ताजमहल

भारत डिस्कवरी प्रस्तुति
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tajamahal
vivaran tajamahal mugal shasan ki sabase prasiddh smarak hai. safed sangamaramar ki yah kriti sansar bhar mean prasiddh hai aur paryatakoan ke akarshan ka mukhy kendr hai.
rajy uttar pradesh
nagar agara
nirmata mugal badashah shahajahaan
nirman sanh 1632 se 1653 ee.
vastukar ustad ahamad lahauri
vastu shaili mugal vash‍tukala
prasiddhi yoonesko dvara vishv virasat sthaloan ki soochi mean shamil hai.
es.ti.di. kod 0562
chitr:Map-icon.gif googal manachitr
sanbandhit lekh buland daravaza, lal qila
nirdeshaank 27° 10′ 29.27″ uttar, 78° 2′ 31.6″ poorv
vishesh sanpoorn taj parisar ke nirman mean 22 varsh ka samay laga aur isamean char karo d rupaye kharch hue. bharat ke alava faras aur turki ke mazadoor bhi the.
any janakari tajamahal ki nianv ke prath‍yek kone se uthane vali char minarean maqabare ko paryaph‍t santulan deti haian. yah minarean 41.6 mitar ooanchi haian aur in minaroan ko janaboojhakar bahar ki or halh‍ka sa jhukav diya gaya hai taki yah minarean bhookanp jaisi durghatana mean maqabare par n gir kar bahar ki or girean.

tajamahal (aangrezi: Tajmahal, nirman- sanh 1632 se 1653 ee.) agara, uttar pradesh rajy, bharat mean sthit hai. tajamahal agara shahar ke bahari ilake mean yamuna nadi ke dakshini tat par bana hua hai. tajamahal mugal shasan ki sabase prasiddh smarak hai. safed sangamaramar ki yah kriti sansar bhar mean prasiddh hai aur paryatakoan ke akarshan ka mukhy kendr hai. tajamahal vishh‍v ke sat ashh‍charyoan mean se ek hai. tajamahal ek mahanh shasak ka apani priy rani ke prati prem ka adbhut shahakar hai. tajamahal ka sabase manamohak aur suandar drishh‍y poornima ki rat ko dikhaee deta hai.

itihas

mugal badashah shahajahaan ne tajamahal ko apani patni arjumand bano begam, jinhean mumataz mahal bhi kaha jata tha, ki yad mean banavaya tha. tajamahal ko shahajahaan ne mumataz mahal ki qabr ke oopar banavaya tha. mrityu ke bad shahajahaan ko bhi vahian dafanaya gaya. mumataz mahal ke nam par hi is maqabare ka nam tajamahal p da. sanh 1612 ee. mean nikah ke bad 1631 mean prasooti ke dauran burahanapur mean mrityu hone tak arjumand shahajahaan ki abhinn sangini bani rahian. mumataz mahal ke rahane ke lie divangat rani ke nam par mumataza bad banaya gaya, jise ab taj ganj kahate haian aur yah bhi isake nazadik nirmit kiya gaya tha. tajamahaj mugal vash‍tukala ka uth‍krishh‍t namoona hai. tajamahal ke nirman mean farasi, turk, bharatiy tatha ish‍lamik vash‍tukala ka suandar sammishran kiya gaya hai. 1983 ee. mean tajamahal ko yoonesh‍ko vishh‍v dharohar sh‍thal ghoshit kiya gaya. tajamahal ko bharat ki ish‍lami kala ka ratn bhi ghoshit kiya gaya hai. tajamahal ka shh‍vet gumh‍bad evan tail akar mean sangamaramar se dhaka kenh‍driy maqabara vash‍tu sauandary ka apritam udaharan hai.[1]

