रवि राय  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ravi ray
ravi ray
poora nam ravi ray
janm 26 navnbar, 1926
janm bhoomi puri, udisa
nagarikata bharatiy
parti janata dal (es)
pad lokasabha adhyaksh
kary kal 19 disnbar, 19899 julaee, 1991
shiksha bi.e. (itihas) aur vakalat
vidyalay madhusoodan laau kaaulej, ravenashaau kaaulej, katak
bhasha udiya, hindi tatha angreji
any janakari pradhanamntri moraraji desaee ki sarakar men 'svasthy aur parivar kalyan mntri' bhi rahe.
adyatan‎

ravi ray (angrezi: Rabi Ray, janm: 26 navnbar, 1926) ek rajanitigy aur poorv lokasabha adhyaksh hain. nauvin lokasabha ke chunavon ne bharat ke snsadiy lokatntr men ek ne yug ka sootrapat kiya. koee bhi ek rajanitik dal sadan men poorn bahumat prapt nahin kar saka aur is prakar bharatiy snsad ke itihas men pahali bar, "trishnku snsad" bani. is abhootapoorv rajanitik anishchitata ke bavajood, lok sabha ke sadasyon ne dalagat bhavanaon se oopar uthakar shri ravi ray ko sarvasammati se nauvin lok sabha ka adhyaksh banaya. antarnihit sadagi tatha paradarshi nishkapatata se snpann ravi ray ne apane nishpaksh tatha vivekapoorn ravaiye se adhyaksh pad ke samman tatha garima men vriddhi ki.

jivan parichay

ravi ray ka janm 26 navambar, 1926 ko udisa men bhagavan jagannath ki nagari ke roop men vikhyat zila puri ke bhanagadh ganv men hua. unhonne rajy ke ek utkrisht mahavidyalay, ravenashaau kaaulej, katak se itihas men snatak ki upadhi prapt ki aur bad men katak ke madhusoodan laau kaaulej men qanoon ki shiksha grahan ki. unake bhavi rajanitik saphar ki shurooat us samay huee jab 1948-49 men ravenashaau kaaulej chhatr sngh ke adhyaksh pad par aur tatpashchath 1949-50 men madhusoodan laau kaaulej chhatr sngh ke pratham adhyaksh ke roop men unaka nirvachan hua. ravi ray any deshavasiyon ki bhanti svatntrata sngharsh ki or akrisht hue. deshabhakti aur desh-prem ka atirek aur videshi shasan ke prati ghrina ka bhav chhatr-kal se hi unamen koot-koot kar bhara hua tha. varsh 1947 ke prarambh men, snatak shiksha prapt karate hue unhonne rashtriy jhnda phaharane ke silasile men giraphtari di. halanki desh men tab bhi videshi shasan tha, tathapi british sarakar ko antatah shaikshanik snsthaon men tirnga phaharane ki chhatron ki mang ke samane jhukana pada.

rajanitik parichay

kaaulej ke dinon se hi samajavad men prabal vishvas rakhane vale ravi ray 1948 men soshalist parti men ek sadasy ke roop men bharti hue. netritv ka antarjat gun hone aur samajavadi karyon ke prati gahan vachanabaddhata ke karan ve samajavadi andolan men hamesha age rahe. varsh 1953-54 ke dauran ve akhil bharatiy samajavadi yuvak sabha ke snyukt sachiv ke pad par karyarat rahe. varsh 1956 men unhonne daau. ram manohar lohiya ke netritv men udisa men soshalist parti ki sthapana ki. us avadhi ke dauran vah soshalist parti ki rashtriy karyakarini ke sadasy bhi rahe. bad men 1960 men unhonne lagabhag ek varsh ke lie dal ke mahasachiv ka karyabhar snbhala.

lokasabha sansad

bharatiy snsad ke sath ravi ray pahale-pahal 1967 men jude jab udisa rajy ke puri nirvachan kshetr se chauthi lok sabha ke lie unaka nirvachan hua. us avadhi ke dauran ve snyukt soshalist parti (es.es.pi.) ke snsadiy dal ke neta bhi rahe. apani spashtavadita, nishkapat vicharon aur sakaratmak virodh ke lie vikhyat ravi ray vagmakaushal se sampann sansad the. snsadiy vad-vivad aur balki samooche rashtriy jan-jivan men unaka yogadan jitana vyapak tha, utana hi susamriddh bhi tha. varsh 1974 men udisa rajy se unaka rajy sabha ke lie chunav hua aur varsh 1980 men unhonne apani sadasyata ka sampoorn karyakal poora kiya.

svasthy aur parivar kalyan mntri

varsh 1977 men chhathi lok sabha ke lie hue am chunavon ke parinamasvaroop kendr men ek nayi rajanitik vyavastha qayam huee. svatntrata prapti ke bad se lagatar rashtriy rajanitik kshitij par chhae hue kangres dal ko pahali bar kendriy satta se hath dhona pada aur tatpashchath janata parti ki sarakar bani. ravi ray ki nisvarth seva se prabhavit hokar pradhanamntri moraraji desaee ne janavari, 1979 men unhen svasthy aur parivar kalyan mntri ki haisiyat se apane mntrimndal men shamil kiya aur unhonne janavari, 1980 tak yah kary-bhar snbhala. ve 1977-80 ki avadhi ke dauran janata parti ke mahasachiv bhi rahe.

