गंगटोक  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

gngatok
gngatok ghati, sikkim
vivaran gngatok sikkim rajy ki rajadhani, poorvottar bharat men 1,700 mitar ki oonchaee par sthit hai.
rajy sikkim
zila poorv sikkim
bhaugolik sthiti uttar- 27° 19' 48.00", poorv- 88° 37' 12.00"
marg sthiti gngatok bagadogara havaee adde se 125 kimi ki doori par sthit hai.
kaise pahunchen havaee jahaz, rel, bas adi
havaee adda bagadogara havaee adda, guvahati havaee adda
relave steshan siligudi relave steshan, nyu jalapaeegudi relave steshan
yatayat saikil-riksha, aauto-riksha, mitar-taiksi, siti bas
kya dekhen yumathang ghati, rumatek math, somago jhil, do-drool chorten, inche math, tashiding math, snga-choling math, pemayngatse math, lingadam math
kahan thaharen hotal, atithi grah, dharmashala
es.ti.di. kod 03592
e.ti.em lagabhag sabhi
Map-icon.gif googal manachitr
any janakari rajatntr ki samapti (1975) se pahale yah sikkim rajy ka prashasanik kendr tha, jise bharat men shamil karake 1975 men rajy ka darja diya gaya.
adyatan‎

gngatok bharat ke uttar-poorv men sthit sikkim ki rajadhani hai. yah poorvottar bharat men 1,700 mitar ki oonchaee par sthit hai. sikkim apane aitihasik mathon tatha prakritik sundarata ke lie prasiddh hai. gngatok desh ke pramukh mahattvapoorn hil sh‍teshanon men ek hai. yah shahar paramh‍parikata aur adhunikata ka mishran hai. gngatok samudr tal se 1,547 mitar ki oonchaee par sthit hai. yahan bauddh dharm se snbndhit bahut-se mahath‍vooparn sh‍than hain. yahan ke math, stoop tatha prakritik sundarata ke karan gngatok ki yatra ane vale paryatakon ke man men sada surakshit rah sakati hai.

rajadhani

sikkim nepal aur bhootan ki sima par sthit hai. 19vin shatabh‍di men gngatok ko yahan ki rajadhani banaya gaya tha. yah sikkim ke dakshini bhag men sthit hai. gngatok shahar ranipul nadi ke tat par basa hua hai. is shahar se poori knchanajngha shreni ko dekha ja sakata hai. yahan ke log knchanajngha ko devi ke roop men poojate hain. is shahar men varsh bhar varsha hoti hai. is karan yahan ka mausam bada hi suhana halh‍ka thnda rahata hai. paryatak yahan varsh bhar ghoomane a sakate hain.

itihas

rajatntr ki samapti (1975) se pahale yah sikkim rajy ka prashasanik kendr tha, jise bharat men shamil karake 1975 men rajy ka darja diya gaya. sikkim rajy men, lokapriy shaharon sahit jyadatar shaharon ke pas uchit aitihasik janakari ki kami hai. aur aisa hi hai gngatok. shahar ke itihas ke bare men jyada kuchh gyat nahin hai. halanki, pahale ke rikaaurd ki tithi jo gngatok ke astitv ke bare men bat karati hai vo 1716 ka sal hai.

us sal harmitik gngatok math ka nirman hua tha. aur jab tak shahar men prasiddh enchey math ka nirman hua, gngatok kafi ananveshit tha. halanki, varsh 1894 men is jagah ko sikkim ki rajadhani ghoshit kiye jane ke sath isaka mahatv badhana shuroo hua. gngatok men kuchh apadayen aur bhooskhalan dekhe gaye, jinamen se ek sabase bada 1977 men hua tha. usamen karib 38 log mare ge aur kee imaraten nasht ho gayin thin. shahar og gngatok pahadi ke ek taraph sthit hai.[1]

bhaugolik tathy

yahan buddh ki pratima 1676 mitar ki oonchaee par sthit, gngatok nichale himalay men paya jata hai. shahar 27.33 ° uth‍tar 88.62 ° poorv par sthit hai aur pahadi ke kinare par ek chhor par rajyapal ke nivas aur any par ek mahal sthit hai. gngatok ke poorv aur pashchim ki or kramashah roro choo aur rani khola jharane bahate hain. ye dharayen ranipul se milati hain jo age dakshin men bahati hain. gngatok men, dhalanen bhooskhalan ke prati snvedanashil hain, isake sath hi sath se sikkim ke any bhagon men prikaimbriyan chattanon men belabootedar phaeelait aur sish‍t hote hain. aur prakritik nadiyon aur manavanirmit jharanon men jal pravah bhush‍khalan ke khatare ko badhate hain.

duniya ki tisari sabase oonchi choti maunt knchanajnga gngatok ke pashchimi or se dekhi ja sakati hai. shahar men jalavayu paryatak ghoomane ke liye sal men kabhi bhi gngatok ko chun sakate hain, kh‍yonki yahan ki jalavayu sal bhar tak khushanuma rahati hai. shahar men manasoon prabhavit uposhnakatibndhiy jalavayu hai aur garmi, sardi, manasoon, sharad ritu aur vasnt ke mausam vaise hi hain, jaise adhikansh any shaharon men hain. sardiyon men yahan bahut thnd hoti hai 1990, 2004, 2005, aur 2011 men is jagah par barphabari bhi huee thi. maaunasoon aur sardiyon men mausam kohare se bhara rahata hai.[1]


udyog aur vyapar

gngatok makka, chaval, dalahan aur sntaron ka vipanan kendr hai. 1962 men tibbat se lagane vali sima ko bnd kie jane se pahale yah 21 kilomitar poorvottar men sthit nathula[2] ke zariye bharat tibbat vyapar marg ka ek mahattvapoorn bindu tha. gngatok[3] dhalanon par avasthit hai, jahan sidhidar kheton men vyapak taur par makka ki kheti hoti hai. yahan ke mahattvapoorn niryat utpad ilayachi aur uposhnakatibndhiy phalon ka sarakari udyan hai. dakshin men tadong men prayogik krishi kendr sthit hai.

