हरिद्वार  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

haridvar
har ki paudi, haridvar
vivaran 'haridvar' uttarakhand ka prasiddh dharmik nagar hai. yah nagar hinduon ki dharmik astha ka pramukh kendr hai. snpoorn haridvar men siddhapith, shaktipith aur anek ne purane mndir bane hue hain.
rajy uttarakhand
zila haridvar
prasiddhi hindoo dharmik sthal
kab jaen sitambar se joon
havaee adda jaauli grant havaeeadda
relave steshan haridvar
kya dekhen har ki paudi, manasa devi mndir, maya devi shaktipith adi.
es.ti.di. kod 01334
pinakod 249403
vahan pnjikaran UK 08
any janakari bharat ke pauranik grnthon aur upanishadon men haridvar ko 'mayapuri' kaha gaya hai. kaha jata hai samudr mnthan se prapt kiya gaya amrit yahan gira tha. isi karan yahan kunbh ka mela ayojit kiya jata hai.

haridvar uttarakhnd men sthit bharat ke sat sabase pavitr tirth sthalon men se ek hai. pavitr gnga nadi ke kinare base 'haridvar' ka shabdik arth hai- 'hari tak pahunchane ka dvar'. yah shahar, pashchimottar uttaranchal rajy[1], uttari bharat men sthit hai. haridvar ko "dharm ki nagari" mana jata hai. saikadon varshon se log moksh ki talash men is pavitr bhoomi men ate rahe hain. is shahar ki pavitr nadi gnga men dubaki lagane aur apane papon ka nash karane ke lie varsh bhar shraddhaluon ka ana-jana yahan laga rahata hai. gnga nadi pahadi ilakon ko pichhe chhodati huee haridvar se hi maidani kshetr men pravesh karati hai. uttarakhnd kshetr ke char pramukh tirth sthalon ka pravesh dvar haridvar hi hai. snpoorn haridvar men siddhapith, shaktipith aur anek ne purane mndir bane hue hain.

prachinata

'haridvar' shivalik pahadiyon ke kod men basa hua hindoo dharm ke anuyayiyon ka prasiddh prachin tirth sthan hai. yahan pahadiyon se nikal kar bhagirathi gnga pahali bar maidani kshetr men ati hai. gnga ke uttari bhag men base hue 'badarinarayan' tatha 'kedaranath' namak bhagavan vishnu aur shiv ke prasiddh tirthon ke liye isi sthan se marg jata hai. isilie ise 'haridvar' tatha 'haradvar' donon hi namon se abhihit kiya jata hai. haridvar ka prachin pauranik nam 'maya' ya 'mayapuri' hai, jisaki sapt mokshadayini puriyon men ganana ki jati thi. haridvar ka ek bhag aj bhi 'mayapuri' nam se prasiddh hai. snbhavatah maya ka hi chini yatri yuvanachvang ne 'mayoor' nam se varnan kiya hai. mahabharat men haridvar ko 'gngadvar' kaha gaya hai. is grnth men is sthan ka prakhyat tirthon ke sath ullekh hai.[2] kintu haridvar nam bhi avashy hi prachin hai, kyonki 'harivnshapuran' men 'haradvar' ya 'haridvar' ka tirth roop men varnan hai-

"haridvare kushavarte nilake bhillaparvate. snatva kanakhale tirthe punarjanm n vidyate."

isi prakar 'matsyapuran' men bhi-

"sarvatr sulabha gnga tripu sthaneshu dnrlabha, haridvare prayage ch gngasagarasngamen."


kintu yuvanachvang ke samay tak (7vin shati ee.) 'haradvar' ka 'mayapuri' nam hi adhik prachalit tha. madhy kal men is sthan ki kee prachin bastiyon ko, jinamen 'mayapuri', 'kanakhal', 'jvalapur' aur 'bhimagoda' mukhy hain, samoohik roop se 'haridvar' kaha jane laga tha. haridvar ka sada se hi rishiyon ki tapobhoomi mana jata raha hai. kaha jata hai ki svargarohan se poorv devi lakshmi ne 'lakshman jhoola' sthan ke nikat tapasya ki thi.

