अकबर का साम्राज्य विस्तार  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

akabar vishay soochi
akabar ka samrajy vistar
akabar
poora nam jalaluddin muhammad akabar
janm 15 aktoobar sanh 1542 (lagabhag)[1]
janm bhoomi amarakot, sindh (pakistan)
mrityu tithi 27 aktoobar sanh 1605 (umr 63 varsh)
mrityu sthan fatehapur sikari, agara
pita/mata humayoon, mariyam maqani
pati/patni mariyam-uzh-zamani (haraka baee)
sntan jahangir ke alava 5 putr 7 betiyan
upadhi jalal-ud-din
rajy sima uttar aur madhy bharat
shasan kal 27 janavari, 1556 - 27 aktoobar, 1605
sha. avadhi 49 varsh
rajyabhishek 14 farabari 1556 kalanapur ke pas guradasapur
dharmik manyata naya mazahab banaya din-e-ilahi
yuddh panipat, haldighati
sudhar-parivartan jaziya hataya, rajapooton se vivah snbndh
rajadhani fatehapur sikari agara, dilli
poorvadhikari humayoon
uttaradhikari jahangir
rajagharana mugal
vnsh taimoor aur chngez khan ka vnsh
maqabara sikandara, agara
snbndhit lekh mugal kal

jalaluddin muhammad akabar bharat ka mahanatam mugal shnhashah badashah tha. jisane mugal shakti ka bharatiy upamahadvip ke adhikansh hisson men vistar kiya. akabar ko akabar-ai-azam, shahnshah akabar tatha mahabali shahnshah ke nam se bhi jana jata hai. akabar ka samrajy vistar do vargon men vibhajit kiya ja sakata hain-

  1. uttar bharat ki vijay aur
  2. dakshin bharat ki vijay

uttar bharat ki vijay

panipat yuddh ke bad 1559 ee. men akabar ne gvaliyar par, 1560 ee. men usake senapati jamal khan ne jaunapur par tatha 1561 ee. men asaph khan ne chunar ke qile par adhikar kar liya.

malava vijay

yahan ke shasak baj bahadur ko 1561 ee. men adaham khan ke netritv men mugal sena ne parast kar diya. 29 march, 1561 ee. ko malava ki rajadhani ‘sarngapur’ par mugal senaon ne adhikar kar liya. akabar ne adaham khan ko vahan ki soobedari saunpi. 1562 ee. men pir muhammad malava ka soobedar bana. yah ek atyachari pravritti ka vyakti tha. baj bahadur ne dakshin ke shasakon ke sahayog se punah malava par adhikar kar liya. pir muhammad bhagate samay narmada nadi men doob kar mar gaya. is bar akabar ne abdulla khan ujabeg ko baj bahadur ko parast karane ke lie bheja. baj bahadur ne parajit hokar akabar ki adhinata svikar kar akabar ke darabar men dvi-hazari manasab prapt kiya. 1564 ee. men akabar ne gondavana vijay hetu ‘asaph khan’ ko bheja. tatkalin gondavana rajy ki shasika v mahoba ki chandel rajakumari ‘rani durgavati’, jo apane alpayu putr ‘viranarayan’ ki snrakshika ke roop men shasan kar rahi thi, ne asaph khan ke netritv vali mugal sena ka dat kar mukabala kiya. antatah man aur putr donon viragati ko prapt hue. 1564 ee. men gondavana mugal samrajy ke adhin ho gaya.

rajasthan vijay

rajasthan ke rajapoot shasak apane parakram, atmamman evn svatantrata ke lie prasiddh the. akabar ne rajapooton ke prati vishesh niti apanate hue un rajapoot shasakon se mitrata evn vaivahik sambandh sthapit kiye, jinhonne usaki adhinata svikar kar li. kintu jinhonne adhinata svikar nahin ki, unase yuddh ke dvara adhinata svikar karavane ka prayatn kiya.

gujarat vijay (1572-73 ee.)

