ताजमहल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

tajamahal
tajamahal
vivaran tajamahal mugal shasan ki sabase prasiddh smarak hai. safed sngamaramar ki yah kriti snsar bhar men prasiddh hai aur paryatakon ke akarshan ka mukhy kendr hai.
rajy uttar pradesh
nagar agara
nirmata mugal badashah shahajahan
nirman sanh 1632 se 1653 ee.
vastukar ustad ahamad lahauri
vastu shaili mugal vash‍tukala
prasiddhi yoonesko dvara vishv virasat sthalon ki soochi men shamil hai.
es.ti.di. kod 0562
Map-icon.gif googal manachitr
snbndhit lekh bulnd daravaza, lal qila
nirdeshank 27° 10′ 29.27″ uttar, 78° 2′ 31.6″ poorv
vishesh snpoorn taj parisar ke nirman men 22 varsh ka samay laga aur isamen char karod rupaye kharch hue. bharat ke alava faras aur turki ke mazadoor bhi the.
any janakari tajamahal ki ninv ke prath‍yek kone se uthane vali char minaren maqabare ko paryaph‍t sntulan deti hain. yah minaren 41.6 mitar oonchi hain aur in minaron ko janaboojhakar bahar ki or halh‍ka sa jhukav diya gaya hai taki yah minaren bhooknp jaisi durghatana men maqabare par n gir kar bahar ki or giren.

tajamahal (angrezi: Tajmahal, nirman- sanh 1632 se 1653 ee.) agara, uttar pradesh rajy, bharat men sthit hai. tajamahal agara shahar ke bahari ilake men yamuna nadi ke dakshini tat par bana hua hai. tajamahal mugal shasan ki sabase prasiddh smarak hai. safed sngamaramar ki yah kriti snsar bhar men prasiddh hai aur paryatakon ke akarshan ka mukhy kendr hai. tajamahal vishh‍v ke sat ashh‍charyon men se ek hai. tajamahal ek mahanh shasak ka apani priy rani ke prati prem ka adbhut shahakar hai. tajamahal ka sabase manamohak aur sundar drishh‍y poornima ki rat ko dikhaee deta hai.

itihas

mugal badashah shahajahan ne tajamahal ko apani patni arjumnd bano begam, jinhen mumataz mahal bhi kaha jata tha, ki yad men banavaya tha. tajamahal ko shahajahan ne mumataz mahal ki qabr ke oopar banavaya tha. mrityu ke bad shahajahan ko bhi vahin dafanaya gaya. mumataz mahal ke nam par hi is maqabare ka nam tajamahal pada. sanh 1612 ee. men nikah ke bad 1631 men prasooti ke dauran burahanapur men mrityu hone tak arjumnd shahajahan ki abhinn sngini bani rahin. mumataz mahal ke rahane ke lie divngat rani ke nam par mumataza bad banaya gaya, jise ab taj gnj kahate hain aur yah bhi isake nazadik nirmit kiya gaya tha. tajamahaj mugal vash‍tukala ka uth‍krishh‍t namoona hai. tajamahal ke nirman men farasi, turk, bharatiy tatha ish‍lamik vash‍tukala ka sundar sammishran kiya gaya hai. 1983 ee. men tajamahal ko yoonesh‍ko vishh‍v dharohar sh‍thal ghoshit kiya gaya. tajamahal ko bharat ki ish‍lami kala ka ratn bhi ghoshit kiya gaya hai. tajamahal ka shh‍vet gumh‍bad evn tail akar men sngamaramar se dhaka kenh‍driy maqabara vash‍tu saundary ka apritam udaharan hai.[1]