pauranik ullekh

bharat ke pauranik grnthon aur upanishadon men haridvar ko 'mayapuri' kaha gaya hai. kaha jata hai samudr mnthan se prapt kiya gaya amrit yahan gira tha. isi karan yahan kunbh ka mela ayojit kiya jata hai. barah varsh men ayojit hone vale kunbh ke mele ka yah mahattvapoorn sthal hai. pichhala kunbh ka mela 1998 men ayojit kiya gaya tha. agala kunbh ka mela 2010 men yahan ayojit kiya gya tha. haridvar men hi raja dhritarashtr ke mantri vidur ne maitri muni ke yahan adhyayan kiya tha. kapil muni ne bhi yahan tapasya ki thi.
arati kunbh mela, haridvar
Aarti Kumbh Mela, Haridwar
isalie is sthan ko kapilasthan bhi kaha jata hai. kaha jata hai ki raja shvet ne har ki paudi men bhagavan brahma ki pooja ki thi. raja ki bhakti se prasann hokar brahma ne jab varadan mangane ko kaha to raja ne varadan manga ki is sthan ko eeshvar ke nam se jana jae. tab se har ki paudi ke jal ko brahmakund ke nam se bhi jana jata hai.

dharmik sthal

har ki paudi

yah sthan bharat ke sabase pavitr ghaton men ek hai. kaha jata hai ki yah ghat vikramadity ne apane bhaee bhatrihari ki yad men banavaya tha. is ghat ko 'brahmakund' ke nam se bhi jana jata hai. vaise to gnga men nahane ko hi moksh dene vala mana jata hai lekin kinvadanti hai ki har ki paudi men snan karane se janm janm ke pap dhul jate hain. sham ke vaqt yahan mahaarati ayojit ki jati hai. gnga nadi men bahate asnkhy sunahare dipon ki abha yahan behad akarshak lagati hai. haridvar ki sabase anokhi chiz hai sham hone vali gnga ki arati. har sham hazaron dipakon ke sath gnga ki arati ki jati hai. pani men dikhaee deti diyon ki roshani hazaron timatimate taron ki tarah lagati hai. haridvar men bahut sare mndir aur ashram hain.

manasa devi ka mndir

haridvar ka manachitr
Haridwar Map

har ki paudi ke pichhe ke balava parvat ki choti par manasa devi ka mndir bana hai. mndir tak jane ke lie paidal rasta hai. mndir jane ke lie rop ve bhi hai. pahad ki choti se haridvar ka khoobasoorat nazara dekha ja sakata hai. devi manasa devi ki ek pratima ke tin mukh aur panch bhujaen hain jabaki any pratima ki ath bhujaen hain.

chndi devi mndir

gnga nadi ke doosari or nil parvat par yah mndir bana hua hai. yah mndir kashmir ke raja suchet sinh dvara 1929 ee. men banavaya gaya tha. kaha jata hai ki adishnkarachary ne athavin shatabdi men chndi devi ki mool pratima yahan sthapit karavaee thi. kivadntiyon ke anusar chndi devi ne shunbh nishunbh ke senapati chnd aur mund ko yahin mara tha. chndighat se 3 kilomitar ki traiking ke bad yahan pahuncha ja sakata hai. ab is mndir ke lie bhi rop ve bhi bana diya gaya hai. rop ve ke bad badi snkhya men log mndir men jane lage hain.

maya devi mndir

maya devi mndir bharat ke pramukh shaktipithon men ek hai. kaha jata hai ki shiv ki patni sati ka hriday aur nabhi yahin gira tha. maya devi ko haridvar ki adhishthatri devi mana jata hai, jisaka itihas 11 shatabdi se upalabdh hai. mndir ke bagal men 'annd bhairav ka mndir' bhi hai. parv-tyoharon ke samay badi snkhya men shraddhalu maya devi mndir ke darshan karane ko pahunchate hain. prachin kal se maya devi mndir men devi ki pindi virajaman hai aur 18vin shatabdi men is mndir men devi ki moortiyon ki pran pratishtha ki gee. is mndir men dharmik anushthan ke sath hi tntr sadhana bhi ki jati hai. haridvar men bhagavati ki nabhi giri thi, isalie is sthan ko brahmand ka kendr bhi mana jata hai. haridvar ki raksha ke lie ek adbhut trikon vidyaman hai. is trikon ke do bindu parvaton par man manasa aur man chndi raksha kavach ke roop men sthit hain to vahin trikon ka shikhar dharati ki or hai aur usi adhomukh shikhar par bhagavati maya asin hain.

