हल्द्वानी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

haldvani
haldvani ka ek drishy
vivaran 'haldvani' uttarakhand ka prasiddh nagar tatha paryatan sthal hai. uttar bharat ki sabase badi phal, sabji aur anaj mndiyon men se kee yahan hain.
rajy uttarakhand
zila nainital
sthapana 1834
bhaugolik sthiti samudr tal se lagabhag 424 mitar ki oonchaee par sthit
bhasha hindi, kumayoonni, pnjabi
pin nambar 263139
any janakari haldvani ko "kumaoon ka pravesh dvar" kaha jata hai. yah uttarakhand ke sarvadhik janasnkhya vale nagaron men se hai. aj yah sabase bada vyaparik shahar ban chuka hai aur isaka vistar din-b-din badhata hi ja raha hai.

haldvani uttarakhand rajy ke nainital zile men sthit prasiddh nagar hai. ise kumaoonni bhasha men haldveni bhi kaha jata hai, kyonki yahan 'haldoo' prachur matra men paya jata tha. yah nagar kathagodam ke sath milakar haldvani-kathagodam nagar nigam banata hai. 1891 ee. tak alag nainital zile ke banane se pahale tak haldvani kumaoon zile ka bhag tha, jise ab almoda zile ke nam se jana jata hai. haldvani ko "kumaoon ka pravesh dvar" kaha jata hai. yah uttarakhand ke sarvadhik janasnkhya vale nagaron men se hai. aj yah sabase bada vyaparik shahar ban chuka hai aur isaka vistar din-b-din badhata hi ja raha hai. deharadoon, lakhanoo, aur rashtriy rajadhani dilli se sadak marg tatha dilli, lakhanoo, aur agara se relamarg dvara juda hone ke karan haldvani uttarakhand ka ek pramukh vyavasayik kendr ban chuka hai.

itihas

haldvani shahar ki sthapana san 1834 men huee thi. us samay haldvani "pahad ka bazar" nam se jana jata tha. tab yahan 'haldoo' ke ped adhik snkhya men paye jate the, jis karan is sthan ka nam 'haldvani' pada. mugal itihasakaron ne is bat ka ullekh kiya hai ki 14vin shatabdi men ek sthaniy raja gyan chand, jo chand raj-vnsh se sambndhit tha, dilli saltanat padhara aur use bhabhar-taraee tak ka kshetr us samay ke sultan se bhent svaroo mila. bad men mugalon dbara pahadon par chadhaee karane ka prayas kiya gaya, lekin kshetr ki kathin pahadi bhoomi ke karan ve is kary men saphalata prapt nahin kar sake.

rel yatayat ki shuruat

varsh 1856 ee. men sar henari raimse ne kumaoon ke ayukt ka padabhar snbhala. 1857 ke pratham bharatiy svatntrata sngram ke dauran is kshetr par thode samay ke liye roohelakhnd ke vidrohiyon ne adhikar kar liya tha. isake pashchath sar henari raimse dvara yahan marshal laau laga diya gaya aur 1858 tak is kshetr ko vidrohiyon se mukt kara liya gaya. isake bad 1882 men raimse ne nainital aur kathagodam ko sadak marg se jod diya aur phir 1883-1884 bareli aur kathagodam ke bich relamarg bichhaya gaya. 24 aprail, 1884 ke din pahali relagadi lakhanoo se haldvani pahunchi aur bad men relamarg kathagodam tak badha diya gaya.

nagarapalika ka gathan

nagaranigam haldvani kathagodam notiphaeet snkhya 164-66-64 dinank 2 faravari, 1887 dvara haldvani nagarapalika kameti gathit ki gayi tatha isaki pratham baithak 12 faravari, 1897 ko huee. 1885 men yahan 'taun aikt' jari hua. nagarapalika parishad haldvani-kathagodam ko san 1904 men notiphaid kiya gaya. snyukt prant ki sarakar ki adhisoochana 3601/11-439-40 dinank 21 sitambar, 1942 men notiphaid eriya se tritiy shreni, 1956 men dvitiy shreni tatha u.pr. shasan vibhag ki adhisoochana snkhya 11709(iii)/XI e-1966 lakhanoo, dinank 5 sitambar, 1966 ke dvara 1 disambar, 1966 se pratham shreni nagarapalika ghoshit ki gayi. aitihasik vivaranon ke anusar haldvani nagar ki sthapana san 1834 men mistar trel jo kumaoon ke kamishnar the, ne pahad ke un logon ke lie mndi ke roop men ki thi, jo varsh men kuchh mahine bhabar men rahate the.[1]

bhoogol

haldvani samudr tal se lagabhag 424 mitar ki oonchaee par sthit hai. bhoovaigyanik roop se haldvani ek pidamont[2] gred par basa hua hai, jise 'bhabhar' kaha jata hai, jahan pahadi nadiyan bhoomigat hokar gnga ke maidani kshetron men punah prakat hoti hain.

haldvani

snskriti tatha jivan shaili

yahan ke sabhi samajik-sanskritik pahaluon par kumaoonni logon ka bolabala hai, phir bhi bahut-se kshetron aur dharmon ke log haldvani men rahate hain. yahan ke khanapan, pahanave, boliyon aur vastushilp men vividhata dekhi ja sakati hai. do dashak pahale tak hi ye ek chhota qasba tha, lekin bahut se karanon se yahan pichhale kuchh varshon men tezi se nagarikaran badha, jisake chalate ye ek sthaniy vyaparik kendr ke roop men vikasit hua hai aur yahan kee adharabhoot suvidhaon men vriddhi huee hai, jaise- sadak, aspatal, vikray kendr ityadi.

arthavyavastha

deharadoon, lakhanoo, aur rashtriy rajadhani dilli se sadak marg aur dilli, lakhanoo, aur agara se relamarg se juda hone ke karan haldvani uttarakhand ka ek pramukh vyavasayik kendr hai. uttar bharat ki sabase badi phal, sabzi aur anaj mndiyon men se kee yahan hain. adhikansh kumaoon aur gadhaval ke kuchh bhagon ke lie pravesh dvar hone ke karan yah uttarakhand ka pramukh rajasv kendr hai aur apane labhaprad sthan ke adhar par ye pahadon ke lie mal paragaman ke lie ek adhar dipo ke roop jana jata hai.

janasnkhya

varsh 2001 ki bharatiy janaganana ke anusar haldvani-kathagodam nagar nigam kshetr ki kul janasnkhya 2,79,140 thi. kul janasnkhya men se 53 pratishat purush aur 47 pratishat mahilaen thin. haldvani-kathagodam ki saksharata dar 69 pratishat hai, jo rashtriy ausat 65 pratishat se adhik hai. yahan par purush saksharata dar hai 73 aur mahila saksharata dar hai 65 pratishat hai. haldvani-kathagodam ki 14 pratishat janasnkhya chh: varsh se zyada ki hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika


tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. nagar nigam haldvani-kathagodam (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 11 agast, 2014.
  2. piedmont

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