snrachana

tajamahal 580×305 mitar ke ayatakar bhookhnd par bana hua hai aur uttar-dakshin ki or snrekhit hai. tajamahal ke bhookhnd ke madhy men chaukor bagicha hai, jisaki har bhuja ki lambaee 305 mitar hai. yah bagicha uttar tatha dakshin men do chhote ayatakar khndon se ghira hai. dakshini ayatakar khnd men parisar aur paricharakon ki imarat men ane ke lie balua patthar se bana praveshadvar hai. uttari ayatakar khnd yamuna nadi ke kinare tak pahunchata hai. yahan sarvadhik mahattvapoorn bhavan hain, jaise vikhyat maqabara, jisake pashchimi aur poorvi parshv men ek jaise do bhavan, masjid aur javab (pratyuttar ya saundaryabodh ko sntulit rakhane vala bhavan) hain. isake asapas oonchi charadivari hai, jisake konon par ashtakoniy mndap hain, jisamen kngoore nikale hain. yah charadivari uttari khnd tatha bagiche ke madhy bhag ko ghere hue hai. dakshin men astabal tatha paharedaron ke kaksh hain. snpoorn parisar ki yojana aur nirman samagrata ke sath kiya gaya, kyonki mugalakalin bhavan-nirman karyon men bad men kisi tarah ke jod-tod ka rivaj nahin tha.

tajamahal, agara

maqabara sat mitar oonche sngamaramar ke chabootare par bana hai, jisamen char ek jaise khanchedar praveshadvar hain aur ek vishal meharab hai, jisaki oonchaee pratyek phalak par 33 mitar hai. isake oonche belanakar adhar par tike lattoonuma chhote gunbad se milakar snrachana poori ho jati hai. maqabare ke shirshon ka samnjasy har meharab ke oopar munder v kalash aur har kone par chhatarinuma gunbad ke dvara baithaya gaya hai. chabootare ke charon konon par ek-ek timnzali minar bani hai. maqabare ka sngamaramar ekadam chikana tarasha hua hai, jabaki minaron men eent shaili men isaka istemal hua hai. maqabare ke bhitar ashtakoniy kaksh hai, jo kam alnkrit aur badhiya pietra dura se bana hai.

nirman

tajamahal ka nirman sanh 1632 ke asapas shuroo hua tha. bharat, faras, madhy eshiya aur any mulkon ke vastuvidon ki ek parishad ne is imarat ke nirman ki ek yojana taiyar ki thi. lagabhag 1653 men tajamahal ka kam poora hone tak 20 hazar se bhi adhik shramik aur karigar pratidin tajamahal ke nirman men jute rahe. tajamahal ke asapas ki divar tatha mukhy dvar 1649 men bane the. snpoorn taj parisar ke nirman men 22 varsh ka samay laga aur isamen char karod rupaye kharch hue. bharat ke alava faras aur turki ke mazadoor bhi the. taj ki apani ek alag ada hai jo darshakon ko apani or khinch leti hai. shahajahan ne ise banane valon ke hath katava diye the. is smarak ka naqsha bharatiy vastukar eesa ne banaya tha. kuchh logon ka anuman hai ki naqsha banane men itali athava phrans ke vastukar ki bhi madad li gee thi.[2]

vastukar

tajamahal, agara

tajamahal ke nirmanakaron men kuchh nirmanakar pramukh hain. tajamahal ka keli graphar amanat khan shiraji the. maqabare ke path‍thar par ibaraten kavi gayasu‍ddin ne likhi hain, jabaki tajamahal ke gumh‍bad ka nirman ish‍mail khan afaridi ne tarki se akar kiya. tajamahal ke mistriyon ka adhikshak muhamh‍mad hanif tha. tajamahal ke vastukar ka nam ush‍tad ahamad lahauri tha.

samagri

tajamahal ki samagri poore bharat aur madhh‍y eshiya se laee gee thi. 1000 hathiyon ke bede ki sahayata is samagri ko nirman sh‍thal tak lane men li gee. tajamahal ka kenh‍driy gumh‍bad 187 phit ooncha hai. tajamahal ka lal send sh‍ton phatehapur sikari, pnjab ke jasaper, chin se jed aur krish‍tal, tibbat se tarkoish yani nila path‍thar, shrilnka se lepis lajuli aur sephayar, arab se koyala aur korneliyan tatha panh‍na se hire lae ge. tajamahal men kul milakar 28 prakar ke durlabh, moolh‍yavan aur ardh moolh‍yavan path‍thar tajamahal ki naqqashi men upayog kie ge the. mukhh‍y bhavan samagri, safed sngamaramar zila nagaur, rajasthan ke makarana ki khanon se laya gaya tha.

