दलाईलामा तेनजिन ग्यात्सो  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Icon-edit.gif is lekh ka punarikshan evn sampadan hona avashyak hai. ap isamen sahayata kar sakate hain. "sujhav"
dalaeelama tenajin gyatso
Dalai-Lama2800600.jpg
poora nam tenajin gyatso
any nam dalaeelama, bachapan ka nam lhamo thondup
janm 6 julaee, 1935
janm bhoomi poorvottar tibbat ke takteser (Taktser) tole men
pad tibbati dharmaguru
puraskar-upadhi nobel puraskar

dalaeelama tenajin gyatso athava 'dalaee lama' (janm- 6 julaee, 1935) tibbat ke rashtradhyaksh aur adhyatmik guru hain. varsh 1949 men tibbat par chin ke hamale ke bad paramapavan dalaee lama se kaha gaya ki vah poorn rajanitik satta apane hath men le len aur unhen dalaee lama ka pad de diya gaya. chin yatra par shanti samajhauta v tibbat se sainikon ki vapasi ki bat ko lekar 1954 men vah mao jedang, deng jiyoping jaise kee chini netaon se batachit karane ke lie bijing bhi ge the. paramapavan dalaee lama ke shanti sndesh, ahinsa, antar dharmik melamilap, sarvabhaumik uttaradayitv aur karuna ke vicharon ko manyata ke roop men 1959 se ab tak unako 60 manad daauktaret, puraskar, samman adi prapt hue hain.

parichay

bauddh dharm duniya ke dharmon ka chautha sabase bada dharm hai, jisake 375 lakh anuyayi hai. bauddh dharm ke dharmaguru ko dalaee lama kaha jata hai. bauddh dharm ke 14ven dalaeelama tibbati dharmaguru tenajin gyatso[1] hai. tenajin gyatso[2] tibbat ke rashtradhyaksh aur adhyatmik guru hain. dalaeelama[3] ka janm 6 julaee, 1935 ko poorvottar tibbat ke takteser[4] kshetr men rahane vale ek sadharan yeoman kisan parivar men hua tha. unaka bachapan ka nam lhamo thondup tha, jisaka arth hai manokamana poori karane vali devi. bad men unaka nam tenjin gyatso rakha gaya. unhen matr do sal ki umr men 13ven dalaee lama thubaten gyayatso (13th Dalai Lama, Thubten Gyatso) ka avatar bataya gaya tha. chhah sal ki umr men hi math ke andar unako shiksha di jane lagi. apane adhyayan kal ke dauran se hi vah bahut karmath aur samajhadar vyaktitv ke svami the.

'dalaee lama' ek mngoliyaee padavi hai, jisaka matalab hota hai- gyan ka mahasagar aur dalaee lama ke vnshaj karoona, avalokiteshvar ke buddh ke gunon ke prakat roop mane jate hai. bodhisatv aise gyani log hote hain jinhonne apane nirvan ko tal diya ho aur manavata ki raksha ke lie punarjanm lene ka nirnay liya ho.

prarnbhik jivan

balak dalaee lama

chaudahaven dalaeelama ka bachapan kafi uthal-puthal bhara raha hai. terahaven dalaeelama thupten gyatso ke 1933 men dehant ke bad tibbati parnparaon ke anusar chaudahaven dalaeelama ki khoj shuroo huee. isi kadi men 1937 men uchch tibbati lamaon v any dharmaguruon ka ek dal uttar poorvi tibbat ke amdo prant men pahuncha. dal jab is prant ke kunbum pahuncha to usake sadasyon ko yah vishvas ho chuka tha ki vah sahi raste par hain. kunbum men hi dal ki mulakat tenjin gyatso se huee. us balak ko dekh is bat ka abhas hua ki yahi chaudahaven dalaeelama ka avatar hain. tab lahasa se aye hue dharm guruon ne anek prakar se us balak ki pariksha li aur yah janani chahi ki vastav men yahin hamare dharm guru dalaee lama ke avatar hain ya phir koee aur. vibhinn pariksha ke bad jab sabhi ashvast ho gaye ki tenjin gyatso hi 14ven dalaee lama ke roop men avatar hua hai. antim phaisala liya gaya aur samachar tibbat ki rajadhani lhasa bheja gaya. isake bad unhen mata-pita sahit kunbum math laya gaya jahan vishesh samaroh men dalaeelama ke avatar tenjig gyatso ka abhishek kiya gaya.

