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jahandarashah
jahandarashah
poora nam mirza muizz-ud-din beg mohammad khan jahandar shah bahadur
janm 9 mee, 1661
janm bhoomi dakkan, mugal_samrajy
mrityu tithi 12 faravari, 1713
mrityu sthan dilli, mugal_samrajy
pita/mata pita- bahadurashah pratham
dharmik manyata islam
rajyabhishek 29 march, 1712
poorvadhikari bahadurashah pratham
rajagharana taimoor
vnsh mugal vnsh
any janakari ek samakalin itihasakar 'iradat khan' ne jahandarashah ke vishay men likha hai, "vah rngareliyon men doobe rahane vala ek kamazor vyakti tha, jisane to rajy ke karyon ki chinta ki, aur n umaravon men se kisi ka lagav tha.

jahandarashah (angrezi: Jahandar Shah, janm- 9 mee, 1661, dakkan; mrityu- 12 faravari, 1713, dilli) bahadurashah pratham ke char putron men se ek tha. bahadurashah pratham ke marane ke bad usake charon putron 'jahandarashah', 'ajimushshan', 'rafiushshan' evn 'jahanashah' men uttaradhikar ke lie sngharsh chhid gaya. is sngharsh men zulfiqar khan ke sahayog se jahandarashah ke atirikt bahadurashah pratham ke any tin putr apas men sngharsh ke dauran mare gaye. 51 varsh ki ayu men jahandarashah 29 march, 1712 ko mugal rajasinhasan par baitha. zulfiqar khan isaka pradhanamntri niyukt kiya gaya, tatha asad khan 'vakil-e-mutalaq' ke pad par bana raha. ye donon bap-bete eerani amiron ke neta the. jahandarashah ke shasan kal ke bare men itihasakar 'khaphi khan' ka kahana hai, "naya shasanakal charanon aur gayakon, nartakon evn natyakarmiyon ke samast vargon ke lie bahut anukool tha." jahandarashah ne sirf 1712 se 1713 ee. tak hi shasan kiya.

shasan v niti

jahandarashah ke shasanakal men prashasan ki poori bagador zulfiqar khan ke hathon men thi. darabar men apani sthiti mazaboot banane tatha samrajy ko bachane ke lie yah avashyak tha ki, rajapoot rajaon tatha marathon ke sath maitripoorn sambandh sthapit kiya jay. isalie usane rajapooton ki taraf maitripoorn qadam badhate huye, amer ke jayasinh ko malava ka soobedar niyukt kiya, tatha 'mirja raja' ki padavi di. maravad ke ajit sinh ko 'maharaja'ki padavi di aur gujarat ka shasak niyukt kiya. usane jajiya kar ko bhi samapt kar diya. zulfiqar khan ne choodaman jat tatha chhatrasal bundela ke sath bhi mel-milap kiya tatha keval banda bahadur ke viruddh daman ki niti ko jari rakha. jagiron aur ohadon ki andhadhundh vriddhi par rok lagakar zulfiqar khan ne samrajy ki vittiy sthiti ko sudharane ka prayas kiya, kintu usane ek galat pravritti 'ijara vyavastha' ko badhava diya. isake antargat ek nishchit dar par bhoo-rajasv vasool karane ke badale men sarakar ne 'ijaredar' (lagan ke thekedaron) aur bichailiyon ke sath yah karar karana arambh kar diya tha ki, ve sarakar ko ek nishchit mudra rashi den. badale men kisanon se jitana lagan vasool kar saken, utana vasoolane ke lie unhen azad chhod diya gaya. isase kisanon ka utpidan badha. zulfiqar khan vazir ki shakti men vriddhi karake shaktishali hona chahata tha, jisake karan shahi samnton ne zulfiqar khan ke viruddh shadayntr karana prarnbh kar diya. zulfiqar khan ne apane sare prashasanik dayitv apane ek najadiki vyakti 'subhagachandr' ke hathon men de diya tha.

ayogy v vilasi samrat

jahandarashah ayogy evn vilasi samrat tha. usane apane shasan ke karyon men 'lal kunvar' nam ki veshya ko hastakshep karane ka adhikar de rakha tha. atah ajimushshan ke putr farrukhasiyar ne patana ke soobedar saiyad bandhu 'husain ali khan' evn usake bade bhaee ilahabad ke sahayak soobedar 'abdulla khan' ke sahayog se jahandarashah ko upadasth karana chaha. husain ali khan evn abdulla khan, jinhen 'saiyyad bndhu' ke nam se bhi jana jata hai, mugalakalin bharatiy itihas men 'shasak nirmata' ke roop men prasiddh hain.

mrityu

saiyyad bndhuon ke sahayog se farrukhasiyar ne 10 janavari, 1713 ko agara men jahandarashah ko buri tarah parast kiya. 12 faravari, 1713 ko asad khan evn zulfiqar khan ne isaki hatya kar di. jahandarashah mugal vnsh ka pratham ayogy shasak tha. use 'lampat moorkh' kaha jata tha. jahandarashah ke bare men 'arvin' ne likha hai, "taimoor ke khanadan men jahandarashah pahala samrat tha, jisane svayn ko apane behad nichata, kroor svabhav, dimag ke chhichhalepan tatha kayarata ke karan shasan karane men poori tarah se ayogy paya."

ek samakalin itihasakar 'iradat khan' ne jahandarashah ke vishay men likha hai, "vah rngareliyon men doobe rahane vala ek kamazor vyakti tha, jisane to rajy ke karyon ki chinta ki, aur n umaravon men se kisi ka lagav tha." jahandarashah ke shasanakal men "ulloo baj ke ghonsale men rahata tha, tatha koyal ka sthan kauve ne le liya tha."


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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