sanrachana

tajamahal 580×305 mitar ke ayatakar bhookhand par bana hua hai aur uttar-dakshin ki or sanrekhit hai. tajamahal ke bhookhand ke madhy mean chaukor bagicha hai, jisaki har bhuja ki lambaee 305 mitar hai. yah bagicha uttar tatha dakshin mean do chhote ayatakar khandoan se ghira hai. dakshini ayatakar khand mean parisar aur paricharakoan ki imarat mean ane ke lie balua patthar se bana praveshadvar hai. uttari ayatakar khand yamuna nadi ke kinare tak pahuanchata hai. yahaan sarvadhik mahattvapoorn bhavan haian, jaise vikhyat maqabara, jisake pashchimi aur poorvi parshv mean ek jaise do bhavan, masjid aur javab (pratyuttar ya sauandaryabodh ko santulit rakhane vala bhavan) haian. isake asapas ooanchi charadivari hai, jisake konoan par ashtakoniy mandap haian, jisamean kangoore nikale haian. yah charadivari uttari khand tatha bagiche ke madhy bhag ko ghere hue hai. dakshin mean astabal tatha paharedaroan ke kaksh haian. sanpoorn parisar ki yojana aur nirman samagrata ke sath kiya gaya, kyoanki mugalakalin bhavan-nirman karyoan mean bad mean kisi tarah ke jo d-to d ka rivaj nahian tha. [[chitr:Tajmahal-04.jpg|thumb|300px|left|tajamahal, agara]]

maqabara sat mitar ooanche sangamaramar ke chabootare par bana hai, jisamean char ek jaise khaanchedar praveshadvar haian aur ek vishal meharab hai, jisaki ooanchaee pratyek phalak par 33 mitar hai. isake ooanche belanakar adhar par tike lattoonuma chhote guanbad se milakar sanrachana poori ho jati hai. maqabare ke shirshoan ka samanjasy har meharab ke oopar muander v kalash aur har kone par chhatarinuma guanbad ke dvara baithaya gaya hai. chabootare ke charoan konoan par ek-ek timanzali minar bani hai. maqabare ka sangamaramar ekadam chikana tarasha hua hai, jabaki minaroan mean eeant shaili mean isaka istemal hua hai. maqabare ke bhitar ashtakoniy kaksh hai, jo kam alankrit aur badhiya pietra dura se bana hai.

nirman

tajamahal ka nirman sanh 1632 ke asapas shuroo hua tha. bharat, faras, madhy eshiya aur any mulkoan ke vastuvidoan ki ek parishad ne is imarat ke nirman ki ek yojana taiyar ki thi. lagabhag 1653 mean tajamahal ka kam poora hone tak 20 hazar se bhi adhik shramik aur karigar pratidin tajamahal ke nirman mean jute rahe. tajamahal ke asapas ki divar tatha mukhy dvar 1649 mean bane the. sanpoorn taj parisar ke nirman mean 22 varsh ka samay laga aur isamean char karo d rupaye kharch hue. bharat ke alava faras aur turki ke mazadoor bhi the. taj ki apani ek alag ada hai jo darshakoan ko apani or khianch leti hai. shahajahaan ne ise banane valoan ke hath katava diye the. is smarak ka naqsha bharatiy vastukar eesa ne banaya tha. kuchh logoan ka anuman hai ki naqsha banane mean itali athava phraans ke vastukar ki bhi madad li gee thi.[2]

vastukar

[[chitr:Tajmahal-24.jpg|thumb|300px|tajamahal, agara]] tajamahal ke nirmanakaroan mean kuchh nirmanakar pramukh haian. tajamahal ka keli graphar amanat khan shiraji the. maqabare ke path‍thar par ibaratean kavi gayasu‍ddin ne likhi haian, jabaki tajamahal ke gumh‍bad ka nirman ish‍mail khan afaridi ne tarki se akar kiya. tajamahal ke mistriyoan ka adhikshak muhamh‍mad hanif tha. tajamahal ke vastukar ka nam ush‍tad ahamad lahauri tha.