tibbat men shiksha

isake bad chaudahaven dalaeelama ki shiksha-diksha ka prabndh kunbum math men hi kiya gaya. dalaee lama ne apani mathavasiy shiksha chhah varsh ki avastha men prarnbh ki. 23 varsh ki avastha men varsh 1949 ke varshik monalam; prarthanaddh utsav ke dauran unhonne jokhang mndir, lhasa men apani phainal pariksha di. unhonne yah pariksha aaunars ke sath pas ki aur unhen sarvochch geshe digri lharampa; baudh darshan men pi. ech. di. pradan ki gee.

1939 men jab dalaeelama char varsh ke the to unhen rajadhani lhasa ke lie ravana kar diya gaya. lhasa ke nikat kuchh varishth adhikariyon ke dal ne unase bhent ki. vahin par ek vishesh samaroh men unhen vidhivat tibbat ka adhyatmik neta ghoshit kar diya gaya. usake bad unhen noraboolinga mahal le jaya gaya. phir matr 15 varsh ki alp ayu men hi unhen tibbat ka rashtradhyaksh bana kar sare adhikar de diye gaye the, matr 15 varsh ki alpayu men 17 navambar 1950 ko ve sath lakh janata ka rashtradhyaksh ban gaye. usake bad se hi unake jivan men uthal-puthal shuroo huee. chin ke tibbat men badhate hastakshep ke karan dalaeelama ko bahut chhoti umr men hi kee tarah ki dikkaton ka samana karana pada.

netritv ki zimmedariyan

varsh 1949 men tibbat (Tibet) par chin (China) ke hamale ke bad paramapavan dalaee lama se kaha gaya ki vah poorn rajanitik satta apane hath men le len aur unhen dalaee lama ka pad de diya gaya. chin yatra par shanti samajhauta v tibbat se sainikon ki vapasi ki bat ko lekar 1954 men vah mao jedang, deng jiyoping jaise kee chini netaon se batachit karane ke lie bijing (Beijing) bhi ge lekin sammelan asaphal hi raha. lekin akhirakar varsh 1959 men lhasa men chini senaon dvara tibbati rashtriy andolan ko berahami se kuchale jane ke bad vah nirvasan men jane ko majaboor ho ge. antat: varsh 1959 men unhen bharat men sharan leni padi. vah uttar bharat ke shahar dharmashala (Dharamsala, Northern India) men rah rahe hain jo kendriy tibbati prashasan ka mukhyalay hai.

tibbat dharmik manyataon v paramparaon ko desh hai aur yahan ladaee-jhagada v mar-kat jaise baton arthath kahan jaye to vidhvns par vishvas nahin karate. isake bavajood tibbat ki apani sena thi, jisamen qarib 10 hazar ke lagabhag sainik the, lekin unake pas na to chin se mukabala karane layaq adhunik hathiyar the aur na hi tibbat ki sena unake mukabale snkhya men thi.

tibbat par chin ke hamale ke bad paramapavan dalaee lama ne snyukt rashtr se tibbat mudde ko sulajhane ki apil ki hai. snyukt rashtr mahasabha dvara is snbndh men 1959, 1961 aur 1965 men tin prastav parit kie ja chuke hain.

lokatntrakaran ki prakriya

1963 men paramapavan dalaee lama ne tibbat ke lie ek lokatantrik snvidhan (Democratic Constitution) ka praroop prastut kiya. isake bad paramapavan ne isamen kee sudhar kie. halanki, mee 1990 tak hi dalaee lama dvara kie ge moolabhoot sudharon ko ek vastavik lokatantrik sarakar ke roop men vastavik svaroop pradan kiya ja saka. is varsh ab tak paramapavan dvara niyukt hone vale tibbati mntrimndal; kashag aur dasavin snsad ko bhng kar diya gaya aur ne chunav karavae ge. nirvasit gyarahavin tibbati snsad ke sadasyon ka chunav bharat v duniya ke 33 deshon men rahane vale tibbatiyon ke ek vyakti ek mat ke adhar par hua. dharmashala men kendriy nirvasit tibbati snsad me adhyaksh v upadhyaksh sahit kul 46 sadasy hain.

