गुरदयाल सिंह ढिल्‍लों  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

guradayal sinh dhilh‍lon
ji.es. dhillon
poora nam daau. guradayal sinh dhillon
janm 6 agast, 1915
janm bhoomi amritasar, pnjab
mrityu 23 march, 1992
mrityu sthan dilli
nagarikata bharatiy
parti bharatiy rashtriy kangres
pad lokasabha adhyaksh
kary kal 8 agast, 1971 - 1 disnbar, 1975
shiksha vakalat
vidyalay khalasa kalej, amritasar, gavarnament kalej, lahaur aur yoonivarsiti laau kalej, lahaur
any janakari logon ko shikshit karane ke uddeshy se unhonne 1947 men ek pnjabi dainik "vartaman" ka prakashan bhi shuroo kiya aur usaka sampadan kiya.

daau. guradayal sinh dhillon (angrezi: Gurdial Singh Dhillon, janm: 6 agast, 1915 - mrityu: 23 march 1992) bharat ke panchaven lokasabha adhyaksh the. ye 'ji. es. dhillon' nam se bhi prasiddh hain. guradayal sinh dhillon bahumukhi pratibha ke dhani the jinhen qanoon se lekar patrakarita tatha shiksha aur khelakood se lekar snvaidhanik adhyayan men ruchi thi. siddhanton se samajhauta karana unhen qatee pasnd nahin tha. unake lie snsad lokatntr ka mndir tha aur isalie sabha aur isaki paramparaon tatha paripatiyon ke prati unake man men atyadhik samman tha. unamen sabha ki manahsthiti ko pal bhar men bhanpane ki adbhut kshamata thi tatha unaka drishtikon vyavaharik hua karata tha. inhin gunon ke karan ve adhyaksh pad ke gurutar dayitv ka nirvahan gauravashali tarike se kar pae. antar-snsadiy sngh ki antar-snsadiy parishad ke adhyaksh ke roop men dhillon ka chunav n keval unake lie balki bharat ki poori janata tatha bharatiy snsad ke lie bhi bahut samman ki bat thi.

jivan parichay

guradayal sinh dhillon ka janm pnjab ke amritasar zile ke pnjavar men 6 agast, 1915 ko hua tha. ve ek medhavi chhatr the. unaki shiksha-diksha khalasa kalej, amritasar, gavarnament kalej, lahaur aur yoonivarsiti laau kalej, lahaur men huee. 1937 se 1945 tak ki avadhi ke dauran dhillon ne vakalat ki aur ek saphal vakil ke roop men khyati arjit ki. unaki vakalat khoob chalati thi. isake bavajood ve apani deshabhakti ki bhavana aur apane deshavasiyon ke prati chinta ko daba nahin sake. shighr hi ve svatntrata sngharsh tatha kisan andolan men poori tarah kood pade jisake karan unhen british shasakon ka kopabhajan hona pada. svatntrata sngharsh se snbndhit gatividhiyon ke lie unhen do bar jel bheja gaya. lambe samay tak jel men rahane ke karan unhonne vakalat chhod di.

patrakarita

ajadi ke bad unhonne patrakarita ka pesha apanaya aur svayn ko ek nidar aur prabhavashali lekhak ke roop men sthapit kiya. unake lekhon men vaicharik dridhata hoti thi jisane pathakon ko prabhavit kiya. sanpradayik takaton ke gnde karanamon ke bavajood sanpradayik sauhard ko badhava dene ke unake prayas anukaraniy the. mahattvapoorn mamalon par sahamati banane aur vighatanakari takaton ke napak iradon ke bare men logon ko shikshit karane ke uddeshy se unhonne 1947 men ek pnjabi dainik "vartaman" ka prakashan bhi shuroo kiya aur usaka sampadan kiya. bad men ve urdoo dainik "sher-e-bharat" ke mukhy sampadak aur neshanal sikh nyoojapepars li. ke prabndh nideshak bhi bane. ve varsh 1952 tak pnjab patrakar sngh ki karyakari samiti ke sadasy aur 1953 tak rajy pres salahakar samitiyon sadasy bhi rahe.

