मुराद बख़्श  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

murad bakhsh, shahajahan aur mumataz mahal (noorajahan) ka sabase chhota putr tha. usaka janm 1624 ee. men hua. vah yuvavastha prapt karane par atyant hi vir, sahasi aur yuddh-priy yuvak siddh hua. usane kangada ghati men ek vidroh ko dabaya aur balkh par adhikar kar liya. halanki bad men use vahan se laut ana pada. 1657 ee. men jab shahajahan asvasth hua, us samay murad gujarat ka prantiy shasak tha. vah dussahasi aur adhir pravritti ka yuvak tha. apane sabase bade bhaee dara shikoh ko uttaradhikar se vnchit rakhane ke lie dridhapratigy hokar soorat ko loota aur apane ko samrat ghoshit kar diya. usane apane nam se sikke bhi dhalavaye. kintu shighr hi bade bhaee aurngazeb ke samajhane par usane is adhar par aurngazeb ka sath diya ki samrajy ka vibhajan aurngazeb v usake madhy men kiya jayega.

shahajahan ki chahat

shahajahan ke char putr the aur jab shahajahan 1657 ee. men asvasth hua, us samay charon balig the. dara shikoh ki ayu 43 varsh ki thi; shahashuja ki ayu 41 varsh, aurngazeb ki ayu 39 varsh tatha murad ki ayu 33 varsh ki thi. shahajahan ki do putriyan bhi thi-jahanara aur roshanara. jahanara, dara shikoh ka paksh leti thi tatha raushanara aurngazeb ke dal men mil gee thi. sabhi bhaiyon ko pranton ke shasakon tatha sainaon ke senapatiyon ke roop men gair sainik tatha sainik mamalon ka kafi anubhav prapt ho chuka tha. parantu unamen vaiyaktik gunon evn yogyata ko lekar bhed tha. sabase bade putr dara shikoh par shahajahan vishvas karata tha aur use hi apana uttaradhikari banana chahata tha.

bhaeeyon ki tulana

dara shikoh sab darshanon ke sar ka sngrah karane vala vichar rakhata tha. vah udar svabhav tatha pnnditochit pravrittiyon ka tha. vah any dharmavalambiyon ke sath milata tha. usane ved, talamud evn baibil ke siddhanton tatha soofi lekhakon ki pustakon ka adhyayan kiya tha. usake in sab karyon se sahadharmi kattar sadasyon ka naraz ho jana svabhavik hi tha tatha ve sab isake viruddh ho ge. doosara bhaee shahashuja, jo us samay bngal ka soobedar tha, ek buddhiman tatha vir sainik tha. par vah atyant aramatalab hone ke karan durbal, alasi, asavadhan aur nirantar cheshta, chaukas, savadhani tatha doosare se milakar kam karane ke ayogy ban gaya tha. tisara bhaee aurngazeb atyant yogy tha. vah asadharan udyog aur gahan kootaniti tatha sainik gunon se sampann tha. usamen shasan karane ki asndigdh kshamata thi. murad, jo is samay gujarat ka soobedar tha, nissndeh spasht vakta, udar evn vir tha, parantu vah bhari piyakkad tha. at: vah netritv ke lie avashyak gunon ka vikas nahin kar paya.

aurngazeb se sandhi

jab shahajahan bhnyakar roop se bimar pada, tab charon bhaiyon men se keval dara shikoh hi shahajahan ke pas agara men upasthit tha. tinon parasthit bhaiyon ko sndeh hua ki unaka pita vastav men mar chuka hai tatha dara ne is samachar ko daba diya hai. shuja ne bngal ki tatkalin rajadhani rajamahal men apane ko badashah ghoshit kar liya tatha samrajy ki rajadhani ki or sena lekar badha. parantu banaras ke nikat pahunchane par vah dara shikoh ke putr suleman shikoh ke adhin apane viruddh bheji gee ek sena ke dvara hara diya gaya. vah bngal laut jane ko vivash hua. murad ne bhi ahamadabad men apana rajyabhishek 5 disambar, 1657 ee. ko kiya. usane malava men aurngazeb se milakar ek sandhi kar li. unhonne samrajy ka vibhajan karane ka iqararanama kiya, jo allah evn paigambar ke nam par svikrit kiya gaya. is iqararanamen ki sharten is prakar se thin-

