जैन ख़ाँ कोका  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

jain khan koka mugal bahashah akabar ki ek dhay ka putr tha. isake pita aur chacha samrath ke bahut nikat rahate the, atev isapar bhi kripa hona svabhavik tha. kahate hain ki hindi kavy aur sngit men isaki vishesh ruchi thi. svayn kavihriday aur vadyapremi tha. isaki vilasapriyata ki bhi anek kahaniyan prasiddh hain. apane rajy ke 30ven varsh akabar ne ise kabul bheja jahan yusuphajee upadrav macha rahe the. uloog beg mirja ki sahayata se inake vidroh ka daman kiya. isi sthan par ek any jati 'sulatani' ke nam se rahati thi. badashahi sena ne chaturata se yusuphajiyon ko apane paksh men karake sulataniyon ko nasht kiya. bajor, svad adi men daman karate hue vah chakadar pahuncha jahan usane ek durg sthapit kiya. karakar aur booner prant ko chhodakar shesh bhag par adhikar kar liya.

snkshipt parichay

abulafatah aur raja birabal ke sath ise pahadi pranton men bhi yuddh karana pada, yadyapi yah usaki anichchha se hi hua tha. pahadi pranton ke afaganon se yuddh ise atynt mahnga pada. isaki sena pahadi kshetron men yuddh ki anabhyast hone ke karan bikhar gee. bahut se sainik kam ae. svayn jain khan ke pran badi kathinaee se bache. raja birabal any mukhy sathiyon ke sath yuddh men mare ge. akabar rajy ke 31ven varsh isane peshavar ke nikat jalaluddin roshani ke netritv men mahamnd aur gori jatiyon ke vidroh ka badi virata se daman kiya. 32ven varsh men yah raja manasinh ke uttaradhikari ke roop men jabulistan ka adhyaksh niyukt kiya gaya. 33ven varsh isane yusuphajiyon par akraman kiya aur 8 mahine ke pashchath‌ bahut logon ko mar kar shesh logon se atmasamarpan karava liya.
koka ne svad par bhi adhikar karane ka vichar kiya. bachakora nadi ke kinare raksharth durg banakar usane eed ki kurbani ke parv ki rat afaganon ke oopar akraman kar diya. isamen koka ki vijay huee. 35ven varsh isi ki virata ke karan pahadiyon ke jamindaron ko atmasamarpan karana pada. 37ven varsh jab jain khan ko hindookush se lekar sindh ke kinare tak ki raksha ke liye niyukt kiya gaya, vah svad aur bajor hokar tirah pahuncha. aphridiyon aur orakajiyon ne atmasamarpan kar diya aur jalal ke kaphiron ke kshetr men sharan li. isane apani rajanitik kushalata se kaphiron ko milakar afaganon ka daman kiya, yusoophajee bhi badakhshan tak bhagakar surakshit n rah sake. unhen jain khan se sndhi karani padi. is prakar kanashan durg, badakhshan aur kashagar ke simant kshetr isake adhikar men a ge. isi samay kulikhan kabul ka karyabhar snbhalane men asamarth ho raha tha, at: vah pad jain khan ko pradan kiya gaya. jab jalaluddin roshani ke marane par afaganistan men shanti sthapit ho gee to yah lahaur a gaya. adhik madirasevi hone ke karan isaka svasthy bahut kharab ho gaya tha. ant men 1602 ee. men yah mar gaya.[1]