rajanitik jivan

dhillon vibhinn samajik, arthik aur rajanitik gatividhiyon men sakriy roop se shamil rahate the. ve 1946 se 1954 tak shiromani gurudvara prabndhak samiti (es.ji.pi.si.) aur amritasar zila bord ke sadasy rahe aur 1948-52 ke dauran taranataran bazar samiti ke cheyaramain rahe. kangres parti ke ek samarpit karyakartta hone ke nate ve 1950-51 ke dauran pnjab kangres anushasan samiti ke cheyaramain aur 1953 tak amritasar zila kangres samiti ke adhyaksh rahe. kuchh varshon ke lie ve akhil bharatiy kangres samiti ke sadasy bhi rahe.

pnjab vidhanasabha

dhillon ka 1952 se 1967 tak pnjab vidhan sabha ke sadasy ke roop men ek sudirgh aur shanadar karyakal raha. is avadhi ke dauran unhonne anek vidhayi uttaradayitvon ko vishishtata ke sath nibhaya. is dauran ve pnjab vidhan sabha ki lok lekha samiti aur visheshadhikar samiti ke sabhapati rahe. ve rajy men gair krishak bhoomi karadhan samiti ke sabhapati bhi rahe. dhillon 1952 men pnjab vidhan sabha upadhyaksh chune ge aur is pad par ve 1954 tak rahe. isake pashchath ve 1954 se 1962 tak vidhan sabha ke adhyaksh ke pad par lambe samay tak rahe. adhyaksh ke roop men unhonne sabha ki karyavahi is tarike se chalaee ki unhen sabha ke sabhi vargon ka samman prapt hua.

dhillon varsh 1964 se 1966 tak pnjab kangres vidhan mndal parti ke mahasachiv aur mukhy sachetak rahe. varsh 1965-66 ke dauran unhonne parivahan, gramin vidyutikaran, snsadiy kary aur nirvachan mntri ke roop men aur pnjab men 1965 ke yuddh se prabhavit kshetron ke logon ke punarvas mntri ke roop men bhi kary kiya. poornatah rashtravadi dhillon ne 1965 ke yuddh ke dauran sima kshetron ka nidar hokar daura kiya aur logon ko simapar ke khataron se ekajut hokar samana karane ko prerit kiya. unake sahas aur sngathan kshamata ki sabhi ne prashnsa ki.

lokasabha adhyaksh

dhillon 1967 men chauthi lokasabha ke lie pnjab ke taranataran snsadiy kshetr se kangres ke tikat par chune ge. usake bad ve bainkakari vidhi (snshodhan) vidheyak, 1967 snbndhi pravar samiti ke sabhapati niyukt kie ge. bad men ve do avadhiyon 1968-69 aur 1969-70 ke lie sarakari upakramon snbndhi samiti ke sabhapati niyukt kie ge. ve sabhapatiyon ki soochi ke sadasy bhi rahe. tatkalin lokasabha adhyaksh nilam snjiv reddi dvara rashtrapati ka chunav ladane ke lie lokasabha ke adhyaksh pad se tyagapatr die jane par dhillon ko 8 agast, 1969 ko sarvasammati se lok sabha ka adhyaksh chuna gaya. jab dhillon is pad ke lie nirvachit hue to ve us samay tak lokasabha ke jitane adhyaksh hue the unamen se sabase kam umr ke adhyaksh the. jis dhng se unhonne karyavahi ka snchalan kiya usase sabha men sabhi rajanitik dalon ke sadasy prabhavit hue. 1971 men dhillon lok sabha ke lie taranataran se punah chune ge. is bar bhi dhillon ko 22 march, 1971 ko lok sabha ka adhyaksh chuna gaya. unaka punah chuna jana unaki prasiddhi tatha yogyata ka praman tha.

dhillon ka yah dridh mat tha ki karyapalika ko vidhayika ke kshetr men hastakshep karane ka prayas nahin karana chahie. unhen is bat ka poora ahasas tha ki qanoon banane ki shakti vidhayika ke kshetradhikar men hi honi chahie isalie dhillon ne apane poorvavarti adhyakshon ke is drishtikon ka samarthan karate hue kaha ki sarakar ko yah sunishchit karana chahie ki adhyadesh keval tabhi jari kie jaen jab vastav men apat sthiti ho athava aisi tatkalik paristhiti ho jo aisi karyavahi ko uchit thahara sake. ek any avasar par march, 1970 men jab snsad ka satr chal raha tha to sarakar ne sabha ko soochit kie bina hi kuchh vastuon ki kimaton men vriddhi kar di thi. us ghoshana par pratikriya vyakt karate hue dhillon ne tippani ki thi ki jab snsad ka satr chal raha hai to sabha ko soochit kie bina aise nirnayon ki ghoshana karana anuchit hai.