saptrishi ashram

is ashram ke samane gnga nadi sat dharaon men bahati hai isalie is sthan ko sapt sagar bhi kaha jata hai. mana jata hai ki jab gnga nadi bahati huee a rahi thin to yahan sat rishi gahan tapasya men lin the. gnga ne unaki tapasya men vighn nahin dala aur svayn ko sat hisson men vibhajit kar apana marg badal liya. isalie ise 'saph‍t sagar' bhi kaha jata hai.

daksh mahadev mndir, haridvar
Daksh Mahadev Temple, Haridwar

daksh mahadev mndir

yah prachin mndir nagar ke dakshin men sthit hai. sati ke pita raja daksh ki yad men yah mndir banavaya gaya hai. kivadntiyon ke anusar sati ke pita raja daksh ne yahan ek vishal ygy ka ayojan kiya tha. ygy men unhonne shiv ko nahin amantrit kiya. apane pati ka apaman dekh sati ne ygy kund men atmadah kar liya. isase shiv ke anuyayi gan uttejit ho ge aur daksh ko mar dala. bad men shiv ne unhen punarjivit kar diya.

chila vanyajiv abhayarany

prakriti premiyon ke lie haridvar men rajaji neshanal park bhi hai. rajaji rashtriy park ke antargat yah abhayarany ata hai jo lagabhag 240 varg kilomitar ke kshetr men phaila hua hai. yahan 23 stanapayi aur 315 vany jivon ki prajatiyan paee jati hain. yahan hathi, taigar, tendua, jngali billi, sanbhar, chital, barkig di‍yar, lngoor adi janavar hain. anumati lekar yahan phishing ka bhi annd liya ja sakata hai.

shikshan snsthan

yahan par rudaki vishvavidyalay[3], sarakari ayurvedik kaaulej aur rishikul ayurvedik kaaulej sahit anek kaaulej hain. yahan par prasiddh gurukul kangadi vishvavidyalay bhi hai.

gurukul kangadi vishvavidyalay

gnga nadi, haridvar
Ganga River, Haridwar

yah vishvavidyalay shiksha ka ek pramukh kendr hai. yahan parnparik bharatiy paddhati se shiksha pradan ki jati hai. vishvavidyalay ke parisar men ved mndir bana hua hai. yahan puratattv snbndhi anek vastuen dekhi ja sakati hain. yah vishvavidyalay haridvar-jvalapur baeepas rod par sthit hai.

kaise pahunchen

  • yatri vayumarg, relamarg ya sadakamarg dvara haridvar pahunch sakate hain. is sthan ka sabase nikatatam ghareloo havaee adda 'jaauli grant havaeeadda' hai, jo lagabhag 20 ki.mi. door sthit hai. yah dilli ke 'indira gandhi antarrashtriy havaeeadde' se bhi niyamit udanon dvara juda hua hai.
  • sabase nikatatam relave steshan haridvar relave steshan hai, jo bharat ke sabhi mukhy shaharon se juda hua hai.
  • desh ke vibhinn bhagon se bason dvara bhi yahan pahuncha ja sakata hai. isake alava nee dilli se haridvar ke lie niyamit antaral par dilaks basen upalabdh hain.

mausam

haridvar men garmiyon men garmi evn sardiyon men atyadhik thnd padati hai aur manasoon men vatavaran men adrata hoti hai. haridvar men bhraman ke liye manasoon achchha samay nahin hai, kyonki is dauran mausam bahut asuvidhajanak hota hai. haridvar men bhraman karane ke lie sitambar se lekar joon ki bich ka samay sabase upayukt hai, kyonki is samay yahan mausam suhavana hota hai.

janasnkhya

haridvar ki janasnkhya 2001 ki janaganana ke anusar 1,75,010 hai. aur haridvar zile ki kul janasnkhya 14,44,213 hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. uttar pradesh se alag kar navagathit rajy
  2. aitihasik sthanavali se pej snkhya 1007| vijayendr kumar mathur | vaigyanik tatha takaniki shabdavali ayog | manav snsadhan vikas mntralay, bharat sarakar
  3. eshiya ka sabase purana sivil injiniyaring kaaulej

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