samagri

tajamahal ki samagri poore bharat aur madhh‍y eshiya se laee gee thi. 1000 hathiyoan ke be de ki sahayata is samagri ko nirman sh‍thal tak lane mean li gee. tajamahal ka kenh‍driy gumh‍bad 187 phit ooancha hai. tajamahal ka lal seand sh‍ton phatehapur sikari, panjab ke jasaper, chin se jed aur krish‍tal, tibbat se tarkoish yani nila path‍thar, shrilanka se lepis lajuli aur sephayar, arab se koyala aur korneliyan tatha panh‍na se hire lae ge. tajamahal mean kul milakar 28 prakar ke durlabh, moolh‍yavan aur ardh moolh‍yavan path‍thar tajamahal ki naqqashi mean upayog kie ge the. mukhh‍y bhavan samagri, safed sangamaramar zila nagaur, rajasthan ke makarana ki khanoan se laya gaya tha. [[chitr:Tajmahal-agra.jpg|thumb|left|tajamahal, agara]]

pravesh dvar

tajamahal ka mukhh‍y pravesh dakshin dvar se hai. yah pravesh dvar 151 phit lamh‍ba aur 117 phit chau da hai tatha is pravesh dvar ki ooanchaee 100 phit hai. paryatak yahaan mukhh‍y pravesh dvar ke bagal mean bane chhote dvaroan se mukhh‍y parisar mean pravesh karate haian.

mukhh‍y dvar

tajamahal ka mukhh‍y dvar lal seand sh‍ton se banaya hua hai. yah mukhy dvar 30 mitar ooancha hai. is mukhy dvar par arabi lipi mean quran ki ayatean tarashi gee haian. is mukhy dvar ke oopar hinh‍doo shaili ka chhote gumh‍bad ke akar ka mandap hai aur ath‍yant bhavh‍y pratit hota hai. [[chitr:Tajmahal-7.jpg|thumb|300px|left|tajamahal pravesh dvar , agara]] is pravesh dvar ki ek mukhh‍y visheshata yah hai ki akshar lekhan yahaan se saman akar ka pratit hota hai. ise tarashane valoan ne itani kushalata se tarasha hai ki b de aur lamh‍be akshar ek akar ka hone jaisa bhram uth‍panh‍n karate haian. yahaan char bag ke roop mean bhali bhaanti taiyar kie ge 300×300 mitar ke udyan haian jo paidal rash‍te ke donoan or phaile hue haian. isake madhh‍y mean ek manch hai jahaan se paryatak taj ki tash‍virean le sakate haian.[[chitr:Tajmahal-17.jpg|thumb|300px|tajamahal, agara]]

taj sangrahalay

tajamahal ke manch ki bayian or taj sangrahalay hai. yahaan mool chitroan mean us bariki ko dekha ja sakata hai ki vash‍tukala mean is sh‍marak ki yojana kis prakar banaee. is imarat ko banane mean 22 varsh ka samay lagega vash‍tukar ne yah bhi aandaja lagaya tha. is bariki se aandarooni hish‍se ke arekh qabroan ki sthiti darshate haian ki qabroan ke pair ki or vala hish‍sa darshakoan ko kisi bhi kon se dikhaee de sake.

masjid

lal seand sh‍ton se bani huee ek masjid taj ki bayian or hai. ish‍lam dharm ki ek am bat yah hai ki maqabare ke pas ek masjid ka nirman kiya jata hai, kh‍yoanki isase us hish‍se ko ek pavitrata niti aur pooja ka sh‍than milata hai. is masjid ko ab bhi shukarane ki namaz ke lie upayog kiya jata hai.

jabab

ek dam saman masjid taj ki dayian or bhi banaee gee hai aur ise javab kahate haian. yahaan namaz ada nahian ki jati kh‍yoanki yah pashchim ki or hai arthath makka ke viparit, jo muslimoan ka pavitr dharmik shahar hai. ise samamiti banae rakhane ke lie nirmit karaya gaya tha.

