बैलगाड़ी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bailagadi

bailagadi arthath 'ek aisi gadi jise bailon dvara khincha jata hai'. aj bhale hi manav ne bahut vikas kiya hai, aur ek se ek behatarin tatha tej chal vali gadiyan adi banaee hain, lekin bailagadi ke mahattv ko nahin nakara ja sakata. bailagadi vishv ka sabase purana yatayat evn saman dhone ka sadhan hai. isaki banavat bhi kafi saral hoti hai. sthaniy karigar paramparagat roop se isaka nirman karate rahe hain. bharat men to bailagadiyan prachin samay se hi prayog men ane lagi thin. bharatiy hindi filmon men bhi bailagadi ne apani vishisht jagah banaee aur kee yadagar giton ka hissa bani. yadyapi adhunik samay men manav ne shighrata ke chalate tej gatiyon vali anekon gadiyon ka nirman kiya hai, phir bhi vishv ke kee bhagon men bailagadiyan ka saphar aj bhi jari hai.

prachin bharatiy parivahan ki ridh

vartaman samay men bhale hi manav teji se vikas path par agrasar hai, jo kabil-e-tarif bhi hai, par srishti ke goodh rahasyon ki khoj men ham kahin n kahin apani prakriti se door hote ja rahe hain. adhunikata ki is daud men ham munshi premachand ke 'hira-moti' ki jodi ke sath prachin bharatiy parivahan vyavastha ki ridh rahi bailagadi ko bhi khote ja rahe hain. ‘horre... hor, ava raja, bayen daba ke. na hor na. shabash… chala jhar ke. bah re bayan… bngadee nahi re. are… are dehi ghuma ke sota. jia hamar lal, khat la khat la aj se khorak badhi….’ aj jo bhi manushy pachas se adhik varsh ke hain, ve janate hain ki bailagadi hankana aur ghode ki lagam thamane men vahi antar tha, jo aj kar v bas ko chalane men hai. yahi nahin choonki unake andar bhi atma thi, atah is dauran unase uparokt snvad bhi karane men kamayab the. chadhaee,  dhalan v mod par mahaj bagador se nahin, balki snvad se bhi bailon ka path pradarshan kiya jata tha. in par sahityakaron v kaviyon ne bhi khoob kalam chalaya hai.

adhunikata ka prabhav

ek daur tha, ki ganvon men daravajon par bndhe achchhe nasl ke gay-bailon aur unaki tnduroosti se hi bade kastakaron ki pahachan hoti thi. prachin bharatiy snskriti isaki sakshat gavah hai ki krishn yug se hi pashudhan sada se hamare samajik pratik rahe hain. badalate parivesh men ham itane ati adhunik ho gaye ki krishi men kitanashakon v rasayanon ka jahar ghol diya hai, jisake phalasvaroop hamen jaivik rasayanon ki taraf phir se lautana pad raha hai.
bailagadi par lakadiyan dhota vyakti
hamen khud v apani mitti ko svasth rakhane ke lie gobar chahie, isaki khatir krishi vaigyanik kisanon ko varmi kampost banane ki kala ganv-ganv ghoomakar sikha rahe hain. ek daur tha ki jutaee karate bailon se svamev kheton ko gobar mil jaya karata tha. kheton men kary karate bailon ko ukasate hue kisan kahate the ki aj "khorak badhi beta", jo netaon ke kore ashvasan nahin hote the, balki ghar vapasi ke bad bailon ko chara-pani dene ke bad hi kisan bhojan karate the. badale men in prakritik snsadhanon se paryavaran sambandhi koee samasaya bhi nahin hoti thi. us vakt ham prakriti ke behad qarib the tatha gaveen samaj men har-juath, hengi-paina jaise anekon shabdon ka prayog am tha. tamam kahavaten v muhavare prachalit the. jaise- gangoo k henga bhayal bada, khangal baile ho gila ka adi.

banavat

vaise to bailagadi desh ke vibhinn hisson men alag-alag roopon men milati hai. hariyana men bhi bailagadi ke vibhinn roop dekhane ko milate hain. do bailon vali gadiyon men lohe ke pahie hote the, jinhen khinchane ke lie bailon ko bahut jor lagana padata tha. lohe ke pahiyon ko tikani par phit karane ke lie shan lagaya jata tha. shan jab sikud jata tha, to bailagadi ke pahiyon se galiyon men 'churr-choon-churr-choon' ki avaz sunaee deti thi. rabad ke tayar lagi bailagadi banane ke bad logon ne do ke sthan par ek bail ka prayog karana shuroo kar diya. vahin shan ka sthan bhi bairing ne le liya. pahiyon v tikani ke bich bairing lagane se bail asani se bailagadi ko khinch sakate hain. bailagadi ko 'gada', 'buggi' v 'rehadoo' adi namon se bhi jana jata hai. bailagadi ke nirman men tikani ya dhuri par ek chauras lakadi ki badi banaee jati hai. badi men phad v phad par jua lagaya jata hai, jisamen bailon ko joda jata hai. jue men lakadi ki simal v simal men bailon ko jodate hue jot lagaee jati hai aur adar par baithakar bailagadi chalaee jati hai.[1]

