अकबर का परिचय  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

akabar vishay soochi
akabar ka parichay
akabar
poora nam jalaluddin muhammad akabar
janm 15 aktoobar san 1542 (lagabhag)
janm bhoomi amarakot, sindh (pakistan)
mrityu tithi 27 aktoobar, san 1605 (umr 63 varsh)
mrityu sthan fatehapur sikari, agara
pita/mata humayoon, mariyam maqani
pati/patni mariyam-uzh-zamani (haraka baee)
sntan jahangir ke alava 5 putr 7 betiyan
shasan kal 27 janavari, 1556 - 27 aktoobar, 1605 ee.
rajyabhishek 14 faravari, 1556 kalanapur ke pas guradasapur
yuddh panipat, haldighati
rajadhani fatehapur sikari agara, dilli
poorvadhikari humayoon
uttaradhikari jahangir
rajagharana mugal
maqabara sikandara, agara
snbndhit lekh mugal kal
akabar ka janm 15 aktoobar, 1542 ee. (19 isaphandaramij ravivar, rajab hijari ka din ya vikram snvat 1599 ke kartik mas ki chhathi)[1] ko hamida bano begam ke garbh se amarakot ke rana virasal ke mahal men hua tha. ajakal kitane hi log amarakot ko umarakot samajhane ki galati karate hain. vastut: yah ilaka rajasthan ka abhinn ang tha. aj bhi vahan hindoo rajapoot basate hain. registan aur sindh ki sima par hone ke karan angrezon ne ise sindh ke sath jod diya aur desh ke vibhajan ke bad vah pakistan ka ang ban gaya.

vnsh

akabar ke bachapan ka nam 'badaruddin' tha. 1546 ee. men akabar ke khatane ke samay humayoon ne usaka nam 'jalaluddin muhammad akabar' rakha. akabar taimoori vnshavali ke mugal vnsh ka tisara shasak tha. usako 'akabar-ai-azam' arthath 'akabar mahan', 'shahnshah akabar', 'mahabali shahnshah' ke nam se bhi jana jata hai. badashah akabar mugal samrajy ke snsthapak jahiruddin muhammad babar ka pautr aur nasiruddin humayoon evn hamida bano begam ka putr tha. babar ka vnsh taimoor aur mngol neta chngez khan se snbndhit tha arthath usake vnshaj taimoor lng ke khanadan se the aur matripaksh ka snbndh chngez khan se tha.

hindoo-muslimon ka priy

akabar ke shasan ke ant tak 1605 ee. men mugal samrajy men uttari aur madhy bharat ke adhikash bhag sammilit the aur us samay ke sarvadhik shaktishali samrajyon men se yah ek tha. badashahon men akabar hi ek aisa badashah tha, jise hindoo-muslim donon vargon ka barabar pyar aur samman mila. usane hindoo-muslim snpradayon ke bich ki dooriyan kam karane ke lie 'din-e-ilahi' namak dharm ki sthapana ki. usaka darabar sabake lie har samay khula rahata tha. usake darabar men muslim saradaron ki apeksha hindoo saradar adhik the. akabar ne hinduon par lagane vala 'jaziya kar' hi nahin samapt kiya, balki aise anek kary kie, jinake karan hindoo aur muslim donon usake prashnsak bane.

bharatiy upamahadvip par prabhav

akabar matr terah varsh ki ayu men apane pita nasiruddin muhammad humayun ki mrityu uparant dilli ki rajagaddi par baitha tha. apane shasan kal men usane shaktishali pashtoon vnshaj sherashah soori ke akraman bilkul bnd karava diye the, sath hi panipat ke dvitiy yuddh men navaghoshit hindoo raja hemoo ko parajit kiya tha. apane samrajy ke gathan karane aur uttari aur madhy bharat ke sabhi kshetron ko ekachhatr adhikar men lane men akabar ko do dashak lag gaye the. usaka prabhav lagabhag poore bharatiy upamahadvip par tha aur is kshetr ke ek bade bhoobhag par badashah ke roop men usane shasan kiya. badashah ke roop men akabar ne shaktishali aur bahul hindoo rajapoot rajaon se rajanayik snbndh banaye aur unake yahan vivah bhi kiye.

kala-snskriti premi

akabar ke shasan ka prabhav desh ki kala evn snskriti par bhi pada. usane chitrakari adi lalit kalaon men kafi ruchi dikhaee aur usake prasad ki bhittiyan sundar chitron v namoonon se bhari padi thin. mugal chitrakari ka vikas karane ke sath-sath hi usane yooropiy shaili ka bhi svagat kiya. use sahity men bhi ruchi thi aur usane anek snskrit pandulipiyon v granthon ka farasi men tatha farasi granthon ka snskrit v hindi men anuvad karavaya tha. anek farasi snskriti se jude chitron ko usane apane darabar ki divaron par bhi banavaya. apane arnbhik shasan kal men akabar ki hinduon ke prati sahishnuta nahin thi, kintu samay ke sath-sath usane apane ap ko badala aur hinduon sahit any dharmon men bahut ruchi dikhayi.


pichhe jaen
akabar ka parichay
age jaen


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. akabaranama |lekhak: shekh abul phajal |anuvadak: daau. mathuralal sharma |prakashak: radha pablikeshan, nee dilli |prishth snkhya: 1 |

snbndhit lekh


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