चौखंडी स्तूप  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

chaukhndi stoop
chaukhndi stoop, saranath
vivaran 'chaukhndi stoop' saranath sthit pramukh bauddh dharmik sthalon men se ek hai. yah vishal stoop charon or se ashtabhujiy minaron se ghira hua hai.
rajy uttar pradesh
shahar saranath
nirmanakarta samrat ashok
asapas ke any sthal ashok stnbh, dhamekh stoop, dharmajika stoop, dharmachakr stoop aur moolagndh kuti mndir.
snbndhit lekh saranath, gautam buddh, bauddh dharm
any janakari bodh gaya se saranath jane ke kram men gautam buddh isi jagah par apane pahale shishy se mile the. isalie is jagah ko shraddhanjali dene ke lie ek mndir banavaya gaya tha.

chaukhndi stoop varanasi, uttar pradesh se 13 kilomitar ki doori par saranath men sthit hai. yah stoop bauddh samuday ke lie bahut poojaniy hai. saranath men pravesh karane par sabase pahale chaukhndi stoop dikhaee deta hai. stoop men eent aur rodi ka badi matra men upayog kiya gaya hai. yah vishal stoop charon or se ashtabhujiy minaron se ghira hua hai. kaha jata hai ki yah stoop mool roop se maury samrat ashok dvara banavaya gaya tha. dhamekh stoop se adha mil dakshin men yah stoop sthit hai, jo saranath ke avashisht smarakon se alag hai.

buddh ki nishaniyan

chaukhndi stoop men gautam buddh se judi kee nishaniyan hain. aisa mana jata hai ki is stoop ka nirman moolat: sidhidar mndir ke roop men kiya gaya tha. bodh gaya se saranath jane ke kram men gautam buddh isi jagah par apane pahale shishy se mile the. isalie is jagah ko shraddhanjali dene ke lie mndir banavaya gaya tha. bad men is stoop ko vartaman akar men snshodhit kiya gaya. mugal badashah humayoon ki yatra ko shraddhanjali dene ke lie isamen ek ath kone vala taauvar joda gaya. is sthan par gautam buddh ne apane panch shishyon ko sabase pratham upadesh sunaya tha, jisake smarak svaroop is stoop ka nirman hua.

hvenasang ka varnan

prasiddh chini yatri hvenasang ne is stoop ki sthiti saranath se 0.8 ki.mi. dakshin-pashchim men bataee hai, jo 91.44 mi. ooncha tha.[1] isaki pahachan chaukhndi stoop se thik pratit hoti hai. is stoop ke oopar ek ashtaparshviy burji bani huee hai. isake uttari daravaze par pade hue patthar par farasi men ek lekh ullikhit hai, jisase gyat hota hai ki todaramal ke putr govarddhan ne san 1589 ee. (996 hijari) men ise banavaya tha. lekh men varnit hai ki humayoon ne is sthan par ek rat vyatit ki thi, jisaki yadagar men is burj ka nirman snbhav hua.[2]

akriti

is stoop ka 'chaukhndi' nam purana jan padata hai. isake akar-prakar se gyat hota hai ki ek chaukor kursi par thos eenton ki kramash: ghatati huee tin mnzile banaee gee thin. sabase oopar mnzil ki khuli chhat par snbhavat: koee pratima sthapit thi. gupt kal men is prakar ke stoopon ko 'trimedhi stoop' kahate the.[3] utkhanan se prapt samagriyon ke adhar par yah nishchit ho jata hai ki gupt kal men is stoop ka nirman ho chuka tha.

utkhanan

elekjendar kaningham ne 1836 ee. men is stoop men rakhe samadhi chihnon ki khoj men isake kendriy bhag men khudaee ki, is khudaee se unhen koee mahattvapoorn vastu nahin mili. san 1905 ee. men oratel ne isaki phir se khudaee ki. utkhanan men inhen kuchh moortiyan, stoop ki athakoni chauki aur char gaj oonche chabootare mile. chabootare men prayukt oopar ki eenten 12 inch X10 inch X2 ¾ inch aur 14 ¾ X10 inch X2 ¾ inch akar ki thin, jabaki niche prayukt eenten 14 ½ inch X 9 inch X2 ½ inch akar ki thin.[4]

any sthal

yadi chaukhndi stoop ghoomane ke lie jana ho to isake as-pas ke paryatan sthal bhi avashy ghoomana chahie. yahan se pas men hi ashok stnbh, dhamekh stoop, dharmajika stoop, dharmachakr stoop aur moolagndh kuti mndir hai.[5]

inhen bhi dekhen: saranath, dhamekh stoop evn gautam buddh


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. semual bil, chainij ekauntsh aphh indiya, bhag 3, pri. 297
  2. arkiyolajikalh sarve aphh indiya, (varshik riport), 1904-05, pri. 74 jarnal yoo.pi.hi.so., bhag 15, pri. 55-64
  3. ullekhaniy hai ki ahichchhatr ki khudaee men isi prakar ka ek ‘trimedhi stoop’ ya mndir mila hai jisaki choti par shivaling pratishthapit tha.
  4. arkiyolajikalh sarve aphh indiya, (varshik riport), 1904-05, pri. 78
  5. chaukhndi stoop, saranath (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 16 aktoobar, 2013.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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