ajivika ka sadhan

bailagadi

vah samay bhi bada pyara tha, jab hira-moti ki jodi kheton ke sath marg ki bhi shan hua karati thi. ek se ek dizain vali bailagadiyan hua karati thin, jin par log garvapoorvak savari karate the. vahin malavahak bailagadiyan behad majaboot v badi hoti thin. purane samay men jabaki parivahan ke itane sadhan upalabdh nahin the, jitane ki aj hain, tab bailagadiyan kisi manav ke lie ajivika ka mukhy srot hua karati thin. yahi bailagadiyan prachin bharatiy parivahan vyavastha ki ridh mani jati thin. us dauran ek tabaka isase judakar apana v poore parivar ka bharan-poshan karata tha. ab hamari vikas ki daud itani tej ho gee hai ki hamare pas itana mauka nahin hai ki yah dekh saken ki isaki disha v dasha sahi bhi hai ya nahin. niahsandeh hamane bahut teji se vikas kiya hai, magar isaki dasha v disha nirdharit karane men aj bhi ham chook rahe hain.

filmon men sthan

sinema jagat men kee filmon men bailagadi ko mahatvapoorn sthan diya gaya hai. bailagadi ko jivnt roop men prastut kiya gaya hai. vasu bhattachary ki film 'tisari kasam' ki poori kahani bailagadi ke ird-gird hi ghoomati hai. is film ke sabhi gane bailagadi men hi filmae ge the. patr 'hiraman' bailagadi men baitha ga raha hai- "sajan re jhooth mat bolo, khuda ke pas jana hai, n hathi hai n ghoda hai, vahan paidal hi jana hai"; "duniya banane vale, kya tere man men samaee, kahe ko duniya banaee". isi tarah isi film ka gana "sajanava bairi ho ge hamar, karamava bairi ho ge hamar, chitthiyan ho to har koee banche, bhag n banche koe" bhi bailagadi par hi hiraman gata pratit hota hai. mahanh filmakar vimal ray ki film 'do bigha zamin' v 'devadas' men bhi bailagadi ki apani ahamiyat hai. any filmen 'ashirvad' v 'git gata chal' men bailagadi ko vishesh sthan diya gaya hai. 'rashtriy film vikas nigam' dvara banaee gee ek film men to film ki shurooat hi bailagadi men baithe ek bujurg se ki gee hai.[1]

lupt hone ka snkat

yadi aj sthitiyan aisi hi rahin to kya bailagadi़yan aur bailon ki jodi़yan dekhane ko mil payengi? vakt ke thapedon se do-char bailagadi svami bas bujurgon ki nishani man kar ise jivit rakhe hue hain, anyatha agami pidhi kab ki bailagadi ki thamati raphtar ko bhula chuka hoti. kar ki raphtar ke samane bailagadi raphtar mand pad chuki hai. taiktar ne bailon ki jagah sthan le liya hai. pashu taskari v mans ke global bijanes ne bailon ko asamay kal ke gal men dhakel diya hai.

bailagadi

am adami ki savari kahe jane vali yah gadi ab ganvon se gayab hoti ja rahi hai. gramin visheshakar kisan bojha dhone, kheti ke kary ke lie akasar do bailon ki gadi ka hi prayog karate the. kisanon v graminon ke lie isase sasta vahan kuchh bhi nahin tha. qarib tin dashak pahale tak kisanon ke lagabhag doosare ya tisare gharon men bhi ye gadi dekhane ko milati thi, kisan inaka prayog kheti ke kamon, vyavasayik zarooraton ko poora karane v saphar ka annd lene ke lie karate the. lekin mashinikaran ka yug ane ke karan dhire-dhire do bailon ki gadi ab lagabhag gayab ho gee hai. yah nahin hai ki ganvon men vartaman yug men bailagadi dekhane ko nahin milati, bailagadi to hai, lekin bailagadi men do ki bajay ek hi bail dekhane ko milata hai. ise badalate parivesh ka natija kahen ya kuchh or. do bailon ki gadi kam hone ka ek karan traiktar mana ja raha hai, vahin mahngaee bhi isaka ek karan hai. mahngaee badhane se bailon ki kimat bhi asaman chhoone lagi hai.[1]

pashu taskari

kabhi kvintalon vajan ladakar shan se chalati bailon ki jodi aj khud pashu taskaron ke trakon men thunsi lachar ankhon se jan ki bhikh mangati najar ati hai. adhunik parivahan ke snsadhanon ki pradooshit gaison ne jahan logon ko rog grast kar paryavaran ka bntadhar kiya hai, vahin bailon ki tootati parampara ne kheton ko rasayanik khadon ki tapati jvar men jhonk diya hai, jisane vyakti ke svasth ko dimak ki tarah chat kar jinda lash bana diya hai. aj yadi samay rahate ham n snbhale to bail tatha bailagadi matr atit ka ek hissa banakar rah jayenge. sath men bhagavan shiv ki savari bhi itihas ke pannon men daphan ho jayegi. vah vakt bhi ane vala hai ki bailon ko dekhane ke lie hamen chidi़yagharon ki aur mukh karana hoga. ane vali naslon ko bail v bailagadi dikhane ke lie kitabon v munshi premachand ke 'hira-moti' ka darshan kalpana ke sahare karana hoga.


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tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 ganvon se gayab ho rahi do bailon vali gadi (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 17 aprail, 2013.

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