ज़रदोज़ी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

zari ka kam
zaradozi
zari ka kam karate karigar

zari ke kary ko zaradozi kadhaee kahate hai. yah kary bharat men rigved ke samay se prachalit hai. yah kary mugal badashah akabar ke samay men aur mazaboot hua. lekin bad men rajasi snrakshan ke abhav aur audyogikaran ke daur men isaka patan hone laga. vartaman men yah kary phir ubhara hai. ab yah kary bharat ke lakhanoo, bhopal aur chennee jaise kee mahanagaron men ho raha hai. zaradozi ka nam farasi se aya hai, jisaka arth hai: sone ki kadhaee.[1]

zari

zari sone ka pani chadha hua chandi ka tar hai tatha is tar se bane vastr bhi zari kahalate hain.

udyog ke roop men

bharat ka zari udyog prachin kal se vishvavikhyat raha hai or yahan ke bane zari vastron ko dharan kar desh videsh ke nripati apane ko gauravanvit samajhate rahe hain. kashi zari udyog ka kendr raha hai. banaras ki prasiddh banarasi sadiyan aur dupatte shatabdiyon se lokapriy rahe hain. aj inaki khapat, amerika, briten aur roos adi deshon men kshipr gati se vriddhi prapt kar rahi hai. gujarat vartaman bharatiy zari tar udyog ka kendr hai. isake poorv kashi hi isaka kendr tha. pahale chandi ke taron ko sone ki patali pattaron par khinchakar sunahala banaya jata tha, kintu vigyan ko unnati ne is shramasadhy vidhi ke sthan par vidyudvishleshan vidhi pradan ki hai. videsh se ane vale zari ke tar isi vidhi dvara sunahale banae jate hain aur bharatiy vidhi se bane taron ki apeksha saste bhi hote hain.

sooti vastron ke lie

ab zari shabd ka vyavahar ubhadadar abhikalp ke bane sooti vastron ke lie bhi hone laga hai. in vastron ke antargat parde tatha bachchon evn striyon ke pahanane ke vastr ate hain. sooti zari vastr donon or ek-sa ya ulta sidha hota hai. isake ulta sidha hone par tane bane kee rng, vibhinn snkhya aur kee kism ke ho sakate hain. parde ke tane-bane ki snkhya aur kism men pahanane ke vastr ki apeksha kam vishamata hoti hai.

hath dvara

zari ke kam ki khasiyat ye hoti hai ki ye kam hath se kiya jata hai isamen kisi bhi tarah ki mashin ka koee istemal nahin hota hai. hath se kiya gaya ye kam itana bariq aur khoobasoorat hota hai ki koee bhi isaki tariph kie bina nahin rah sakata hath se ki gee is karigari men ek dijain ko poora karane men kee-kee din lag jate hain. lakadi ka adda (phrem) banakar usamen salama-sitare, katadana, kasab, nalaki, moti, ston adi badi saphaee se tankate hai.[2]

zari ke kam ko qanooni manyata

desh-videsh men apane behatarin dijainon ke lie mashahoor banaras ki sadi aur zari ke kam ko bhaugolik rup se qanooni snrakshan mil gaya hai. yah snrakshan kapada mntralay ke tahat kapada samiti ne bhaugolik snket qanoon 1999 ke tahat pradan kiya hai. samiti kapada mntralay ke tahat ek snvaidhanik snstha hai. desh ke is paramparagat khazane par ghareloo utpadakon aur ayatakon dvara hamesha atikraman kiya jata raha hai. in utpadon ki oonchi kimat aur bazar hisse ko atikraman ke zariye uda liya jata tha. snrakshan se banaras ke in utpadon ko desh aur videsh men vikas karane men madad milegi.[3]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

meharotra, ajit narayan “khand 4”, hindi vishvakosh (hindi). bharatadiskavari pustakalay: nagari pracharini sabha varanasi, prishth snkhya- 400.

  1. Zardozi in India (angrezi) (ech.ti.em.el) Culture india. abhigaman tithi: 2 mee, 2011.
  2. dhundhali pad rahi hai jari karigari ki chamak (hindi) (pi.ech.pi) janokti. abhigaman tithi: 2 mee, 2011.
  3. zari ke kam ko qanooni manyata (hindi) (pi.ech.pi) complete Grassroots news update. abhigaman tithi: 2 mee, 2011.

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