बलराम जाखड़  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

balaram jakhad
balaram jakhad
poora nam balaram jakhad
janm 23 agast, 1923
janm bhoomi phirozapur zila, pnjab
mrityu 3 faravari, 2016
nagarikata bharatiy
parti bharatiy rashtriy kangres
pad lokasabha adhyaksh aur madhyapradesh ke rajyapal
kary kal adhyaksh- 22 janavari, 1980 - 18 disambar, 1989 (das sal); rajyapal- 30 joon, 2004 se 29 joon, 2009 (panch sal)
shiksha snskrit aaunars men snatak
vidyalay phaauramen krishchiyan kalej, lahaur
bhasha angrezi, snskrit, hindi, urdoo aur pnjabi
puraskar-upadhi aaul indiya udyan pndit, 'daauktar aauph sains' aur 'vidya martand'
bahari kadiyan samakalin bharatiy rajaniti par "pipul, parliyament end edaministreshan" namak pramanik pustak likhi hai.
adyatan‎

balaram jakhad (angrezi: Balram Jakhar, janm: 23 agast, 1923; mrityu- 3 faravari, 2016) bharatiy rashtriy kangres ke varishth neta aur poorv lokasabha adhyaksh hain. ve madhy pradesh rajy ke rajyapal bhi rahe hain. daau. balaram jakhad ne satavin lok sabha ke lie apane sarvapratham nirvachan ke turant bad adhyaksh pad prapt karake apane snsadiy jivan ki shurooat karane ka gaurav prapt kiya. unhen lagatar do bar lok sabha men poorn avadhi ke lie sarvasammati se adhyaksh chune jane ka anootha samman bhi prapt hua. krishak se rajanitigy bane balaram jakhad ne lokasabha adhyaksh pad ki chunautiyon ka poori jivntata se mukabala kiya aur poorn garima, shalinata aur nishpakshata se sabha ki karyavahi ka snchalan kiya. unhonne apane dal men sakriy bhoomika nibhane tatha isake jarie desh ke samajik-rajanitik jivan men sakriy bane rahane ke lie varsh 1989 men adhyaksh pad ka tyag kar diya.

jivan parichay

balaram jakhad ka janm 23 agast, 1923 ko pnjab rajy ke phirojapur zile men pnjakosi ganv men hua tha. unaka shaikshik jivan bahut pratibhashali raha. unhonne varsh 1945 men phaauramen krishchiyan kalej, lahaur se snskrit aaunars men snatak ki upadhi prapt ki. vah, vastutah bahubhashavidh hain aur unhen angrezi, snskrit, hindi, urdoo aur pnjabi ka gahan gyan hai. jakhad moolatah ek krishak aur vishesh roop se phalodyani hain. snatak star tak shiksha grahan karane ke pashchath unhonne apane krishi ke parivarik vyavasay ko apanaya tatha apani krishi-bhoomi par phalon aur angooron ke bagon ke vikas ke lie adhunik takanikon ka prayog kiya. anek varshon tak kathor parishram karake vah arase se bnjar padi zaminon ko hare-bhare charagahon tatha phalate-phoolate phalodyanon aur angooron ke bagon men parivartit karane men saphal hue jisase unaki paidavar kee guna badh gee. phal ugane ke kshetr men jakhad ki sevaon ko rashtriy manyata tab prapt huee, jab varsh 1975 men unhen bharat ke rashtrapati dvara "aaul indiya udyan pndit" ki upadhi pradan ki gee. isi varsh unhen vashingatan men krishi utpadakon ke antararashtriy sammelan men bhag lene vale krishak shishtamndal ke netritv ke lie chuna gaya. isi avadhi ke dauran vah pnjab sahakari angoor utpadak mahasngh tatha rajy ke krishak mnch ke adhyaksh bhi chune ge. krishi ke kshetr men unake yogadan ko manyata pradan karate hue unhen hariyana krishi vishvavidyalay, hisar aur gurukul kangadi vishvavidyalay, haridvar dvara kramashah "daauktar aauph sains" aur "vidya martand" ki manad upadhiyan pradan ki geen.

rajanitik parichay

krishak samuday ke bich unaki netritv ki bhoomika ne hi antatah shri balaram jakhad ko rashtriy star par sakriy rajanitik bhoomika nibhane ke lie agrasar kiya. jakhad varsh 1972 men pnjab vidhan sabha ke lie nirvachit hue aur tab hi se unaka vidhayi jivan shuroo hua. vidhan sabha ke lie unake nirvachan ke ek varsh ke bhitar hi unhen sahakarita, sinchaee aur vidyut upamntri ke roop men mntriparishad men shamil kar liya gaya. vah varsh 1977 tak mntri rahe. varsh 1977 men vidhan sabha ke lie punah nirvachit hone par unhen kangres (i.) vidhan mndal parti ke neta ke roop men chun liya gaya aur us haisiyat se unhen pnjab vidhan sabha men vipaksh ke neta ke roop men manyata prapt huee. is pad par vah janavari 1980 men tab tak rahe jab unhen phirojapur snsadiy nirvachan kshetr se satavin lok sabha ke lie chuna gaya. is dauran, pnjab ke mamalon men ek rajanitik karyakarta, vidhayak, mntri aur vipaksh ke neta ke roop men apani sakriy bhoomika ke madhyam se jakhad pahale hi apane ap ko ek dooradarshi aur saksham prashasak siddh kar chuke the.

