स्तूप  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

buddh stoop, sanchi
Sanchi Stupa, Sanchi

stoop ka shabdik arth hai- 'kisi vastu ka dher'. stoop ka vikas hi snbhavatah mitti ke aise chabootare se hua, jisaka nirman mritak ki chita ke oopar athava mritak ki chuni huee asthiyon ke rakhane ke lie kiya jata tha. gautam buddh ke jivan ki pramukh ghatanaon, janm, sambodhi, dharmachakr pravartan tatha nirvan se sambandhit sthanon par bhi stoopon ka nirman hua. stoop ke 4 bhed hain-

  1. sharirik stoop
  2. paribhogik stoop
  3. uddeshika stoop aur
  4. poojarthak stoop
  • stoop ek gumdakar bhavan hota tha, jo buddh se snbndhit samagri ya smarak ke roop men sthapit kiya jata tha.
  • samrat ashok ne bhi stnmbh banavaye the. sanchi ka pata sanh 1818 ee. men 'janaral tayalar' ne lagaya tha.
  • vishvaprasiddh bauddh stoopon ke lie jana jane vala sanchi, vidisha se 4 mil ki doori par 300 phit oonchi pahadi par hai.
  • prgyatishy mahanayak thairyan ke anusar-yahan ke bade stoop men svayn bhagavan buddh ke tatha chhote stoopon men bhagavan buddh ke priy shishy 'sariput' (sariputr) tatha 'mahamaudgalayan' samet kee any bauddh bhikshuon ke dhatu rakhe hain. raja tatha shraddhalu-janata ke sahayog se yah nirman-kary hua.
stoop ke pramukh ang
vedika (reling) stoop ki raksha ke lie
medhi (kursi) jis par stoop ka mukhy bhag adharit hota hai
and stoop ka arddh-golakar bhag
harmika shikhar ke asthi patr ki raksha hetu
chhatr athava chhatravali dharmik chihn ka pratik
yashti chhatr ko sahara dene ke lie

prachin kal ke kuchh pramukh stoop sthal nimnalikhit hain-

piparava

kala tatha sthapaty ke kshetr men sarvaprachin kintu kafi badi upalabdhi ka parichayak basti zila uttar pradesh men sthit yah stoop pradh maury yugin hai, jisaka vyas 116 phut aur chaidaee 22 phut hai. khudaee ke dauran is stoop ke andar ek mnjoosha men buddh ke avashesh rakhe pae ge hain.

bharahoot

1873 men 'alekjendar kaningham' dvara khoja gaya bharahut stoop lagabhag dvitiy shati ee.poo. ka hai. bhagavan buddh ke bhasmon ke oopar nirmit yah stoop madhy pradesh ke satana zile men sthit hai. is smarak ke nirman ke adhikshak (navakarmik) ka nam ek abhilekh men diya gaya hai. bharahut stoop ke lakadi ke jngalon ko shung shasakon ne patthar ke jngalon men parivartit kiya.

sanchi

madhy pradesh ke rayasen zile men sthit sanchi men pramukh stoopon ki snkhya tin hai. sabase bada stoop 'mahastoop' ke nam se prasiddh hai. is stoop ka dhancha tisari shatabdi ee.poo. men ashok dvara banavaya gaya, tatpashchath shung shasakon dvara isako vistrit kiya gaya. stoop ka vyas lagabhag 40 mitar aur oonchaee 1650 mitar hai. pakki eeton ki mool snrachana par shung kal men patthar ka avaran chadhaya gaya. isake ek or jngale evn toran dvara andhr satavahan yug men banaye gaye.

bodhagaya

bihar ke bodhagaya men sthit yah stoop uttar mauryayugin hai. sambhavatah is stoop ki ninv ashok dvara rakhi gayi thi. yah stoop grenait ya patthar ke bane hai. isamen lagabhag 30 jngale hain.

amaravati

andhr pradesh ke 'guntoor zile' men krishna nadi ke dahine tat par sthit hai. amaravati stoop ka pata lagabhag dvitiy shatabdi ee. poo. men 'karnal kalin maikenji' ne lagaya tha. amaravati stoop ghntakriti men bana hai. is stoop men pashan ke sthan par sngamaramar ka prayog kiya gaya hai.

nagarjunakonda

andhr pradesh ke guntoor zile men sthit nagarjunakonda stoop 1926 men khoja gaya tha. isaka nirman ikshvaku vnshiy shasakon ne kiya tha.

saranath

varanasi ke samip saranath namak sthan par sthit stoop ka nirman ashok ne karavaya tha. eet se bane poore stoop ki oonchaee 128 phut hai. ise 'ghamekh stoop' aur 'dharmarajika stoop' ke nam se bhi jana jata hai. isaki ek visheshata yah hai ki, yah dharatal par nirmit hai tatha isamen any stoopon ki bhanti chabootara nahin milata.

nalanda

rajagrih se 5 mil door nalanda namak bauddh sthan par nirmit yah stoop ashok dvara hi banavaya gaya tha. bhagnavasheshon se gyat hota hai ki mool stoop madhy bhag men sthit hai tatha kalantar men usamen aur akar jode ge.

jaggarayamapett

ikshvaku shasakon dvara nirmit yah stoop andhr pradesh ke krishna zile men sthit hai. is stoop ka bahari gol dhancha eeton se bana hai tatha bhitari bhag mitti tatha eeton ki ek ke bad ek tahen lagakar bhara gaya hai.



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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