tajamahal, agara

pravesh dvar

tajamahal ka mukhh‍y pravesh dakshin dvar se hai. yah pravesh dvar 151 phit lamh‍ba aur 117 phit chauda hai tatha is pravesh dvar ki oonchaee 100 phit hai. paryatak yahan mukhh‍y pravesh dvar ke bagal men bane chhote dvaron se mukhh‍y parisar men pravesh karate hain.

mukhh‍y dvar

tajamahal ka mukhh‍y dvar lal send sh‍ton se banaya hua hai. yah mukhy dvar 30 mitar ooncha hai. is mukhy dvar par arabi lipi men quran ki ayaten tarashi gee hain. is mukhy dvar ke oopar hinh‍doo shaili ka chhote gumh‍bad ke akar ka mndap hai aur ath‍ynt bhavh‍y pratit hota hai.
tajamahal pravesh dvar , agara
is pravesh dvar ki ek mukhh‍y visheshata yah hai ki akshar lekhan yahan se saman akar ka pratit hota hai. ise tarashane valon ne itani kushalata se tarasha hai ki bade aur lamh‍be akshar ek akar ka hone jaisa bhram uth‍panh‍n karate hain. yahan char bag ke roop men bhali bhanti taiyar kie ge 300×300 mitar ke udyan hain jo paidal rash‍te ke donon or phaile hue hain. isake madhh‍y men ek mnch hai jahan se paryatak taj ki tash‍viren le sakate hain.
tajamahal, agara

taj sngrahalay

tajamahal ke mnch ki bayin or taj sngrahalay hai. yahan mool chitron men us bariki ko dekha ja sakata hai ki vash‍tukala men is sh‍marak ki yojana kis prakar banaee. is imarat ko banane men 22 varsh ka samay lagega vash‍tukar ne yah bhi andaja lagaya tha. is bariki se andarooni hish‍se ke arekh qabron ki sthiti darshate hain ki qabron ke pair ki or vala hish‍sa darshakon ko kisi bhi kon se dikhaee de sake.

masjid

lal send sh‍ton se bani huee ek masjid taj ki bayin or hai. ish‍lam dharm ki ek am bat yah hai ki maqabare ke pas ek masjid ka nirman kiya jata hai, kh‍yonki isase us hish‍se ko ek pavitrata niti aur pooja ka sh‍than milata hai. is masjid ko ab bhi shukarane ki namaz ke lie upayog kiya jata hai.

jabab

ek dam saman masjid taj ki dayin or bhi banaee gee hai aur ise javab kahate hain. yahan namaz ada nahin ki jati kh‍yonki yah pashchim ki or hai arthath makka ke viparit, jo muslimon ka pavitr dharmik shahar hai. ise samamiti banae rakhane ke lie nirmit karaya gaya tha.

saj-sajh‍ja

tajamahal ek oonche mnch par banaya gaya hai. tajamahal ki ninv ke prath‍yek kone se uthane vali char minaren maqabare ko paryaph‍t sntulan deti hain. yah minaren 41.6 mitar oonchi hain aur in minaron ko janaboojhakar bahar ki or halh‍ka sa jhukav diya gaya hai taki yah minaren bhooknp jaisi durghatana men maqabare par n gir kar bahar ki or giren. tajamahal ka vishalakay gumh‍bad asadharan roop se bade dram par tika hai aur isaki kul oonchaee 44.41 mitar hai. is dram ke adhar se shirsh tak sh‍toopika hai. isake konon ke bavazood kenh‍driy gumh‍bad madhh‍y men hai. yah adhar aur pravesh dvar ki or khulane vali dohari sidhiyan maqabare par pahunchane ka keval ek bindu hai. yahan andar jane ke lie joote nikalane hote hain ya ap jooton par ek kavar laga sakate hain jo is prayojan ke lie yahan upasthit karmachariyon dvara apako die jate hain.