gujarat ek samriddh, unnatishil evn vyaparik kendr ke roop men prasiddh tha. isalie akabar ise apane adhikar men karane hetu utsuk tha. sitambar 1572 ee. men akabar ne svayn hi gujarat ko jitane ke lie prasthan kiya. us samay gujarat ka shasak mujaphphar khan tritiy tha. lagabhag dedh mahine ke sngharsh ke bad 26 faravari, 1573 ee. tak akabar ne soorat, ahamadabad evn kaimbe par adhikar kar liya. akabar ‘khane ajam’ mirza ajij koka ko gujarat ka garvanar niyukt kar vapas agara a gaya, kintu usake agara pahunchate hi soochana mili ki, gujarat men muhammad husain mirza ne vidroh kar diya hai. atah turant hi akabar ne gujarat ki or mudakar 2 sitambar, 1573 ee. ko vidroh ko kuchal diya. akabar ke is abhiyan ko smthi ne ‘snsar ke itihas ka sarvadhik drutagami akraman’ kaha hai. is prakar gujarat akabar ke samrajy ka ek pakka ang ban gaya. usake vitt tatha rajasv ka punarsagnthan todaramal ne kiya, jisaka kary us prant men sihabuddin ahamad ne 1573 ee. se 1584 ee. tak kiya. gujarat men hi akabar sarvapratham purtagaliyon se mila aur yahin par usane pahali bar samudr ko dekha. gujarat ko jitane ke bad akabar ne poore uttar bharat men ‘karodi’ nam ke ek adhikari ki niyukti ki. is adhikari ko apane kshetr se ek karod dam vasool karana hota tha. ‘karodi’ ki sahayata ke lie ‘amil’ niyukt kiye ge. ye qanoonagon dvara bataye gaye ankade ki bhi janch karate the. vastavik utpadan, sthaniy qimaten, utpadakata adi par unaki soochana ke adhar par akabar ne 1580 ee. men 'dahasala' nam ki navin pranali ko prarambh kiya. inhen bhi dekhen: mugalakalin rajasv pranali evn mugalakalin sthapaty evn vastukala

bihar evn bngal par vijay (1574-1576 ee.)

bihar evn bngal par suleman karrani akabar ki adhinata men shasan karata tha. karrani ki mrityu ke bad usake putr daood ne apani svatantrata ki ghoshana kar di. akabar ne munam khan ke netritv men mugal sena ko daood ko parajit karane ke lie bheja, sath hi munam khan ki sahayata hetu khud bhi gaya. 1574 ee. men daood bihar se bngal bhag gaya. akabar ne bngal vijay ka sampoorn dayitv munam khan ko saunp diya aur vapas fatehapur sikari a gaya. munam khan ne bngal pahunchakar daood ko suvarn rekha nadi ke poorvi kinare par sthit ‘tukaraee’ namak sthan par 3 march, 1575 ee. ko parast kiya. daood ki mrityu julaee, 1576 ee.men ho gee. is tarah se bngal evn bihar par mugalon ka adhikar ho gaya.

akabar ke kuchh mahattvapoorn kary
varsh kary
1562 ee. das pratha ka ant
1562 ee. akabar ki ‘haramadal’ se mukti
1563 ee. tirth yatra kar samapt
1564 ee. jaziya kar samapt
1565 ee. dharm parivartan par pabndi
1571 ee. fatehapur sikari ki sthapana
1571 ee. rajadhani agara se fatehapur sikari sthanantarit
1575 ee. ibadat khane ki sthapana
1578 ee. ibadat khane men sabhi dharmon ka pravesh
1579 ee. ‘mazahar’ ki ghoshana
1582 ee. din-e-ilahi’ ki ghoshana
1582 ee. soory pooja v agni pooja ka prachalan karaya
1583 ee. ilahi snvath ki sthapana

haldighati ka yuddh (18 joon, 1576 ee.)

uday sinh ki mrityu ke bad mevad ka shasak maharana pratap hua. akabar ne mevad ko poornaroop se jitane ke lie aprail, 1576 ee. men amer ke raja manasinh evn asaph khan ke netritv men mugal sena ko akraman ke lie bheja. donon senaon ke madhy goguda ke nikat aravali pahadi ki ‘haldi ghati’ shakha ke madhy hua. is yuddh men ranapratap parajit hue. unaki jan jhala ke nayak ki niahsvarth bhakti ke karan bach saki, kyonki usane apane ko rana ghoshit kar shahi dal ke akraman ko apane oopar le liya tha. rana ne chetak par savar hokar pahadiyon ki or bhag kar ashray liya. yah abhiyan bhi mevad par poorn adhikar ke bina hi samapt ho gaya. 1597 ee. men rana pratap ki mrityu ke bad unaka putr amar sinh uttaradhikari hua. usake shasan kal 1599 ee. men manasinh ke netritv men ek bar phir mugal sena ne akraman kiya. amar sinh ki parajay ke bad bhi mevad abhiyan adhoora raha, jise bad men jahangir ne poora kiya.