vistrit jivan parichay

jain khan koka ki mata pech: jan akabar ki dhay thi. isaka pita khvaja: makasoodali harvi pavitr vichar ka sachcha tatha diyanatadar adami tha aur hamid: banoo begam ka ek sevak tha, jo haudaj ke pas barabar niyat tha. erak ki yatra men yah bhi sath gaya tha. akabar ne isake bhaee khvaj: sahan ki, jo jain khan ka chacha tha, ladaki ka shahajada salim se nikah kar diya tha. isi se sanh 997 hijari men sulatan parvej paida hua. 30 varsh men jab mirja muhammad hakim kabul men mar gaya aur akabar jabulistan jane ko ichchha se sindh nadi ke par utara tab jain khan, jise dhaee hajari manasab mil chuka tha, yoosuphajaee jati valon ko thik karane aur svad tatha bajaur par adhikar karane ke lie bheja gaya. yah jhud pahile karabag aur kndhar men rahata tha. aur vahan se kabul akar is par adhikar karane laga tha. mirja ulugabeg kabuli ne ise bhaga diya. bache hue vahan se lamaganat men kuchh din thahar kar istagar men ja base. lagabhag sau varsh hue ki tab se svad tatha bajaur men loot mar kar din bitate hain.
usi desh men ek aur jhund tha, jo apane ko sulatani kahata tha aur apane ko sultan sikndar ki putri ka vnshaj samajhata tha. yah jati pahale gulami karane lagi aur phir kapat karake isane kuchh achchhi jagah apane adhikar ne kar liya. isamen se kuchh unhin ghatiyon men asaphalata men din vyatit karate rahe aur desh-prem ke karan bahar nahin ge. jis varsh pahale akabar mirja muhammad hakim ko dnd dene ke lie us prant men gaya tha, us samay us jati ke bade log seva men pahunche the. inamen se ek kaloo tha, jo kripa pakar bhi agare se bhag gaya. khvaj: shamsuddin khavaphi ne atak ke pas use kaid kar darbar bhej diya. dnd ke badale us par kripa huee parntu phir bhag kar apane desh chala gaya aur loot mar karane men doosaron ka sathi ho gaya.
jain khan koka pahale bajaur prant se gaya, jisake dakshin men peshavar aur poorn men kabul ke paragane hain, jo pachis kos lnba aur panch se dam kos tak chauda hai satha jisamen is jati ke 30 sahasr grihasth adami basate hai. vahan isane bahuton ko dnd diya. gaji khan, mirja ali aur doosare sardaron ne aman mangi aur upadrav shant ho gaya. isake anntar parvatyasthan svad ki or gaya aur kade dhavon par shatru ko bhaga diya. jagadarra men, jo us prant ke bich men hai, isane durg ki nind dali. isane tiees bar vijay paee aur isake sat bhale toote. karakar ki oonchaee aur pavanir prant ke siva sab par adhikar ho gaya. pahadon men ghoomate-ghoomate sena shithil ho gee, isalie jain khan ne sahayata mangi. akabar ne raja birabal aur hakim abulfatah ko ek doosare ke bad niyat kiya. jab ve kokaltash ke pas pahunche tab purani eershya ke karan ve apas men n milakar bhinn mat ho ge. jab koka ne nyay karate samay kaha ki 'nee aee huee sena ko balavaiyon par bheja jay aur ham is prant men raksha ke lie rahen ya ap log yahan jagadarra men raksha ka kam dekhie aur ham balavaiyon ko dnd dene jay, tab raja aur hakim ne javab diya ki 'shadi agya mulk par dhava karane ki hai, usaki rachana karane ke lie nahin hai. ham sab milakar dnd dene ke bad darabar chale chalenge.' koka ne kaha ki 'jis prant ko itana yuddh kar adhikrit kiya hai, use kis prakar bina prabndh kie chhad den. yadi yah donon prastav n svikar hon to jis marg se aye ho usi se laut jao' ve yah n sunakar karakar ke us marg se age badhe, jo pahadon aur gadahon se bhara hua tha. koka bhi nirupay hokar unhin ke sath chala ki kahin ye parshvavarti koee aisi bat n kah den ki badashah ka vichar usaki or se badal jae. yahan tak ki har ek tng daren men barabar ladaee hoti rahi aur loot bhi khoob hoti rahi.
jab balandari ghati ki or badhe tab koka pichhe ho gaya. afaganon ne dhava kiya aur yuddh hone laga. un sab ne har or se tir aur patthar phenkana arnbh kiya. adami log ghabada kar pahad ke niche bhage. is daud dhoop men hathi aur ghode bhi unhin men mil ge aur bahut se adami mare ge. koka chahata tha ki lad mare parntu janish bahadur use lauta laya aur marg n hone se kuchh door paidal chal kar padav par pahunch gaya. jab yah vidit hua ki afagan akraman ko ate hain tab ghabarahat men kusamay men kooch kar diya. andhakar ke karan rasta chhod kar bahut se log darron men ja pade. afaganon ne loot bahut banti par tau bhi bach gee. doosare din bhi kitane marg bhoole hue mare ge. raja birabal badashah ki pahachan ke lagabhag panch sau adamiyon tatha doosaron ke sath mara gaya.
31ven varsh men kokalatash peshavar ke pas muhammad aur gori jatiyon ko dnd dene ke lie niyat hua, jo jakakuddin raushani ko sardar banakar rirah aur khaibar men balava machae hue the. isane achchha kam dikhalaya. 32ven varshn men raja manasinh ke sthan par jabulistan ka shasak niyat hua. 33ven varshn men phir yoosuphajee logon ko dnd dene ke lie niyukt hokar pahile bajaur gaya aur un par ath mahine tah akraman kie. isamen bahut se shatru mare ge aur bache hue logon ne adhinata svikar kar li. koka svad par adhikar karane chala. pahile bachakora nadi ke kinare, jo us desh men pahunchane ke marg ka arnbh hai, ddadh drirg banavakar baith raha. shatru eed ki kurabani men lage the ki koka gupt raste se svad men jo ja pahuncha. afagan chabadakar bhag ge aur us desh par adhikar ho gaya. har ek avashyak sthan par durga banavakar raksha ka prabndh kiya. 43ven varsh jain khan uttar ke jaminbaron ko dnd dene ke lie niyat hua. pathan ke pas se us prant men jakar satalaj nadi tak pahuncha. sab vidrohiyon ne adhinata svikar kar li. nagarakot ke raja vidhichndr, jamboo parvat ke raja parashuram, moo ke raja basoo, raja aniruddh jasabal, raja kam lauri, raja jagadishachndr dalaval, panna ke raja snsarachndr, manakot ke ray pratap, jasarauta ke ray basoo, lakhanapur ke ray balabhadr, kot bharat ke daulat, rayakrishn balabariiy: aur ray ravadiya dhamarival ne 10 sahastr savar ikatta ar lie the aur paidal ek lakh se adhik the par ye sab achchhi bhent lekar koka se sath darabar ge. 36ven varsh men char hajari mnsab aur dnka pakar yah snmanit hua. 37ven varsh jain khan sindh nadi ke us par se hind koh tak ke prant ka shasak niyat hua aur svad tatha bajaur se tirah ki or gaya. apharidi aur urakajee jatiyon ne adhinata svikar kar li. jalal. kaphiron ke prant men chala gaya. koka bhi us prant men pahunch. jalal: ke damad vahadat ali ne yoosuphajee ki sahayata se kanashal durg par aur kaphiron ke prant men kuchh saphalata prapt ki thi isalie koka ne unhen daman karane ka sahas kiya. sena ne kohasar tak, jo kashagar ke shasak ka thana tha, jakar bahaton ko kaid kiya. kaphiron ke sardaron ne bhi afaganon ki har men prayatn kiya. kchh chaganasara ki aur badakhshan jakar loot mar karane lage. nirupay hokar yoosuphajee sardaron ne adhenata svikar kar li aur durg kanashal tatha badakhshan-kashagar ki sima tak ke bahut se thanon par adhikar ho gaya. is khashi men 41ven varsh ke arnbh men ise panch hajari manasab mila.
jab kulij khan kabul ka prabndh nahin kar saka tab usi varsh koka us prat men niyat hua. usi varsh shahajad salim jain khan ki putri par ashik ho gaya aur usi ki chinta men rahane laga. akabar is kuchal se pareshan hua, parntu jab usaki ghabadahat adhik dekha tab svikrit dekar sanh 1004 hi. men nikah kar diya. jab jalaluddin raushani, jo kabul prant men upadravon ka jad tha, mar gaya aur kabul men upadrav shant hua tab agyanusar jain khan tirah se lahaur ki raksha ke lie pahuncha. jab akabar burahanapur se laut kar agara aya tab isako bulavaya. kam karane se jan chura kar isane sharab pauna arnbh kiya tha, jis karan isase kuchh log khinch ge. isaki bimari badhane lagi aur hriday ki nirbalata se yah sanh 1010 hijari (sanh 1602 ee.) men mar gaya. kahate hain ki birabal ki ghatana se jain khan ki avanati hone lagi aur isaka badashah ke hriday men vichar bana raha. jab salim kuvichar se ilahabad jakar rahane laga aur isane bahut se ghode usake pas bheje tab vah aprasannata aur bhi badi. usi samay yah mar gaya. [2]