lokasabha adhyaksh

balaram jakhad ko 22 janavari, 1980 ko satavin lok sabha ka adhyaksh nirvachit kiya gaya. yadyapi jakhad ko pithasin adhikari ke roop men pichhala koee anubhav nahin tha, tathapi unhen saunpi gee nee bhoomika ke bahut bade uttaradayitv se vah bilkul bhi vichalit nahin hue. apane yatharthaparak bhoomika-bodh, svayn men poorn vishvas aur apani sahaj samany soojh-boojh ke dvara jakhad sabha ke pithasin adhikari ke roop men apane karttavyon ka nirvahan karate rahe. unhen is bat ki poori janakari thi ki adhyaksh ka pad us lok sabha ke sucharoo aur prabhavi karyakaran men ek mahattvapoorn bhoomika nibhata hai, jisamen vividh bhasha, snskriti, dharm, kshetr aur samajik-rajanitik prishthabhoomi vale sadasy chunakar ate hain.

das sal rahe lokasabha adhyaksh

jakhad ne satavin lok sabha men sadan ki karyavahi ka jis tarike se snchalan kiya, usaki sarvatr sarahana ki gee aur vah sabha ke sabhi vargon ke priy ban ge. isalie, disambar, 1984 ke am chunav men unake is bar rajasthan ke sikar snsadiy nirvachan kshetr se lok sabha ke lie punah nirvachit hone par vah nee sabha ki bhi adhyakshata karane ke lie svabhavik pasnd bane. 16 janavari, 1985 ko unhen ek bar phir sarvasammati se athavin lok sabha ka adhyaksh nirvachit kiya gaya. disambar, 1989 men athavin lok sabha ka karyakal poora hone par jab jakhad ne adhyaksh pad ka tyag kiya to unhen svatntr bharat men lagatar do bar lok sabha ki poorn avadhi ke lie bane rahane vale ek matr adhyaksh ka anootha gaurav prapt hua. yah avadhi (arthath 22 janavari, 1980 se 18 disambar, 1989 tak) ek dashak se matr ek mah kam thi.

adhyaksh karyakal

adhyaksh ke roop men balaram jakhad ke karyakal men lok sabha men anek prakriyatmak navinataen aur pahal bhi dekhane ko milin. sanh 1952 ke bad pahali bar, adhyaksh balaram jakhad ki pahal par sanh 1989 men lok sabha ke prakriya tatha kary snchalan niyamon ki vistrit samiksha ki gayi aur mee, 1989 men unamen anek parivartan shamil kiye gaye. unake karyakal ke dauran sanh 1985 men snsad dvara dal-badal virodhi qanoon parit kiya gaya jisake antargat sadasyon ko dal-badal ke adhar par nirarh karane ka upabndh kiya gaya tha. lok sabha sadasy (dal-badal ke adhar par nirarh kiya jana) niyam, 1985 ko 18 march, 1986 se lagoo kiya gaya.

krishi mntri

varsh 1991 ke am chunavon men balaram jakhad sikar nirvachan kshetr se lok sabha ke lie ek bar phir nirvachit hue aur nee sarakar men krishi mntri bane. varsh 1991-96 ki avadhi ke dauran kendriy krishi mntri ke roop men jakhad ki mukhy chinta bharatiy kisanon, jinaki snkhya desh ki kul janasnkhya ka lagabhag 80 pratishat hai, ke hiton ki raksha karana tha. unhonne kisanon ke hiton ko snsad tatha sarakar ke samaksh saphalatapoorvak rakha tatha unaki raksha ki. unhonne sarakar dvara, jisaka vah bhi ek hissa the, shuroo kiye ge arthavyavastha ke udarikaran ke karan kisanon ko di jane vali raj-sahayata men katauti karane ke rashtriy tatha antararashtriy, donon prakar ke dabavon ka kada pratirodh kiya. unaka dridh vishvas tha ki desh ke kisanon ki kimat par udyogon ko protsahan nahin dena chahie. krishi mntri ke roop men anek shishtamandalon ka any deshon men netritv karane ke alava unhonne matsyiki tatha krishi se snbndhit vibhinn antararashtriy sammelanon men bharat ka pratinidhitv kiya.

madhy pradesh ke rajyapal

kangres tatha rashtriy rajaniti men ek varishth neta tatha pratishthit sansad hone ke alava jakhad madhy pradesh ke rajyapal (30 joon, 2004 se 29 joon, 2009) bhi rajyapal bhi rahe aur sath hi sathabharat krishak samaj ke adhyaksh tatha jaliyavala bag smarak nyas ki prabndh samiti ke adhyaksh bhi rahe hain.

lekhan kary

yahan yah ullekhaniy hai ki unaka vyast sarvajanik jivan unake lekhan jaise vidvatapoorn karyon men kabhi badha nahin bana aur unhonne samakalin bharatiy rajaniti par "pipul, parliyament end edaministreshan " namak pramanik pustak likhi hai.

nidhan

poorv lokasabha adhyaksh aur kangres neta balaram jakhad ka nidhan 93 varsh ki ayu men 3 faravari, 2016 men hua. ve kafi lnbe samay se bren strok ki bimari se joojh rahe the.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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