1992 men paramapavan dalaee lama ne yah ghoshana ki ki jab tibbat svatntr ho jaega to usake bad sabase pahala lakshy hoga ki ek antarim sarakar ki sthapana karana jisaki pahali prathamikata yah hogi tibbat ke lokatantrik snvidhan ke praroop taiyar karane aur use svikar karane ke lie ek snvidhan sabha ka chunav karana. isake bad tibbati log apani sarakar ka chunav karenge aur paramapavan dalaee lama apani sabhi rajanitik shaktiyan navanirvachit antarim rashtrapati ko saunp denge.

varsh 2001 men paramapavan dalaee lama ke paramarsh par tibbati snsad ne nirvasit tibbati snvidhan men snshodhan kiya aur tibbat ke karyakari pramukh ke pratyaksh nirvachan ka pravadhan kiya. nirvachit karyakari pramukh apane kaibinet ke sahayogiyon ka namankan karata hai aur unaki niyukti ke lie snsad se svikriti leta hai. pahale pratyaksh nirvachit karyakari pramukh ne sitambar 2001 men karyabhar grahan kiya.

shanti prayas

sitnbar 1987 men paramapavan ne tibbat ki kharab hoti sthiti ka shantipoorn hal talashane ki disha men pahala qadam uthate hue panch sootriy shanti yojana (Five Point Peace Plan) prastut ki. unhonne yah vichar rakha ki tibbat ko 'ek abhayarany' eshiya ke hriday sthal men sthit ek shanti kshetr men badala ja sakata hai jahan sabhi sachetan prani shanti se rah saken aur jahan paryavaran ki raksha ki jae. lekin chin paramapavan dalaee lama dvara rakhe ge vibhinn shanti prastavon par koee sakaratmak pratikriya dene men nakam raha.

panch sootriy shanti yojana

21 sitambar 1987 ko ameriki kangres (United States Congress in Washington, D.C) ke sadasyon ko sambodhit karate hue paramapavan dalaee lama ne panch binduon vali nimn shanti yojana rakhi --

  1. samooche tibbat ko shanti kshetr men parivartit kiya jae.
  2. chin us janasnkhya sthanantaran niti ka parityag kare jisake dvara tibbati logon ke astitv par khatara paida ho raha hai.
  3. tibbati logon ke buniyadi manavadhikar aur lokatantrik svatntrata ka samman kiya jae.
  4. tibbat ke prakritik paryavaran ka snrakshan v punarooddhar kiya jae aur tibbat ko nabhikiy hathiyaron ke nirman v nabhikiy kachare ke nistaran sthal ke roop men upayog karane ki chin ki niti par rok lage.
  5. tibbat ki bhavishy ki sthiti aur tibbat v chini logon ke sambndho ke bare men gnbhir batachit shuroo ki jae.

tibbati logon men adar

har tibbati paramapavan dalaee lama ke sath gahara v akathaniy judav rakhata hai. tibbatiyon ke lie paramapavan samooche tibbat ke pratik hain: bhoomi ke saundary, usaki nadiyon v jhilon ki pavitrata, usake akash ki punitata, usake parvaton ki dridhata aur usake logon ki takat ka.