snskriti

gngatok men prachalit snskriti khoobasoorat aur anoothi hai. shahar lokapriy hinh‍doo th‍yohar divali, dashahara, holi aur krisamas ki tarah vibhinn sthaniy tyohar bhi manata hai. gngatok men tibbatiyon ke lie navavarsh samaroh janavari aur pharavari ke asapas hota hai. use losar kaha jata hai aur yah parnparik 'shaitan dans' ke sath manaya jata hai. shahar men lepachaon aur bhootiya ke lie naya sal janavari men shuroo hota hai. gngatok men magh snkranti aur ramanavami bhi do mahatvapoorn nepali th‍yohar hain, jo dhoom dham se manaye jate hain. kuchh any utsav, jo gngatok men log manate hain vo hain dalaee lama ka janmadin drupaka teshi, chhotarul dyoochen, buddh jaynti, loosong, saga dava, labab dyoochen aur bhumachoo.[1]

kya khayen

yahan sabase lokapriy bhojan momoz hai. yah biph, pork aur paki huee sabjiyon ko ate men lapet kar bhanp men pakaya jata hai aur soop ke sath parosa jata hai. yahan ek aur lokapriy bhojan hai, jo noodals se banata hai. gngatok men upalabadh noodal se bane anh‍y lokapriy bhojanon men thupaka, chaumin, thanathuk, phakathoo vanatan aur gh‍yathuk shamil hain.

isake alava, sikkim paryatan vibhag disnbar ke mahine men gngatok men har sal ek varshik khady evn snskriti utsav ka ayojan karata hai. is utsav men sikkim ke bahu sansh‍kritik vh‍ynjanon ke sh‍taaul lagaye jate hain, jahan parnparik dhng se unh‍hen sajaya jata hai. is mauke par darshakon ke manornjan ke liye sngit evn lok nrity ke pradarshan kiye jate hain. yah samaroh shahar men emaji marg par taitainik park men ayojit kiya jata hai.[1]


yatayat aur parivahan

gngatok se lahung aur lachen hote hue uttari sikkim rajamarg (1962) tibbat ki sima tak jata hai aur rashtriy rajamarg dakshin pashchim disha men bharat ki or jata hai. gngatok vayu, rel ya sadak marg ke madhyam se gntavy tak pahunch sakate hain.

shikshan snsthan

gngatok men 'namagyal instityoot aauf tibbatolaauzi' (1958) namak shodh kendr hai. jisamen bauddh dharm ki mahayan shakha se snbndhit pustakon aur durlabh pandulipiyon ka vishv ka vishalatam sngrah maujood hai. gngatok men ek aspatal, madhyamik vidyalay, adalat aur kuchh adhunik dukanen, hotal v sinemaghar bhi hain.

paryatan

gngatok men aaurkid abhayarany namak ek sthal hai, jisamen sikkim men pae jane vale 454 prajatiyon ke aaurkid hain. sone ke gunbad vale stoop se yukt do-drool chorten hai, jisamen 108 prarthana chakr hain aur laghu udyog snsthan 'kaautej indastriz instityoot' (1957) bhi yahan avasthit hain. any paryatan sthalon men chogyal ka mahal ganesh tok, hanuman tok, inche math, mrig vihar chidiyaghar aur tashi vyoo paauint shamil hain. vikhyat roomatek bauddh math yahan se 8 kilomitar dakshin-pashchim men sthit hai aur nikatasthal lakshiyama men shahi antyeshti sthal sthit hai.

  1. somago jhil
  2. roomatek math
  3. inahenchi math
  4. do drool chorten
  5. aaurchid abhayarany
  6. tashi ling
  7. tisuk la khng
  8. piling
  9. pemayanasti math
  10. emaji marg

janasnkhya

yahan ki abadi men nepali, tibbati, lepcha aur bharatiy log shamil hain. 2001 ki janaganana ke anusar is shahar ki janasnkhya 29,162 hai, aur poorvi zile ki janasnkhya 2,44,790 hai. 2011 ki janaganana ke anusar bharat men gngatok ki janasnkhya 98,658 thi. is janasnkhh‍ya men 53% purush aur 47% mahila abadi shamil hai. bharat men british shasan ke dauran nastik bharatiy nepali gngatok men jakar bas gaye aur yah ve log hain, jo shahar men bahusnkhh‍yak hain. vahin sh‍thaniy lepacha aur bhootiya snkhh‍ya men kafi kam hain. aur kee tibbati is jagah se chale gaye. gngatok ki ausat saksharata dar 82.17% hai, jo rashtriy ausat 74% ki tulana men adhik hai.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 gngatok paryatan- sikkim ki dhadakan (hindi) ne‍tiv ph‍lanet. abhigaman tithi: 21 sitambar, 2016.
  2. nathoo darra
  3. arth, parvat ka shikhar

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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