tabhi unake mata-pita ka nidhan ho gaya tha. unaki badi bahan ne unaka lalan-palan kiya tha. san 1905 men bngal ka vibhajan hone ke bad khudiram bos desh ke mukti andolan men kood pade the. satyen bos ke netritv men khudiram bos ne apana krantikari jivan shuroo kiya tha.

angrezi samrajyavad ke khilaf

khudiram bos rajanitik gatividhiyon men skool ke dinon se hi bhag lene lage the. un dinon angrezon se chhote-chhote hindustani skooli bachche bhi nafarat kiya karate the. ve jalase jalooson men shamil hote the tatha angrezi samrajyavad ke khilaf nare lagate the. bos ko gulami ki bediyon se jakadi bharat mata ko azad karane ki aisi lagan lagi ki unhonne nauvin kaksha ke bad hi padhaee chhod di aur sir par kafan bandhakar jng-e-azadi men kood pade.

parti ke sadasy

vah rivolyooshanari parti ke sadasy bane aur vndemataram pnphalet vitarit karane men mahattvapoorn bhoomika nibhaee. 1905 men bngal vibhajan ke virodh men chalae ge andolan men bhi unhonne badh-chadh kar bhag liya.

bahishkar andolan men bhag

pulis ne 28 faravari, sanh 1906 ee. ko sonar bngala namak ek ishtahar bantate hue bos ko daboch liya. lekin bos mazaboot the. pulis ki bos ne pitaee ki aur usake shiknje se bhagane men saphal rahe. 16 mee, sanh 1906 ee. ko ek bar phir pulis ne unhen giraftar kar liya, lekin unaki ayu kam hone ke karan unhen chetavani dekar chhod diya gaya tha. 6 disambar, 1907 ko bngal ke narayanagadh relave steshan par kie ge bam visphot ki ghatana men bhi bos bhi shamil the. unhonne angrezi chizon ke bahishkar andolan men badhachadh kar bhag liya.

mujaphpharapur kand

un dinon kolakata ka chiph presidensi majistret kingsaphord rajanitik karyakarttaon ko apamanit aur dndit karane ke lie bahut badanam tha. krantikariyon ne use samapt karane ka kam praphull chaki aur khudiram bos ko saunpa. sarakar ne kingsaphord ke prati logon ke akrosh ko bhanpakar usaki suraksha ki drishti se use seshan jaj banakar mujaphpharapur bhej diya. par donon krantikari bhi usake pichhe-pichhe pahunch ge. kingsaphord ki gatividhiyon ka adhyayan karane ke bad unhonne 30 aprail, 1908 ko yooropiyan klab se bahar nikalate hi kingsaphord ki bagghi par bam phenk diya. kintu durbhagy se us saman akar-prakar ki bagghi men do yooropiyan mahilaen baithi thin jo ki pingle kainedi namak edavoket ki patni aur beti thi, ve mari geen. krantikari kingsaphord ko marane men saphalata samajh kar ve ghatana sthal se bhag nikale.

british raj ke viruddh

bharatiy sh‍vatntrata andolan ke arnbhik charan men kee krantikari aise the jinh‍honne british raj ke viruddh avaz uthaee. khudiram bos bharat ki sh‍vatntrata ke sngharsh ke itihas men snbhavataya sabase kam umr ke krantikari the, jo bharat man ke sapoot kahe ja sakate hain. bngal ke vibhajan ke bad dukhi hokar khudiram bos ne sh‍vatntrata ke sngharsh men apani krantikari gatividhiyon se ek mashal chalaee. unh‍honne british raj ke bich dar phailane ke lie ek british adhikari ke vahan par bam dal diya.

krantikariyon dvara sazish

kalakatta men un dinon kingsaphord chiph prensidesi majistret tha. vah bahut sakht aur kroor adhikari tha. vah adhikari desh bhakton, visheshakar krantikariyon ko bahut tng karata tha. un par vah kee tarah ke atyachar karata. krantikariyon ne use mar dalane ki than li thi. yugantar krantikari dal ke neta virendr kumar ghosh]ne ghoshana ki ki kingsaphord ko muzaphpharapur men hi mara jaega. is kam ke lie khudiram bos tatha prapull chaki ko chuna gaya.