saj-sajh‍ja

tajamahal ek ooanche manch par banaya gaya hai. tajamahal ki nianv ke prath‍yek kone se uthane vali char minarean maqabare ko paryaph‍t santulan deti haian. yah minarean 41.6 mitar ooanchi haian aur in minaroan ko janaboojhakar bahar ki or halh‍ka sa jhukav diya gaya hai taki yah minarean bhookanp jaisi durghatana mean maqabare par n gir kar bahar ki or girean. tajamahal ka vishalakay gumh‍bad asadharan roop se b de dram par tika hai aur isaki kul ooanchaee 44.41 mitar hai. is dram ke adhar se shirsh tak sh‍toopika hai. isake konoan ke bavazood kenh‍driy gumh‍bad madhh‍y mean hai. yah adhar aur pravesh dvar ki or khulane vali dohari sidhiyaan maqabare par pahuanchane ka keval ek biandu hai. yahaan aandar jane ke lie joote nikalane hote haian ya ap jootoan par ek kavar laga sakate haian jo is prayojan ke lie yahaan upasthit karmachariyoan dvara apako die jate haian. [[chitr:Tajmahal-13.jpg|thumb|300px|tajamahal, agara]]

taj ki aantarik sajh‍ja

tajamahal ke aantarik hish‍se mean ek vishal kenh‍driy kaksh, isake tath‍kal niche ek tahakhana hai aur isake niche shahi parivaroan ke sadash‍yoan ki qabroan ke lie moolat: ath konoan vale char kaksh haian. is kaksh ke madhh‍y mean shahajahaan aur mumataz mahal ki qabrean haian. shahajahaan ki qabr baaneean aur apani priy rani ki qabr se kuchh ooanchaee par hai jo gumh‍bad ke thik niche sthit hai. jis par pahale qimati patthar j de hue the. bagiche ki satah se niche ek tahakhane mean vastavik taboot maujood haian. mumataz mahal ki qabr par parshiyan mean quran ki ayatean likhi haian. is qabr par ek path‍thar laga hai jis par likha hai- marakad munavh‍var arjumad bano begam mukhatib bah mumataz mahal taniphiyat pharr sanah 1404 hijari.[3]

shahajahaan ki qabr par parshiyan mean likha hai -

marakad muhatahar ali hajarat firadaus ashiyani sahib- quran sani sani shahajahaan badashah tab surah sanah 1076 hijari.[4]

is qabr ke oopar ek laimh‍p hai, jisaki jh‍vala kabhi samaph‍t nahian hoti hai. qabroan ke charoan or sangamaramar ki jaliyaan bani hai. donoan qabrean ardh moolh‍yavan rath‍noan se sajaee gee haian. imarat ke aandar dhh‍vani ka niyantran ath‍yant uttam hai, jisake aandar quran aur sangitakaroan ki sh‍var lahariyaan pratidhh‍vanit hoti rahati haian. aisa kaha jata hai ki joote pahanane se pahale apako qabr ka ek chakh‍kar lagana chahie taki ap ise sabhi or se nihar sakean.[5]

tajamahal par kavita

kaimara lekar tajamahal jaie, is rachana ke anusar foto khianchie, traansperaiansiz banavaie, slaid projaiktar par sabako dikhaie, sath mean natakiy kaushal se kavita sunaie. ye sab n karean to itana kijie, kalpana mean anand lijie.[6]

sangamaramar ka sangit (ashok chakradhar dvara naty kavita)
patr- svar-1, svar-2, gayak, mahila, gaid, anukool dhvani evan sangit

svar- (1) yamuna ki saanvali laharean
     vrindavan nidhivan ke
     kuanj lata guanjoan ko par kar
     jab badhati haian, age
     ras rachati huee
     baansuri guanjati huee
     gayoan-si ranbhati huee
     aur age
     to yakayak thithak jate haian
     laharoan ke paanv
     badhate haian sanbhal- sanbhal.

(pani mean tajamahal ke laharate bimb. halaanki samajh mean nahian a raha ki tajamahal hi hai.)

kisane khilae ye safed kamal?
kisane bikharaya hai
dhara par para
itana sara!

(pani mean tajamahal ka spasht bimb, phir sthit taj.)

svar- (2) tum to apane daman mean
       pyar ko samet kar laee ho laharo.
       sama lo apane aandar mera bhi aks.
       maian bhi to vahian hooan
       mujassam pyar
       tumhari dhar ka kagar.

(taj ki divaroan ke drishy)

svar-(1) baansuri ki gooanj mean
       ghul jate haian
       pyar ke sitar ke svar
       aur bajane lagate haian
       dil ke damame.

(gumbad ka aantarik svaroop)

nad gooanj uthata hai
     akash tak.