sarvabhaumik manyata

tibbat ki mukti ke lie ahinsak sngharsh jari rakhane hetu dalaee lama ki is koshish ko sabane saraha. chin aur tibbat ke bich ek shantidoot ki bhoomika nibhane ke karan unhen 10 disnbar 1989 men shanti ka nobal puraskar (Nobel Peace Prize) diya gaya. unhonne lagatar ahinsa ki niti ka samarthan karana jari rakha hai, yahan tak ki atyadhik daman ki paristhiti men bhi. shanti, ahinsa aur har sachetan prani ki khushi ke lie kam karana paramapavan dalaee lama ke jivan ka buniyadi sidhant hai. vah vaishvik paryavaraniy samasyaon par bhi chinta prakat karate rahate hain. paramapavan dalaee lama ne 52 se adhik deshon ka daura kiya hai aur kee pramukh deshon ke rashtrapatiyon, pradhanamntriyon aur shasakon se mile hain. unhonne kee dharm ke pramukhon aur kee pramukh vaigyanikon se mulakat ki hai.

paramapavan ke shanti sndesh, ahinsa, antar dharmik melamilap, sarvabhaumik uttaradayitv aur karuna ke vicharon ko manyata ke roop men 1959 se ab tak unako 60 manad daauktaret, puraskar, samman adi prapt hue hain. paramapavan ne 50 se adhik pustaken likhin hain. apane jivan par dalaee lama tenajin gyatso ke dvara likhi gee buk Freedom in Exile : The Autobiography of the Dalai Lama hai.

is samay tak dalaee lama ki lokapriyata duniya bhar men shikhar tak pahunch gee. eesaiyon ke dharm guru pop ke bad log ab dalaee lama ko bhi samman aur shraddha ki drishti se dekhane lage hain. dalaee lama ne duniya bhar men saphar karake apane vachanon aur shiksha ko jagah jagah phailaya aur shanti banane par zor diya. paramapavan apane ko ek sadharan baudh bhikshu hi manate hain. duniyabhar men apani yatraon aur vyakhyan ke dauran unaka sadharan v karoonamay svabhav unase milane vale har vyakti ko gaharaee tak prabhavit karata hai. unaka sndesh hai pyar, karuna aur kshamashilata.

dalaee lama ke sndesh

sarvabhaumik uttaradayitv

aj ke samay ki chunauti ka samana karane ke lie manushy ko sarvabhaumik uttaradayitv ki vyapak bhavana ka vikas karana chahie. ham sabako yah sikhane ki zaroorat hai ki ham n keval apane lie kary karen balki poore manavata ke labh ke lie kary karen. manav astitv ki vastavik kunji sarvabhaumik uttaradayitv hi hai. yah vishv shanti, prakritik snsadhanon ke samavitaran aur bhavishy ki pidhi ke hiton ke lie paryavaran ki uchit dekhabhal ka sabase achchha adhar hai.

bauddh dharm

mera dharm sadharan hai, mera dharm men dayaluta hai.

paryavaran

apane grahon ki raksha hamen usi tarah se karana chahie jaisa ki ham apane ghodon ki karate hain. ham manushy prakriti se hi janme hain isalie hamara prakriti ke khilaf jane ka koee karan nahin banata, is karan hi mai kahata hoon ki paryavaran dharm nitishastra ya naitikata ka mamala nahin hai. yah sab aisi vilasitaen hain jinake bina bhi ham gujar-basar kar sakate hain lekin yadi ham prakriti ke viraph jate hain to ham jinda nahin rah sakate.

bharat

ek sharanarthi ke roop men ham tibbati log bharat ke logon ke prati hamesha kritgyta mahasoos karate hain, n keval isalie ki bharat ne tibbatiyon ki is pidhi ko sahayata aur sharan diya hai, balki isalie bhi kee pidhiyon se tibbati logon ne is desh se pathaprakash aur budhamitta prapt ki hai. isalie ham hamesha bharat ke prati abhari rahate hain. yadi sanskritik najarie se dekha jae to ham bharatiy snskriti ke anuyayi hain.

chin

ham chini logon ya chini netaon ke khilaf nahin hain akhir ve bhi ek manushy ke roop men hamare bhaee-bahan hain. yadi unhen khud nirnay lene ki svatntrata hoti to ve khud ko is prakar ki vinashak gatividhi men nahin lagate ya aisa koee kam nahin karate jisase unaki badanami hoti ho. mai unake lie karuna ki bhavana rakhata hoon.’


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. Tenzin Gyatso
  2. Tenzin Gyatso
  3. Dalai Lama
  4. Taktser

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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