adhyaksh pad se tyagapatr

dhillon ne 1 disambar, 1975 ko adhyaksh pad se tyagapatr de diya aur unhonne usi din kendriy mntrimndal men nauvahan aur parivahan mntri ke roop men shapath grahan ki. ve 1977 tak is pad par rahe. 1980 men ve 'yojana ayog' ke sadasy bane. unhonne 1980-82 ke dauran kanada men bharatiy uchchayukt ki haisiyat se kary kiya. uchchayukt ki haisiyat se kary karate hue vah ek anubhavi rajanayik sabit hue aur unhonne bharat-kanada snbndhon ko sudridh karane men mahattvapoorn yogadan diya.

kendriy mntri

dhillon sitambar, 1985 men athavin lok sabha ke lie is bar phirojapur nirvachan kshetr se sadasy nirvachit hue. unhen shighr hi krishi mntri ke roop men kendriy mntrimndal men shamil kar liya gaya aur ve 12 mee, 1986 se 14 pharavari, 1988 tak is pad par rahe. kendriy mntri ke roop men dhillon ne apane dayitvon ka nirvahan utkrishtata se kiya.

samajik sakriyata

dhillon ne anek samajik, sanskritik aur shaikshanik snsthaon aur vidvat nikayon ko badhava dene men sakriy bhoomika nibhaee. ve sanh 1956 se pnjab vishvavidyalay, chndigadh, 1971-78 tatha punah 1985-86 ke dauran guru nanak dev vishvavidyalay, amritasar tatha 1968-69 ke dauran pnjabi vishvavidyalay, patiyala ke sindiket tatha sinet ke nirvachit sadasy rahe. unhen 1974-81 tatha 1984-86 ke dauran pnjab vishvavidyalay, chndigadh ke vidhi snkay ke "din" ka pad dharan karane ka gaurav bhi prapt hua tha. isake atirikt dhillon kuchh varshon tak yadavendr pablik skool, patiyala aur pablik skool, nabha ke shasi nikay ke sadasy rahe. ve any anek shaikshanik snsthaon ke karyakaran se bhi jude rahe. bahuayami vyaktitv ke dhani dhillon anek samajik gatividhiyon se jude rahe. ve jaliyanvala bag smarak nyas, amritasar ke sadasy the. prakand vidvanh ke roop men unhonne chaitrik abhinandan grnth ke sah-sampadak ke roop men kary kiya unhonne samayik chintan ke vishayon par anek pustikaon ka prakashan kiya aur lekh likhe. ve ek pragatishil kisan, ek khiladi tatha nagar vimanan aur glaiding klab ke snrakshak the. ek anubhavi svatntrata senani ke roop men unake dvara ki gee rashtr seva ka adar karate hue unhen tamrapatr se sammanit kiya gaya.

samman aur puraskar

dhillon ko pnjab vishvavidyalay ne 1969 men, pnjabi vishvavidyalay ne 1971 men tatha kurukshetr vishvavidyalay ne 1973 men el.el.di. ki manad upadhi se sammanit kiya. gurunanak dev vishvavidyalay, amritasar ne 1971 men unhen di. lit ki upadhi pradan ki. hamvolt vishvavidyalay, jarmani dvara 1973 men unhen 'daauktar aauph politikal sains' ki upadhi pradan ki gayi tatha 1973 men sung kyoonkvan vishvavidyalay (koriya ganarajy) dvara pi.ech.di. ki upadhi pradan ki gee. dhillon dvara antar-snsadiy sngh ke adarshon ko badhava dene ke lie kie ge utkrisht yogadan ka samman karate hue antar-snsadiy sngh ne unhen 1993 men nee dilli men hue 89 ven antar-snsadiy sammelan ke udghatan samaroh ke avasar par maranoparant antar-snsadiy sngh puraskar se sammanit kiya.

nidhan

daau. guradayal dhillon ka dehavasan 23 march, 1992 ko nee dilli men hua.


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