(qabroan ke vividh kon)

gayak- (masanavi shaili mean gayan)

yadagare ulfate shahe jahaan
        roz- e- mumataz firadaus ashiyaan
        fanne tamiran ki takamil taj
        dardo- ahasasat ki tashkil taj.

(taj ke bahar s dak par videshi mahila aur bharatiy gaid)

gaid- aiksakyooz mi maidam!
       nid a gaid?
mahila- no, thaianks.

(sidhiyoan se chadhakar taj ka chabootara)

gaid- haan to hazarat!
   taj ki kahani itani lambi hai
   sunana shuroo karooan
   to ho jaegi rat
   lekin dastan khatam nahian hogi.
   paanch sadiyoan purani ye kahani,
   huzoor age a jaie,
   aj bhi zianda hai.
   zamana gaur se sun raha hai
   par ji nahian bharata hai.

(tajamahal ke vibhinn sh aauts, kamaintri ke anusar)

khuda maloom
isake maramari zism mean
kya- kya hai
par itana kahooanga
ki chitrakar ki nazar hai
shayar ka dil hai
baharoan ka nagama hai.
taj kya hai
qudarat ki hatheli mean
khila hua ik phool hai vaqt ke rukhasar par
thahara hua aansoo hai huzoor
husno-jamal ka jalava hai
itana khoobasoorat itana nazuk
itana muqammal
itana pakiza hai huzoor
ki baz-vaqt dar lagata
chhoone mean
ki maila n ho jae.

darshak- gaid haian ki shayar haian?

gaid- huzoor ap kuchh bhi kahean
      shayari to inasani hathoan ne ki hai
       ise banakar
      janabeali.
     goya banane valoan ne
     sangamaramar mean ik hasin
     khvab likh dala hai.

(tajamahal ke vibhinn sh aauts, kathy se mel khate hue.)

tamir ka yani nirman ka
kam shuroo hua
solah sau battis mean
aur sajavat ko
akhiri chamak di gee
solah sau tirapan mean
is tarah kul jama
baees sal lage
aur chaubis hazar logoan ke
a datalis hazar hath
ise banate rahe.
shuroo ke paanch sal to lag ge
zamin ko yaqasar karane mean
tiloan ko katane mean
gaddhoan ko bharane mean.
phir silasila shuroo hua
saman ke amad ka
ooantoan ka, hathiyoan ka
gho doan ka, khachcharoan ka.
musalsal silasila huzoor!
taraee ke pe doan se
sandal, abanoos, devadar
shisham aur sal laya gaya
charakoh makarana se
safed sangamaramar mangavaya gaya.
udayapur se kala patthar
b dauda se buandakidar-khuradara
kaang da se suramee
aandhra ke k dappa se chitakabara
bagadad se aqiq
tabdakamal se firoza
dariya- e- shor se mooanga
lanka se lajord
yaman se lalayamani
dariya-e-nil se lahasina,
aur n jane kahaan-kahaan se,
patooniya, tavaee, moosa, mina.
ajooba, nakhood, rakham, gori
pankhani, goda, yaqoot, billauri.
khattoo, nilam, jamarrud, gar
hira, sankh, maravarid, jadabar.
pukharaj hai, badal hai, goda hai
itane patthar haian ki
ginati bhi thak jae
ginate-ginate,
zamana guzar jae batate-batate.

(favvaroan ke pas park)

aur dekhie
yahian kahian
batashe aur bariq ret ke
tile lage hoange
eeantoan ki bhattiyaan khudi hoangi
masale ke lie
gu d ki bheliyaan, u dad ki dal
aur patasan se
maidan at gaya hoga janab.
ab to yahaan
nazar ke lie nazare haian
nahar hai, favvare haian.
lekin sochie
vo bhi kya nazara hoga.