kavi hriday aur vady premi

jain khan kavitt aur rag ka premi tha. bahut se baje svayn baja leta tha aur sher bhi kahata hai. usake ek sher ka urdoo roopantar yon hai-

aram nahin deta hai yah charkh kaj-kheram .

risht: murad ka ki suee men main dal loo॥

kahate hai ki jab isane badashah ko apane ghar bula kar jalasa kiya tha jab aisi taiyari ki thi ki barabar vale ashcharyachakit ko gaya. inhin men se ek chabootara poori lambaee or chaudaee tak toos ke shalon se dhnk diya tha, jo us samay bahut kam milate the aur usake age tin hauz the, jinamen se ek hauz yajd ke gulab se, doosara kesar ke rng se aur tisara aragaja se bhar kar banavaya tha. isamen ek hajar se adhik tabayaphon ko dal diya tha. doodh aur chini milakar usaki naharen bahaee aur sahan men pani ke badale gulab jal chhidaka gaya. isane tokaron men ratn aur jadaoo bartan bhar kar bhari hathiyon ke sath bhent kie the. kahate hain ki us samay hathiyon ki adhikata men jain khan, ghodon men kulij khan aur khvaj: saraon men seed khan prasiddh the.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. jain khan koka (hindi) bharatakhoj. abhigaman tithi: 24 mee, 2014.
  2. pustak- 'mugal darabar ke saradar' bhag-1| lekhak: masirulh umara | prakashan: nagari pracharini sabha, varanasi | prishth snkhya: 698-701

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