lokasabha adhyaksh

nauvin lok sabha ke lie am chunav 1989 men hue aur ravi ray udisa ke kendrapada nirvachan kshetr se janata dal ke tikat par lok sabha men punah nirvachit hue. dinank 19 disambar, 1989 ko sarvasammati se nauvin lok sabha ke adhyaksh pad ke lie unaka chunav hua. is uchch pad ki kadi jimmedari aur nishpakshata ke bare men jagarook ravi ray ne sadasyon ko ashvast kiya ki jab tak ve adhyaksh pad par rahenge, vah dalagat rajaniti se oopar uthakar kary karenge aur sabake prati nishpaksh rahenge. halanki ravi ray adhyaksh pad par keval sadhe pandrah mahine ki alpavadhi ke lie hi asin rahe tathapi unhen pratyek satr men bahut si chunautiyon ka samana karana pada aur unhonne isaka samana kushalata aur dridhata se kiya. kuchh pechida prakriyatmak aur tatsnbndhi muddon par nirnay dene ke alava unhonne kuchh nee prathaon ki shuruat bhi ki jisase am janata ki ashaon aur akankshaon ko pratibinbit karane vali snstha ke roop men snsad ke karyakaran men nishchit roop se aur adhik nikhar aya.

adhyakshata ke dauran

adhyaksh ki haisiyat se ravi ray dvara lie ge sarvadhik mahattvapoorn aur dooragami nirnay janata dal ke vibhajan ke uparant kuchh sadasyon ki lok sabha ki sadasyata samapt kie jane ke mudde se snbndhit hain. dinank 6 navambar, 1990 ko janata dal ka vibhajan hone ke bad 58 sadasyon ne yah dava kiya ki unhonne janata dal ke ek alag gut ka pratinidhitv karane vale dal ka gathan kar liya hai aur unhonne is dal ka nam janata dal (es) rakha hai. vibhajan ke samay aur sadasyata samapt kiye jane ke samay ke bare men dave aur javabi-dave kie ge. in jatil muddon se nipatane men adhyaksh ravi ray ko kathinaee huee, kintu atyadhik jimmedari ki bhavana dikhate hue unhonne is bare men nirnay lene se pahale is mudde ke sabhi pahaluon ki tatasthatapoorvak janch ki. nishpaksh roop se nirnay karane ki kshamata men unaki qanooni janakari ne kafi sahayata ki. vastav men yah ek abhootapoorv nirnay tha. adhyaksh pad par rahate hue ravi ray ne sadan ke prakriya evn kary-snchalan snbndhi niyamon men katipay parivartan kie taki sadasyon ko lokahit ke mahattvapoorn evn avashyak muddon ko sadan men uthane ke adhik se adhik avasar mil saken.

samajik sakriyata

ravi ray bahut si sarakari aur gair-sarakari snsthaon ke sath vibhinn padon par lambe arase se sakriy roop se jude hue hain. varsh 1974 men ve kendriy resham bord ke sadasy the tatha varsh 1977-78 ke dauran pres kaunsil ke cheyaramain rahe. varsh 1975 men ve lok lekha samiti ke bhi sadasy rahe aur 1977-78 ke dauran lokapal vidheyak par bani snyukt pravar samiti ke sadasy rahe. samaj kalyan sngathanon men kriyashil rahate hue ve lohiya akadami tatha gram vikas phaundeshan ke adhyaksh bhi rahe. ravi ray adarshavad aur manavatavad se jude karyakarta hain. samajavad unake lie mahaj ek bauddhik vichar hi nahin hai apitu vastavik jivan men bhi unhonne ise apanaya hai. unaka yah dridh vishvas hai ki shoshit varg ki dasha ko sudharane ke lie samajavad bahut hi prabhavashali sadhan hai. apane arambhik varshon men unhonne svaichchhik shram jutakar ganvon men sadaken banana adi jaise bahut se rachanatmak karyon men bhi bhag liya. unhonne adhyayan kendr tatha yuva klab jaise "samajavadi nirman kendr" adi bhi shuroo kie, taki samajavadi paddhati ke adhar par ek sudridh tatha vyapak yuva evn kisan andolan ka uday ho sake. yadyapi dasavin lok sabha ke bad ravi ray chunavon men khade nahin hue kintu rajanitik karyakarta ke roop men ve buddhijivi mnchon men bhag lete rahe hain. ve 1997 se ek gair-rajanitik sngathan, lok shakti abhiyan ke madhyam se uchch padon par bhrashtachar, atyadhik kendrikaran tatha patanonmukh upabhoktavadi snskriti ke viruddh jan andolan ka netritv kar rahe hain.

lekhan evn snpadan

adhyayan evn gandhivadi nitiyon par adharit samajik gatividhiyon men bhag lene tatha any ruchiyon ke atirikt sahity ke kshetr men bhi unaki upalabdhiyan rahi hain. unhonne udiya bhasha ki ek masik patrika "samata" tatha tatkalin soshalist parti dvara nikali jane vali hindi saptahik patrika "chaukhamba" ka sampadan kiya. snsadiy kootaniti par unake dvara likhi gee pustak kafi charchit rahi. ve hamare rashtriy jivan ke sabhi kshetron men satyanishtha tatha paradarshita sunishchit karane ke lie desh ke vibhinn bhagon ka bhi daura karate rahe hain. ve udiya, hindi tatha angreji ki vibhinn pramukh patrikaon men samakalin rajanitik tatha samajik muddon par bhi niyamit roop se lekh likhate rahate hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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