(eriyal sh aauts taj aur pas ki basti / sooryast aur dhuean ki prishthabhoomi mean taj ke sh aauts.)

jab sooraj ke ane aur jane ki
paravah kie bina
memaroan, sangatarashoan, fanakaroan ne
ise banavaya hoga.
idhar dher sara dhuaan nikalata hoga
bhattiyoan ki chimaniyoan se.
udhar tajaganj ki
mazadoor jhoanp diyoan ke
hazaroan choolhoan se
tho da- sa dhuaan uthata hoga.
idhar eeantean, udhar rotiyoan pakati hoangi
idhar kilean to udhar
ziandagi thukati hoangi.

(samany chal se tajamahal ki parikrama ke badalate hue drishy.)

ek dilachasp vaqya sunie janab
chalate-chalate sunie
sunata hooan janab.
ek bar ek khas memar
yani ianjiniyar
tin mahine ki chhutti par gaya.
gaya gaya to aisa gaya
ki nahian lauta chhah mahine tak
talashi huee, munadi phiri
lekin koee khabar nahian mili
poora sal bita to
khud-b-khud laut ae miyaan,
bole- khata maf ho shahe jahaan.
khakasar ke ek sal tak
gayab rahane ki
maslehat ye thi ki
buniyad par
ja da, garami, barasat
tinoan mausam guzar jaean
taki buniyad mazaboot ho.
maian agar yahian rahata
to apaki utavali ke age
ye sab kaise kahata.

(kamaintri ke anusar taj ke sh aauts)

khair sahab,
maian bhi bhatak jata hooan
qissoan mean atak jata hooan
taj ka kul raqaba bayalis ek d hai
sadar daravaze ki chau daee sadhe das phit
ooanchaee assi phit hai
kamare ki chhat ke oopar
bhool- bhulaiya hai
char kamare, baees burjiyaan
char chhote gumbad haian
aur sangamaramar ke chaboorate ke
charoan konoan pe jo
char minarean haian
huzoor kya khoobasoorat ooanchaiyaan haian
ek sau basath phit chhah ianch.

(taj ki divaroan par likhavat)

sajavat ke lie
ayatoan aur sooratoan ko
'khatte-suls' mean tarashavaya gaya hai.
'khatte-suls' yani
likhavat ka ek tariqa
khianchavat aur baankapan aisa
likhavat mean ki
husn mean izafa ho.

tarashe hue guladaste
aur belaboote
divaroan ko saza rahe haian,
mazar ki or jhuke hue
muskurate phool khilati huee kaliyaan
aur tarotaza patte
mahasoos yooan hota hai jaise
lagatar kornish baja rahe haian.

ye jo dekh rahe haian
sangamaramar ki jali,
pahale yahaan
sone ki thi janabeali!
chalis hazar tole ki thi
lekin hata li.
maujooda jali ko hi dekhie
gairamamooli phool-patte aur surahiyaan
gulaboote aur pyaliyaan
jali ke ar-par haian,
jo pasina baha hai
is kamane fan ke lie
dekhane vale us par nisar haian.

(taj ki jali / gumbad / qabr / kalas / masjid- mehaman-khane ke vibhinn drishy.)

jali ke bichoan-bich
mumataz ki qabr hai
pahaloo mean hi shahajahaan ki
donoan milakar akele mean
batean karate hoange
jane kahaan-kahaan ki.

ek shayar ne likha hai-
'tajamahal se poochh ke dekho
kaisi thi mumataz mahal
shahajahaan ka lahaja banakar
patthar-patthar bolega'.
bolate haian huzoor ye patthar
ye gumbad, ye kalas
ye minarean, ye gul boote
sab milakar bolate haian.
magarib ki taraf dekh munni
masjid hai
mashariq mean isake javab mean
mehamanakhana hai.
shahajahaan yahi pe apane
mehamanoan ko lata hoga
aur meri tarah
isaki khoobiyaan batata hoga

(gumbad / chaand ka qayada / lattoo / surahi / chaand)

khair,
ab dekhie taj ka ye gumbad
bazahir chhota nazar ata hai
lekin kafi baland hai
balandi hai sadhe tis phit
chaand ka qayada sadhe ath phit
lattoo ka qatar sadhe char phit
lattoo ki surahi sadhe char phit
surahi par ka lattoo paune paanch phit
kalas ka vazan battis man hai
aur kalas ke chaand par
likha hua hai
qalam-e- tayyaba-

gayak- (ajan ke svar)

la ilah- illallah
       mohammadurrasoolullah.