  • loot ke mal ki ek tihaee mudar bakhsh ko tatha do tihaee aurngazeb ko milegi.
  • samrajy ki vijay ke bad pnjab, afaganistan, kashmir evn sindh murad ko milenge, jo vahan badashahat ka jhanda gadega, sikke chalaega tatha badashah ke roop men apana nam ghoshit karega.

shahi sena ki parajay

aurugazeb tatha murad ki milijuli fauj uttar ki or badhi tatha dharamat pahunchi, jo ujjain se chaudah mil dakshin-pashchim men hai. badashah ne unaka badhana rokane ke lie jodhapur ke raja jasavant sinh tatha kasim khan ko bheja. 15 aprail, 1657 ee. ko dharamat men virodhi senaon ki muthabhed huee, jahan shahi dal asadharan roop se parajit hua. vijayi shahazadon ne ek apekshit chhichhale bhag se hokar chambal ko par kiya tatha samoogadh ke maidan men pahunche, jo agare ke durg se ath mil door hai.

dara shikoh ki har

29 mee ko yuddh arambh hua. isamen prachandata ke sath sngharsh hua. donon hi dal virata ke sath lade. murad ke chehare par tin ghav lage. dara shikoh ki or se yuddh karane vale rajapoot apani jati ki parampara ke sachche the. unhonne apane vir yuvak neta, ramavir sinh ke netritv men viratapoorvak murad ki tukadi par nirashajanit virata ke sath akraman kiya. unaka ek-ek adami mar mita. dara shikoh durbhagy se apane hathi ke ek tir se buri tarah se ghayal ho jane ke karan us par se utarakar ek ghode par chadh gaya. 'smith' kahata hai ki ,"isi kary ne yuddh ka nirn kar diya." apane svami ke hathi ka hauda khali dekhakar bachi huee fauj use mara samajhakar atyant ghabarahat ke sath maidan se titar-bitar ho gee. nirasha se bhara hua dara, apane padav aur bandooqon ko apane shatruon dvara adhikrit hone ke lie chhodakar, agara ki or bhag gaya. vahan vah akathaniy roop se din avastha men pahuncha. dara shikoh ki har vastav men usake senapatiyon ki yuddh kaushal sambandhi kuchh bhoolon tatha usaki topon ki durbal avastha ke karan huee, n ki sampoornat: usaki sena ke dahine ang ke adhikari khalilullah ke kapatapoorn paramarsh ke karan, jaisa ki kuchh vrittant hamen vishvas dilate hain.

murad ki hatya

agara se aurngazeb 13 joon, 1658 ee. ko dilli ki or ravana hua. parantu raste men vah mathura ke nikat roopanagar men apane bhaee murad ke, jo ab tak apani bhaee ki yojana ko achchhi tarah se samajh chuka tha aur usase nafarat karane laga tha, virodh ko kuchalane ke lie thahar gaya. khule maidan men usaka samana karane ke badale aurngazeb ne use ek jal men phnsa liya. pahale us hatabhagy shahazade ko salimagadh ke durg men bandi banakar rakha gaya. janavari, 1659 ee. men use vahan se gvaliyar ke qile men le jaya gaya. 4 disambar, 1661 ee. ko divanali naki ki hatya karane ke abhiyog men use phansi par lataka diya gaya.

aurngazeb ka rajyabhishek

murad ko giraftar kar lene ke bad hi aurngazeb dilli ja chuka tha, jahan 21 julaee, 1658 ee. ko vah badashah ke roop men rajasinhasan par baitha.


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