tajamahal, agara

taj ki antarik sajh‍ja

tajamahal ke antarik hish‍se men ek vishal kenh‍driy kaksh, isake tath‍kal niche ek tahakhana hai aur isake niche shahi parivaron ke sadash‍yon ki qabron ke lie moolat: ath konon vale char kaksh hain. is kaksh ke madhh‍y men shahajahan aur mumataz mahal ki qabren hain. shahajahan ki qabr baneen aur apani priy rani ki qabr se kuchh oonchaee par hai jo gumh‍bad ke thik niche sthit hai. jis par pahale qimati patthar jade hue the. bagiche ki satah se niche ek tahakhane men vastavik taboot maujood hain. mumataz mahal ki qabr par parshiyan men quran ki ayaten likhi hain. is qabr par ek path‍thar laga hai jis par likha hai- marakad munavh‍var arjumad bano begam mukhatib bah mumataz mahal taniphiyat pharr sanah 1404 hijari.[3]

shahajahan ki qabr par parshiyan men likha hai -

marakad muhatahar ali hajarat firadaus ashiyani sahib- quran sani sani shahajahan badashah tab surah sanah 1076 hijari.[4]

is qabr ke oopar ek laimh‍p hai, jisaki jh‍vala kabhi samaph‍t nahin hoti hai. qabron ke charon or sngamaramar ki jaliyan bani hai. donon qabren ardh moolh‍yavan rath‍non se sajaee gee hain. imarat ke andar dhh‍vani ka niyntran ath‍ynt uttam hai, jisake andar quran aur sngitakaron ki sh‍var lahariyan pratidhh‍vanit hoti rahati hain. aisa kaha jata hai ki joote pahanane se pahale apako qabr ka ek chakh‍kar lagana chahie taki ap ise sabhi or se nihar saken.[5]

tajamahal par kavita

kaimara lekar tajamahal jaie, is rachana ke anusar foto khinchie, transperainsiz banavaie, slaid projaiktar par sabako dikhaie, sath men natakiy kaushal se kavita sunaie. ye sab n karen to itana kijie, kalpana men annd lijie.[6]

sngamaramar ka sngit (ashok chakradhar dvara naty kavita)
patr- svar-1, svar-2, gayak, mahila, gaid, anukool dhvani evn sngit

svar- (1) yamuna ki sanvali laharen
     vrindavan nidhivan ke
     kunj lata gunjon ko par kar
     jab badhati hain, age
     ras rachati huee
     bansuri gunjati huee
     gayon-si rnbhati huee
     aur age
     to yakayak thithak jate hain
     laharon ke panv
     badhate hain snbhal- snbhal.

(pani men tajamahal ke laharate bimb. halanki samajh men nahin a raha ki tajamahal hi hai.)

kisane khilae ye safed kamal?
kisane bikharaya hai
dhara par para
itana sara!

(pani men tajamahal ka spasht bimb, phir sthit taj.)

svar- (2) tum to apane daman men
       pyar ko samet kar laee ho laharo.
       sama lo apane andar mera bhi aks.
       main bhi to vahin hoon
       mujassam pyar
       tumhari dhar ka kagar.

(taj ki divaron ke drishy)

svar-(1) bansuri ki goonj men
       ghul jate hain
       pyar ke sitar ke svar
       aur bajane lagate hain
       dil ke damame.

(gumbad ka antarik svaroop)

nad goonj uthata hai
     akash tak.

(qabron ke vividh kon)

gayak- (masanavi shaili men gayan)

yadagare ulfate shahe jahan
        roz- e- mumataz firadaus ashiyan
        fanne tamiran ki takamil taj
        dardo- ahasasat ki tashkil taj.