kabul vijay (1581 ee.)

mirza hakim, jo rishte men akabar ka sautela bhaee tha, ‘kabul’ par svatantr shasak ke roop men shasan kar raha tha. samrat banane ki mahatvakanksha men usane pnjab par akraman kiya. usake vidroh ko kuchalane ke lie akabar ne 8 faravari, 1581 ee. ko ek brihad sena ke sath afaganistan ki or prasthan kiya. akabar ke ane ka samachar sunakar mirza hakim kabul ki or vapas ho gaya. 10 agast 1581 ee. ko akabar ne mirza ki bahan bakhtunnisa begam ko kabul ki soobedari saunpi. kalantar men akabar ne kabul ko samrajy men mila kar manasinh ko soobedar banaya.

humayoon, babar, jahangir aur akabar

kashmir vijay (1585-1586 ee.)

akabar ne kashmir par adhikar karane ke lie bhagavan das evn kasim khan ke netritv men mugal sena ko bheja. mugal sena ne thode se sngharsh ke bad yahan ke shasak ‘yusuph khan’ ko bandi bana liya. bad men yusuph khan ke ladake ‘yakoob’ ne sngharsh ki shuruat ki, kintu shrinagar men hue vidroh ke karan use mugal sena ke samaksh atsamarpan karana pada. 1586 ee. men kashmir ka vilay mugal samrajy men ho gaya.

sindh vijay (1591 ee.)

akabar ne abdurrahim khanakhana ko sindh ko jitane ka dayitv saunpa. 1591 ee. men sindh ke shasak janibeg evn khanakhana ke madhy kada sngharsh hua. antatah sindh par mugalon ka adhikar ho gaya.

udisa vijay (1590-1592 ee.)

1590 ee. men raja manasinh ke netritv men mugal sena ne udisa ke shasak nisar khan par akraman kar atmasamarpan ke lie vivash kiya, parantu antim roop se udisa ko 1592 ee. men mugal samrajy ke adhin kiya gaya.

baloochistan vijay (1595 ee.)

mir masoom ke netritv men mugal senaon ne 1595 ee. men baloochistan par akraman kar vahan ke afaganon ko harakar use mugal samrajy men mila liya.

kndhar vijay (1595 ee.)

bairam khan ke snrakshan kal 1556-1560 ee. men kndhar mugalon ke hath se nikal gaya tha. kndhar ka soobedar mujaphphar husain mirza kndhar ko svechchha se mugal saradar shahabeg ko saunpakar svayn akabar ka manasabadar ban gaya. is tarah akabar mevad ke atirikt sampoorn uttari bharat par adhikar karane men saphal hua.

akabar ki dakshin vijay

bahamani rajy ke vikhandan ke uparant bane rajyon khanadesh, ahamadanagar, bijapur evn golakunda ko akabar ne apane adhin karane ke lie 1591 ee. men ek dootamandal ko dakshin ki or bheja. mugal sima ke sarvadhik nazadik hone ke karan ‘khanadesh’ ne mugal adhipaty ko svikar kar liya. ‘khanadesh’ ko dakshin bharat ka ‘pravesh dvar’ bhi mana jata hai.

akabar dvara vidroh daman

akabar ke samay men bahut vidroh hue the. kuchh mahattvapoorn vidroh ke nam nimnalikhit hain-

  1. ujabegon ka vidroh
  2. mirzaon ka vidroh
  3. bngal evn bihar ka vidroh
  4. yoosufajiyon ka vidroh
  5. shahazada salim ka vidroh


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. akabaranama |lekhak: shekh abul phajal |anuvadak: daau. mathuralal sharma |prakashak: radha pablikeshan, nee dilli |prishth snkhya: 1 |

snbndhit lekh


varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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