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udisa uchch nyayalay, katak

katak bharat ke vartaman udisa rajy ki madhyayugin rajadhani tha, jise 'padmavati' bhi kahate the. yah nagar mahanadi v usaki sahayak nadi kathajoodi ke milan sthal par basa hai. apani 'tarakashi kala' ke lie katak bahut prasiddh hai. yah udisa ki rajadhani bhuvaneshvar se 30 kilomitar ki doori par havada relamarg par sthit hai prachinata evn adhunikata ka ek vishesh mishran yahan par dekha ja sakata hai.

itihas

udisa ki prachin rajadhani katak ka itihas lagabhag hazar varshon se bhi purana bataya jata hai. katak ki sthapana keshari vnshiy raja nripati keshari dvara 941 ee. men ki gee thi. katak ke pas hi virupa nadi bahati hai, jo apane prachin bandh ke karan jani jati hai. yahan ek prachin durg bhi hai, lekin ab isake keval dhvnsavashesh hi shesh rah gaye hain. gng vnsh ke shasak anng bhimadev dvara nirmit 'barabati' namak qile ke khandahar yahan se ek mil door kathajoodi ke tat par hain. bhimadev ne 1180 ee. men yah qila banavaya tha. kaha jata hai ki vartaman puri ke jagannath mandir ka nirman bhi usi ne karavaya tha. katak mugalon ke patan ke bad marathon ke adhikar men a gaya tha.

samay ke sath-sath marathon ka rajy katak men phailata gaya. angrezon ke sath vyapar ke dauran maratha shasakon ne rajy men kee akarshak mndiron ka nirman bhi karavaya tha. angrezon ne jab udisa par apana rajy sthapit kiya, tab katak ko udisa ki rajadhani ghoshit kar diya gaya tha. parntu kisi karan se angrez katak se apani rajadhani bhuvaneshvar le ge. pahale katak men 'juang' janajati ke log raha karate the. [1]

hastashilp

katak apani sundar hastashilp kala ke lie prasiddh hai. pipali ganv men vibhinn prakar ki kalakriti dekhi ja sakati hain. kala ke ye roop 'sarakar enporiyam'[2] men dekhe ja sakate hain.

paryatan sthal

katak kalektoret

katak apane aitihasik sthanon ke liye bahut prasiddh raha hai. yahan par kee sthan hain, jo ki paryatan ki drishti se bahut mahattvapoorn hain-

barabati qila

'barabati qile ke bare men bataya jata hai ki 12vin shatabdi ke poorv gng rajy ke samay men isaka nirman karavaya gaya tha. san 1560 se 1568 ke bich raja mukundadev ne is qile ke parisar men atirikt nirman karavakar ise vishal roop pradan kiya tha. ek lambe samay tak yah qila afaganiyon, mugalon aur maratha rajaon ke adhin raha tha. san 1803 ee. men angrezon ne is qile kon marathon se chhin liya. isake pashchath angrez bhuvaneshvar chale ge aur yah qila upeksha ka shikar hota raha. aj bhi qile ke khndahar is bat ki gavahi dete hain ki kabhi yah imarat bulnd rahi thi.

katak men hi netaji subhashachandr bos ne janm liya tha, jinaka ghar vartaman samay men smarak ke roop men paryatakon ke liye khula rahata hai. yah bhi manyata hai ki sikkhon ke pahale guru gurunanak dev jagannathapuri jate samay kuchh samay ke liye yahan thahare the. unhonne jo datoon prayog karane ke bad yahan phenk di thi, usase vahan par ek ped ug aya tha. us jagah gurudvara banavaya gaya tha. vartaman men yah 'gurudvara datoon saheb' ke nam se prasiddh hai. gurudvare ko 'kaliyaboda gurudvara' ke nam se bhi sambodhit kiya jata hai.[3]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. aitihasik sthanavali |lekhak: vijayendr kumar mathur |prakashak: rajasthan hindi grnth akadami, jayapur |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 125-126 |
  2. mndi
  3. shrivastav, pradip. adhunik katak shahar (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 22 mee, 2012.

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