(taj ke bahar sadak par videshi mahila aur bharatiy gaid)

gaid- aiksakyooz mi maidam!
       nid a gaid?
mahila- no, thainks.

(sidhiyon se chadhakar taj ka chabootara)

gaid- han to hazarat!
   taj ki kahani itani lambi hai
   sunana shuroo karoon
   to ho jaegi rat
   lekin dastan khatam nahin hogi.
   panch sadiyon purani ye kahani,
   huzoor age a jaie,
   aj bhi zinda hai.
   zamana gaur se sun raha hai
   par ji nahin bharata hai.

(tajamahal ke vibhinn shaauts, kamaintri ke anusar)

khuda maloom
isake maramari zism men
kya- kya hai
par itana kahoonga
ki chitrakar ki nazar hai
shayar ka dil hai
baharon ka nagama hai.
taj kya hai
qudarat ki hatheli men
khila hua ik phool hai vaqt ke rukhasar par
thahara hua ansoo hai huzoor
husno-jamal ka jalava hai
itana khoobasoorat itana nazuk
itana muqammal
itana pakiza hai huzoor
ki baz-vaqt dar lagata
chhoone men
ki maila n ho jae.

darshak- gaid hain ki shayar hain?

gaid- huzoor ap kuchh bhi kahen
      shayari to inasani hathon ne ki hai
       ise banakar
      janabeali.
     goya banane valon ne
     sngamaramar men ik hasin
     khvab likh dala hai.

(tajamahal ke vibhinn shaauts, kathy se mel khate hue.)

tamir ka yani nirman ka
kam shuroo hua
solah sau battis men
aur sajavat ko
akhiri chamak di gee
solah sau tirapan men
is tarah kul jama
baees sal lage
aur chaubis hazar logon ke
adatalis hazar hath
ise banate rahe.
shuroo ke panch sal to lag ge
zamin ko yaqasar karane men
tilon ko katane men
gaddhon ko bharane men.
phir silasila shuroo hua
saman ke amad ka
oonton ka, hathiyon ka
ghodon ka, khachcharon ka.
musalsal silasila huzoor!
taraee ke pedon se
sndal, abanoos, devadar
shisham aur sal laya gaya
charakoh makarana se
safed sngamaramar mngavaya gaya.
udayapur se kala patthar
badauda se bundakidar-khuradara
kangada se suramee
andhra ke kadappa se chitakabara
bagadad se aqiq
tabdakamal se firoza
dariya- e- shor se moonga
lnka se lajord
yaman se lalayamani
dariya-e-nil se lahasina,
aur n jane kahan-kahan se,
patooniya, tavaee, moosa, mina.
ajooba, nakhood, rakham, gori
pnkhani, goda, yaqoot, billauri.
khattoo, nilam, jamarrud, gar
hira, snkh, maravarid, jadabar.
pukharaj hai, badal hai, goda hai
itane patthar hain ki
ginati bhi thak jae
ginate-ginate,
zamana guzar jae batate-batate.

(favvaron ke pas park)

aur dekhie
yahin kahin
batashe aur bariq ret ke
tile lage honge
eenton ki bhattiyan khudi hongi
masale ke lie
gud ki bheliyan, udad ki dal
aur patasan se
maidan at gaya hoga janab.
ab to yahan
nazar ke lie nazare hain
nahar hai, favvare hain.
lekin sochie
vo bhi kya nazara hoga.

(eriyal shaauts taj aur pas ki basti / sooryast aur dhuen ki prishthabhoomi men taj ke shaauts.)

jab sooraj ke ane aur jane ki
paravah kie bina
memaron, sngatarashon, fanakaron ne
ise banavaya hoga.
idhar dher sara dhuan nikalata hoga
bhattiyon ki chimaniyon se.
udhar tajagnj ki
mazadoor jhonpadiyon ke
hazaron choolhon se
thoda- sa dhuan uthata hoga.
idhar eenten, udhar rotiyon pakati hongi
idhar kilen to udhar
zindagi thukati hongi.