(sidhiyaan utarakar divar ke sahare-sahare ke drishy)

gaid- ye to balandi dekhi
         gaharaee mean jaean to huzoor
         vahaan pani hai
         haan janab taj ki buniyad mean
         chalis kuean haian.
         kuoan mean tin hazar chhah sau
         latthe utare ge.
         aise latthe jo jitana pani mean rahean
         aur zyada mazaboot banean.
         darasal yahi to taj ke
         ahasas ki bhi buniyad hai,
         jisamean dil ki
         gili halachal hai
        aur pyar ki phariyad hai.

(taj ka bariq kam)

bahut pyar se banaya hai taj ko
memaroan fanakaroan ne
shilpakala ka aisa namoona
ki jis hisse ko
jitane gaur se dekhane jaie
usamean chhipi nazakatean
khud-b-khud
jalva dikhane dikhane lageangi,
mahin daliyoan ke pechokham
nazuk phooloan ki pankhuriyaan
apase batiyane lageangi.

(divaroan par likhavat)

aur ye a de-tirachhe khutoot
inako is tarah milaya hai ki
jo d dikhaee nahian deta
aur daantoan tale uangali to
tab dabaeange,
jab assi fit ooanchi likhavat ko
yahian se dekhakar
samane ki likhavat ke
barabar paeange.
taj ke memaroan ne
bharatiy ganit vidya aur
jyamiti padhi thi
isilie unamean
napajokh aur paimaish ki
tamiz b di thi.

(taj ki alag-alag shilpakariyaan)

jat-paant ka bhed nahian tha
banane valoan mean
unaki kala, unaka hunar hi
unaka dharam tha
ya kahean karam ka dharam tha.
mau. sharif kalas-saz the samarakand ke
mau. hanif memar the kandhar ke
ismail khaan roomi gumbad-saz the dilli ke
chirangi lal, chhote lal
manohar sianh mannoo lal ne
ki thi pachchikari
ata muhammad jatamal
shankar muhammad joravar ne gulakari
ustad afandi naksha-navis the
ustad eesa rajagir
ustad manohar badhee
sitar khaan khushanavis the.
khushanavis mane suandar likhane vale
aur khushanavis kya the
khushanasib the
kitani aankhean dekhati haian
husno jamal ko
kitane dil saharate haian
kala ke kamal ko
pakizagi aur roohaniyat ka jaise
sakar roop talasha gaya ho,
phool ki pankhuriyoan se goya
hire ka mahal tarasha gaya ho.

sadaqe in fanakaroan ki
uangaliyoan ke
sadaqe unaki chhainiyoan ke
sadaqe iansan ki un koshishoan ke
jo doodh mean nahae khvab jaisa
taj bana sakati haian,
sadaqe unaki mehanat ke
jo sangamaramar ka
sangit suna sakati haian.

(sooryast ke samay lauang sh aaut mean taj)

farishato dhaank do

roohoan ki chadar se ise varana
fiza ki saans
chhoo-chhoo kar

ise maila n kar dale[6]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika

tika tippani aur sandarbh

  1. tajamahal (hindi) yatra salah. abhigaman tithi: 12 aktoobar, 2010.
  2. tajamahal (hindi) vikimepiya. abhigaman tithi: 12 aktoobar, 2010.
  3. yahaan arjumand bano begam, jinh‍hean mumataz mahal kahate haian, sthit haian jinaki maut 1904 AH ya 1630 AD ko huee
  4. is sarvottam uchh‍ch maharaja, sh‍varg ke nivasi, taroan mandaloan ke doosare malik, badashah shahajahaan ki pavitr qabr is maqabare mean hamesha phalati phoolati rahe, 1607 AH (1666 AD
  5. tajamahal (hindi) bharat ki adhikarik vebasait. abhigaman tithi: 12 aktoobar, 2010.
  6. 6.0 6.1 chakradhar, ashok (2008) rang jama lo. dayamand p aauket buks (pra.) li.. 81-7182-958-9.

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