ye donon krantikari bahut soojhaboojh vale the. inaki khushi ka koee thikana nahin tha. desh bhakton ko tng karane valon ko mar dalane ka kam unhen saunpa gaya tha. ek din ve donon muzaphpharapur pahunch ge. vahin ek dharmashala men ve ath din rahe. is dauran unhonne kingsaphord ki dinacharya tatha gatividhiyon par poori nazar rakhi. unake bngale ke pas hi klab tha. angrezi adhikari aur unake parivar aksar saynkal vahan jate the.

30 aprail, 1908 ki sham kings phord aur usaki patni klab men pahunche. ratri ke sadhe़ ath baje misej kainedi aur usaki beti apani bagghi men baithakar klab se ghar ki taraph a rahe the. unaki bagghi ka rng lal tha aur vah bilkul kingsaphord ki bagghi se milati-julati thi. khudiram bos tatha usake sathi ne kingsaphord ki bagghi samajhakar us par bam phenk diya. dekhate hi dekhate bagghi ke parakhache ud ge. usamen savar man beti donon ki maut ho gee. krantikari is vishvas se bhag nikale ki kingsaphord ko marane men ve saphal ho ge hai.

khudiram bos ki giraftari

khudiram bos aur ghosh 25 mil bhagane ke bad ek relave steshan par pahunche. khudiram bos par pulis ko is bam kand ka sndeh ho gaya aur angrez pulis unake pichhe lagi aur vaini relave steshan par unhen gher liya. apane ko pulis se ghira dekh praphull chnd ne khud ko goli marakar shahadat de di par khudiram pakade ge. unake man men tanik bhi bhay ki bhavana nahin thi. khudiram bos ko jel men dal diya gaya aur un par hatya ka muqadama chala. apane bayan men svikar kiya ki unhonne to kingsaphord ko marane ka prayas kiya tha. lekin use is bat par bahut afasos hai ki nirdosh kainedi tatha unaki beti galati se mare ge.

pran dand ki saza

muqadama keval panch din chala. 8 joon, 1908 ko unhen adalat men pesh kiya gaya aur 13 joon ko unhen pran dand ki saza sunaee gee. itana sngin muqadama aur keval panch din men samapt. yah bat nyay ke itihas men ek mazak bana rahega. 11 agast, 1908 ko is vir krantikari ko phansi par chadha़ diya gaya. unhonne apana jivan desh ki azadi ke lie nyauchhavar kar diya

lokapriyata

muzaphpharapur jel men jis majistret ne unhen phansi par latakane ka adesh sunaya tha, usane bad men bataya ki khudiram bos ek sher ke bachche ki tarah nirbhik hokar phansi ke takhte ki or badha tha. jab khudiram shahid hue the tab unaki ayu 19 varsh thi. shahadat ke bad khudiram itane lokapriy ho ge ki bngal ke julahe unake nam ki ek khas kism ki dhoti bunane lage. inaki shahadat se samooche desh men deshabhakti ki lahar umad padi thi. inake sahasik yogadan ko amar karane ke lie git rache ge aur inaka balidan lokagiton ke roop men mukharit hua. inake samman men bhavapoorn giton ki rachana huee jinhen bngal ke lok gayak aj bhi gate hain.

krantikari andolan ka pratham shahid

itihasakar shirol ke anusar- bngal ke rashtravadiyon ke lie vah shahid aur adhik anukaraniy ho gaya. vidyarthiyon tatha any logon ne shok manaya. skool-kaaulej bnd rahe aur naujavan aisi dhoti pahanane lage jinaki kinari par khudiram likha hota tha.

khudiram bos ko bharat ki svatntrata ke lie sngathit krantikari andolan ka pratham shahid mana jata hai. apani nirbhikata aur mrityu tak ko sotsah varan karane ke lie ve ghar-ghar men shraddhapoorvak yad kie jate hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika-tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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