(samany chal se tajamahal ki parikrama ke badalate hue drishy.)

ek dilachasp vaqya sunie janab
chalate-chalate sunie
sunata hoon janab.
ek bar ek khas memar
yani injiniyar
tin mahine ki chhutti par gaya.
gaya gaya to aisa gaya
ki nahin lauta chhah mahine tak
talashi huee, munadi phiri
lekin koee khabar nahin mili
poora sal bita to
khud-b-khud laut ae miyan,
bole- khata maf ho shahe jahan.
khakasar ke ek sal tak
gayab rahane ki
maslehat ye thi ki
buniyad par
jada, garami, barasat
tinon mausam guzar jaen
taki buniyad mazaboot ho.
main agar yahin rahata
to apaki utavali ke age
ye sab kaise kahata.

(kamaintri ke anusar taj ke shaauts)

khair sahab,
main bhi bhatak jata hoon
qisson men atak jata hoon
taj ka kul raqaba bayalis ekad hai
sadar daravaze ki chaudaee sadhe das phit
oonchaee assi phit hai
kamare ki chhat ke oopar
bhool- bhulaiya hai
char kamare, baees burjiyan
char chhote gumbad hain
aur sngamaramar ke chaboorate ke
charon konon pe jo
char minaren hain
huzoor kya khoobasoorat oonchaiyan hain
ek sau basath phit chhah inch.

(taj ki divaron par likhavat)

sajavat ke lie
ayaton aur sooraton ko
'khatte-suls' men tarashavaya gaya hai.
'khatte-suls' yani
likhavat ka ek tariqa
khinchavat aur bankapan aisa
likhavat men ki
husn men izafa ho.

tarashe hue guladaste
aur belaboote
divaron ko saza rahe hain,
mazar ki or jhuke hue
muskurate phool khilati huee kaliyan
aur tarotaza patte
mahasoos yoon hota hai jaise
lagatar kornish baja rahe hain.

ye jo dekh rahe hain
sngamaramar ki jali,
pahale yahan
sone ki thi janabeali!
chalis hazar tole ki thi
lekin hata li.
maujooda jali ko hi dekhie
gairamamooli phool-patte aur surahiyan
gulaboote aur pyaliyan
jali ke ar-par hain,
jo pasina baha hai
is kamane fan ke lie
dekhane vale us par nisar hain.

(taj ki jali / gumbad / qabr / kalas / masjid- mehaman-khane ke vibhinn drishy.)

jali ke bichon-bich
mumataz ki qabr hai
pahaloo men hi shahajahan ki
donon milakar akele men
baten karate honge
jane kahan-kahan ki.

ek shayar ne likha hai-
'tajamahal se poochh ke dekho
kaisi thi mumataz mahal
shahajahan ka lahaja banakar
patthar-patthar bolega'.
bolate hain huzoor ye patthar
ye gumbad, ye kalas
ye minaren, ye gul boote
sab milakar bolate hain.
magarib ki taraf dekh munni
masjid hai
mashariq men isake javab men
mehamanakhana hai.
shahajahan yahi pe apane
mehamanon ko lata hoga
aur meri tarah
isaki khoobiyan batata hoga

(gumbad / chand ka qayada / lattoo / surahi / chand)

khair,
ab dekhie taj ka ye gumbad
bazahir chhota nazar ata hai
lekin kafi balnd hai
balndi hai sadhe tis phit
chand ka qayada sadhe ath phit
lattoo ka qatar sadhe char phit
lattoo ki surahi sadhe char phit
surahi par ka lattoo paune panch phit
kalas ka vazan battis man hai
aur kalas ke chand par
likha hua hai
qalam-e- tayyaba-

gayak- (ajan ke svar)

la ilah- illallah
       mohammadurrasoolullah.

(sidhiyan utarakar divar ke sahare-sahare ke drishy)

gaid- ye to balndi dekhi
         gaharaee men jaen to huzoor
         vahan pani hai
         han janab taj ki buniyad men
         chalis kuen hain.
         kuon men tin hazar chhah sau
         latthe utare ge.
         aise latthe jo jitana pani men rahen
         aur zyada mazaboot banen.
         darasal yahi to taj ke
         ahasas ki bhi buniyad hai,
         jisamen dil ki
         gili halachal hai
        aur pyar ki phariyad hai.

(taj ka bariq kam)

bahut pyar se banaya hai taj ko
memaron fanakaron ne
shilpakala ka aisa namoona
ki jis hisse ko
jitane gaur se dekhane jaie
usamen chhipi nazakaten
khud-b-khud
jalva dikhane dikhane lagengi,
mahin daliyon ke pechokham
nazuk phoolon ki pnkhuriyan
apase batiyane lagengi.

(divaron par likhavat)

aur ye ade-tirachhe khutoot
inako is tarah milaya hai ki
jod dikhaee nahin deta
aur danton tale ungali to
tab dabaenge,
jab assi fit oonchi likhavat ko
yahin se dekhakar
samane ki likhavat ke
barabar paenge.
taj ke memaron ne
bharatiy ganit vidya aur
jyamiti padhi thi
isilie unamen
napajokh aur paimaish ki
tamiz badi thi.

(taj ki alag-alag shilpakariyan)

jat-pant ka bhed nahin tha
banane valon men
unaki kala, unaka hunar hi
unaka dharam tha
ya kahen karam ka dharam tha.
mau. sharif kalas-saz the samaraknd ke
mau. hanif memar the kndhar ke
ismail khan roomi gumbad-saz the dilli ke
chirngi lal, chhote lal
manohar sinh mannoo lal ne
ki thi pachchikari
ata muhammad jatamal
shnkar muhammad joravar ne gulakari
ustad afandi naksha-navis the
ustad eesa rajagir
ustad manohar badhee
sitar khan khushanavis the.
khushanavis mane sundar likhane vale
aur khushanavis kya the
khushanasib the
kitani ankhen dekhati hain
husno jamal ko
kitane dil saharate hain
kala ke kamal ko
pakizagi aur roohaniyat ka jaise
sakar roop talasha gaya ho,
phool ki pnkhuriyon se goya
hire ka mahal tarasha gaya ho.

sadaqe in fanakaron ki
ungaliyon ke
sadaqe unaki chhainiyon ke
sadaqe insan ki un koshishon ke
jo doodh men nahae khvab jaisa
taj bana sakati hain,
sadaqe unaki mehanat ke
jo sngamaramar ka
sngit suna sakati hain.

(sooryast ke samay laung shaaut men taj)

farishato dhank do

roohon ki chadar se ise varana
fiza ki sans
chhoo-chhoo kar

ise maila n kar dale[6]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika

tajamahal ka vihngam drishy
tajamahal ka vihngam drishy
Panoramic View of Tajmahal

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. tajamahal (hindi) yatra salah. abhigaman tithi: 12 aktoobar, 2010.
  2. tajamahal (hindi) vikimepiya. abhigaman tithi: 12 aktoobar, 2010.
  3. yahan arjumnd bano begam, jinh‍hen mumataz mahal kahate hain, sthit hain jinaki maut 1904 AH ya 1630 AD ko huee
  4. is sarvottam uchh‍ch maharaja, sh‍varg ke nivasi, taron mndalon ke doosare malik, badashah shahajahan ki pavitr qabr is maqabare men hamesha phalati phoolati rahe, 1607 AH (1666 AD
  5. tajamahal (hindi) bharat ki adhikarik vebasait. abhigaman tithi: 12 aktoobar, 2010.
  6. 6.0 6.1 chakradhar, ashok (2008) rng jama lo. dayamnd paauket buks (pra.) li.. 81-7182-958-9.

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